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Medical-Surgical Nursing Across the Health Care Continuum

by ; ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780721669816

ISBN10:
0721669816
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
12/1/1998
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science Health Science div
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This is the 3rd edition with a publication date of 12/1/1998.
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Summary

This new edition is comprehensively revised to reflect today's non-traditional care settings and the changing nature of medical-surgical nursing care delivery. At the same time, it retains the nursing process framework, learning aids, and practical approach that instructors and students have always appreciated.

Table of Contents

UNIT 1: Health Promotion and Illness 1(72)
1. Medical-Surgical Nursing and the Role of the Medical-Surgical Nurse
3(18)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Health
3(2)
Health Promotion
5(1)
Role of the Medical-Surgical Nurse
6(4)
Practice Settings for Medical-Surgical Nurses
10(1)
Overview of the Nursing Process
11(10)
2. Continuing Care
21(8)
Tina M. Marelli
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Ambulatory Care
21(1)
Home Care
22(3)
Nursing Home Care
25(1)
Subacute Care
25(1)
Rehabilitative Care
26(3)
3. Introduction to Managed Care and Case Management
29(6)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Managed Care
29(1)
Collaborative Management
30(5)
Focus on Outcomes
30(1)
From Collaborative Care Management to Case Management
31(1)
Process of Case Management
31(1)
Standards for Case Management Practice
31(1)
Roles of Case Managers
32(1)
From Case Management to Disease State Management
32(1)
The Role of Clinical Pathways
32(3)
4. Complementary Therapies
35(8)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Holistic Nursing
35(1)
Office of Alternative Medicine
35(1)
Managed Care and the Holistic Approach
36(1)
Commonly Used Complementary Therapies
37(3)
Prayer
37(1)
Relaxation
37(1)
Imagery
38(1)
Music
39(1)
Touch
39(1)
Laughter and Humor
39(1)
Nutrition
40(1)
Implications for Health Care Providers
40(3)
5. Adult Development
43(18)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Theories of Adult Development
43(4)
Stages of Adulthood
47(14)
6. Health Care of Older Adults
61(12)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Subgroups of Late Adulthood
61(1)
Distribution of Older Adults in the Health Care System
61(1)
Admission of the Older Adult to a Hospital or Nursing Home
61(1)
Health Issues
62(8)
Health Promotion
62(3)
Accidents
65(1)
Drug Use and Misuse
66(2)
Mental Health
68(1)
Elder Neglect and Abuse
69(1)
Economic Issues
70(1)
Income
70(1)
Housing
70(1)
Resources for the Elderly
70(2)
The Future of Gerontological Nursing
72(1)
UNIT 2: Biopsychosocial Concepts Related to Health Care 73(132)
7. Ethics
75(18)
Marcia Sue DeWolf Bosek
Theresa A. Savage
What Is Ethics?
75(2)
Ethical Decision-Making
77(2)
Ethical Resources
79(1)
Selected Ethical Issues
80(10)
Futility
80(1)
Do Not Resuscitate Orders
80(1)
Quality of Life
81(2)
Competency
83(1)
Written Advance Directives
83(1)
Verbal Advance Directives
83(1)
Euthanasia
84(1)
Placebo Administration
84(2)
Restraints
86(1)
Personal Rights
87(1)
Obligation
87(1)
Confidentiality
87(1)
Cultural and Spiritual Practices
87(1)
Tube Feeding
88(1)
Unethical Professional Conduct
88(2)
Other Ethical Issues That Medical-Surgical Nurses Face
90(3)
8. Stress, Coping, and Adaptation
93(16)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Overview
93(8)
Definitions
93(1)
The Importance of Stress in Medical-Surgical Nursing Practice
93(1)
Theories About Stress
94(4)
Theories About Coping
98(2)
Theories About Adaptation
100(1)
The Concept of Hardiness
100(1)
Collaborative Management
101(8)
9. Pain
109(38)
Rosemary Polomano
Anne Keane
Overview
109(11)
Definitions of Pain
109(1)
Theoretical Bases for Pain
110(1)
Anatomic and Physiologic Bases for Pain
111(2)
Pain Perception
113(2)
Research on Pain
115(1)
Pain Attitudes and Practices
115(2)
Types of Pain
117(3)
Collaborative Management
120(22)
Pain as a Quality Improvement Outcome
142(1)
Costs of Pain Care
142(5)
10. Body Image
147(10)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Overview
147(4)
Definition of Body Image
147(1)
Factors Affecting Body Image
147(1)
The Life Cycle of Body Image
148(1)
Body Image Disturbance
149(2)
Collaborative Management
151(6)
11. Human Sexuality
157(16)
Lynn Rew
Overview
157(9)
Conceptual Model of Sexual Health and Well-Being
157(1)
Effect of Anatomy and Physiology on Sexual Health and Well-Being
158(1)
Psychosexual Development
158(1)
Research on Human Sexuality
158(1)
Sexual Response Cycle of the Adult
158(1)
Sexual Preferences
158(3)
Changes in Sexual Function Associated with Aging
161(1)
Effects of Illness on Sexuality
161(3)
Effects of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
164(1)
Nurses' Comfort with Sexuality
165(1)
Sexual Harassment
166(1)
Collaborative Management
166(7)
12. Loss, Death, and Dying
173(12)
Mary K. Kazanowski
Loss
173(5)
Active Dying
178(7)
13. Rehabilitation of Clients with Chronic and Disabling Conditions
185(20)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Overview
185(1)
Concepts Related to Rehabilitation
186(1)
Impairment
186(1)
Disability
186(1)
Handicap
186(1)
Rehabilitation and Part of Continuing Care
186(2)
Settings for Rehabilitation
186(1)
The Rehabilitation Team
187(1)
Collaborative Management
188(17)
UNIT 3: Management of Clients with Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Imbalances 205(100)
14. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
207(22)
M. Linda Workman
Anatomy and Physiology Review
207(19)
Physical and Biological Influences on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
207(10)
Hormonal Influences on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
217(1)
Body Fluids
218(2)
Electrolytes
220(5)
Fluid and Electrolyte Changes Associated with Aging
225(1)
Assessment of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
226(3)
15. Interventions for Clients with Fluid Imbalances
229(14)
M. Linda Workman
Dehydration
229(10)
Overhydration
239(4)
16. Interventions for Clients with Electrolyte Imbalances
243(22)
M. Linda Workman
Potassium Imbalances
243(7)
Hypokalemia
243(5)
Hyperkalemia
248(2)
Sodium Imbalances
250(4)
Hyponatremia
250(3)
Hypernatremia
253(1)
Calcium Imbalances
254(6)
Hypocalcemia
254(4)
Hypercalcemia
258(2)
Phosphorus Imbalances
260(1)
Hypophosphatemia
260(1)
Hyperphosphatemia
261(1)
Magnesium Imbalances
261(4)
Hypomagnesemia
262(2)
Hypermagnesemia
263(2)
17. Infusion Therapy
265(18)
Marilyn Booker
Introduction to Infusion Therapy
265(1)
Infusion Systems
266(3)
Types of Infusion Therapy
269(14)
Intravenous Therapy
269(5)
Arterial Therapy
274(1)
Intraperitoneal Therapy
275(3)
Subcutaneous Therapy
278(1)
Central Nervous System Therapy
278(2)
Intraosseous Therapy
280(3)
18. Acid-Base Balance
283(10)
M. Linda Workman
Acid-Base Balance
283(7)
Acid-Base Chemistry
284(3)
Homeostasis
287(3)
Age-Related Changes in Acid-Base Balance
290(3)
19. Interventions for Clients with Acid-Base Imbalance
293(12)
M. Linda Workman
Acidosis
293(7)
Alkalosis
300(5)
UNIT 4: Management of Perioperative Clients 305(76)
20. Interventions for Preoperative Clients
307(26)
Mary A. Mishler
Overview
307(2)
Categories and Purposes of Surgery
307(1)
Surgical Settings
308(1)
Collaborative Management
309(24)
21. Interventions for Intraoperative Clients
333(28)
Mary A. Mishler
Overview
333(19)
Members of the Surgical Team
333(4)
Preparation of the Surgical Suite and Team Safety
337(2)
Anesthesia
339(13)
Collaborative Management
352(9)
22. Interventions for Postoperative Clients
361(20)
Mary A. Mishler
Overview
361(1)
Collaborative Management
362(19)
UNIT 5: Problems of Protection: Management of Clients with Problems of the Immune System 381(158)
23. Concepts of Inflammation and the Immune Response
383(22)
M. Linda Workman
Basic Concepts of Inflammation and Immunity
383(5)
Inflammation
388(5)
Antibody-Mediated Immunity
393(6)
Cell-Mediated Immunity
399(6)
24. Interventions for Clients with Connective Tissue Disease
405(36)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Degenerative Joint Disease (Osteoarthritis)
405(14)
Rheumatoid Arthritis
419(10)
Lupus Erythematosus
429(3)
Progressive Systemic Sclerosis
432(2)
Gout
434(2)
Other Connective Tissue Diseases
436(5)
Polymyositis/Dermatomyositis
436(1)
Systemic Necrotizing Vasculitis
436(1)
Polymyalgia Rheumatica
436(1)
Ankylosing Spondylitis
436(1)
Reiter's Syndrome
436(1)
Sjogren's Syndrome
437(1)
Infectious Arthritis
437(1)
Lyme Disease
437(1)
Pseudogout
437(1)
Disease-Associated Arthritis
437(1)
Fibromyalgia
438(1)
Local Inflammatory Disorders
438(1)
Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
438(3)
25. Interventions for Clients with HIV and Other Immunologic Disorders
441(34)
Lucille Sanzer Eller
Immunodeficiencies
441(23)
Acquired (Secondary) Immunodeficiencies
442(1)
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
442(19)
Nutrition-Related Deficiencies
461(1)
Therapy-Induced Immunodeficiencies
462(1)
Congenital (Primary) Immunodeficiencies
463(1)
Bruton's Agammaglobulinemia
463(1)
Selective Immunoglobulin A Deficiency
464(1)
Hypersensitivities
464(6)
Type I: Rapid Hypersensitivity Reactions
465(1)
Anaphylaxis
465(3)
Atopic Allergy
468(1)
Type II: Cytotoxic Reactions
468(1)
Type III: Immune Complex Reactions
468(1)
Type IV: Delayed Hypersensitivity Reactions
468(1)
Type V: Stimulatory Reactions
469(1)
Mixed Hypersensitivity Reactions: Latex Hypersensitivity
470(1)
Autoimmunities
471(1)
Gammopathies: Multiple Myeloma
471(4)
26. Altered Cell Growth and Cancer Development
475(18)
M. Linda Workman
Historical Perspective
475(1)
Overview
475(5)
Cancer Development
480(10)
Cancer Prevention
490(3)
27. Interventions for Clients with Cancer
493(26)
M. Linda Workman
General Disease-Related Consequences of Cancer
493(2)
Treatment-Related Consequences of Cancer
495(18)
Surgery
496(1)
Radiation
497(4)
Chemotherapy
501(8)
Hormonal Manipulation
509(2)
Immunotherapy: Biological Response Modifiers
511(2)
Gene Therapy
513(1)
Oncologic Emergencies
513(4)
Sepsis and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
513(1)
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone
514(1)
Spinal Cord Compression
514(1)
Hypercalcemia
514(1)
Superior Vena Cava Syndrome
515(1)
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
516(1)
Cancer Treatment Failure
517(2)
28. Interventions for Clients with Infection
519(20)
Judith Sturgis
Infectious Process
519(6)
Infection Control in Health Care Agencies
525(5)
Complications of Infection
530(9)
UNIT 6: Problems of Oxygenation: Management of Clients with Problems of the Respiratory Tract 539(174)
29. Assessment of the Respiratory System
541(24)
Mary A. Mishler
Anatomy and Physiology Review
541(5)
History
546(3)
Physical Assessment
549(6)
Psychosocial Assessment
555(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
555(10)
30. Interventions for Clients with Oxygen or Tracheostomy
565(20)
Mary A. Mishler
Oxygen Therapy
565(9)
Tracheostomy
574(11)
31. Interventions for Clients with Noninfectious Problems of the Upper Respiratory Tract
585(24)
Ann E. Furiel Sievers
Noninfectious Disorders of the Nose and Sinuses
585(4)
Fracture of the Nose
585(1)
Epistaxis
586(1)
Nasal Polyps
587(1)
Cancer of the Nose and Sinuses
587(1)
Facial Trauma
588(1)
Noninfectious Disorders of the Oral Pharynx and Tonsils
589(1)
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
589(1)
Oropharyngeal Cancer
589(1)
Noninfections Disorders of the Larynx
589(2)
Vocal Cord Paralysis
589(1)
Nodules and Polyps of the Vocal Cords
590(1)
Laryngeal Trauma
591(1)
Other Upper Airway Disorders
591(18)
Upper Airway Obstruction
591(2)
Neck Trauma
593(1)
Head and Neck Cancer
593(16)
32. Interventions for Clients with Noninfectious Problems of the Lower Respiratory Tract
609(54)
Barbara Diebold Ahlheit
Georgeanne V. Stilley
Chronic Airflow Limitation
609(27)
Sarcoidosis
636(1)
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
637(1)
Occupational Pulmonary Disease
638(2)
Lung Cancer
640(23)
33. Interventions for Clients with Infections of the Respiratory System
663(20)
Mary A. Mishler
Disorders of the Nose and Sinuses
663(2)
Rhinitis
663(1)
Sinusitis
664(1)
Disorders of the Oral Pharynx and Tonsils
665(3)
Pharyngitis
665(2)
Tonsillitis
667(1)
Peritonsillar Abscess
668(1)
Disorders of the Larynx and Lungs
668(15)
Laryngitis
668(1)
Pneumonia
669(6)
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
675(4)
Lung Abscess
679(1)
Pulmonary Empyema
680(3)
34. Interventions for Critically III Clients with Respiratory Problems
683(30)
Kathleen Ellstrom
Pulmonary Embolism
683(7)
Acute Respiratory Failure
690(2)
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
692(2)
Client Requiring Intubation and Ventilation
694(14)
Chest Trauma
708(5)
Pulmonary Contusion
708(1)
Rib Fracture
708(1)
Flail Chest
709(1)
Pneumothorax
709(1)
Tension Pneumothorax
710(1)
Hemothorax
710(1)
Tracheobronchial Trauma
710(3)
UNIT 7: Problems of Cardiac Output and Tissue Perfusion: Management of Clients with Problems of the Cardiovascular System 713(220)
35. Assessment of the Cardiovascular System
715(38)
Kathleen Ouimet Perrin
Anatomy and Physiology Review
715(9)
History
724(4)
Physical Assessment
728(7)
Psychosocial Assessment
735(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
736(17)
36. Interventions for Clients with Dysrhythmias
753(54)
Carmen J. Petrin
Review of Cardiac Electrophysiology
753(2)
Cardiac Conduction System
755(1)
Electrocardiography
756(7)
Normal Rhythms
763(1)
Dysrhythmias
764(43)
37. Interventions for Clients with Cardiac Problems
807(30)
Kathleen Ouimet Perrin
Heart Failure
807(14)
Valvular Heart Disease
821(6)
Mitral Stenosis
821(1)
Mitral Regurgitation (Insufficiency)
822(1)
Mitral Valve Prolapse
822(1)
Aortic Stenosis
822(1)
Aortic Regurgitation (Insufficiency)
822(5)
Inflammations and Infections
827(10)
Infective Endocarditis
827(3)
Pericarditis
830(2)
Rheumatic Carditis
832(1)
Cardiomyopathy
832(5)
38. Interventions for Clients with Vascular Problems
837(44)
Suzanne Cushman Beyea
Arteriosclerosis and Atherosclerosis
837(6)
Hypertension
843(9)
Peripheral Arterial Disease
852(8)
Acute Peripheral Arterial Occlusion
860(6)
Aneurysms
866(4)
Aneurysms of the Peripheral Arteries
870(1)
Aortic Dissection
870(1)
Buerger's Disease
870(1)
Subclavian Steal
871(1)
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
871(1)
Raynaud's Phenomenon
872(1)
Popliteal Entrapment
872(1)
Venous Thrombosis
872(4)
Venous Insufficiency
876(2)
Varicose Veins
878(1)
Phebitis
878(1)
Vascular Trauma
879(2)
39. Interventions for Clients with Shock
881(20)
M. Linda Workman
Overview
881(7)
Collaborative Management of Hypovolemic Shock
888(5)
Collaborative Management of Sepsis-Induced Distributive Shock
893(8)
40. Interventions for Critically III Clients with Coronary Artery Disease
901(32)
Kathleen Ouimet Perrin
Angina Pectoris
902(1)
Myocardial Infarction
902(31)
UNIT 8: Management of Clients with Problems of the Hematologic System 933(56)
41. Assessment of the Hematologic System
935(16)
M. Linda Workman
Anatomy and Physiology Review
935(7)
History
942(1)
Physical Assessment
943(2)
Psychosocial Assessment
945(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
946(5)
42. Interventions for Clients with Hematologic Problems
951(38)
Susan M. Schneider
Red Blood Cell Disorders
951(10)
Anemia
951(1)
Anemias Resulting from Increased Destruction of Red Blood Cells
951(1)
Sickle Cell Disease
951(6)
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Anemia
957(1)
Immunohemolytic Anemia
957(1)
Anemias Resulting from Decreased Production of Red Blood Cells
958(1)
Iron Deficiency Anemia
958(1)
Vitamin B(12) Deficiency Anemia
958(1)
Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia
959(1)
Aplastic Anemia
960(1)
Polycythemia
960(1)
Polycythemia Vera
960(1)
White Blood Cell Disorders
961(19)
Leukemia
961(17)
Malignant Lymphoma
978(1)
Hodgkin's Lymphoma
978(1)
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
979(1)
Coagulation Disorders
980(2)
Platelet Disorders
980(1)
Autoimmune Thrombocytopenic Purpura
981(1)
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
981(1)
Clotting Factor Disorders
982(1)
Hemophilia
982(1)
Transfusion Therapy
982(7)
UNIT 9: Problems of Mobility, Sensation, and Cognition: Management of Clients with Problems of the Nervous System 989(162)
43. Assessment of the Nervous System
991(32)
Kathy Hausman
Anatomy and Physiology Review
991(13)
History
1004(1)
Physical Assessment
1005(10)
Diagnostic Assessment
1015(8)
44. Interventions for Clients with Problems of the Central Nervous System: Brain
1023(34)
Kathy Hausman
Headaches
1023(5)
Migraine Headache
1023(2)
Cluster Headache
1025(3)
Other Types of Headache
1028(1)
Epilepsy
1028(7)
Infections
1035(5)
Meningitis
1035(3)
Encephalitis
1038(1)
Botulism
1039(1)
Tetanus
1039(1)
Parkinson's Disease
1040(4)
Alzheimer's Disease
1044(9)
Huntington's Disease
1053(4)
45. Interventions for Clients with Problems of the Central Nervous System: The Spinal Cord
1057(28)
Deborah Shpritz
Back Pain
1057(7)
Spinal Cord Injury
1064(10)
Spinal Cord Tumors
1074(4)
Multiple Sclerosis
1078(4)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
1082(1)
Poliomyelitis
1083(1)
Postpolio Syndrome
1083(2)
46. Interventions for Clients with Problems of the Peripheral Nervous System
1085(22)
Kathy Hausman
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
1085(6)
Myasthenia Gravis
1091(7)
Polyneuritis and Polyneuropathy
1098(2)
Peripheral Nerve Trauma
1100(3)
Restless Legs Syndrome
1103(1)
Diseases of the Cranial Nerves
1103(4)
Trigeminal Neuralgia
1103(2)
Facial Paralysis
1105(2)
47. Interventions for Critically III Clients With Neurologic Problems
1107(44)
Deborah Shpritz
Cerebrovascular Accident
1107(18)
Head Injury
1125(14)
Brain Tumors
1139(8)
Brain Abscess
1147(4)
UNIT 10: Problems of Sensation: Management of Clients with Problems of the Sensory System 1151(76)
48. Assessment of the Eye and Vision
1153(14)
M. Linda Workman
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1153(4)
History
1157(1)
Physical Assessment
1158(3)
Psychosocial Assessment
1161(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1161(6)
49. Interventions for Clients with Eye and Vision Problems
1167(28)
M. Linda Workman
External Eye Disorders
1167(9)
Eyelid Disorders
1167(1)
Blepharitis
1167(1)
Entropion
1167(1)
Ectropion
1167(3)
Ptosis
1170(1)
Hordeolum
1170(2)
Chalazion
1172(1)
Lacrimal Apparatus Disorders
1172(1)
Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
1172(1)
Conjunctival Disorders
1172(1)
Subconjunctival Hemorrhage
1172(1)
Conjunctivitis
1172(1)
Trachoma
1173(3)
Corneal Disorders
1176(1)
Scleral Disorders: Episcleritis
1176(1)
Intraocular Disorders
1176(10)
Lens Disorders
1176(1)
Cataract
1176(4)
Glaucoma
1180(3)
Ocular Chamber Disorders: Vitreous Hemorrhage
1183(1)
Uveal Tract Disorders: Uveitis
1183(1)
Retinal Disorders
1184(1)
Hypertensive Retinopathy
1184(1)
Diabetic Retinopathy
1184(1)
Macular Degeneration
1185(1)
Retinal Holes, Tears, and Detachments
1185(1)
Retinitis Pigmentosa
1186(1)
Refractive Errors
1186(2)
Traumatic Disorders
1188(1)
Hyphema
1188(1)
Contusion
1188(1)
Foreign Bodies
1188(1)
Lacerations
1188(1)
Penetrating Injuries
1189(1)
Ocular Melanoma
1189(2)
Ocular Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
1191(1)
Blindness
1192(3)
50. Assessment of the Ear and Hearing
1195(14)
Judy Malkiewicz
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1195(2)
History
1197(3)
Physical Assessment
1200(3)
Psychosocial Assessment
1203(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1203(6)
51. Interventions for Clients with Ear and Hearing Problems
1209(18)
Jan Hoot Martin
Conditions Affecting the External Ear
1209(3)
External Otitis
1209(2)
Furuncle
1211(1)
Cerumen or Foreign Bodies
1211(1)
Conditions Affecting the Middle Ear
1212(4)
Otitis Media
1212(2)
Mastoiditis
1214(1)
Trauma
1215(1)
Neoplasms
1215(1)
Conditions Affecting the Inner Ear
1216(2)
Tinnitus
1216(1)
Vertigo and Dizziness
1216(1)
Labyrinthitis
1216(1)
Meniere's Disease
1217(1)
Acoustic Neuroma
1217(1)
Hearing Loss
1218(9)
UNIT 11: Problems of Mobility: Management of Clients with Problems of the Musculoskeletal System 1227(84)
52. Assessment of the Musculoskeletal System
1229(14)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1229(3)
History
1232(2)
Physical Assessment
1234(3)
Psychosocial Assessment
1237(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1237(6)
53. Interventions for Clients with Musculoskeletal Problems
1243(34)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Metabolic Bone Diseases
1243(15)
Osteoporosis
1243(1)
Osteomalacia
1243(12)
Paget's Disease
1255(3)
Osteomyelitis
1258(3)
Bone Tumors
1261(7)
Benign Bone Tumors
1261(2)
Malignant Bone Tumors
1263(5)
Disorders of the Hand
1268(3)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
1268(2)
Dupuytren's Contracture
1270(1)
Ganglion
1270(1)
Disorders of the Foot
1271(1)
Hallux Valgus
1271(1)
Hammertoe
1271(1)
Morton's Neuroma
1271(1)
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
1271(1)
Plantar Fascitis
1272(1)
Other Problems of the Foot
1272(1)
Other Disorders of the Skeleton
1272(1)
Scoliosis
1272(1)
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
1273(1)
Muscular Diseases
1273(4)
Progressive Muscular Dystrophies
1273(1)
Other Muscular Disorders
1274(3)
54. Interventions for Clients with Musculoskeletal Trauma
1277(34)
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Fractures
1277(18)
Fractures of Specific Sites
1295(5)
Upper Extremity Fractures
1295(1)
Fractures of the Clavicle
1295(1)
Fractures of the Scapula
1295(1)
Fractures of the Humerus
1295(1)
Fractures of the Olecranon
1295(1)
Fractures of the Radius and Ulna
1295(1)
Fractures of the Wrist and Hand
1295(1)
Lower Extremity Fractures
1295(1)
Fractures of the Hip
1295(1)
Fractures of the Femur
1296(1)
Fractures of the Patella
1296(1)
Fractures of the Tibia and Fibula
1296(1)
Fractures of the Ankle and Foot
1297(1)
Fractures of the Ribs and Sternum
1297(1)
Fractures of the Pelvis
1297(3)
Fractures of the Other Sites
1300(1)
Amputations
1300(5)
Crush Syndrome
1305(1)
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome
1305(1)
Sports-Related Injuries
1306(5)
Knee Injuries
1306(1)
Dislocations and Subluxations
1307(1)
Strains
1308(1)
Sprains
1308(1)
Rotator Cuff Injuries
1308(3)
UNIT 12: Problems of Digestion, Nutrition, and Elimination: Management of Clients with Problems of the Gastrointestinal System 1311(260)
55. Assessment of the Gastrointestinal System
1313(20)
Ann Putnam Johnson
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1313(6)
History
1319(3)
Physical Assessment
1322(3)
Psychosocial Assessment
1325(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1325(8)
56. Interventions for Clients with Oral Cavity Problems
1333(22)
Debera Jane Thomas
Stomatitis
1333(4)
Tumors
1337(11)
Disorders of the Salivary Glands
1348(7)
Acute Sialadenitis
1348(1)
Postirradiation Sialadenitis
1349(1)
Calculi
1349(1)
Neoplasms of the Salivary Glands
1349(1)
Acute Malocclusion
1349(6)
57. Interventions for Clients with Esophageal Problems
1355(24)
Debera Jane Thomas
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
1355(6)
Hiatal Hernia
1361(7)
Achalasia
1368(2)
Esophageal Tumors
1370(6)
Diverticula
1376(1)
Trauma
1376(3)
58. Interventions for Clients with Stomach Disorders
1379(26)
Suzanne Cushman Beyea
Gastritis
1379(4)
Peptic Ulcer Disease
1383(16)
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome
1399(1)
Gastric Carcinoma
1400(5)
59. Interventions for Clients with Noninflammatory Intestinal Disorders
1405(28)
Suzanne Cushman Beyea
Mary K. Kazanowski
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
1405(3)
Herniation
1408(2)
Colorectal Cancer
1410(10)
Intestinal Obstruction
1420(6)
Abdominal Trauma
1426(1)
Polyps
1427(1)
Hemorrhoids
1428(1)
Malabsorption Syndrome
1429(4)
60. Interventions for Clients with Inflammatory Intestinal Disorders
1433(30)
Mary K. Kazanowski
Suzanne Cushman Beyea
Acute Inflammatory Bowel Disorders
1433(8)
Appendicitis
1433(2)
Peritonitis
1435(3)
Gastroenteritis
1438(8)
Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
1441(11)
Ulcerative Colitis
1441(9)
Crohn's Disease
1450(2)
Other Inflammatory Bowel Disorders
1452(11)
Diverticular Disease
1452(4)
Anorectal Abscess
1456(1)
Anal Fissure
1457(1)
Anal Fistula
1457(1)
Parasitic Infection
1457(2)
Helminthic Infestation
1459(1)
Food Poisoning
1460(1)
Staphylococcal Infection
1460(1)
Escherichia coli Infection
1461(1)
Botulism
1461(1)
Salmonellosis
1461(2)
61. Interventions for Clients with Liver Problems
1463(30)
Ann Putnam Johnson
Cirrhosis
1463(16)
Hepatitis
1479(8)
Fatty Liver
1487(1)
Hepatic Abscess
1487(1)
Liver Trauma
1488(1)
Carcinoma of the Liver
1488(1)
Liver Transplantation
1489(4)
62. Interventions for Clients with Problems of the Gallbladder and Pancreas
1493(28)
Ann Putnam Johnson
Biliary Disorders
1493(12)
Cholecystitis
1493(6)
Cholelithiasis
1499(5)
Cancer of the Gallbladder
1504(1)
Pancreatic Disorders
1505(16)
Acute Pancreatitis
1505(6)
Chronic Pancreatitis
1511(3)
Pancreatic Abscess
1514(1)
Pancreatic Pseudocyst
1514(1)
Pancreatic Carcinoma
1515(6)
63. Interventions for Clients with Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
1521(22)
Karen M. Stanley
Anorexia Nervosa
1521(13)
Bulimia Nervosa
1534(9)
64. Interventions for Clients with Malnutrition and Obesity
1543(28)
Susan N. Shelton
Donna D. Ignatavicius
Nutrition Standards
1543(2)
Nutritional Assessment
1545(7)
Malnutrition
1552(9)
Obesity
1561(10)
UNIT 13: Problems of Regulation and Metabolism: Management of Clients with Problems of the Endocrine System 1571(116)
65. Assessment of the Endocrine System
1573(16)
Debera Jane Thomas
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1574(8)
History
1582(2)
Physical Assessment
1584(1)
Psychosocial Assessment
1585(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1585(4)
66. Interventions for Clients with Pituitary and Adrenal Gland Problems
1589(24)
Debera Jane Thomas
Disorders of the Pituitary Gland
1589(12)
Disorders of the Anterior Pituitary Gland
1590(1)
Hypopituitarism
1590(1)
Hyperpituitarism
1591(6)
Disorders of the Posterior Pituitary Gland
1597(1)
Diabetes Insipidus
1597(2)
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion
1599(2)
Disorders of the Adrenal Gland
1601(12)
Hypofunction of the Adrenal Gland
1601(4)
Hyperfunction of the Adrenal Gland
1605(1)
Hypercortisolism (Cushing's Syndrome)
1605(4)
Hyperaldosteronism
1609(1)
Pheochromocytoma
1610(3)
67. Interventions for Clients with Problems of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
1613(22)
Debera Jane Thomas
Thyroid Disorders
1613(16)
Hyperthyrodism
1613(9)
Hypothyroidism
1622(6)
Thyroiditis
1628(1)
Thyroid Cancer
1628(1)
Parathyroid Disorders
1629(6)
Hyperparathyroidism
1629(3)
Hypoparathyroidism
1632(3)
68. Interventions for Clients with Diabetes
1635(52)
Margaret Elaine McLeod
Mary A. Mishler
Overview
1635(13)
Collaborative Management
1648(39)
UNIT 14: Problems of Protection: Management of Clients with Problems of the Integumentary System 1687(100)
69. Assessment of the Skin, Hair, and Nails
1689(22)
Janice Cuzzell
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1689(7)
Assessment of the Skin, Hair, and Nails
1696(15)
History
1696(1)
Physical Assessment
1697(7)
Hair Assessment
1704(1)
Assessment of the Nails
1704(3)
Psychosocial Assessment
1707(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1708(3)
70. Interventions for Clients with Skin Problems
1711(42)
Janice Cuzzell
Minor Irritations
1711(2)
Dryness
1711(1)
Pruritus
1712(1)
Sunburn
1712(1)
Urticaria
1712(1)
Trauma
1713(3)
Pressure Ulcers
1716(14)
Common Infections
1730(6)
Bacterial Infections
1730(1)
Viral Infections
1730(1)
Herpes Simplex Virus
1730(1)
Herpes Zoster
1731(1)
Fungal Infections
1731(5)
Parasitic Disorders
1736(1)
Pediculosis
1736(1)
Scabies
1737(1)
Common Inflammations
1737(1)
Psoriasis
1738(3)
Benign Tumors
1741(2)
Cysts
1741(1)
Seborrheic Keratoses
1741(1)
Keloids
1741(1)
Nevi
1742(1)
Warts
1742(1)
Hemangiomas
1742(1)
Skin Cancer
1743(3)
Plastic or Reconstructive Surgery
1746(7)
71. Interventions for Clients with Burns
1753(34)
Denise A. Sadowski
Pathophysiology of Burn Injury
1753(8)
Etiology of Burn Injury
1761(2)
Incidence/Prevalence of Burn Injury
1763(1)
Emergent Phase of Burn Injury
1763(11)
Acute Phase of Burn Injury
1774(9)
Rehabilitative Phase of Burn Injury
1783(4)
UNIT 15: Problems of Excretion: Management of Clients with Problems of the Renal/Urinary System 1787(140)
72. Assessment of the Renal/Urinary System
1789(30)
Mary A. Mishler
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1789(10)
History
1799(2)
Physical Assessment
1801(1)
Psychosocial Assessment
1802(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1803(16)
73. Interventions for Clients with Urinary Problems
1819(34)
Charon A. Pierson
Mary A. Mishler
Infectious Disorders
1819(7)
Cystitis
1819(7)
Urethritis
1826(1)
Urethral Strictures
1826(1)
Urinary Incontinence
1827(11)
Urolithiasis
1838(6)
Urothelial Cancer
1844(6)
Bladder Trauma
1850(3)
74. Interventions for Clients with Renal Disorders
1853(26)
Mary A. Mishler
Congenital Disorders
1853(5)
Polycystic Kidney Disease
1853(5)
Obstructive Disorders
1858(1)
Hydronephrosis, Hydroureter, and Urethral Stricture
1858(1)
Infectious Disorders
1859(4)
Pyelonephritis
1859(3)
Renal Abscess
1862(1)
Renal Tuberculosis
1862(1)
Glomerular Disorders
1863(1)
Immunologic Disorders
1863(1)
Immunologic Glomerular Disorders
1863(4)
Acute Glomerulonephritis
1864(1)
Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis
1865(1)
Chronic Glomerulonephritis
1865(2)
Nephrotic Syndrome
1867(1)
Immunologic Interstitial and Tubulointerstitial Disorders
1867(1)
Degenerative Disorders
1867(3)
Nephrosclerosis
1867(1)
Renovascular Disease
1868(1)
Diabetic Nephropathy
1869(1)
Tumors
1870(4)
Benign Tumors
1870(1)
Renal Cell Carcinoma
1870(4)
Renal Trauma
1874(5)
75. Interventions for Clients with Chronic and Acute Renal Failure
1879(48)
Connie Visovsky
Chronic Renal Failure
1879(37)
Acute Renal Failure
1916(11)
UNIT 16: Problems of Reproduction: Management of Clients with Problems of the Reproductive System 1927(140)
76. Assessment of the Reproductive System
1929(26)
Deitra Leonard Lowdermilk
Anatomy and Physiology Review
1929(8)
History
1937(3)
Physical Assessment
1940(4)
Psychosocial Assessment
1944(1)
Diagnostic Assessment
1944(11)
77. Interventions for Clients with Breast Disorders
1955(26)
Phyllis Naumann
Screening for Breast Masses
1955(4)
Breast Self-Examination
1956(2)
Clinical Breast Examination
1958(1)
Benign Breast Disorders
1959(2)
Fibroadenoma
1959(1)
Fibrocystic Breast Changes
1960(1)
Ductal Ectasia
1960(1)
Intraductal Papilloma
1961(1)
Problems of the Large-Breasted Woman
1961(1)
Gynecomastia
1961(1)
Breast Cancer
1961(20)
78. Interventions for Clients with Gynecologic Problems
1981(40)
Phyllis Naumann
Menstrual Cycle Disorders
1981(8)
Primary Dysmenorrhea
1981(1)
Premenstrual Syndrome
1982(2)
Amenorrhea
1984(1)
Postmenopausal Bleeding
1985(1)
Endometriosis
1985(2)
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
1987(2)
Inflammations and Infections
1989(3)
Simple Vaginitis
1989(1)
Vulvitis
1989(2)
Toxic Shock Syndrome
1991(1)
Problems Related to Pelvic Support Tissues
1992(3)
Uterine Displacement
1992(1)
Uterine Prolapse
1993(1)
Cystocele
1994(1)
Rectocele
1994(1)
Fistulas
1995(1)
Benign Neoplasms
1995(10)
Functional Ovarian Cysts
1995(1)
Other Benign Ovarian Cysts and Tumors
1996(9)
Malignant Neoplasms
2005(16)
Endometrial Cancer
2005(4)
Cervical Cancer
2009(4)
Ovarian Cancer
2013(2)
Vulvar Cancer
2015(2)
Vaginal Cancer
2017(1)
Fallopian Tube Cancer
2018(3)
79. Interventions for Male Clients with Reproductive Problems
2021(28)
Kathleen J. Jones
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
2021(10)
Prostate Cancer
2031(5)
Impotence
2036(1)
Testicular Cancer
2037(6)
Other Common Problems Affecting the Testes and Adjacent Structures
2043(2)
Hydrocele
2044(1)
Spermatocele
2044(1)
Varicocele
2044(1)
Scrotal Trauma
2044(1)
Cryptorchidism
2045(1)
Carcinoma of the Penis
2045(1)
Phimosis
2045(1)
Circumcision
2046(1)
Priapism
2046(1)
Prostatitis
2046(1)
Epididymitis
2047(1)
Orchitis
2047(2)
80. Interventions for Clients with Sexually Transmitted Diseases
2049(18)
Cynthia Gerrett
Introduction to Sexually Transmitted Diseases
2049(1)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
2050(1)
Infections Associated with Ulcers
2051(5)
Syphilis
2051(2)
Genital Herpes Simplex
2053(1)
Lymphogranuloma Venereum
2054(1)
Chancroid
2055(1)
Granuloma Inguinale
2055(1)
Infections of Epithelial Surfaces
2056(3)
Condylomata Acuminata
2056(1)
Gonorrhea
2056(3)
Chlamydial Infection
2059(1)
Other Gynecologic Conditions
2059(8)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
2059(5)
Vaginal Infections
2064(3)
Appendices 2067
Appendix 1, Abbreviations 2067(6)
Appendix 2, Screening Guidelines for Secondary Prevention of Selected Cancers in Asymptomatic People 2073(1)
Appendix 3, Minimum Data Set (MDS) 2074(8)
Appendix 4, Omaha Classification System 2082(4)
Appendix 5, Health Care Organizations and Resources 2086
Index I-1


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