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Melvin Mencher's News Reporting and Writing with Brush-Up CD-ROM and PowerWeb,9780073212760
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Melvin Mencher's News Reporting and Writing with Brush-Up CD-ROM and PowerWeb

by
Edition:
10th
ISBN13:

9780073212760

ISBN10:
0073212768
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
6/27/2005
Publisher(s):
McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

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Summary

Teaching by example through vivid writing, Professor Mencher shows students the fundamentals of reporting and writing news in this new edition of a classic text.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
The Basics x
The Morality of Journalism x
Public Service Journalism xii
Journalism's Tradition xii
New to the Tenth xiii
Acknowledgments xvi
A Personal Word xix
Part Opener Photos xx
Cover Photos xxi
PART ONE THE REPORTER AT WORK
1(30)
On the Job
2(29)
Journalists at Work
3(2)
The Agreement
5(1)
Continuous Coverage
6(1)
A Tornado Hits Spencer
7(2)
School Shooting
9(1)
An Announcement and a Fire
10(2)
TV Covers a Fire
12(1)
A Child's Death
12(1)
A Metro Daily
13(1)
Longer Stories
13(2)
Christmas Fund
15(1)
At ``Nightline''
16(1)
Investigative Stories
17(2)
Using the Internet
19(2)
Online Journalism
21(1)
The Characteristics of the Reporter
22(4)
A Press Release that Needs Backgrounding
26(2)
Summing Up
28(1)
Further Reading
29(2)
PART TWO THE BASICS
31(22)
Components of the Story
32(21)
Accuracy
33(4)
Attribution
37(4)
Verification
41(2)
Complete
43(1)
Fairness
44(1)
Balance
45(1)
Objectivity
46(2)
Brevity
48(1)
Selectivity
49(1)
Clarity
50(1)
Human Interest
50(1)
Responsibility
51(1)
Summing Up
52(1)
Further Reading
52(1)
PART THREE WRITING THE STORY
53(174)
What Is News?
54(20)
Some Answers Past and Present
54(4)
News Values
58(7)
News Is Relative
65(8)
Summing Up
73(1)
Further Reading
73(1)
The Internet and Other Tools of the Trade
74(25)
Tools for Today's New Media Journalist
75(1)
Basic Newsroom References
76(3)
Using the Computer
79(1)
Locating Information
80(1)
Finding Sources
81(1)
Listservs, Discussion Boards and Online Forums
82(1)
Cautions and Warnings
83(1)
Crunching the Numbers
84(3)
Public Records
87(1)
Freedom of Information Act
88(1)
Useful Data
88(2)
Mathematics for the Reporter
90(1)
Basic Calculations
91(2)
Means, Modes and Medians
93(1)
Analyzing Averages
94(1)
Personalizing Numbers
95(1)
Public Opinion Polling
96(2)
Summing Up
98(1)
Further Reading
98(1)
The Lead
99(21)
Rule Breakers, but Memorable
100(1)
Great Beginnings
100(1)
Importance of the Lead
101(1)
Finding the Lead
101(2)
Writing the Lead
103(1)
Finding the Thread
103(5)
Types of Leads
108(4)
Leads on News Features
112(3)
Good Reporting Equals Good Leads
115(1)
Color
116(1)
S-V-O
116(1)
Lead Length
117(1)
Readability
118(1)
Summing Up
119(1)
Further Reading
119(1)
Story Structure
120(15)
The Main Idea
121(1)
The Structure
121(1)
Eight Steps to the Organized Story
121(1)
The Single-Element Story
122(1)
Two-Element Story
123(2)
Three-Element Story
125(1)
Story Units
125(1)
The Inverted Pyramid
126(1)
Storytelling
127(2)
Online Writing
129(1)
The General, then the Specific
129(1)
DAD: Dialogue, Action, Description
130(2)
Story Necessities
132(2)
Summing Up
134(1)
Further Reading
134(1)
The Writer's Art
135(31)
Writers Write . . . and Read, Too
135(1)
Doing It Right---in a Hurry
136(1)
Show, Don't Tell
137(1)
Human Interest Essential
138(4)
Quotations Are Essential
142(3)
Styling the Story
145(4)
Writing for the Medium
149(1)
Reporting
150(1)
Conviction
151(1)
Accuracy of Language
151(3)
Clarity
154(5)
Movement
159(1)
Write . . . and Rewrite
160(1)
Reading for Writers
160(2)
Word Choice
162(1)
Sentences
163(1)
Advice
163(1)
Summing Up
164(1)
Further Reading
164(2)
Features, Long Stories and Series
166(25)
The Feature
166(6)
Planning
172(1)
Tone and Style
173(1)
The News Feature
174(1)
Ideas for Features
174(2)
Avoiding the Pitfalls
176(2)
The Long Story
178(4)
A Television Documentary
182(3)
The Series
185(1)
Investigative Series
186(2)
Summing Up
188(1)
Further Reading
189(2)
Broadcast Newswriting
191(21)
An Early Guide
192(1)
Rewriting the Wires
192(5)
Sentence Structure and Language
197(1)
Tenses
198(1)
Attribution
198(1)
More on Writing
199(1)
The Lead
200(1)
Broadcast Reporting
201(1)
Reporting and Writing to Tape
202(1)
Packaging Short News Features
203(1)
Interviewing
204(1)
Variety for Newscasts
205(2)
Telling the Whole Story
207(1)
Ethical Imperatives
208(1)
Comments: Pluses and a Few Minuses
209(1)
Summing Up
210(1)
Further Reading
210(2)
Writing News Releases
212(15)
At an Agency
213(3)
The Writing Process
216(4)
The Good Humor Man
220(2)
In the Newsroom
222(3)
Summing Up: Checklist
225(2)
PART FOUR REPORTING PRINCIPLES
227(126)
Digging for Information
228(17)
Finding the Lottery Winner
228(1)
The Reporting Process
229(2)
Layer I Reporting
231(3)
Dangers of Layer I
234(2)
The Internet as Source
236(1)
Layer II Reporting
236(3)
Investigative Reporting
239(1)
Finding Sources
240(1)
Layer III Reporting
241(1)
Putting I, II and III to Work
242(2)
Summing Up
244(1)
Further Reading
244(1)
Making Sound Observations
245(22)
The Art of Observation
246(3)
Relevant Observations
249(3)
Individuality
252(1)
Looking, Listening
253(2)
Limitations of the Story
255(1)
The Reporter as Intruder
256(1)
Unobtrusive Observation
257(1)
Participant Observation
258(3)
The Live-In
261(4)
Problems of Involvement
265(1)
Summing Up
266(1)
Further Reading
266(1)
Building and Using Background
267(10)
Twain's and Mencken's Complaints
268(1)
GBS: Two Views
269(1)
Improvements?
269(1)
Background Defined
269(1)
The Contents of the Storehouse
270(3)
Blunders
273(1)
Anticipatory Journalism
274(2)
Summing Up
276(1)
Further Reading
276(1)
Finding, Cultivating and Using Sources
277(16)
Making Nice at the Courthouse
278(1)
Massive Tire Recall
278(1)
Reliability of Sources
278(1)
Human Sources
279(5)
Internet Reliability
284(1)
Physical Sources
285(1)
How Reporters Use Sources
286(6)
Summing Up
292(1)
Further Reading
292(1)
Interviewing Principles and Practices
293(33)
Types of Interviews
294(1)
Four Principles
295(6)
The Interviewer's Ground Rules
301(1)
Who's in Control?
302(1)
The News Interview
302(1)
The Profile
303(7)
Appearance and Behavior
310(1)
Role-Playing
310(5)
Invasive Questions
315(1)
The Careful Observer
316(2)
Retroactive Requests
318(1)
Using and Abusing Quotes
319(3)
E-Mail Interviews
322(1)
Anonymous and Confidential
323(1)
Summing Up
324(1)
Further Reading
324(2)
Speeches, Meetings and News Conferences
326(11)
Speeches
326(2)
Meetings
328(1)
Checklist: Meetings
329(3)
News Conferences
332(2)
Checklist: News Conferences
334(1)
Panel Discussions
334(2)
Summing Up
336(1)
Hunches, Feelings and Stereotypes
337(16)
Hunches and Intuition
337(3)
Einstein's Model for Thinking
340(1)
Feelings
341(2)
Stereotypes, Biases, Fears
343(5)
Patterns and Relationships
348(3)
Summing Up
351(1)
Further Reading
351(2)
PART FIVE FROM ACCIDENTS TO EDUCATION
353(156)
Part Five: Introduction
354(1)
Using the Checklist
354(1)
Types of Beats
354(1)
Covering a Beat
355(1)
Know the Beat
355(1)
Accidents and Disasters
356(9)
Motor Vehicle Accidents
356(1)
Checklist: Motor Vehicle Accidents
357(1)
Airplane Accidents
358(1)
Checklist: Airplane Accidents
359(1)
Storms, Floods, Disasters
360(2)
Checklist: Storms, Floods, Disasters
362(1)
Human Interest
363(1)
Writing the Disaster Story
364(1)
Obituaries
365(16)
Obituaries Can Enlighten Us
366(1)
Checklist: Obituaries
367(1)
Digging Pays Off
368(1)
Writing the Obit
369(1)
Find the Theme
370(3)
Who Is Chosen
373(2)
Accuracy Essential
375(1)
Frequently Asked Questions
376(3)
The Specialist
379(1)
Summing Up
379(1)
Further Reading
380(1)
The Police Beat
381(23)
The Range and Cost of Crime
381(1)
Interest in Crime News
382(1)
The Police
383(1)
Making Her Rounds
384(1)
Smaller-City Coverage
385(1)
Types of Felonies
386(2)
Sources Are Essential
388(1)
The Arrest Process
388(1)
Arrest Stories
389(2)
Crime Classification
391(1)
Murder
392(1)
Checklist: Homicide
393(1)
Burglary, Robbery
393(1)
Checklist: Burglary, Robbery
394(1)
Crime Coverage and Race
395(1)
Database Reporting
395(1)
The Victims
396(1)
Violence Against Women
396(2)
A Reporter's Perspective
398(1)
Cautions
399(1)
Covering Campus Crime
400(1)
Fire Coverage
400(2)
Checklist: Fires
402(1)
Sources
402(1)
Further Reading
403(1)
The Courts
404(25)
The Basics
404(2)
Civil Law
406(2)
Checklist: Civil Actions
408(1)
Checklist: Verdict Stories
409(1)
Criminal Law
410(2)
Checklist: Arraignments
412(5)
The Trial
417(6)
Checklist: Criminal Trials
423(1)
Sources
423(1)
Look for Color, Strategy, Tactics
423(1)
Appeals
424(1)
Stories about the System
424(2)
The Grand Jury
426(1)
Time Out for a Good Laugh
427(1)
Further Reading
428(1)
Sports
429(24)
Insatiable Demand
430(1)
Game Coverage
431(1)
Checklist: Games
432(2)
Expanded Coverage
434(1)
Personal Lives
434(3)
The Beat
437(1)
Sports Writing
437(5)
Reporting Is the Key
442(1)
Starting Out
442(4)
Two Developments
446(2)
The Goal: Win at Any Cost
448(2)
An Overview
450(1)
Further Reading
451(2)
Business Reporting
453(21)
Expanded Coverage
454(1)
The Scope of Business News
454(2)
The Human Element
456(1)
Personal Finance
456(1)
The Beat
457(2)
Puff Pieces
459(1)
The Reporter's Requirements
460(1)
Sources of Information
461(3)
Bankruptcies
464(1)
Reading
465(1)
Regulatory Agencies
466(1)
Enterprise
467(1)
Municipal Bonds
468(1)
University Bonds
468(1)
Skepticism and Doubt
469(2)
Numbers Count
471(1)
Depth Reporting
471(2)
Further Reading
473(1)
Local Government and Education
474(35)
City Government Activities
475(1)
Forms of Local Government
476(2)
The Public Interest
478(1)
Participants in the Political Process
478(2)
Auditing the Community
480(1)
Additional Checkpoints
481(1)
The Demographics
481(2)
Guidelines
483(1)
Politics
483(1)
The Budget
484(4)
Checklist: Budgets
488(2)
Property Tax
490(2)
Borrowing
492(1)
Checking Up
493(2)
Zoning and Planning
495(1)
Neighborhood Stories
495(1)
Covering the Schools
496(3)
Widening Scope
499(5)
Board of Education Meetings
504(1)
Meetings Checklist
504(2)
Knowing the Community
506(1)
Further Reading
507(2)
PART SIX LAWS, TASTE AND TABOOS, CODES AND ETHICS
509(64)
Reporters and the Law
511(21)
Grounds for Libel Suits
512(1)
An Incident on a Bus
512(2)
The Court Acts
514(3)
Attributing a Libel Is No Defense
517(3)
Accuracy the Best Route
520(1)
Libel Online
520(1)
Privacy
520(4)
Avoiding the Dangers
524(1)
The Reporter's Rights
525(2)
Confidentiality Requires Protection
527(1)
Shield Laws
527(1)
Tips and Tidbits
528(1)
Press Disclosures Affect Freedoms
529(1)
Summing Up
530(1)
Further Reading
531(1)
Taste---Defining the Appropriate
532(17)
Taste Is Relative
533(6)
Commercial Pressures
539(1)
Obscenity and the Law
540(1)
Limits on Broadcasting
541(1)
Pictures
542(1)
Photo Guidelines
543(4)
Summing Up
547(2)
The Morality of Journalism
549(24)
The Dilemma
550(1)
Guiding Values
551(5)
Some Case Studies
556(4)
Something New
560(1)
Codes of Conduct
560(2)
Sins of Omission
562(1)
Morality Underlies Journalism
562(1)
Past and Present
563(1)
The Muckrakers
564(1)
Making Journalism of Injustice
565(3)
Activist Journalism
568(1)
A Personal Guide
569(2)
Summing Up
571(1)
Further Reading
571(2)
Glossary
573(8)
Print Terms
573(5)
Broadcast Terms
578(1)
Internet Terms
579(2)
Appendix
581(1)
Stylebook
582(14)
Punctuation
590(6)
Credits 596(4)
Name Index 600(10)
Subject Index 610


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