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A Modern History of Japan From Tokugawa Times to the Present,9780195110616

A Modern History of Japan From Tokugawa Times to the Present

by
ISBN13:

9780195110616

ISBN10:
0195110617
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/9/2003
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $42.61
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Summary

In The Modern History of Japan: From Tokugawa Times to the Present, Andrew Gordon paints a richly nuanced and strikingly original portrait of the last two centuries of Japanese history. He takes students from the days of the shogunate--the feudal overlordship of the Tokugawa family--throughthe modernizing revolution launched by midlevel samurai in the late nineteenth century; the adoption of Western hairstyles, clothing, and military organization; and the nation's first experiments with mass democracy after World War I. Gordon offers the finest synthesis to date of Japan's passagethrough militarism, World War II, the American occupation, and the subsequent economic rollercoaster. But the true ingenuity and value of Gordon's approach lies in his close attention to the non-elite layers of society. Here students will see the influence of outside ideas, products, and culture onhome life, labor unions, political parties, gender relations, and popular entertainment. The book examines Japan's struggles to define the meaning of its modernization, from villages and urban neighborhoods, to factory floors and middle managers' offices, to the imperial court. Most importantly, itilluminates the interconnectedness of Japanese developments with world history, demonstrating how Japan's historical passage represents a variation of a process experienced by many nations and showing how the Japanese narrative forms one part of the interwoven fabric of modern history. With a sustained focus on setting modern Japan in a comparative and global context, The Modern History of Japan is ideal for undergraduate courses in modern Japanese history, Japanese politics, Japanese society, or Japanese culture.

Author Biography

Andrew Gordon is Director of the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies and Professor of History at Harvard University.

Table of Contents

Maps, Tables, and Figures
ix
Preface xi
Introduction: Enduring Imprints of the Longer Past 1(8)
PART 1. CRISIS OF THE TOKUGAWA REGIME
The Tokugawa Polity
9(11)
Unification
9(2)
The Tokugawa Political Settlements
11(9)
The Daimyo
13(1)
The Imperial Institution
14(1)
The Samurai
14(1)
Villagers and City-Dwellers
15(1)
The Margins of the Japanese and Japan
16(4)
Social and Economic Transformations
20(14)
The Seventeenth-Century Boom
20(7)
Riddles of Stagnation and Vitality
27(7)
The Intellectual World of Late Tokugawa
34(12)
Ideological Foundations of the Tokugawa Regime
34(3)
Cultural Diversity and Contradictions
37(5)
Reform, Critiques, and Insurgent Ideas
42(4)
The Overthrow of the Tokugawa
46(15)
The Western Powers and the Unequal Treaties
46(4)
The Crumbling of Tokugawa Rule
50(4)
Politics of Terror and Accommodation
54(2)
Bakufu Revival, the Satsuma-Choshu Insurgency, and Domestic Unrest
56(5)
PART 2. MODERN REVOLUTION, 1868--1905
The Samurai Revolution
61(16)
Programs of Nationalist Revolution
62(8)
Political Unification and Central Bureaucracy
63(1)
Eliminating the Status System
64(2)
The Conscript Army
66(1)
Compulsory Education
67(1)
The Monarch at the Center
68(2)
Building a Rich Country
70(3)
Stances toward the World
73(4)
Participation and Protest
77(17)
Political Discourse and Contention
78(2)
Movement for Freedom and People's Rights
80(5)
Samurai Rebellions, Peasant Uprisings, and New Religions
85(3)
Participation for Women
88(3)
Treaty Revision and Domestic Politics
91(1)
The Meiji Constitution
92(2)
Social, Economic, and Cultural Transformations
94(21)
Landlords and Tenants
94(2)
Industrial Revolution
96(4)
The Work Force and Labor Conditions
100(5)
Spread of Mass and Higher Education
105(3)
Culture and Religion
108(3)
Affirmations of Japanese Identity and Destiny
111(4)
Empire and Domestic Order
115(24)
The Trajectory to Empire
115(8)
Contexts of Empire, Capitalism, and Nation-Building
123(3)
The Turbulent World of Diet Politics
126(5)
The Era of Popular Protest
131(5)
Engineering Nationalism
136(3)
PART 3. IMPERIAL JAPAN FROM ASCENDANCE TO ASHES
Economy and Society
139(22)
Wartime Boom and Postwar Bust
139(5)
Landlords, Tenants, and Rural Life
144(4)
City Life: Middle and Working Classes
148(6)
Cultural Responses to Social Change
154(7)
Democracy and Empire between the World Wars
161(21)
The Emergence of Party Cabinets
162(3)
The Structure of Parliamentary Government
165(2)
Ideological Challenges
167(2)
Strategies of Imperial Democratic Rule
169(4)
Japan, Asia, and the Western Powers
173(9)
The Depression Crisis and Responses
182(22)
Economic and Social Crisis
182(4)
Breaking the Impasse: New Departures Abroad
186(6)
Toward a New Social and Economic Order
192(4)
Toward a New Political Order
196(8)
Japan in Wartime
204(22)
Wider War in China
204(3)
Toward Pearl Harbor
207(2)
The Pacific War
209(3)
Mobilizing for Total War
212(5)
Living in the Shadow of War
217(4)
Ending the War
221(3)
Burdens and Legacies of War
224(2)
Occupied Japan: New Departures and Durable Structures
226(19)
Bearing the Unbearable
226(3)
The American Agenda: Demilitarize and Democratize
229(5)
Japanese Responses
234(4)
The Reverse Course
238(2)
Toward Recovery and Independence: Another Unequal Treaty?
240(5)
PART 4. POSTWAR AND CONTEMPORARY JAPAN, 1952--2000
Economic and Social Transformations
245(25)
The Postwar ``Economic Miracle''
245(6)
Transwar Patterns of Community, Family, School, and Work
251(3)
Shared Experiences and Standardized Lifeways of the Postwar Era
254(5)
Differences Enduring and Realigned
259(3)
Managing Social Stability and Change
262(2)
Images and Ideologies of Social Stability and Change
264(6)
Political Struggles and Settlements of the High-Growth Era
270(21)
Political Struggles
270(9)
The Politics of Accommodation
279(8)
Global Connections: Oil Crisis and the End of High Growth
287(4)
Global Power in a Polarized World: Japan in the 1980s
291(19)
New Roles in the World and New Tensions
291(7)
Economy: Thriving through the Oil Crises
298(3)
Politics: The Conservative Heyday
301(3)
Society and Culture in the Exuberant Eighties
304(6)
Beyond the Postwar Era
310(23)
The End of Showa and the Transformation of the Symbol Monarchy
310(2)
The End of LDP Hegemony
312(2)
The Economic Bubble Bursts
314(6)
The Japanese Disease at Century's End?
320(8)
Issues for the Future
328(5)
Appendix A. Prime Ministers of Japan, 1885--2001 333(2)
Appendix B. Vote Totals and Seats by Party, 1945--2000 Lower House Elections 335(10)
Notes 345(18)
Select Bibliography 363(8)
Index 371


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