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Now thoroughly updated in its eighth edition, Modern Latin America is a lively interpretive history and the leading text in the field. Featuring vivid, anecdotal illustrative boxes, the book uses case studies to discuss the major countries and themes of the region over the past 200 years. For each country, Thomas E. Skidmore, Peter H. Smith, and James N. Green examine such central themes as European-New World interaction, racial mixtures, military takeovers, and U.S. intervention in the area.
Visit the companion website at http://library.brown.edu/modernlatinamerica/.
Thomas E. Skidmore is Carlos Manuel de Céspedes Professor of History Emeritus at Brown University. He is the author of Brazil, Second Edition (OUP, 2009), Politics in Brazil, 1930-1964 (OUP, 2007), and The Politics of Military Rule in Brazil (OUP, 1990).
Peter H. Smith is Distinguished Professor of Political Science and Simón Bolívar Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of Talons of the Eagle, Fourth Edition, (OUP, 2012) and Democracy in Latin America, Second Edition (OUP, 2011).
James N. Green is Professor of History and Brazilian Studies at Brown University. He is the author of We Cannot Remain Silent: Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States (2010) and Beyond Carnival (1999).
Table of Contents
1. Why Latin America? Implications for the United States Contrast and Paradox Interpretations of Latin America Explaining Authoritarianism Understanding Democracy Ideas and Themes in This Book
2. The Colonial Foundations Prelude to Conquest The European Context Colonial Spanish America Portuguese America: A Different World? Independence for Latin America The Colonial Response Achieving Independence The Brazilian Path The Aftermath of Independence The Pull of the International Economy
PART TWO: CASE STUDIES: CHANGE OVER TIME
3. Mexico: The Taming of a Revolution From Colony to Nationhood The North American Invasion Reform, Monarchy, and the Restored Republic The Díaz Era: Progress at a Price The Mexican Revolution Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change Order, Stability, and Growth Reshaping Economic Policy North American Free Trade The System Unravels The Contemporary Scene (2000-present) Return of the Leviathan?
4. Central America: Within the U.S. Orbit From Colonies to Nationhood Independence Movements Liberal Ascendancy and "Republican Dictatorships" Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Coffee and Bananas Social Developments Politics and Policy: Panama Politics and Policy: Nicaragua Politics and Policy: El Salvador Politics and Policy: Guatemala Politics and Policy: Costa Rica
5. Cuba: Key Colony, Socialist State From Colony to Nationhood Dubious Independence Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change Fidel Castro and the Batista Regime The Cuban Revolution Framing U.S. Policies The Bay of Pigs The Missile Crisis The Hardening of U.S. Policy Policy Experimentation Consolidating the Regime The Contemporary Scene (1990-present)
6. The Andes: Soldiers and Oligarchs, Indians and Populists From Colony to Nationhood Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Peru: From Guano to Minerals Bolivia: Tin, Silver, and Gas Ecuador: From Cacao to Petroleum Politics and Policy: Peru Flirting with Alternatives The Military Revolution Struggles of Civilian Governments Fujimori's Limited Democracy The Contemporary Scene (2000-Present) Politics and Policy: Bolivia The Chaco War (1932-35) The Revolution of 1952 Military Rule and Popular Resistance The Contemporary Scene (2005-Present) Politics and Policy: Ecuador Caudillos, Conservatives, and Liberals Cacao, Prosperity, and Turmoil Bananas and Dictators The Contemporary Scene (1979-Present)
7. Colombia: Civility and Violence From Colony to Nationhood Independence and Its Aftermath Creating Political Parties Rafael Núñez and the Politics of Regeneration The Loss of Panama Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change Gaitán, Reaction, and La Violencia The National Front The Contemporary Scene (1990-present) Hard-Line Politics Kinder and Gentler
8. Venezuela: The Perils of Prosperity From Colony to Nationhood Coffee and Caudillos Gunboats and Diplomacy Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change Punto Fijo Democracy Institutional Ossification The Contemporary Scene (1998-present) Conflicts with Uncle Sam The Limits of Participatory Democracy Chavismo without Chávez?
9. Argentina: Progress, Stalemate, Discord From Colony to Nationhood Struggles for Supremacy Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change The Military Turns Back the Clock Peronism and Perón Stop-and-Go Politics The Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Solution Peronists Back in Power The Military Returns The Contemporary Scene (1983-present) The Unperonist Peronist The Kirchner Era
10. Chile: Repression and Democracy From Colony to Nationhood Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change From Instability to Popular Front The Era of Party Politics Socialism via Democracy? Countdown to a Coup The Pinochet Regime The Contemporary Scene (1990-present)
11. Brazil: The Awakening Giant From Colony to Nationhood Dom Pedro I (1822-1831) Dom Pedro II (1840-1889) End of the Empire Overview: Economic Growth and Social Change Politics and Policy: Patterns of Change The First Republic (1889-1930) Getúlio Vargas and the Estado Novo The Second Republic (1946-1964) Military Rule From Liberalization to Redemocratization The Contemporary Scene (1994-present) Brazil's First Working-Class President End of an Era?
PART THREE: THEMES AND REFLECTIONS
12. Strategies for Economic Development Narratives of Backwardness The Liberal Era (1880s-1920s) State Transformation under Liberalism Import-Substitution Industrialization (1930s-1970s) ISI in Theory ISI in Practice The Socialist Alternative (1950s-1980s) Revolutionary Movements Neoliberalism (1980s-present) Free Trade Countermoves The Crash of '08 Poverty and Inequality Inequality and Income Distribution
13. Dynamics of Political Transformation Categories for Analysis Oligarchic Rule and Top-Down Reform (1880s-1920s) Co-optative Democracy Populism and Dictatorship (1930s-1970s) Women and Politics A Surge of Democracy Bureaucratic-Authoritarian Regimes The Revolutionary Path (1950s-1980s) Liberation Theology An Expansion of Democracy (1980s-present) Empowerment of Women The Rise of the New Left The Pulse of Democratic Change Dangers of Democracy Democracy Made Safe Democracy Turns Left
14. Culture and Society From Colonies to Nations Romanticism, Indians, and Slaves Literature, Art, and New Ideas in a World Economy Realism and Naturalism Modernism Nationalism, Radical Politics, and Turbulent Times Brazilian Modernism Revolutionary Art and Literature Rethinking Race The Making of Mass Media Popular Culture, Theater, and Sports Latin America Culture Enters a World Market Innovative Architecture Revolutionary Culture The Literary Boom Dictatorship, Democracy, and New Social Movements Films, Pop Music, and the Internet
15. Latin America in the World Arena, 1800s-1980s Imperialism in the Americas America's Aspirations The Rise of U.S. Influence Consolidating U.S. Power The Cold War The Logic of the Cold War Cold War in Latin America The Nationalist Impulse The Revolutionary Challenge The Alliance for Progress Development and Debt
16. Latin America in the World Arena, 1990s-Present After the Cold War The Clinton Era Wars on Terror Obama's Wars George Bush and Latin America Obama and Latin America Confronting the United States Mexico Brazil Venezuela Seeking Outside Allies The Intermestic Agenda Migration Immigration under Obama Drug Trafficking Drug Policy under Obama Policy Debates Perspectives on the Future