9780123745255

Natural and Engineered Resistance to Plant Viruses

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780123745255

  • ISBN10:

    012374525X

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2010-04-01
  • Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC

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Summary

Viruses are a huge threat to agriculture. In the past, viruses used to be controlled using conventional methods, such as crop rotation and destruction of the infected plants, but now there are more novel ways to control them. This volume focuses on topics that must be better understood in order to foster future developments in basic and applied plant virology. These range from virus epidemiology and virus/host co-evolution and the control of vector-mediated transmission through to systems biology investigations of virus-cell interactions. Other chapters cover the current status of signalling in natural resistance and the potential for a revival in the use of cross-protection, as well as future opportunities for the deployment of the under-utilized but highly effective crop protection strategy of pathogen-derived resistance. Key features:* Contributions from leading authorities * Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
The Coevolution of Plants and Viruses: Resistance and Pathogenicityp. 1
Introductionp. 3
Virus Infection and Host Defenses Reciprocally Affect the Fitness of Host and Virusp. 4
The Outcome of Plant-Virus Interactions Depends on the Plant and Virus Genotypes Involvedp. 6
Genetic Variation of Resistance and Pathogenicityp. 13
Costs of Pathogenicity and Resistance Durabilityp. 20
Concluding Remarksp. 23
Acknowledgmentsp. 24
Referencesp. 24
Assessment of the Benefits and Risks for Engineered Virus Resistancep. 33
Introductionp. 34
The Cost of Plant-Virus Infectionp. 35
Antiviral Strategies Not Based on Genetic Engineeringp. 36
Transgene-Mediated Resistancep. 38
Refinements to Engineering Resistancep. 39
Concepts of Risk Assessmentp. 42
Potential Risks Associated with Virus-Resistant Transgenic Plantsp. 43
Weighing the Benefits and Risks. Taking into Account Efficacy, Durability, and Safetyp. 46
Conclusionsp. 48
Referencesp. 49
Signaling in Induced Resistancep. 57
What is Induced Resistance?p. 59
Signaling in Genetically Determined Resistancep. 60
Low Molecular Weight Chemical Signals in Induced Resistancep. 64
RNA Silencing and Induced Resistancep. 72
Protein Factors in Signaling or Resistance Responsesp. 84
Concluding Thoughtsp. 102
Acknowledgmentsp. 103
Referencesp. 103
Global Genomics and Proteomics Approaches to Identify Host Factors as Targets to Induce Resistance Against Tomato Bushy Stunt Virusp. 123
Introductionp. 125
Genome-Wide Screens for Systematic Identification of Host Factors Affecting TBSV Replicationp. 130
Proteomics-Based Screens for Systematic Identification of Host Factors Affecting TBSV Replicationp. 133
Grouping of Host Factors and Identification of Networks Involved in TBSV Replicationp. 137
Validation of Host Factors in a Plant Host and Induction of Resistance Against TBSVp. 167
Summary and Outlookp. 168
Acknowledgmentsp. 169
Referencesp. 169
Resistance to Aphid Vectors of Virus Diseasep. 179
Resistance to Aphidsp. 180
Natural Resistancep. 181
Engineered Resistancep. 195
Concluding Remarksp. 198
Acknowledgmentsp. 201
Referencesp. 201
Cross-Protection: A Century of Mysteryp. 211
Introductionp. 212
General Remarksp. 213
History of Cross-Protectionp. 215
Applicationsp. 218
Mechanism(s) of Cross-Protectionp. 227
Protection Phenomena Involving Subviral Agentsp. 238
Concluding Thoughtsp. 242
Acknowledgmentsp. 244
Referencesp. 244
Indexp. 265
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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