9781137367129

The New Geography of Innovation Clusters, Competitiveness and Theory

by
  • ISBN13:

    9781137367129

  • ISBN10:

    1137367121

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2013-11-19
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

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Supplemental Materials

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Summary

It is now well established that innovation is the main engine of competitiveness and economic growth. However, in this modern fast-paced world, the inherent nature of the innovation process has changed. On the one hand, the rapid technological revolution or the emergence of new countries on the international economic stage has underlined a shift towards a globalization of the economy. On the other hand, another trend towards a spatial concentration of economic and innovative activity has been identified. Despite the widening of the geographical options offered by globalization, production and innovation still appear particularly concentrated in specific locations and clusters are the ultimate representation of this regionalization stream.
The New Geography of Innovation assesses both the theoretically and empirically intertwined – but surprisingly still relatively unexplored – relationship between innovation, clusters and multinational enterprises in today's economy. Based on a unique database of patent applications at the European Patent Office, this book not only emphasizes the marked discrepancies in terms of inventive performance between Swiss regions but also identifies the country's main inventive clusters, offers new insights on the internationalization of the innovation process and provides exclusive evidence of the importance of foreign clusters as a source of new knowledge.

Author Biography

Xavier Tinguely holds a PhD in Economics (magna cum laude) from the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland. His work was rewarded by the 2012 grant of the Foundation for the 25th anniversary of the Swiss Bank Corporation. In 2012 Tinguely was appointed Visiting Research Scholar at the Fox School of Business of Temple University in Philadelphia, USA, and received a fellowship for promising young Swiss scientist by the Swiss National Science Foundation. During his time as researcher at the Centre for Competitiveness of the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, Tinguely contributed to several publications in the field of international business and private mandates on regional competitiveness.

Table of Contents

THE ECONOMICS OF INNOVATION
1. Preamble to the Study of Innovation
2. Innovation and Economic Performance
3. The Measurement of Innovation
THE NATURE OF THE INNOVATION PROCESS AND THE NEW GEOGRAPHY OF INNOVATION
4. The Cognitive Nature of the Innovation Process
5. The Clustering of Innovative Activity
6. The Geography of Innovation in a Globalized Economy
THE DISTRIBUTION OF INVENTIVE ACTIVITY – EVIDENCE FROM PATENT DATA IN SWITZERLAND AND FOCUS ON THE BASEL PHARMACEUTICAL CLUSTER
7. Geographical Distribution of Inventive Activities and Inventive Performance in Switzerland
8. Sectoral Distribution of Inventive Activities and Specialization Patterns – Towards an Identification of Switzerland's Main Inventive Clusters
9. Clusters and the New Geography of Invention – An Empirical Analysis of Pharmaceutical Patents demanded in the Basel Employment Basin

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