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New Perspectives in Health Care Ethics : An Interdisciplinary and Crosscultural Approach

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780130613479

ISBN10:
0130613479
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/21/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $69.80

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Summary

Tong, a well-known biomedical ethicist, combines medical ethics, bioethics, and her own unique insights to provide a comprehensive survey of contemporary health care ethics issues. Among the topics discussed in this book are complementary and alternative medicine; contraception and sterilization; infertility and assisted reproduction; and surrogate motherhood; genetic testing (screening and counseling); genetic therapy; biomedical and behavioral research; and euthanasia and assisted suicide. A useful reference work for those in the health care industry.

Author Biography

Rosemarie Tong is distinguished Professor of Health Care Ethics at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte.  She is the author or co-author of Women, Sex, and the Law; Ethics in Policy Analysis; Feminist Thought: A Comprehensive Introduction; Feminine and Feminist Ethics; Controlling Our Reproductive Destiny: A Technological and Philosophical Perspective (with Lawrence Kaplan); Feminist Approaches to Bioethics;and Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction.  Her edited books include Feminist Philosophy: Essential Readings in Theory, Reinterpretation, and Application (with Nancy Tuana), Globalizing Feminist Bioethics (with Aida Santos and Gwen Anderson), and soon to be published Feminist Bioethics, Human Rights and the Developing World: Integrating Global and Local Perspectives (with Anne Donchin and Susan Dodds). 

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Acknowledgements xvii
Part One A Conceptual Framework for Health Care Ethics
1(60)
Introduction
1(5)
Points of Emphasis
1(3)
Concluding Thoughts
4(1)
Endnotes
5(1)
Ethical Theories and Principles in Health Care
6(32)
Introduction
6(1)
Ethical Relativism, Ethical Pluralism, and Ethical Worldviews
6(3)
Major Ethical Theories in the Western World: Forging a Personal Worldview
9(15)
Ethical Principles in Health Care
24(7)
Balancing the Principles of Nonmaleficence, Beneficence, Autonomy and Justice
31(2)
Conclusion
33(1)
Discussion Questions
34(1)
Cases
34(1)
Endnotes
35(3)
The Health Care Professional-Patient Relationship
38(23)
Introduction
38(1)
The Practice-Institution Relationship in Health Care
38(2)
Models of the Health Care Professional--Patient Relationship
40(5)
Meeting the Demands of Competence and Care in the Health Care Professional--Patient Relationship
45(3)
Respecting the Rights of Patients in the Health Care Professional--Patient Relationship
48(8)
Conclusion
56(1)
Discussion Questions
57(1)
Case Studies
57(2)
Endnotes
59(2)
Part Two Health and Disease Issues
61(48)
Biological Givens Or Social Constructions?
61(19)
Introduction
61(1)
Goals of Health Care
61(4)
The Concepts of Health and Disease
65(5)
The Concepts of Wellness and Illness
70(4)
Conclusion
74(2)
Discussion Questions
76(1)
Case Studies
76(2)
Endnotes
78(2)
Biomedical and Behavioral Research
80(29)
Introduction
80(1)
Differences between Biomedical and Behavioral Research
81(1)
Brief History of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Regulation
81(2)
Ethical Issues in Biomedical Behavioral Research
83(2)
Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research
85(2)
Ethical and Legal Issues in Informed Consent
87(5)
Protectionism and Accessionism in Biomedical and Behavioral Research
92(2)
Ongoing and Emerging Debates in Biomedical Research in the United States
94(7)
Conclusion
101(2)
Discussion Questions
103(1)
Case Studies
104(1)
Endnotes
105(4)
Part Three Beginning of Life Issues
109(128)
Abortion
109(28)
Introduction
109(1)
Abortion Types and Methods
110(5)
Ethical Issues in Abortion
115(6)
Legal Issues in Abortion
121(8)
Conclusion
129(2)
Discussion Questions
131(1)
Case Studies
131(2)
Endnotes
133(4)
Reproduction-Assisting Technologies: Donor Insemination, In Vitro Fertilization, and Beyond
137(40)
Introduction
137(1)
Treatments for Infertility
138(1)
Ethical and Legal Dimensions of Donor Insemination (DI)
139(7)
Ethical and Legal Dimensions of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
146(8)
The Ethical and Legal Dimensions of Surrogate Motherhood
154(14)
Conclusion
168(1)
Discussion Questions
168(1)
Case Studies
169(2)
Endnotes
171(6)
Genetic Screening, Counseling, and Therapy
177(39)
Introduction
177(1)
Genetic Testing and Screening
178(19)
Genetic Counseling
197(1)
Gene Therapy
198(9)
Conclusion
207(1)
Discussion Questions
208(1)
Case Studies
209(2)
Endnotes
211(5)
Therapeutic Cloning, Reproductive Cloning, and Ectogenesis
216(21)
Introduction
216(1)
Research on Fetuses
217(2)
Research on Preembryos
219(5)
Reproductive Cloning
224(3)
Ectogenesis
227(4)
Conclusion
231(1)
Discussion Questions
231(2)
Case Studies
233(1)
Endnotes
233(4)
Part Four End of Life Issues
237(54)
The Aging Process and Long-Term Health Care
237(25)
Introduction
237(1)
The Aging Process
238(3)
Antiaging Medicine
241(2)
Aging and the Growing Need for Long-Term Care
243(11)
Conclusion
254(2)
Discussion Questions
256(1)
Case Studies
256(2)
Endnotes
258(4)
Euthanasia, Assisted Suicide, and Palliative Care
262(29)
Introduction
262(1)
Types of Euthanasia
262(15)
Physician-Assisted Suicide
277(4)
Advance Care Directives
281(2)
Palliative Care and Hospice
283(2)
Conclusion
285(1)
Discussion Questions
285(1)
Case Studies
286(2)
Endnotes
288(3)
Part Five Micro- and Macro-Allocation Issues
291(46)
Organ Transplantation: Individual Allocation Decisions
291(27)
Introduction
291(1)
Overview of Organ and Tissue Transplantation
292(1)
Ethical and Legal Issues Regarding Organ Donors
292(8)
Ethics of Transplant Teams and End-of-Life Teams
300(3)
Increasing the Supply of Organs
303(5)
Allocation of Organs
308(4)
Conclusion
312(1)
Discussion Questions and Case Studies
312(2)
Endnotes
314(4)
Health Care Reform: Social Distribution Decisions
318(19)
Introduction
318(1)
Health Care Costs in the United States
318(5)
Health Care Insurance Accessibility in the United States
323(6)
Health Care System Reform Proposals
329(4)
Conclusion
333(3)
Discussion Questions
336(1)
Case Studies
336(1)
Endnotes
337


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