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The Norton Introduction to Literature

by ; ; ;
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780393972023

ISBN10:
039397202X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/1998
Publisher(s):
W W Norton & Co

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 1/1/1998.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Offering 59 stories, 458 poems, and 15 plays, the Seventh Edition provides a wealth of classics and contemporaries, canonical favorites and emerging writers. New to the Seventh Edition are pieces by Audre Thomas, Salman Rushdie, Jimmy Santiago Baca, Flannery O'Connor, Seamus Heaney, Marilyn Hacker, Lorraine Hansberry, David Ives, Raymond Carver, Joyce Carol Oates, Margaret Laurence, Allen Ginsberg, Nicholson Baker, and Denise Levertov, among many others. The Norton Introduction to Literature offers students more perspectives on the contexts of literature - authorial, literary, cultural, historical, and critical - than any other introductory anthology. Included in the Seventh Edition are three new "Exploring Contexts" chapters. Entitled "Critical Contexts", each includes a literary piece and several examples of professional criticism about that piece to introduce students to the critical discussion surrounding works and authors and to inspire students' own critical writing.

Table of Contents

Fiction 2(792)
Fiction: Reading, Responding, Writing
2(19)
Spencer Holst
The Zebra Storyteller
2(3)
Audre Thomas
Kill Day on the Government Wharf
5(9)
Guy de Maupassant
The Jewelry
14(6)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
20(1)
Understanding the Text
21(288)
1 PLOT
21(51)
Margaret Atwood
Happy Endings
26(3)
John Cheever
The Country Husband
29(18)
James Baldwin
Sonny's Blues
47(23)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
70(2)
2 POINT OF VIEW
72(31)
Edgar Allan Poe
The Cask of Amontillado
75(5)
Ambrose Bierce
An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge
80(7)
Timothy Findley
Dreams
87(15)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
102(1)
3 CHARACTERIZATION
103(42)
Eudora Welty
Why I Live at the P.O.
107(9)
Charles Baxter
Fenstad's Mother
116(10)
Doris Lessing
Our Friend Judith
126(13)
Grace Paley
A Conversation with My Father
139(4)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
143(2)
4 SETTING
145(39)
Richard Dokey
Sanchez
147(9)
Amy Tan
A Pair of Tickets
156(15)
Anton Chekhov
The Lady with the Dog
171(11)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
182(2)
5 SYMBOLS
184(27)
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Young Goodman Brown
187(9)
Franz Kafka
A Hunger Artist
196(7)
Ann Beattie
Janus
203(3)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
206(2)
Geoffrey Clement
STUDENT WRITING: The Struggle to Surface in the Water of "Sonny's Blues"
208(3)
6 THEME
211(23)
Katherine Mansfield
Her First Ball
214(4)
James Joyce
Counterparts
218(8)
Angela Carter
A Souvenir of Japan
226(6)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
232(2)
7 THE WHOLE TEXT
234(75)
Joseph Conrad
The Secret Sharer
234(30)
QUESTIONS AND WRITING SUGGESTIONS
264(1)
Louise Erdrich
Love Medicine
265(16)
QUESTIONS AND WRITING SUGGESTIONS
281(1)
Guy Vanderhaeghe
The Watcher
282(25)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
307(2)
Exploring Contexts
309(239)
8 THE AUTHOR'S WORK AS CONTEXT: D. H. LAWRENCE AND FLANNERY O'CONNOR
309(107)
D. H. Lawrence
315(44)
Odour of Chrysanthemums
315(14)
The Blind Man
329(14)
The Rocking-Horse Winner
343(11)
Passages from Essays and Letters
354(5)
Flannery O'Connor
359(55)
A Good Man Is Hard to Find
359(12)
The Lame Shall Enter First
371(26)
Everything That Rises Must Converge
397(11)
Passages from Essays and Letters
408(6)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
414(2)
9 LITERARY KIND AS CONTEXT: INITIATION STORIES
416(21)
Toni Cade Bambara
Gorilla, My Love
417(5)
Alice Munro
Boys and Girls
422(10)
Nicholson Baker
Pants on Fire
432(3)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
435(2)
10 FORM AS CONTEXT: THE SHORT STORY
437(17)
Kate Chopin
The Story of an Hour
438(2)
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings
440(5)
Ernest Hemingway
A Clean, Well-Lighted Place
445(4)
Jamaica Kincaid
Girl
449(1)
Yasunari Kawabata
The Grasshopper and the Bell Cricket
450(2)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
452(2)
11 CULTURE AS CONTEXT
454(46)
Katherine Anne Porter
Holiday
455(21)
Margaret Laurence
The Rain Child
476(16)
Jorge Luis Borges
Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote
492(6)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
498(2)
12 CRITICAL CONTEXTS: A FICTION CASEBOOK
500(48)
William Faulkner
A Rose for Emily
502(8)
Daniel Bronson
STUDENT WRITING: "Like the Sand of the Hourglass..."
510(3)
Lawrence R. Rodgers
"We all said, `she will kill herself'": The Narrator/Detective in William Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily"
513(8)
George L. Dillon
Styles of Reading
521(8)
Judith Fetterley
A Rose for "A Rose for Emily"
529(7)
Gene M. Moore
Of Time and Its Mathematical Progression: Problems of Chronology in Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily"
536(7)
Willow D. Crystal
STUDENT WRITING: "One of us...": Concepts of the Private and the Public in William Faulkner's "A Rose for Emily"
543(5)
Evaluating Fiction
548(50)
Richard Connell
The Most Dangerous Game
548(19)
Thaddeus Smith
STUDENT WRITING: Why "The Most Dangerous Game" Is Good Literature
564(1)
Sara Rosen
STUDENT WRITING: Why "The Most Dangerous Game" Is Not Good Literature
565(2)
William Faulkner
Barn Burning
567(16)
Bharati Mukherjee
The Management of Grief
583(15)
Reading More Fiction
598(196)
Louisa May Alcott
My Contraband
598(14)
Henry James
The Real Thing
612(18)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
The Yellow Wallpaper
630(12)
Edith Wharton
Souls Belated
642(20)
Rudyard Kipling
Without Benefit of Clergy
662(16)
Susan Glaspell
A Jury of Her Peers
678(15)
Albert Murray
Train Whistle Guitar
693(14)
Joyce Carol Oates
The Lady with the Pet Dog
707(13)
Raymond Carver
Cathedral
720(10)
Bobbie Ann Mason
Shiloh
730(11)
Paul Ruffin
Lamar Loper's First Case
741(12)
Richard Ford
Great Falls
753(12)
Salman Rushdie
The Prophet's Hair
765(10)
Lynna Williams
Personal Testimony
775(8)
Ha Jin
In Broad Daylight
783(11)
Poetry 794(532)
Poetry: Reading, Responding, Writing
794(27)
READING
795(6)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
How Do I Love Thee?
795(1)
Jarold Ramsey
The Tally Stick
796(1)
Ezra Pound
The River-Merchant's Wife: A Letter
797(2)
Denise Levertov
Wedding-Ring
799(1)
Tom Wayman
Wayman in Love
800(1)
RESPONDING
801(7)
Ben Jonson
On My First Son
801(1)
Howard Nemerov
The Vacuum
802(1)
Sharon Olds
The Glass
803(2)
Rita Dove
Fifth Grade Autobiography
805(1)
Anne Sexton
The Fury of Overshoes
806(2)
WRITING ABOUT POEMS
808(2)
PRACTICING READING: SOME POEMS ON LOVE
810(11)
Anne Bradstreet
To My Dear and Loving Husband
810(1)
William Shakespeare
[Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?]
810(1)
Leigh Hunt
Rondeau
811(1)
Denise Levertov
Love Poem
811(1)
W. H. Auden
[Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone]
812(1)
Audre Lorde
Recreation
812(1)
Marge Piercy
To Have without Holding
813(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
Casabianca
814(1)
Liz Rosenberg
Married Love
814(1)
John Dryden
[Why should a foolish marriage vow]
815(1)
Mary, Lady Chudleigh
To the Ladies
815(1)
Richard Lovelace
To Althea, from Prison
816(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
[What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why]
817(1)
Theodore Roethke
She
817(1)
Karen Chase
Venison
818(1)
Aphra Behn
On Her Loving Two Equally
818(1)
William Shakespeare
[Let me not to the marriage of true minds]
819(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
819(2)
Understanding the Text
821(244)
13 TONE
821(25)
Marge Piercy
Barbie Doll
821(1)
W. D. Snodgrass
Leaving the Motel
822(2)
Linda Pastan
love poem
824(2)
Etheridge Knight
Hard Rock Returns to Prison from the Hospital for the Criminal Insane
826(1)
William Blake
London
827(2)
Maxine Kumin
Woodchucks
829(1)
Adrienne Rich
Aunt Jennifer's Tigers
829(3)
MANY TONES: POEMS ABOUT FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
832(12)
Galway Kinnell
After Making Love We Hear Footsteps
832(1)
Seamus Heaney
Mid-Term Break
832(1)
Pat Mora
Elena
833(1)
Alberto Alvaro Rios
Mi Abuelo
834(1)
Sharon Olds
I Go Back to May 1937
835(1)
Li-Young Lee
Persimmons
835(2)
Elizabeth Alexander
West Indian Primer
837(1)
Eamon Grennan
Pause
838(1)
Jimmy Santiago Baca
Green Chile
839(1)
Robert Hayden
Those Winter Sundays
840(1)
James Masao Mitsui
Because of My Father's Job
840(1)
Simon J. Ortiz
My Father's Song
841(1)
Susan Musgrave
You Didn't Fit
842(1)
Alan Dugan
Elegy
843(1)
Erin Moure
Thirteen Years
844(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
844(2)
14 SPEAKER: WHOSE VOICE DO WE HEAR?
846(24)
Thomas Hardy
The Ruined Maid
846(2)
X. J. Kennedy
In a Prominent Bar in Secaucus One Day
848(1)
Adrienne Rich
Letters in the Family
849(3)
Robert Browning
Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister
852(2)
Tess Gallagher
Sudden Journey
854(1)
Dorothy Parker
A Certain Lady
855(2)
A. R. Ammons
Needs
857(1)
William Wordsworth
She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways
858(1)
Sharon Olds
The Lifting
859(1)
Frances Cornford
The New-Born Baby's Song
860(1)
Audre Lorde
Hanging Fire
860(1)
John Betjeman
In Westminster Abbey
861(1)
Henry Reed
Lessons of the War: Judging Distances
862(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
We Real Cool
863(1)
Sir Thomas Wyatt
They Flee from Me
864(1)
Walt Whitman
[I celebrate myself, and sing myself]
864(1)
Stevie Smith
I Remember
865(1)
Pat Mora
La Migra
865(1)
Sylvia Plath
Mirror
866(1)
Seamus Heaney
The Outlaw
867(1)
Margaret Atwood
Death of a Young Son by Drowning
868(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
869(1)
15 SITUATION AND SETTING: WHAT HAPPENS? WHERE? WHEN?
870(44)
James Dickey
Cherrylog Road
871(3)
John Donne
The Flea
874(1)
Rita Dove
Daystar
875(1)
Linda Pastan
To a Daughter Leaving Home
876(1)
John Milton
On the Late Massacre in Piedmont
877(2)
Sylvia Plath
Point Shirley
879(2)
Matthew Arnold
Dover Beach
881(2)
SITUATIONS
883(8)
Margaret Atwood
Siren Song
883(1)
Andrew Marvell
To His Coy Mistress
884(1)
Mary Oliver
Singapore
885(1)
Louise Gluck
Labor Day
886(1)
Richard Snyder
A Mongoloid Child Handling Shells on the Beach
886(1)
Mary Karr
Hubris
887(1)
John Donne
The Sun Rising
887(1)
Hart Crane
Episode of Hands
888(1)
Emily Bronte
The Night-Wind
889(2)
TIMES
891(7)
William Shakespeare
[Full many a glorious morning have I seen]
891(1)
John Donne
The Good-Morrow
891(1)
Sylvia Plath
Morning Song
892(1)
Jonathan Swift
A Description of the Morning
892(1)
Amy Clampitt
Meridian
893(1)
Karen Volkman
Evening
894(1)
W. H. Auden
As I Walked Out One Evening
894(2)
William Shakespeare
Spring
896(1)
Archibald Lampman
In November
896(2)
PLACES
898(6)
April Bernard
Praise Psalm of the City-Dweller
898(1)
Anthony Hecht
A Hill
898(1)
Susan Musgrave
I Am Not a Conspiracy Everything Is Not Paranoid The Drug Enforcement Administration Is Not Everywhere
899(1)
Thomas Gray
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
900(4)
COMPARING PLACES AND TIMES: THE SENSE OF CULTURAL OTHERNESS
904(6)
Yvonne Sapia
Grandmother, a Caribbean Indian, Described by My Father
904(1)
Simon J. Ortiz
Speaking
905(1)
Agha Shahid Ali
Postcard from Kashmir
906(1)
Cathy Song
Heaven
906(2)
Marilyn Chin
We Are Americans Now, We Live in the Tundra
908(1)
Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni
Indian Movie, New Jersey
908(2)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
910(1)
Kimberly Smith
STUDENT WRITING: A Letter to an Author
911(3)
16 LANGUAGE
914(52)
PRECISION AND AMBIGUITY
914(23)
Sarah Cleghorn
[The golf links lie so near the mill]
914(1)
Anne Finch
Countess of Winchelsea, There's No To-Morrow
915(1)
Charles Bernstein
Of Time and the Line
915(2)
Yvor Winters
At the San Francisco Airport
917(2)
Walter de la Mare
Slim Cunning Hands
919(1)
Pat Mora
Gentle Communion
920(1)
Ben Jonson
Still to Be Neat
921(1)
Robert Herrick
Delight in Disorder
922(2)
Emily Dickinson
[After great pain, a formal feeling comes-]
924(1)
Theodore Roethke
My Papa's Waltz
924(2)
Sharon Olds
Sex without Love
926(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Pied Beauty
927(1)
Mary Oliver
Morning
927(1)
William Carlos Williams
The Red Wheelbarrow
928(1)
E. E. Cummings
[in Just-]
928(1)
Rita Dove
Parsley
929(2)
Susan Musgrave
Hidden Meaning
931(1)
Richard Armour
Hiding Place
931(1)
Ogden Nash
Reflections on Ice-Breaking
932(1)
Here Usually Comes the Bride
932(1)
Emily Dickinson
[I dwell in Possibility-]
932(1)
John Milton
FROM Paradise Lost
933(4)
METAPHOR AND SIMILE
937(14)
William Shakespeare
[That time of year thou mayst in me behold]
937(2)
Linda Pastan
Marks
939(1)
David Wagoner
My Father's Garden
940(1)
Robert Francis
Hogwash
941(1)
Robert Burns
A Red, Red Rose
942(2)
Adrienne Rich
Two Songs
944(1)
1. [Sex, as they harshly call it]
944(1)
2. [That "old last act"!]
944(1)
Randall Jarrell
The Death of the Ball Turret Gunner
945(1)
Dorothy Livesay
Other
946(1)
Hart Crane
Forgetfulness
947(1)
Carolyn Forche
Taking Off My Clothes
947(1)
Emily Dickinson
[Wild Nights-Wild Nights!]
948(1)
Agha Shahid Ali
The Dacca Gauzes
948(1)
Amy Lowell
Aubade
949(1)
John Donne
[Batter my heart, three-personed God; for You]
950(1)
Anonymous
The Twenty-third Psalm
950(1)
SYMBOL
951(13)
Sharon Olds
Leningrad Cemetery, Winter of 1941
951(2)
James Dickey
The Leap
953(2)
John Clare
Love's Emblem
955(2)
William Blake
The Sick Rose
957(1)
Edmund Waller
Song
958(1)
John Gay
[Virgins are like the fair flower in its luster]
959(1)
Emily Dickinson
[Go not too near a House of Rose-]
959(1)
William Carlos Williams
Poem
959(1)
Mary Oliver
Roses, Late Summer
960(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal
961(1)
Robert Frost
The Rose Family
961(1)
Dorothy Parker
One Perfect Rose
962(1)
Katha Pollitt
Two Fish
962(1)
Roo Borson
After a Death
962(1)
Howard Nemerov
The Town Dump
963(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
964(2)
17 THE SOUNDS OF POETRY
966(24)
Helen Chasin
The Word Plum
966(1)
Mona Van Duyn
What the Motorcycle Said
967(2)
Kenneth Fearing
Dirge
969(2)
Alexander Pope
Sound and Sense
971(2)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Metrical Feet
973(1)
Wendy Cope
Emily Dickinson
974(1)
Anonymous
[There was a young lady of Riga]
974(1)
Sir John Suckling
Song
974(1)
John Dryden
To the Memory of Mr. Oldham
975(1)
Michael Harper
Dear John, Dear Coltrane
976(1)
Stephen Spender
The Express
977(1)
Judith Wright
"Dove-Love"
978(1)
Cynthia Zarin
Song
979(1)
Theodore Roethke
The Waking
979(1)
William Shakespeare
[Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore]
980(1)
James Merrill
Watching the Dance
980(1)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Break, Break, Break
981(1)
Thomas Nashe
A Litany in Time of Plague
981(1)
Stevie Smith
Our Bog Is Dood
982(1)
Earle Birney
Irapuato
983(1)
Edgar Allan Poe
The Raven
984(2)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Spring and Fall:
986(1)
Emily Dickinson
[A narrow Fellow in the Grass]
987(1)
Robert Herrick
To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time
988(1)
Jean Toomer
Reapers
988(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
988(2)
18 INTERNAL STRUCTURE
990(25)
Edwin Arlington Robinson
Mr. Flood's Party
990(3)
Howard Nemerov
The Goose Fish
993(2)
Philip Larkin
Church Going
995(3)
Pat Mora
Sonrisas
998(1)
James Wright
Arrangements with Earth for Three Dead Friends
998(2)
Sharon Olds
The Victims
1000(2)
Anonymous
Sir Patrick Spens
1002(1)
T. S. Eliot
Journey of the Magi
1003(1)
Karl Shapiro
Auto Wreck
1004(1)
Richard Wilbur
The Pardon
1005(1)
Emily Dickinson
[The Wind begun to knead the Grass-]
1006(1)
Roo Borson
Save Us From
1007(1)
William Carlos Williams
The Dance
1008(1)
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Ode to the West Wind
1008(2)
Louise Bogan
Evening in the Sanitarium
1010(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1011(1)
STUDENT WRITING: Structure and Language in "The Victims"
1012(3)
Sharon Olds
19 EXTERNAL FORM
1015(32)
THE SONNET
1018(14)
William Wordsworth
Nuns Fret Not
1018(1)
Henry Constable
[My lady's presence makes the roses red]
1019(2)
John Keats
On the Sonnet
1021(1)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
A Sonnet Is a Moment's Monument
1021(1)
Countee Cullen
Yet Do I Marvel
1022(1)
Gwen Harwood
In the Park
1022(1)
Emma Lazarus
The New Colossus
1023(1)
Helen Chasin
Joy Sonnet in a Random Universe
1023(1)
Edwin Morgan
Opening the Cage
1024(1)
John Milton
[When I consider how my light is spent]
1024(1)
Claude McKay
The Harlem Dancer
1025(1)
Helene Johnson
Sonnet to a Negro in Harlem
1025(1)
William Wordsworth
The world is too much with us
1026(1)
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Ozymandias
1026(1)
Archibald Lampman
Winter Evening
1027(1)
Sir Charles G. D. Roberts
The Potato Harvest
1027(1)
Robert Frost
Once by the Pacific
1028(1)
Gwendolyn Brooks
First Fight. Then Fiddle.
1028(1)
William Wordsworth
London, 1802
1029(1)
Claude McKay
The White House
1029(1)
Sir Philip Sidney
[When Nature made her chief work, Stella's eyes]
1030(1)
William Shakespeare
[My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun]
1030(1)
Diane Ackerman
Sweep Me through Your Many-Chambered Heart
1031(1)
STANZA FORMS
1032(6)
Dylan Thomas
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
1033(1)
Marianne Moore
Poetry
1033(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
Sestina
1034(1)
Ishmael Reed
beware : do not read this poem
1035(2)
Archibald MacLeish
Ars Poetica
1037(1)
THE WAY A POEM LOOKS
1038(7)
Franklin P. Adams
Composed in the Composing Room
1038(1)
E. E. Cummings
[Buffalo Bill's]
1039(1)
Stevie Smith
The Jungle Husband
1040(1)
George Herbert
Easter Wings
1041(1)
Robert Herrick
The Pillar of Fame
1041(1)
Mary Oliver
Goldenrod
1042(1)
E. E. Cummings
[(l)(a]
1043(1)
Mary Ellen Solt
Lilac
1043(1)
John Hollander
A State of Nature
1044(1)
Earle Birney
Anglosaxon Street
1044(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1045(2)
20 THE WHOLE TEXT
1047(18)
Elizabeth Jennings
Delay
1047(1)
Anonymous
Western Wind
1049(1)
Robert Herrick
Upon Julia's Clothes
1050(2)
W. H. Auden
Musee des Beaux Arts
1052(1)
George Herbert
The Collar
1053(1)
Emily Dickinson
[My Life had stood-a Loaded Gun-]
1054(1)
Robert Frost
Design
1054(1)
D. H. Lawrence
Piano
1055(1)
Liz Rosenberg
A Lesson in Anatomy
1055(1)
Jonathan Swift
A Description of a City Shower
1056(1)
Sir Walter Ralegh
The Author's Epitaph, Made by Himself
1057(1)
Anne Sexton
With Mercy for the Greedy
1058(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1059(1)
Meaghan E. Parker
STUDENT WRITING: Tragedy in Five Stanzas: "Woodchucks"
1060(5)
Exploring Contexts
1065(171)
21. THE AUTHOR'S WORK AS CONTEXT: JOHN KEATS
1065(16)
On First Looking into Chapman's Homer
1067(1)
On the Grasshopper and the Cricket
1068(1)
On Seeing the Elgin Marbles
1068(1)
When I Have Fears
1068(1)
Ode to a Nightingale
1069(2)
Ode on a Grecian Urn
1071(2)
Ode on Melancholy
1073(1)
To Autumn
1074(1)
Passages from Letters and the Preface to Endymion
1075(5)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1080(1)
22 THE AUTHOR'S WORK IN CONTEXT: ADRIENNE RICH
1081(24)
At a Bach Concert
1082(1)
Storm Warnings
1083(1)
Living in Sin
1083(1)
Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law
1084(4)
Planetarium
1088(1)
Dialogue
1089(1)
Diving into the Wreck
1090(2)
Power
1092(1)
For the Record
1092(1)
[My mouth hovers across your breasts]
1093(1)
Walking down the Road
1094(1)
Delta
1094(1)
History
1095(1)
From Interviews and Personal Reflections
1096(8)
QUESTION/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1104(1)
23 LITERARY TRADITION AS CONTEXT
1105(47)
ECHO AND ALLUSION
1106(7)
Ben Jonson
Come, My Celia
1107(1)
William Blake
The Lamb
1108(1)
Howard Nemerov
Boom!
1108(2)
Marianne Moore
Love in America?
1110(1)
Robert Hollander
You Too? Me Too-Why Not? Soda Pop
1111(1)
William Shakespeare
[Not marble, nor the gilded monuments]
1112(1)
POETIC "KINDS"
1113(2)
Christopher Marlowe
The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
1113(2)
THE EPIGRAM
1115(5)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
What Is an Epigram?
1116(1)
Ben Jonson
Epitaph on Elizabeth, L. H.
1116(1)
Martial
[You've told me, Maro, whilst you live]
1116(1)
John Gay
My Own Epitaph
1117(1)
Richard Crashaw
An Epitaph upon a Young Married Couple, Dead and Buried Together
1117(1)
X. J. Kennedy
Epitaph for a Postal Clerk
1118(1)
Countee Cullen
For a Lady I Know
1118(1)
Mary Barber
To Novella, on her saying deridingly, that a Lady of great Merit, and fine Address, was bred in the Old Way.
1118(1)
Peter Pindar
Epigram
1118(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
First Fig
1119(1)
HAIKU
1120(8)
Chiyojo
[Whether astringent]
1120(2)
Basho
1122(1)
[A village without bells-]
1122(1)
[This road-]
1122(1)
[First snow]
1122(1)
[Another year gone-]
1122(1)
Buson
1122(1)
[Coolness-]
1122(1)
[Listening to the moon]
1123(1)
Issa
1123(1)
[The moon and the flowers]
1123(1)
[The snail gets up]
1123(1)
[Insects on a bough]
1123(1)
[As I grow older]
1123(1)
Seifu
[The faces of dolls]
1124(1)
Chiyojo
[Bearing no flowers]
1124(1)
Hashin
[No sky and no earth]
1124(1)
Onitsura
[Come! Come! Though I call]
1124(1)
Lafcadio Hearn
[Old pond--...]
1125(1)
Clara A. Walsh
[An old-time pond, from off whose shadowed depth]
1125(1)
John Thomas Bryan
[There is the old pond!]
1125(1)
R. H. Blyth
[The old pond]
1125(1)
Earl Miner
[The still old pond]
1126(1)
Allen Ginsberg
[The old pond-a frog jumps in, kerplunk!]
1126(1)
Babette Deutsch
[The falling flower]
1126(1)
J. W. Hackett
[Up close, at the place]
1126(1)
Etheridge Knight
[Eastern guard tower]
1127(1)
Allen Ginsberg
[Looking over my shoulder]
1127(1)
Richard Wright
[In the falling snow]
1127(1)
IMITATING AND ANSWERING
1128(7)
Sir Walter Ralegh
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd
1128(1)
William Carlos Williams
Raleigh Was Right
1129(1)
E. E. Cummings
[(ponder, darling, these busted statues]
1130(1)
Peter De Vries
To His Importunate Mistress
1131(1)
Allen Ginsberg
A Further Proposal
1132(1)
Kenneth Koch
Variations on a Theme by William Carlos Williams
1132(1)
Desmond Skirrow
Ode on a Grecian Urn Summarized
1133(1)
Anthony Hecht
The Dover Bitch
1133(1)
Wendy Cope
[Not only marble, but the plastic toys]
1134(1)
CULTURAL BELIEF AND TRADITION
1135(15)
John Hollander
Adam's Task
1136(1)
Susan Donnelly
Eve Names the Animals
1136(1)
Christina Rossetti
Eve
1137(2)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Ulysses
1139(2)
Miriam Waddington
Ulysses Embroidered
1141(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
An Ancient Gesture
1142(1)
Langston Hughes
The Negro Speaks of Rivers
1143(1)
June Jordan
Something Like a Sonnet for Phillis Miracle Wheatley
1143(1)
Maya Angelou
Africa
1144(1)
Derek Walcott
A Far Cry from Africa
1144(1)
Ishmael Reed
I Am a Cowboy in the Boat of Ra
1145(2)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
How to Get a Baby
1147(1)
Alberto Alvaro Rios
Advice to a First Cousin
1148(1)
Louise Erdrich
Jacklight
1149(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1150(2)
24 HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXTS
1152(40)
James A. Emanuel
Emmett Till
1153(1)
Thomas Hardy
Channel Firing
1154(1)
Sandra Gilbert
Sonnet: The Ladies' Home Journal
1155(4)
TIMES, PLACES, AND EVENTS
1159(12)
Miller Williams
Thinking about Bill, Dead of AIDS
1159(1)
Irving Layton
From Colony to Nation
1159(1)
Mary Jo Salter
Welcome to Hiroshima
1160(1)
Dwight Okita
Notes for a Poem on Being Asian American
1161(1)
Donald Justice
Children Walking Home from School through Good Neighborhood
1162(1)
Claude McKay
America
1163(1)
Langston Hughes
Harlem (A Dream Deferred)
1163(1)
Robert Hayden
Frederick Douglass
1164(1)
Mbuyiseni Oswald Mtshali
Boy on a Swing
1164(1)
Thomas Hardy
The Convergence of the Twain
1165(1)
Wilfred Owen
Dulce et Decorum Est
1166(1)
Richard Eberhart
The Fury of Aerial Bombardment
1167(1)
William Stafford
At the Bomb Testing Site
1168(1)
Dudley Randall
Ballad of Birmingham
1168(1)
Ai, Riot Act, April 29, 1992
1169(2)
CONSTRUCTING IDENTITY, EXPLORING GENDER
1171(20)
Robert Browning
My Last Duchess
1171(1)
Richard Lovelace
Song: To Lucasta, Going to the Wars
1172(1)
Isaac Rosenberg
Break of Day in the Trenches
1173(1)
Edgar A. Guest
The Things That Make a Soldier Great
1173(1)
Wilfred Owen
Disabled
1174(1)
Paulette Jiles
Paper Matches
1175(1)
Marge Piercy
What's That Smell in the Kitchen?
1176(1)
Dorothy Parker
Indian Summer
1176(1)
Elizabeth
When I Was Fair and Young
1177(1)
Theodore Roethke
I Knew a Woman
1177(1)
Ruth Stone
Second-Hand Coat
1178(1)
Richard Wilbur
She
1178(1)
Katherine Philips
L'amitie: To Mrs. M. Awbrey
1179(1)
Kay Smith
Annunciation
1180(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
[Women have loved before as I love now]
1181(1)
Aphra Behn
To the Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More Than Woman
1181(1)
Liz Rosenberg
The Silence of Women
1182(1)
Sharon Olds
The Elder Sister
1183(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
Exchanging Hats
1183(1)
Judith Ortiz Cofer
The Changeling
1184(1)
Amy Lowell
The Lonely Wife
1185(1)
Elizabeth Spires
The Bodies
1186(1)
Marilyn Hacker
[Who would divorce her lover...]
1187(1)
Ha Jin
The Past
1188(1)
Diane Wakoski
The Ring of Irony
1188(1)
Edna St. Vincent Millay
[I, being born a woman and distressed]
1190(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1191(1)
25 CRITICAL CONTEXTS: A POETRY CASEBOOK
1192(32)
Sylvia Plath
Daddy
1194(3)
George Steiner
Dying Is an Art
1197(3)
Irving Howe
The Plath Celebration: A Partial Dissent
1200(2)
A. Alvarez
Sylvia Plath
1202(2)
Judith Kroll
Rituals of Exorcism: "Daddy"
1204(3)
Mary Lynn Broe
FROM Protean Poetic
1207(3)
Margaret Homans
From A Feminine Tradition
1210(2)
Pamela J. Annas
FROM A Disturbance in Mirrors
1212(3)
Steven Gould Axelrod
Jealous Gods
1215(9)
26 THE PROCESS OF CREATION
1224(12)
Richard Wilbur
Love Calls Us to the Things of This World
1225(2)
John Keats
1227(1)
[Bright star! would I were stedfast as thou art!]
1227(1)
To Autumn
1228(1)
Alexander Pope
Ode on Solitude
1229(2)
Anonymous
[O where ha' you been, Lord Randal, my son?]
1231(1)
Marianne Moore
Poetry
1232(1)
Emily Dickinson
[Safe in their Alabaster Chambers-]
1233(1)
William Blake
The Tyger
1233(3)
Evaluating Poetry
1236(14)
William Shakespeare
[Th' expense of spirit in a waste of shame]
1239(2)
John Donne
Song
1241(2)
Irving Layton
Street Funeral
1243(1)
Geoffrey Hill
In Memory of Jane Fraser
1243(1)
Galway Kinnell
Blackberry Eating
1244(1)
Emily Dickinson
[The Brain-is wider than the Sky-]
1244(1)
Chidiock Tichborne
Elegy
1245(1)
Wallace Stevens
Anecdote of the Jar
1245(1)
Elizabeth Bishop
The Armadillo
1246(1)
John Crowe Ransom
Bells for John Whiteside's Daughter
1247(1)
Alice Walker
Revolutionary Petunias
1248(1)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1248(2)
Reading More Poetry
1250(76)
W. H. Auden
In Memory of W. B. Yeats
1250(2)
Gwendolyn Brooks
1252(1)
To the Diaspora
1252(1)
The Coora Flower
1252(1)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Kubla Khan: or, a Vision in a Dream
1253(1)
Hart Crane
1254(1)
To Emily Dickinson
1254(1)
Exile
1255(1)
H. D. (Hilda Doolittle)
1255(1)
Sea Rose
1255(1)
Helen
1255(1)
Emily Dickinson
1256(2)
[Because I could not stop for Death-]
1256(1)
[I reckon-when I count at all-]
1257(1)
[My life closed twice before its close-]
1257(1)
[We do not play on Graves-]
1257(1)
[She dealt her pretty words like Blades-]
1258(1)
John Donne
1258(3)
The Canonization
1258(1)
[Death be not proud, though some have called thee]
1259(1)
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning
1260(1)
Paul Laurence Dunbar
1261(1)
Sympathy
1261(1)
We Wear the Mask
1261(1)
T. S. Eliot
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
1262(4)
Robert Frost
1266(1)
Range-Finding
1266(1)
The Road Not Taken
1266(1)
Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
1267(1)
Allen Ginsberg
1267(2)
A Supermarket in California
1267(1)
Velocity of Money
1268(1)
Thomas Hardy
1269(1)
The Darkling Thrush
1269(1)
During Wind and Rain
1269(1)
Seamus Heaney
The Summer of Lost Rachel
1270(1)
Gerard Manley Hopkins
1271(1)
God's Grandeur
1271(1)
The Windhover
1272(1)
Langston Hughes
Theme for English B
1272(1)
A. M. Klein
Heirloom
1273(1)
Richard Lovelace
To Amarantha, That She Would Dishevel Her Hair
1274(1)
Robert Lowell
Skunk Hour
1275(1)
Andrew Marvell
1276(4)
The Garden
1276(2)
The Mower, against Gardens
1278(1)
On a Drop of Dew
1279(1)
John Milton
Lycidas
1280(5)
Howard Nemerov
A Way of Life
1285(1)
Michael Ondaatje
King Kong Meets Wallace Stevens
1286(1)
Dorothy Parker
Comment
1287(1)
Sylvia Plath
1287(3)
Black Rook in Rainy Weather
1287(1)
Lady Lazarus
1288(2)
Ezra Pound
1290(1)
The Garden
1290(1)
In a Station of the Metro
1291(1)
A Virginal
1291(1)
Theodore Roethke
The Dream
1291(1)
Muriel Rukeyser
1292(1)
Reading Time : 1 Minute 26 Seconds
1292(1)
Myth
1293(1)
William Shakespeare
1293(2)
[Hark, hark! the lark at heaven's gate sings]
1293(1)
[Two loves I have of comfort and despair]
1294(1)
[They that have power to hurt and will do none]
1294(1)
Winter
1294(1)
Wallace Stevens
1295(5)
The Idea of Order at Key West
1295(1)
The Emperor of Ice-Cream
1296(1)
Sunday Morning
1297(3)
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
Tears, Idle Tears
1300(1)
Dylan Thomas
1301(2)
Fern Hill
1301(1)
In My Craft or Sullen Art
1302(1)
Jean Toomer
Song of the Son
1303(1)
Walt Whitman
1303(8)
Facing West from California's Shores
1303(1)
I Hear America Singing
1304(1)
A Noiseless Patient Spider
1304(1)
When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed
1305(6)
Richard Wilbur
1311(2)
The Beautiful Changes
1311(1)
Museum Piece
1312(1)
Transit
1312(1)
William Carlos Williams
This Is Just to Say
1313(1)
William Wordsworth
Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye during a Tour, July 13, 1798
1313(4)
W. B. Yeats
1317(9)
Easter 1916
1317(2)
The Second Coming
1319(1)
Leda and the Swan
1320(1)
Sailing to Byzantium
1320(1)
Among School Children
1321(2)
Byzantium
1323(3)
Drama 1326
Drama: Reading, Responding, Writing
1326(27)
Susan Glaspell
Trifles
1329(11)
David Ives
Sure Thing
1340(9)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1349(1)
Caryl Zook
STUDENT WRITING: Trifles
1350(3)
Understanding the Text
1353(298)
CHARACTER
1353(3)
STRUCTURE
1356(1)
STAGES, SETS, AND SETTING
1357(3)
TONE
1360(1)
THEME
1361(1)
Lillian Hellman
The Little Foxes
1362(50)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1412(2)
Bernard Shaw
Pygmalion
1414(73)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1487(2)
Henrik Ibsen
Hedda Gabler
1489(57)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1546(2)
William Shakespeare
Hamlet
1548(98)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1646(2)
Jeanette Sperhac
STUDENT WRITING: The Play's the Thing: Deception in Hamlet
1648(3)
Exploring Contexts
1651(351)
27 THE AUTHOR'S WORK AS CONTEXT: ANTON CHEKHOV
1651(60)
The Bear
1656(11)
On the Injurious Effects of Tobacco
1667(3)
The Cherry Orchard
1670(38)
Passages from Letters
1708(2)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1710(1)
28 LITERARY CONTEXT: TRAGEDY AND COMEDY
1711(90)
Sophocles
Oedipus the King
1714(40)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1754(1)
Oscar Wilde
The Importance of Being Earnest
1755(45)
QUESTIONS/WRITING SUGGESTIONS
1800(1)
29 CULTURE AS CONTEXT: SOCIAL AND HISTORICAL SETTING
1801(144)
Lorraine Hansberry
A Raisin in the Sun
1805(65)
Arthur Miller
Death of a Salesman
1870(72)
Sherry Schnake
STUDENT WRITING: Dream of a Salesman
1942(3)
30 CRITICAL CONTEXTS: A DRAMA CASEBOOK
1945(57)
Sophocles
Antigone
1948(32)
Richard C. Jebb
FROM The Antigone of Sophocles
1980(2)
Maurice Bowra
FROM Sophoclean Tragedy
1982(2)
Bernard Knox
Introduction to Sophocles: The Three Theban Plays
1984(5)
George Steiner
FROM Antigones
1989(5)
Martha C. Nussbaum
FROM The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy
1994(4)
Rebecca W. Bushnell
FROM Prophesying Tragedy: Sign and Voice in Sophocles' Theban Plays
1998(2)
Mary Whitlock Blundell
FROM Helping Friends and Harming Enemies: A Study in Sophocles and Greek Ethics
2000(2)
Evaluating Drama
2002
Tennessee Williams
A Streetcar Named Desire
2008(68)
William Shakespeare
A Midsummer Night's Dream
2076
Appendices Writing about Literature A3(54)
INTRODUCTION A5(1)
REPRESENTING THE LITERARY TEXT A6(3)
REPLYING TO THE TEXT A9(3)
EXPLAINING THE TEXT A12(8)
CRITICAL APPROACHES A20(10)
WRITING ABOUT FICTION, POETRY, DRAMA A30(6)
DECIDING WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT A36(4)
FROM TOPIC TO ROUGH DRAFT A40(5)
FROM ROUGH DRAFT TO COMPLETED PAPER A45(9)
A SUMMARY OF THE PROCESS A54(3)
Glossary A57(10)
Biographical Sketches A67(40)
Acknowledgments A107(16)
Index of Authors A123(12)
Index of Titles and First Lines A135


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