9780198731290

Old Regime France 1648-1788

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780198731290

  • ISBN10:

    0198731299

  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-07-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

The years between the Fronde and the French Revolution were the longest period of calm in French history. For much of it, France dominated the international scene in Europe and made efforts to achieve a comparable role in the wider world. Meanwhile, French cultural achievements set standards imitated everywhere. This volume, bringing together an international team of contributors, surveys the full variety of the period on its own terms rather than as a mere prelude to later revolutionary upheavals.

Author Biography


William Doyle has been Professor of Historical Studies at the University of Bristol since 1986, and is a Fellow of the British Academy. He is author of Origins of the French Revolution (3rd edition, 1999), The Oxford History of the French Revolution (1989), Venality. The Sale of Offices in eighteenth century France (1996), and Jansenism (2000).

Table of Contents

General Editor's Preface v
List of Contributors
xi
Introduction 1(6)
William Doyle
The economy
7(35)
Joel Felix
Agricultural archaism, agricultural modernization
9(2)
Cycles of growth
11(2)
The hardships of the seventeenth century
13(2)
Possibilities for growth
15(3)
The pitfalls of modernization
18(1)
Commercial and industrial development
19(2)
The textile industry
21(1)
Mercantilism and Colbertism
22(3)
A century of growth
25(2)
Prosperity and economic liberalism
27(3)
The economy and state finances
30(1)
Finances and war
31(2)
Forms of state credit
33(3)
Peace and the repayment of state debts
36(3)
The American war, economic crisis, and the end of the old regime
39(3)
Society
42(36)
Gail Bossenga
Social stratification: class and status
43(3)
Honour and rank
46(6)
Legal status: the importance of privilege
52(2)
The clergy in a confessional state
54(3)
A divided nobility
57(5)
Peasants, seigneurialism, and rural communities
62(7)
Urban groups and privileges
69(6)
Conclusion: stresses in society in the old regime
75(3)
Culture and religion
78(27)
David A. Bell
The two Romes
79(3)
A widening cultural gap
82(3)
A militant and divided gap
85(4)
The hidden God and the terrestrial city
89(2)
From the Court to the city
91(3)
The Enlightenment
94(5)
Les enfants de la patrie
99(6)
France overseas
105(34)
Pierre H. Boulle
D. Gillian Thompson
Colonial policies and administration
106(2)
The colonies to 1713
108(5)
The West Indies and the sugar revolution
113(5)
Peace and development to mid-century
118(4)
New France after Utrecht
122(4)
The colonial empire at war, 1740s-1763
126(6)
The colonies after 1763
132(2)
A fragile economic boom
134(3)
Conclusion
137(2)
The state and political culture
139(30)
Julian Swann
King in council
140(3)
The royal Court
143(2)
State and administration
145(6)
The fiscal military state
151(3)
The critics of state power
154(1)
The parlements
155(5)
Corporate politics
160(4)
The public and its opinions
164(4)
Conclusion
168(1)
Politics: Louis XIV
169(26)
William Doyle
Personal rule
170(2)
Authority asserted
172(3)
Government under Colbert
175(1)
A warrior king
176(2)
Domestic dissidence
178(3)
The arrogance of power
181(3)
The Nine Years War
184(2)
The Spanish Succession
186(3)
The war effort
189(2)
The final years
191(2)
The great reign and its legacy
193(2)
Politics: Louis XV
195(28)
Julian Swann
The regency, 1715-1723
196(5)
The `golden age' of Fleury
201(4)
Louis le bien-aime
205(2)
The mid-century crisis
207(5)
The diplomatic revolution
212(2)
The Seven Years War
214(1)
The parlements: the enemy within?
215(2)
The Brittany affair
217(2)
Maupeou's revolution
219(2)
Conclusion
221(2)
Politics: Louis XVI
223(26)
Munro Price
The reign in context
223(3)
The new reign
226(3)
The system of Maurepas
229(5)
Foreign policy and the American war
234(4)
Finance, 1774-1787
238(3)
Politics, 1781-1787
241(3)
The final crisis
244(5)
Conclusion
249(4)
William Doyle
Further reading 253(5)
Chronology 258(4)
Maps 262(7)
Territorial Expansion of France, 1648-1678
262(1)
Administrative Divisions
263(1)
North America in the Eighteenth Century
264(1)
North America after the Treaty of Paris, 1763
265(1)
India in the Age of Dupleix
266(1)
The West Indies in the Eighteenth Century
267(2)
Index 269

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