The Origins and Development of the English Language

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  • Edition: 6th
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2/2/2009
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing
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THE ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE reflects current research and takes a linguistic-analysis approach with a focus on the facts of language rather than on theoretical approaches.

Table of Contents

Language and the English Language: An Introduction
A Definition of Language
Language as System
Language as Signs
Language as Vocal
Language as Conventional
Language as Human
Language as Communication
Other Characteristics of Language
Why Study the History of English?
The Sounds of Current English
The Organs of Speech
Consonants of Current English
Vowels of Current English
Kinds of Sound Change
Causes of Sound Change
The Phoneme
Differing Transcriptions
Letters and Sounds: A Brief History of Writing
Ideographic and Syllabic Writing
From Semitic Writing to the Greek Alphabet
The Romans Adopt the Greek Alphabet
The History of English Writing
The Spelling of English Consonant Sounds
The Spelling of English Vowel Sounds
Spelling Pronunciations and Pronunciation Spellings
Writing and History
The Backgrounds of English
Indo European Origins
Language Typology and Language Families
Non Indo European Languages
Main Divisions of the Indo European Group
Cognate Words in the Indo European Languages
Inflection in the Indo European Languages
Word Order in the Indo European Languages
Major Changes from Indo European to Germanic
First Sound Shift
West Germanic Languages
The Old English Period (449+1100)
Some Key Events in the Old English Period
History of the Anglo Saxons
Pronunciation and Spelling
Grammar, Concord, and Inflection
Old English Illustrated
The Middle English Period (1100+1500)
Some Key Events in the Middle English Period
The Background of the Norman Conquest
The Reascendancy of English
Foreign Influences on Vocabulary
Middle English Spelling
The Rise of a London Standard
Changes in Pronunciation
Changes in Grammar
Nouns, Pronouns, and Adjectives
Word Order
Middle English Illustrated
The Early Modern English Period (1500+1800): Society, Spellings, And Sounds
Some Key Events in the Early Modern Period
The Transition from Middle to Modern English
The Orthography of Early Modern English
The Great Vowel Shift
Other Vowels
Early Modern English Consonants
Evidence for Early Modern Pronunciation
Early Modern English Illustrated
The Early Modern English Period (1500+1800): Forms, Syntax, And Usage
The Study of Language
Adjectives and Adverbs
Early Modern English Further Illustrated
Late Modern English (1800+21St Century)
Some Key Events in the Late Modern Period
The National Varieties of English
National Differences in Word Choice
Syntactical and Morphological Differences
British and American Purism
National Differences in Pronunciation
British and American Spelling
Variation within National Varieties
World English
The Essential Oneness of All English
Words And Meanings
Semantics and Change of Meaning
Generalization and Specialization
Transfer of Meaning
Pejoration and Amelioration
Taboo and Euphemism
The Fate of Intensifying Words
Some Circumstances of Semantic Change
Semantic Change Is Inevitable
Creating Words
Combining Words: Compounding
Combining Word Parts: Affixing
Shortening Words
Blending Words
Shifting Words to New Uses
Sources of New Words
Foreign Elements In The English Word Stock
Latin and Greek Loanwords
Celtic Loanwords
Scandinavian Loanwords
French Loanwords
Spanish and Portuguese Loanwords
Italian Loanwords
Germanic Loanwords
Loanwords from the East
Other Sources
The Sources of Recent Loanwords
English Remains English
Selected Bibliography
Index of Modern English Words and Affixes
Index of Persons, Places, and Topics
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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