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Explanations for sound change have traditionally focused on identifying the inception of change, that is, the identification of perturbations of the speech signal, conditioned by physiological constraints on articulatory and/or auditory mechanisms, which affect the way speech sounds are analyzed by the listener. While this emphasis on identifying the nature of intrinsic variation in speech has provided important insights into the origins of widely attested cross-linguistic sound changes, the nature of phonologization - the transition from intrinsic phonetic variation to extrinsic phonological encoding - remains largely unexplored. This volume showcases the current state of the art in phonologization research, bringing together work by leading scholars in sound change research from different disciplinary and scholarly traditions. The authors investigate the progression of sound change from the perspectives of speech perception, speech production, phonology, sociolinguistics, language acquisition, psycholinguistics, computer science, statistics, and social and cognitive psychology. The book highlights the fruitfulness of collaborative efforts among phonologists and specialists from neighbouring disciplines in seeking unified theoretical explanations for the origins of sound patterns in language, as well as improved syntheses of synchronic and diachronic phonology.
Alan C. L. Yu is Associate Professor of Linguistics and the College and the University of Chicago. He also directs the Phonology Laboratory and the Washo Documentation Project. His research focuses on phonological theory, phonetics, language typology, and language variation and change. He is the author of A Natural History of Infixation (2007, Oxford University Press) and co-editor of the Blackwell Handbook of Phonological Theory 2nd Edition (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).
Table of Contents
Part I: What is Phonologization 1. Enlarging the Scope of Phonologization, Larry Hyman 2. Certainty and Expectation in Phonologization and Language, Elizabeth Hume and Frederic Mailhot Part II: Phonetic Considerations 3. Phonetic Bias in Sound Change, Andrew Garrett and Keith Johnson 4. From Long to Short and From Short to Long: Perceptual motivations for changes in vocalic length, Heike Lehnert-LeHouillier 5. Inibitory Mechanisms in Speech Planning Maintain and Maximie Contrast, Sam Tilsen 6. Developmental Perspectives on phonological Typology and Sound Change, Chandan Narayan Part III: Phonological and Morphological Considerations 7. Lexical Sensitivity to Phonetic and Phonological Pressures, Abby Kaplan 8. Phonologization and the Typology of Feature Behaviour, Jeff Mielke 9. Rapid Learning of Morphologically Conditioned Phonetics: Vowel nasalization across a boundary, Rebecca Morley Part IV: Social and Computational Dynamics 10. Individual Variation in Socio-cognitive Processing and Sound Change, Alan C. L. Yu 11. The Role of Probabilistic Enhancement in Phonologization, James Kirby 12. Modelling the Emergence of Vowel Harmony Through Iterated Learning, Frederic Mailhot 13. Variation and Change in English Noun/Verb Pair Stress: Data, dynamical systems models, and their interaction, Morgan Sonderegger and Partha Niyogi