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Few scholarly fields have developed in recent decades as rapidly and vigorously as Holocaust Studies. At the start of the twenty-first century, the persecution and murder perpetrated by the Nazi regime have become the subjects of an enormous literature in multiple academic disciplines and a touchstone of public and intellectual discourse in such diverse fields as politics, ethics and religion. Forward-looking and multi-disciplinary, this handbook draws on the work of an international team of forty-seven outstanding scholars. The handbook is thematically divided into five broad sections. Part One,Enablers, concentrates on the broad and necessary contextual conditions for the Holocaust. Part Two,Protagonists, concentrates on the principal persons and groups involved in the Holocaust and attempts to disaggregate the conventional interpretive categories of perpetrator, victim, and bystander. It examines the agency of the Nazi leaders and killers and of those involved in resisting and surviving the assault. Part Three,Settings, concentrates on the particular places, sites, and physical circumstances where the actions of the Holocaust's protagonists and the forms of persecution were literally grounded. Part Four,Representations, engages complex questions about how the Holocaust can and should be grasped and what meaning or lack of meaning might be attributed to events through historical analysis, interpretation of texts, artistic creation and criticism, and philosophical and religious reflection. Part Five,Aftereffects, explores the Holocaust's impact on politics and ethics, education and religion, national identities and international relations, the prospects for genocide prevention, and the defense of human rights.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Peter Hayes and John K. Roth I: Enablers 1. Antisemitism, Richard S. Levy 2. Science, Patricia Heberer 3. Nationalism, Eric D. Weitz 4. Colonialism, A. Dirk Moses 5. Fascism, Philip Morgan 6. World Wars, Doris Bergen II: Protagonists 7. Hitler and Himmler, Alan E. Steinweis 8. Problem-Solvers, Christopher Browning 9. Killers, Edward Westermann 10. On-Lookers, Paul Levine 11. Rescuers, Deborah Dwork 12. Jews, Dan Michman 13. Women, Lenore J. Weitzman 14. Children, Nicholas Stargardt 15. Catholics, Kevin P. Spicer 16. Protestants, Robert P. Ericksen 17. The Allies, Shlomo Aronson 18. Gypsies/Homosexuals/Slavs, John Connelly III: Settings 19. Greater Germany, Wolf Gruner 20. Living Space, Wendy Lower 21. Occupied and Satellite States, Radu Ioanid 22. Ghettos, Martin C. Dean 23. Labor Sites, Mark Spoerer 24. Camps, Karin Orth IV: Representations 25. German Documents/Diaries, Peter Fritzsche 26. Jews' Diaries/Chronicles, Amos Goldberg 27. Survivors' Accounts, Henry Greenspan 28. Literature, Sara R. Horowitz 29. Film, Lawrence Baron 30. Art, Dora Apel 31. Music, Bret Werb 32. Memorials and Museums, James E. Young V: Aftereffects 33. Liberation and Dispersal, Arieh J. Kochavi 34. Punishment, Rebecca Wittmann 35. Plunder and Restitution, Peter Hayes 36. Denial, Deborah E. Lipstadt 37. Israel, Boaz Cohen 38. Jewish Culture, Jeffrey Shandler 39. Judaism, Michael Berenbaum 40. Christianity, Stephen R. Haynes 41. Germany, Jeffrey Herf 42. Europe, Jan-Werner Muller 43. The Social Sciences, James E. Waller 44. The Humanities, Berel Lang 45. Education, Simone Schweber 46. Human Rights Law, David H. Jones 47. Ethics, John K. Roth Afterword, Peter Hayes and John K. Roth