9780300078411

The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 35; Volume 35: May 1 through October 31, 1781

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  • ISBN13:

    9780300078411

  • ISBN10:

    0300078412

  • Format: Trade Book
  • Copyright: 1999-12-11
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
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Summary

During the six months from May through October 1781, Benjamin Franklin continues to address important diplomatic, political, and economic matters as minister plenipotentiary to France. While the decisive Yorktown campaign is waged in America, Franklin, a distant observer, faces a battle of his own -- to save America's financial credit in Europe. Congress has drawn so many bills on him, on John Jay in Spain, and on John Adams in the Netherlands that Franklin, ultimately responsible for all of them, faces the danger of bankruptcy. Here, as at Yorktown, French help permits the young nation to weather the crisis.

Having recovered from a prolonged spell of gout and having learned that he will be retained as American minister in France, Franklin is revived in health and spirits. He undertakes his many public responsibilities with renewed vigor and is appointed by Congress to a five-member commission to negotiate peace with Britain. Franklin finds time for experiments with different inks and paper, masonic activities, purchasing books and exchanging them with friend

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
xxxii
Contributors to Volume 35 xxxv
Statement of Methodology xxxvi
Abbreviations and Short Titles xlii
Note by the Editors and the Administrative Board lvii
Introduction lviii
Chronology lxv
1781
Editorial Note on Franklin's Accounts
3(3)
Editorial Note on Promissory Notes
6(2)
To the Marquis Turgot, May 1
8(1)
From Francis Dana, May 1
9(1)
From---Des Watines [de Flobecq] and Other Favor Seekers, May 1
10(9)
From the Abbe Andre Morellet, [before May 2]
19(2)
From---Lasseray, May 2: see page 14
To Samuel Huntington, May 3
21(1)
To Jean-Daniel Schweighauser, May 3
21(1)
From---Willemain d'Abancourt, May 3: see page 11
To Charles-Guillaume-Frederic Dumas, May 4
22(1)
To John Laurens, May 4
23(1)
To John Jay, May 5
23(2)
From Jean-Charles-Pierre Lenoir, May 5
25(1)
To Des Watines, May 6: see page 11
To Thomas Jefferson, May 6
25(1)
To Montet & Henry, May 6
26(1)
To Schweighauser, May 6
27(1)
To George Washington, May 6
28(1)
From Antoine Court de Gebelin, May 6
28(5)
From Georgiana Shipley, May 6
33(1)
From Louis d'Ussieux: Printed Invitation, [before May 7]: see page 88, note 1
To Court de Gebelin, May 7
34(2)
From Pierre-Francois de Boy with Franklin's Note to John Laurens and Laurens' Response, May 7 [--on or after May 12]
36(1)
From Charles Carroll of Carrollton, May 7
37(2)
From Gabriel Johonnot, May 7
39(1)
From La Lande & Fynje, May 7
40(1)
From Court de Gebelin, [after May 7]
41(1)
From John Adams, May 8
42(2)
From William Hodgson, May 8
44(3)
From Jno. Kerlin: Promissory Note, May 8: see page 6
From Elkanah Watson, Jr., May 8
47(1)
From the Committee for Foreign Affairs, May 9
48(1)
From John Jay, May 9
49(1)
From Jean-Jacques Lafrete, May 9: see page 17
From John Adams, May 10
50(1)
From Achille-Guillaume Lebegue de Presle, May 10
50(1)
Madame F. Pechigny to Franklin or William Temple Franklin, May 10
51(1)
To John Adams, May 11
52(1)
To Francis M. Dana, May 11
53(1)
From Silas Deane, May 11
54(1)
From Dumas, May 11
55(1)
From---Le Monnier de Savigniac, May 11: see pages 13-14
From John Laurens, [before May 13]
56(1)
From John Laurens, [May 13?]: see the following document, note 9
From Thomas Paine, [May 13?]
57(1)
To Richard and Sarah Bache, May 14
58(2)
To John Hancock, May 14
60(1)
To Samuel Huntington, May 14
61(3)
To the Marquis de Lafayette, May 14
64(3)
From Jean-Baptiste Le Roy, May 14
67(1)
To Samuel Cooper, May 15
68(3)
French Loan Certificate, [May 15]
71(1)
From Catherine de Wesselow Cramer, May 15
72(2)
To Francis Lewis, May 16
74(1)
From Silas Deane, May 16
75(1)
From John Laurens: Two Letters, May 16
76(1)
To John Laurens, May 17
77(1)
From James Lovell, May 17
78(1)
From Le Roy, [May 18]
79(1)
To Le Roy, [on or after May 18]
79(2)
From Le Roy, [on or after May 18]
81(1)
To John Adams, May 19
81(4)
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., May 19: see the preceding document, note 9
From John Adams, May 19
85(1)
From John Vaughan, May 19
85(2)
From Watson & Cossoul, May 20
87(1)
From Jean-Jacques de Barrett, [before May 21]
88(1)
To Gourlade & Moylan, May 21
89(1)
To John Laurens, May 21
90(1)
From Silas Deane, May 22
90(1)
From John Laurens, May 22
91(2)
From Rodolphe-Ferdinand Grand, [after May 22]
93(1)
From John Adams, May 23
93(3)
From Baron Otto Von Blome, May 23
96(1)
From William Carmichael, May 23
96(1)
From Jan Ingenhousz, May 24
97(3)
To Pothonnier & Cie., May 24
100(1)
From Philip Mazzei, May 24
101(1)
To Jean-Baptiste Luton Durival, May 25
102(1)
From John Adams, May 25
103(1)
From Dumas, May 25
103(2)
From Alexis-Janvier La Live de La Briche, May 25
105(1)
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, May 26
105(1)
From Emmanuel-Yves Bersolle, May 28
106(1)
From John Laurens: Two Letters, May 28
107(2)
From---L'Ecluze de Vieux Chatellet, May 28: see page 450
From Thomas Paine, May 28
109(1)
From John Laurens, May 29
109(2)
From---Brunel: Bill, May 30-August 18: see page 3, Note I
From John Laurens, May 30
111(1)
From---Baron, May 31: see page 15
From George Clifford & Teysset, May 31
112(2)
From John Jay, May 31
114(2)
From D. Wendorp and Thomas Hope Heyliger, May 31: see page 134, Note 5
From Turgot, [May]
116(1)
To Gauthiers Freres, June I
116(1)
From John Adams, June 1
117(1)
From John Jay, June 1
118(1)
From---Mallet, June 2
118(1)
To the Comte de Vergennes, June 4
119(1)
From Gustavus Hanson et al., June 4
120(1)
From John Manley, June 4
121(1)
From Silas Talbot, June 4
122(2)
To John Adams, June 5
124(1)
From Anne-Louise Boivin d'Hardancourt Brillon de Jouy, [June] 5
124(2)
From the Vicomte de Sarsfield, June 5
126(1)
From Jean-Antoine Chais, June 6: see page 12-13
From---de Chantereyne, June 6
126(1)
From Jane Collas, June 6
127(1)
From---Daran d'Arcaignac, June 6: see page 450
From Robert Morris, June 6
128(2)
To Madame Brillon, June 7[-15]
130(2)
To Mallet, June 7
132(1)
To Clifford & Teysset, June 8
133(1)
To D, Wendorp and Thomas Hope Heyliger, June 8
134(1)
From William Brailsford, June 8
135(1)
From Jacques-Donatien Le Ray de Chaumont, [on or before June 8]: see page 133, note 4
From Robert Morris, June 8
136(2)
From Vergennes: Two Letters, June 8
138(1)
To William Jackson, June 9
139(1)
From John Burnam: Promissory Note, June 9: see page 7
From John Laurens, June 9
140(1)
From Samuel Snow: Promissory Note, June 9: see page 7
From Nicholas Tucker: Promissory Note, June 9: see page 7
To Vergennes, June 10
141(4)
To John Adams, June 11
145(2)
To Samuel Huntington, June 11
147(1)
To Schweighauser, June II
148(1)
To Vergennes, June 11
148(1)
From---Chocarne: Bill, June 11-November 17: see page 3, note 3
From the Prince de Conti, June 11: see above, XXVIII, 633, note 5
From---Pothonnier, June 11
149(1)
From J. Rocquette, T. A. Elsevier & P. Th. Rocquette, June 11: see page 181, note 6
To Durival, June 12
150(3)
From Mr. & Mrs. [Thomas?] Cologan, June 12
153(1)
From Samuel Harris, June 12
153(2)
From Madame Brillon, [June] 13
155(1)
From Robert Beverly Chew, June 13
156(1)
From the Chevalier Drouart, June 13: see page 11
From Jane Mecom, June 13
157(3)
From Samuel Wharton, June 13
160(1)
From John Adams, June 14: see page 50, note 1
From Jean Manell, June 14: see page 15
From Dominique d'O-----de St. Hubert, June 14: see above, xxix, 390, note 9
Continental Congress to the American Peace Commissioners: Two Commissions, [June 15]
161(5)
Continental Congress to the American Peace Commissioners: Instructions, [June 15]
166(2)
From-----David, June 15: see above, xxiv, 274, note 7
From David Hartley, June 15
168(1)
From John Witherspoon, June 15
169(1)
From Gustavus Conyngham, June 16
170(1)
To Conrad-Alexandre Gerard, June 17
171(1)
To Michael Hillegas, June 17
171(1)
From Vergennes, June 17
172(1)
From Richard Bache, June 18: see page 160, note 4
From Samuel Huntington: Two Letters, June 19
173(2)
From J. Rocquette, T. A. Elsevier, & P. Th. Rocquette, June 19: see page 181, note 6
From Gabriel Tardy, June 19
175(1)
To Gustavus Conyngham, June 20
176(1)
From Richard Bache, June 20
176(3)
From-----de Heiss de Schwartzenberg, June 20: see page 450-1
From Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, June 20
179(2)
To J. Rocquette, T. A. Elsevier & P. Th. Rocquette, June 21
181(1)
From Gustavus Conyngham, June 21
182(1)
From Francois-Jerome de Foligne-Deschalonges, June 21: see above, xxx, 202, note 1
From John Howard: Promissory Note, June 21: see page 7
From Richard Bache, June 22
183(1)
From Robert Morris, June 22
184(1)
From Sarah Bache, June 23
184(2)
From the Comte d'Estaing, June 23
186(1)
From Vandenyver freres, June 23
186(1)
From-----Chandelier, June 24
187(1)
From Catharine Greene, June 24
188(1)
From the Marquis de Segur, June 24
189(1)
From-----Varon, June 24: see pages 15-16
To Schweighauser, June 26
190(1)
From William Carmichael, June 26
190(3)
To Vergennes, June 27
193(1)
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., June 28
193(1)
To Alexander Gillon or John Joyner, June 28
194(1)
To William Jackson, June 28
195(1)
Franklin: Certificate, June 28: see page 195, note 1
From William Davies, June 28
196(1)
From Vergennes, June 28
196(2)
From William Hodgson, June 29
198(1)
From William Jackson, June 29
198(1)
From Vergennes, June 29
199(1)
To John Adams, June 30
200(1)
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., June 30: see page 194, note 5
To David Hartley, June 30
201(1)
To John Jay, June 30
202(1)
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, June 30
203(1)
From John Bondfield, June 30
204(1)
From Pierre Borde, June 30
204(4)
To Madame Brillon, [before July 1]
208(2)
From-----Arbelot: Bills, July 1-October 30: see page 5, note 9
From Madame Brillon, July 1
210(1)
From Francois Garnier: Bill, July 1-July 31: see page 5, note 1
Revised Version of French Loan Certificate, July 2:
From William Jackson: Three Letters, July 2
211(3)
From----Martin l'aine, July 2
214(3)
From Timothy Folger, July 3
217(1)
From-----Coimet: Receipt, July 4: see page 5, note 3
From Gustavus Conyngham, July 4
218(1)
From Gustavus Conyngham: Promissory Note, July 4: see page 7 and the Previous document, note 9
From George Curwen (Carvin): Promissory Note, July 4: see page 7
From Solomon Frazier: Promissory Note, July 4: see page 7
From John Hackett: Promissory Note, July 4: see page 7
From Le Couteulx & Cie., July 4: see page 136, note 1
From Charles MacCarthy More, July 4: see page 451
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., July 5
219(1)
To William Jackson: Two Letters, July 5
219(2)
From Samuel Huntington, July 5
221(1)
From William Jackson, July 5
222(2)
To William Jackson, July 6
224(2)
To Vergennes: Two Letters, July 6
226(3)
From Mary Cochran, July 6
229(2)
From Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, July 6: see page 179, note 9
From the Baron de Thun, July 6: see page 275, note 1 and above, xxx, 190, note 1
From John Adams, July 7
231(1)
To John Adams, July 7
231(1)
From Francis Dana, July 7
232(1)
To William Hodgson, July 8
233(1)
From Aime (Ame)-Ambroise-Joseph Feutry, July 8
234(1)
Timothy Folger: Oath of Allegiance and Bond, July 8: see page 217, note 8
From the Duc de Villequier, [July 8]
235(1)
To Jean-Francois Joly de Fleury de La Valette, July [9]
236(1)
From John Jay, July 9
237(2)
From Dorothy Jordan, July 9
239(1)
From John Temple, July 9
240(2)
To William Jackson, July 10
242(2)
To-----Palteau de Veimerange, July 10
244(1)
From James Falls, July 10: see page 12
From David Finney, July 10
245(1)
From Joseph Morris, July 10
246(1)
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., July 11
247(1)
To Samuel Huntington, July 11
248(1)
``My Ink with a Little Loaf Sugar,'' July 11
249(4)
To Schweighauser, July 12
253(1)
To Vergennes, July 12
254(1)
From Sarah Bache, July 12
255(1)
From Anthony Benezet, July 12
255(1)
From Honore-Thomas Bligny: Receipt for Picture Frames, [July 12]
256(2)
From Feutry, July 12
258(1)
From William Carmichael, July 13
259(2)
From John Jay, July 13
261(1)
From-----Marchand, July 13: see the following document, note 2
From-----Manal Monistros, July 13
261(1)
From Robert Morris, July 13
262(5)
From Joseph Bogey: Receipt, July 14: see page 5, note 5
From-----Campo-de-Arbe: Receipt, July 14: see page 4, note 8
From-----Destouches, July 14
267(1)
From John Jay, July 14
267(1)
From Robert Morris, July 14
268(1)
From J. Bennet Negus, July 14: see page 267, note 2 and above, xxxiv, 185, note 1
From Samuel Rhoads, July 14
269(1)
To John Temple, July 15
270(1)
From George Logan, July 15
271(1)
From Mary Haine, July 16
272(2)
From Josephe de Mayer, July 16: see pages 451-2
From Madame-----Thomassin, July 16: see page 13
To William Hodgson, July 17
274(1)
To the Baron de Thun, July 17
274(1)
From Richard Bache: Two Letters, July 17
275(2)
From Sarah Bache, July 17
277(1)
From J. F. Frin & Co., July 17: see page 281, note 1
From Francis Hopkinson, July 17
278(2)
To Deacon M. Auer, July 18
280(1)
To J. F. Frin & Co., July 18
281(1)
To Thun, July 18: see page 275, note 3
French Loan Certificate, July 18: see page 71, note 3
From Marie-Francoise Le Ray de Chaumont: Receipt, July 18: see page 6, note 5
From Benjamin Rush, July 18
281(1)
From Robert Morris, July 19
282(1)
Excerpt of Alexander Small's Memorandum on Ventilation, [before July 20]
283(2)
From Le Roy, [before July 20]
285(1)
Le Roy's Remarks on Alexander Small's Memorandum on Ventilation: Three Extracts, [before July 20]
286(5)
From Felix Vicq d'Azyr, [before July 20]
291(1)
To Vicq d'Azyr, July 20 [-24]
292(3)
From Dumas, July 20
295(1)
From William Hodgson, July 20
296(1)
From Jonathan Loring Austin, July 21
297(1)
From James Lovell, July 21
298(1)
From Thomas McKean, July 21
299(1)
From Robert Morris, July 21
300(3)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., July 21
303(2)
From Michel-Ange-Andre Le Roux Des Hautesrayes, [c. July 22]
305(1)
From-----Benard: Bill, July 23-September 1: see page 5, note 2
From Moses Brown, July 23
305(2)
From Jean Charles Fagnion, July 23
307(1)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, July 23
307(1)
From Jean Remy, July 24: see page 11 Jonathan Williams, Jr., to William Temple Franklin, July 24
308(1)
List of Payments Made by Ferdinand Grand, [July 25]
309(1)
From Madame Brillon, [July 25]
310(1)
From-----Fouville, July 25: see page 18
To Robert Morris: Two Letters, July 26
311(3)
From Alexander John Alexander, July 26
314(1)
From John Temple, July 26
315(8)
From Vergennes, July 27
323(1)
From D'Ussieux: Printed Invitation [before July 28]: see pages 88-9, note 1
From F. R. Granger, July 28
324(1)
From Francis Coffyn, July 29
325(1)
To John Bondfield, July 30
326(1)
From Marc Le Fort, July 30
327(2)
From Thomas Collyer, July 31
329(1)
From Penet, D'Acosta Freres & Cie., July 31
330(1)
From-----Durand de Las Bordas, [c. July]
331(1)
From [Thomas Pownall], July
331(2)
From John Adams, August 1
333(1)
From Jacques Besse, August 1
334(2)
From Mich. Macnemara: Promissory Note, August 1: see page 7
From Jonathan Trumbull, August 2
336(1)
To William Temple Franklin: Receipt: see page 400, note 4
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 4
337(1)
To Joseph-Mathias Gerard de Rayneval, August 5
337(1)
From Isaac All, [August] 5
338(1)
To John Adams, August 6
339(1)
To Moses Brown, August 6
340(1)
To Thomas Collyer, August 6: see page 329, note 1
To Dumas, August 6
341(1)
To F. R. Granger, August 6: see page 325, note 8
To Jean de Neufville & fils, August 6
342(1)
Thomas Collyer and Pierre Penet: Bond, August 6: see page 329, note 1
From the Comtesse de Golowkin, [before August 8]
343(1)
To William Hodgson, August 8
343(2)
To Penet, D'Acosta Freres & Cie., August 8
345(1)
From Richard Billings: Promissory Note, August 8: see page 7
From the Comtesse de Golowkin, [c. August 8]
345(1)
From John Paul Jones, August 8
346(1)
From-----Jourdan, August 8: see page 13
From the Comtesse de Rochambeau, August 8
347(1)
From Jean Frederic Eicke, August 9: see pages 11-12
From William Robeson, August 9
347(1)
From John Bondfield, August 10
348(1)
From the Comtesse d'Houdetot, August 10
349(2)
From-----Martignon, August 11: see page 17
To John Adams, August 12
351(1)
To Francis Coffyn, August 12
352(1)
To Dumas, August [12]
352(1)
To-----Epidorge, August 12
353(1)
From Thomas Johnson, August 12
354(1)
Jean-Louis Giraud Soulavie: Account of a Conversation with Franklin, [August 12]
354(7)
From Soulavie, [after August 12]
361(1)
To Gerard de Rayneval, August 13: see page 354, note 7
French Loan Certificate, August 15: see page 71, note 3
From Peter Blake, August 15
361(1)
From Edmund Burke, August 15
362(3)
From B. de Steuben, August 15: see page 12
To John Adams, August 16
365(1)
To Dumas, August 16
366(1)
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, August 16
367(1)
From Gourlade & Moylan, August [16]
368(1)
From Gabriel-Louis Galissard de Marignac, [August 16]
368(1)
From Philip Mazzei, August 16
369(1)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, August 16
370(1)
From Poreau & Cie., August 16
371(2)
To the Marquise de Lafayette, [on or after August 17]
373(1)
From John Adams, August 17
373(2)
From Sir John Lambert, August 17
375(1)
From Pierre Laurent, August 17: see page 17
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 17
375(1)
To Lenoir, August 19
376(1)
To John Jay, August 20
377(7)
From John Jay, August 20
384(4)
From Jno. McGill(?), August 20
388(2)
Mauger & Cie.'s Memoir with a Notation by Franklin: resume, August 20
390(1)
To Peter Blake, August 22
391(1)
To the Marquis de Castries, August 22
391(1)
To Francis Coffyn, August 22
392(1)
From Henry Greig, August 22: see page 405, note 5
To Schweighauser, August 23: see pages 391-2, note 5
From John Adams, August 23
393(1)
From James Hunter, Jr., August 23
394(1)
From Vergennes, August 23
395(1)
From Vicq d'Azyr: Two Letters, August 23
396(1)
To-----Brochier, August 24
397(1)
To William Carmichael, August 24
398(3)
From Dumas, August 24
401(2)
From the Marquise de Lafayette, [August 24 or 26]
403(1)
From Parish & Thomson, August 24
404(2)
William Temple Franklin to Jonathan Williams, Jr., August 24
406(1)
From John Adams, August 25
407(3)
From George Little et al., August 25
410(2)
From William Nixon; August 25
412(2)
From Pierre Chanson, August 26
414(1)
From Michel-Guillaume St. John de Crevecoeur, August 27
415(2)
From James Hunter, Jr., August 27: see page 394, note 4
To John Adams, August 28
417(1)
To George Little et al., August 28
418(1)
From Edward Bancroft, August 28
418(1)
From-----Cosse de Rayssac, August 28: see page 452
From Robert Morris, August 28 [-September 7]
419(3)
To Dumas, August 29
422(1)
To Francois Willem de Monchy, August 29
423(1)
From Edward Bancroft: Receipt, August 29: see page 419, note 5
From Ingenhousz, August 29
424(2)
From Henry Nutter (Rutter): Promissory Note, August 29: see page 7
From-----Rollee: Receipt, August 29: see page 4, note 7
Receipt for Subscription to Courier de l'Europe, August 29: see page 3, note 4
From Jean de Neufville & fils, August 30
426(2)
From John Thaxter, Jr., August 30
428(1)
To John Adams, August 31
429(2)
From Henriette Dumesnil de St. Pierre, August 31: see page 14
From Auer, September 1: see page 280, note 8
From Benard: Bill, September 1-October 14: see page 5, note 2
From Charlotte de Cheminot, September 1
431(1)
From Madame-----St. Louis: Receipt, September 1: see page 5, note 4
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., September 1
431(2)
To St. John de Crevecoeur, September 2
433(1)
From Stephen Gregory, September 3
433(2)
From Le Fort, September 3: see page 327, note 4
From the Chevalier d'Ussant, September 3: see page 13
William Temple Franklin to William Robeson, September 3
435(1)
To John Jay, September 4
436(1)
To Jean de Neufville & fils, September 4
437(1)
From Cottin fils & Jauge, September 4
438(1)
From William Hodgson, September 4
439(1)
From Remy d'Autun, [after September 4]
440(5)
To William Nixon, September 5
445(1)
From Besse, September 5
446(1)
From-----Damalix, September 5: see page 452
From Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, September 5
447(1)
From Dominique-Louis Ethis de Corny, September 6
448(1)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, September 7
449(1)
From Augustin-Francois-Hugue Mace de Vaudore and Other Commission Seekers, September 8
450(4)
From-----de Nanteuville, [c. September 8]
454(1)
From John Shaffer, September 8
454(2)
William Temple Franklin to William Robeson, September 8
456(1)
From Francois-Pierre de Sequeville, [after September 8]
457(1)
From Clement Nogueres and Genevieve-Elisabeth Belamy Le Veillard, [before September 9]: see above, xxx, 296, note 2
To Gerard de Rayneval, September 9
457(1)
From Le Couteulx & Cie., September 9: see page 420, note 7
To Henry Greig, September 10: see page 405, note 5
From Mademoiselle-----Defay, September 10
458(1)
From Gerard de Rayneval, September 10
459(1)
From John Jay, September 10
460(2)
From Lamarque, Fabre, & Cie., September 10
462(1)
From-----Montfort, September 10: see above, xxxiii, 33
From St. Louis: Receipt, September 10: see page 5, note 4
To [Antoine-Jean Amelot de Chaillou], [September 11]
463(1)
To John Witherspoon, September 11
464(1)
William Robeson to William Temple Franklin, September 11
464(1)
To Robert Morris, September 12
465(2)
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, September 12
467(1)
From Francois Steinsky, September 12
468(3)
From the Comte de Choiseul-Gouffier, [before September 13]: see page 16
To Richard Bache, September 13
471(1)
To Francis Hopkinson, September 13
472(2)
To Samuel Huntington, September 13
474(2)
To Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, September 13
476(1)
To James Lovell, September 13
477(1)
From Dumas, September 13
478(1)
From John Coakley Lettsom, September 13
478(2)
From Mallet, September 13
480(1)
From Dorcas Montgomery, September 13
481(1)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., September 13
482(1)
To Jonathan Nesbitt, September 14
483(1)
From-----Dusantoy Lescossois, September 14: see page 16
From-----Fouchet: Receipt, September 14: see page 5
From John Jay, September 14
484(1)
From Robert Morris, September 14
484(1)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, September 14
485(1)
From Amelot de Chaillou, September 15: see page 463, note 3
From William Carmichael, September 15
485(3)
From V. & P. French & Nephew, September 15
488(1)
William Robeson to William Temple Frankin, September 15
488(2)
From Silas Deane: Receipt, September 16: see page 5, note 4
From Gabriel Johonnot, September 16
490(1)
To Gabriel Johonnot, September 15 [i.e., on or after September 16]
490(1)
From Louis Velly: Receipt, September 16: see page 456, note 7
Franklin's Remarks on Judge Foster's Argument in Favor of the Right of Impressing Seamen, [before September 17]
491(11)
From Campo-de-Arbe: Receipt, September 17: see page 4, note 8
From Peleg Coffin: Promissony Note, September 17: see page 7
From William Granbray: Promissory Note, September 17: see page 7
From John Hindman, September 17
502(2)
From William Jones, September 17
504(1)
From Thomas Kelley: Promissory Note, September 17: see page 7
From Angelique-Michele Jogues de Martinville Lafrete, September 17
505(1)
From Jacob Milligan: Promissory Note, September 17: see page 7
From Jonathan Nesbitt, September 17
506(1)
From Madame-----Letellieur Benard, September 18
506(1)
From-----Charpentier: Receipt, September 18: see page 3, note 3
From-----Du Mourier with Franklin's Note for a Reply, September 18
507(1)
From William Hodgson, September 18
508(1)
To Palteau de Veimerange, September 20
509(1)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, September 20
510(1)
From-----Nivert, September 20: see page 9, note 8
To St. John de Crevecoeur, September 21
511(1)
To John Hancock, September 21
512(1)
To the Comtesse d'Houdetot, September 21
512(1)
From Madame Brillon, [September] 21
513(1)
From Joseph Cornell et al., September 21
514(1)
From John Shaffer, September 21
515(1)
From John Shaffer [September] 21: see the preceding document, note 1
From John Bradford, Jr., [after September 21]
516(2)
To Gerard de Rayneval, September 22
518(1)
To Vergennes, September 22
518(1)
From Castries, September 22
519(1)
From Joseph Cornell et al., September 22: see page 515, note 8
From-----Teissier de la Tour, September 22: see pages 16-17
From John Green, September 23
519(2)
From Claude-Philibert Lombard: Letter and Memoir, September 23
521(3)
From Palteau de Veimerange, September 23
524(1)
From D'Ussieux: Printed Invitation, [before September 24]: see page 89, note 1
From John Adams, September 24: see page 50, note 1
From Samuel Cooper Johonnot, September 24
525(1)
From John Hindman: Promissory Note, September 25: see page 7
From Samuel Smedley: Promissory Note, September 25: see page 7
From Turgot, September 25
525(1)
From St. John de Crevecoeur, [September 26]
526(2)
From David Hartley, September 26
528(1)
From William Jackson, September 26
529(2)
From Lamarque, Fabre, & Cie., September 26: see page 463, note 3
From Lombard: Letter and Memoir, September 26: see page 524, note 5
From John Shaffer, September 26
531(1)
From Madame Brillon with a Note from Andre-Noel Pagin, September 27
532(1)
From John Shaffer, September 27
533(1)
To John Shaffer, September 27
534(1)
From Thomas Bell, September 28
535(1)
From John Shaffer, September 27 [i.e., September 28]
536(1)
To John Jay, September 29
537(1)
From Benjamin Franklin Bache, [September 29]
538(1)
From-----de Bouvinghausen, September 29: see page 12
From Samuel Cooper Johonnot, September 29
538(1)
From John Shaffer, September 29
539(1)
From Samuel Butler, September 30
540(1)
From William Davis: Promissory Note, September 30: see page 8
From Richard Honeywell: Promissory Note, September 30: see page 8
From George Lehman: Promissory Note, September 30: see page 8
From William Marshall: Promissory Note, September 30: see page 8
From Joseph Mayo, September 30
541(1)
From P. M. Porquet, September 30
542(1)
From-----Reverie: Receipt, September 30: see page 4, note 6
From Grand, [September?]
542(1)
To Madame Brillon, October 1
543(1)
French Loan Certificate, October 1: see page 71, note 3
From the Chevalier de Rayber, October 1: see page 452
From John Shaffer, October 1
544(1)
To Ingenhousz, October 2, 1781 [-June 21, 1782]
544(8)
From Claude-Francois Berthelot and Antoine Guenard Demonville: Receipt, October 3, see page 4, note 7
From Francis Hopkinson, October 3
552(1)
From John Jay, October 3
553(2)
From-----Lombard, October 3
555(1)
From James Lovell, October 3
555(1)
From [Jean-Frederic?] Perregaux, October 3
556(1)
From John Adams: Two Letters, October 4
556(2)
From Richard Bache: Two Letters, October 4
558(3)
From John Bondfield, October 4
561(1)
From Alexander Gillon, October 4
562(1)
From Genevieve-Elisabeth Belamy Le Veillard, October 4
563(1)
From Jean de Neufville & fils, October 4
564(1)
From John Shaffer, October 4
565(1)
To John Adams, October 5
565(2)
From Francis Coffyn, October 5
567(1)
From Thomas Jefferson, October 5
568(1)
From Baron Janus Zreny, October 5: see above, xxxii, 146-7, note 8
From Madame Brillon, October 6
569(1)
From the Abbe Morellet, [October 6]
569(1)
From St. Louis: Receipt, October 6: see page 5, note 4
From Catharine Greene, October 7
570(1)
From John Shaffer, October 7
571(1)
From-----o Donnoghue, October 8: see page 14
From Benjamin Vaughan, October 8
572(3)
From James Woodmason, October 8
575(1)
From Francois-Felix Nogaret, [before October 9]: see the following document, note 7
From Francois-Felix Nogaret, October 9
575(1)
From-----de Poterat, October 9
576(1)
From John Shaffer, October 9
577(1)
From John Adams, October 10
578(3)
From Stephen Cook: Promissory Note, October 10: see page 8
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., October 10
581(1)
From-----Aury: Receipt, October 11: see page 5, note 4
From William Coocke (Cooch): Promissory Note, October 11: see page 8
To John Adams, October 12 [-16]
582(2)
To Madame Brillon, October 12
584(1)
John Bondfield and James Tucker: Bond, October 12: see page 676, note 5
From John Foulke, October 12
585(2)
From Jonathan Nesbitt, October 12
587(1)
Certification of a Deed, [October 12]
588(1)
From-----Cabaret: Bill, October 13-November 6: see page 5, note 4
From Campo-de-Arbe: Receipt, October 14: see page 4, note 8
From Alexander Gillon, October 14
589(2)
From Le Roy, [c. October 14]
591(1)
From Robert Morris, October 14
592(2)
From D'Ussieux: Printed Invitation, [before October 15]: see page 89, note 1
To Edmund Burke, October 15
594(1)
To Vergennes, October 15
595(1)
From Benard: Bill, October 15-30: see page 5, note 2
From William Temple Franklin, October 15
595(2)
From-----Petry, October 15
597(1)
From-----Thibouzet: Poem: resume, October 15
598(1)
From Vergennes, October 15: see page 595, note 4
To William Jackson, October 16
598(1)
To John Jay, October 16
599(1)
From Francis Coffyn, October 16
599(2)
From John Howland Rickard (Richard): Promissory Note, October 16: see page 8
From Dorcas Montgomery, October 17
601(1)
From Margaret Stewart, October 17
602(1)
To John Bondfield, October 18: see page 561, note 7
To Gabriel Johonnot, October 18
602(1)
From John Adams, October 18
603(2)
From William Temple Franklin, October 18
605(1)
From Martha Johnson, October 18
606(3)
From Sarah Bache, October 19
609(2)
From Catharine W. Livingston, October 19
611(1)
To Palteau de Veimerange, October 20
612(1)
From John Bondfield, October 20
613(1)
From Madame Brillon with a Note from Jacques Brillon de Jouy, October 20
614(1)
From the Comtesse d'Houdetot, October 20
615(1)
From Robert R. Livingston, October 20
616(4)
From Thomas McKean, October 20
620(1)
From Benjamin Vaughan, October 20
621(6)
From George Hobart, [before October 21]
627(1)
From George Hobart, October 21
627(1)
To John Adams, October 22
628(1)
To Fizeaux, Grand & Cie., October 22
629(1)
From John Adams: Two Letters, October 22
629(4)
From Gourlade & Moylan, October 22
633(1)
From Le Roy, [October 22?]
633(2)
From Philippe-Denis Pierres, October 22
635(1)
From Margaret Stewart, October 22
636(1)
From Vergennes, October 22
637(1)
From George Washington, October 22
637(1)
To Queen Marie-Antoinette, [after October 22]
638(1)
To William Temple Franklin, October 23
639(1)
From the Abbes-----Chalut and-----Arnoux, October 23
640(1)
From William Carmichael, October 23
641(1)
From Jane Mecom, October 23
642(1)
To-----Debrissac, October 24: see page 256, note 8
From Robert R. Livingston, October 24
643(1)
From Vergennes, October 24
644(1)
To John Bondfield, October 25
645(1)
From John Adams, October 25
645(1)
From D'Autun, October 25
646(1)
George Buchanan, Joshua Johnson, and Thomas Patterson: Bond, October 25: see above, xxxiv, 427, note 5
From William Temple Franklin, [October 25]
647(1)
From the Chevalier de Keralio, October 25
648(1)
From Joseph Mayo, October 25
649(1)
From John Adams, October 26
650(2)
From Anna Sophia Susanna de Bohlen, October 26: see page 17
From Thomas Cushing, October 26
652(1)
From John Fotrell, October 26 [-29]: see page 664, note 6
From Madame-----Virth, October 26
653(1)
From John Adams, October 27
654(1)
From Jonathan Avery, October 27
655(1)
From Samuel Cooper: Two Letters, October 27
656(3)
From John Gallwey, October 27
659(1)
From John Hancock, October 27
659(1)
From John Kinnier, October 27
660(1)
From Margaret Stewart, October 27
661(1)
From John Hancock, October 28
662(1)
From Dorcas Montgomery, October 28: see page 601, note 5
From Elizabeth Partridge, October 28
663(1)
From John Fottrell, October 29
664(1)
From Stephen Gregory: Promissory Note, October 29: see page 8
From John Jay, October 29
665(1)
From Jane Mecom, October 29
666(1)
From Pierre Penet, October 29
667(1)
From John Temple, October 29
668(2)
From Jonathan Williams, Jr., October 29
670(1)
To Jacques and Anne-Louise Brillon de Jouy, October 30
670(2)
French Loan Certificate, October 30: see page 71, note 3
From William Hodgson, October 30
672(1)
To William Hodgson, October 31
673(1)
To Marignac, October 31
674(1)
To Penet, October 31
674(1)
From Thomas Bell, October 31
675(1)
From Benard: Bill, October 31-November 30: see page 5, note 2
From John Bondfield, October 31
676(1)
From Francis Dana, October 31
677(1)
From Richard Neave & Son, October 31
678(3)
Index 681

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