9780321974167

Pathways Scenarios for Sentence and Paragraph Writing

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780321974167

  • ISBN10:

    0321974166

  • Edition: 4th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/13/2015
  • Publisher: Pearson

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Summary

NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MyWritingLab™ does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MyWritingLab search for:

0321990951 / 9780321990952  Pathways: Scenarios for Sentence and Paragraph Writing Plus MyWritingLab with Pearson eText – Access Card
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  • 0321974166 / 9780321974167  Pathways: Scenarios for Sentence and Paragraph Writing, 4e

For courses in Developmental Writing.

A lively, integrated approach that emphasizes the connection of the reading and writing processes
Pathways: Scenarios for Paragraph and Sentence Writing, Fourth Edition teaches fundamental sentence and paragraph writing skills by engaging student interest, maintaining a focus on expressing ideas rather than on following rules.

Students learn grammar in the context of the “whole paper.” Seven of the 17 chapters deal with grammar topics; in these chapters, students examine student essays, read and respond to ideas, and write and revise paragraphs. In Parts II through IV, students apply what they have learned about sentence-level correctness to their own writing as they explore logical paragraph development and organization of ideas. The last two chapters introduce essay writing, enabling students to accelerate from paragraphs to essays, with the goal of achieving stronger, more fully developed writing skills.

Also Available with MyWritingLab™
This title is also available with MyWritingLab – an online homework, tutorial, and assessment program designed to work with this text to engage students and improve results. Within its structured environment, students practice what they learn, test their understanding, and pursue a personalized study plan that helps them better absorb course material and understand difficult concepts.

Table of Contents

NOTE: Both Brief and Comprehensive Tables of Contents are listed below.

 

 

BRIEF CONTENTS

 

Part I:  Getting Started 

 1.     An Introduction to Writing 

 2.     The Reading-Writing Connection

 

Part II:  Sentence Basics and Development 

 4.     Complete Sentences Versus Fragments 

 5.     Run-On Sentences and Comma Splices 

 6.     Combining and Expanding Your Ideas 

 7.     Using Adjectives and Adverbs to Describe 

 8.     Using Modifiers to Add Detail 

         Writers’ Workshops: Using Language Effectively 

 

Part III:  Common Sentence Problems and How to Avoid Them 

 9.     Revising Confusing and Inconsistent Sentences 

 10.    Using Verbs Correctly 

         Writers’ Workshops: Digital Literacy in the Wired Classroom 

 

Part IV:         Paragraph Basics, Development, and Revision 

 11.    Planning and Organizing 

 12.    Drafting and Revising 

 13.    Developing, Arranging, and Connecting Details 

 14.    Using Methods of Organization 

         Writers’ Workshops: Using Visuals in Your Writing 

 15.    Revising Paragraphs 

 

Part V:           Essay Basics, Development, and Common Problems 

 16.    Essay Basics and Development 

 17.    Avoiding Common Problems in Essays 

 

Part VI:   A Thematic Reader 

 

Part VII:  Reviewing the Basics

 

 

COMPREHENSIVE CONTENTS

 

Part I: GETTING STARTED

 

Chapter 1.    An Introduction to Writing 

         Writing        Understanding What Writing Is and Is Not 

                  Beginning Tips for Generating Ideas 

                  Beginning Tips for Organizing Your Ideas 

                  Writing Paragraphs       

                  Writing Essays     

A Sample Student Essay “The Allure of Reality TV” 

                  Practical Advice for Getting Started             

         Self-Test Summary 

 

Chapter 2.    The Reading-Writing Connection        

         Exploring The Reading-WRITING- Critical Thinking Connection    Previewing Before Reading 

                  Reading “Studying for Exams: Cramming Is Not an Option,” Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White 

                  Reading for Meaning 

                  How to Handle Difficult Readings 

                  How to Record Your Thinking: Marking and Annotation   

                  Using Idea Maps 

                  Preparing to Write: Thinking Critically 

                  How to Write About a Reading 

 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading

                  Reading “How Should We Allocate Scarce Kidneys?” Michael D. Johnson 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  / Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         A Reading Self-Test Summary 

        

Chapter 3.    Expanding Your Vocabulary 

         Vocabulary   Get the Right Tools 

                  Use Context Clues to Figure Out Unfamiliar Words 

                  Pay Attention to Word Parts 

                  Learn Idioms 

                  Develop a System for Learning New Words 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading

                 
Reading “Afghanistan: Where Women Have No Choice,” Kevin Sieff 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /   Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

         Writers’ Workshop #1      You’re a Great Writer? Your a Great Writer? 

                  Don’t Make These Common Mistakes 

         Writers’ Workshop #2      There Are Some Things Not to Do . . .

                  Such as Overusing There Is and There Are 

         Writers’ Workshop #3      Good Writing Is When . . .

                  You Don’t Use Is When 

         Writers’ Workshop #4      What Makes a Good Sentence?

                  One Possible Answer: Not Using the Verb Make    

         Writers’ Workshop #5      An Essay Is Not a Text Message        

                  Formal Versus Informal Writing 

 

 

Part II: SENTENCE BASICS AND DEVELOPMENT

        

Chapter 4.    Complete Sentences Versus Fragments 

         Writing        What Is a Fragment? 

                  Subjects and Fragments 

                  Verbs and Fragments 

                  Clauses and Fragments 

                  How to Spot and Revise Fragments: A Brief Review 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “Tails in Jail,” Denise Flaim 

                  Writing in Response to Reading 

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map 
Strengthening Your Vocabulary / Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 5.    Run-On Sentences and Comma Splices 

         Writing        The Function of Punctuation: How to Use It Correctly 

                  Run-On Sentences 

                  Comma Splices 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

Reading “I Killed People in Afghanistan. Was I Right or Wrong?” Timothy Kudo

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 6.    Combining and Expanding Your Ideas 

         Writing        Understanding Independent and Dependent Clauses 

                  Combining Ideas of Equal Importance 

                  Combining Ideas of Unequal Importance 

                  Writing Compound-Complex Sentences 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “Bundle of Trouble,” Robin W. Simon 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

         Writing About the Reading 

                  Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 7.    Using Adjectives and Adverbs to Describe 

         Writing        Using Adjectives to Describe 

                  Using Adverbs to Describe 

                  Using Adjectives and Adverbs to Compare 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “The Games People Play,” John J. Macionis 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 8.    Using Modifiers to Add Detail 

         Writing        Using Prepositional Phrases to Add Detail 

                  Using -ing Phrases to Add Detail 

                  Using Who, Which, and That Relative Clauses to Add Detail 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “The Little Warrior,” Lucille O’Neal 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Writers’ Workshops: Using Language Effectively 

         Writers’ Workshop #6      Don’t (-_-) Be (^_^) (Translation: Don’t Worry, Be Happy)

                  Convey Your Feelings with Words, Not Emoticons 

         Writers’ Workshop #7      86 the Slang, OK? 

                  Write in Standard English 

         Writers’ Workshop #8      Stop Beating a Dead Horse:

                  Avoid Trite Expressions and Clichés 

         Writers’ Workshop #9      Stop Repeating Yourself and Eliminate Redundancy

                  Say It Once, Effectively  

         Writers’ Workshop #1      Let Everyone into Your Writing 

                  Avoiding Sexist Language 

 

 

Part III: COMMON SENTENCE PROBLEMS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM 

        

Chapter 9.    Revising Confusing and Inconsistent Sentences 

         Writing        Using Pronouns Clearly and Correctly 

                  Avoiding Shifts in Person, Number, and Verb Tense 

                  Avoiding Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers 

                  Using Parallelism 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios     

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

         Reading “Waste Woes,” Chris Jozefowicz 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

 

Chapter 10.  Using Verbs Correctly 

         Writing        Using Verb Tenses Correctly 

                  Using Irregular Verbs Correctly         

                  Avoiding Subject-Verb Agreement Errors 

                  Using Active Instead of Passive Voice 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios            

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

         Reading “Sweatshops at Sea,” Virginia Sole-Smith         

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

 

         Writers’ Workshop #11    A Computer on Every Desk

                  Digital Literacy in Today's Classroom 

         Writers’ Workshop #12    It Isn't True Just Because It's on the Internet 

                  Evaluating Online Source Materials 

         Writers’ Workshop #13    If It's Online, It's Always There

                  Communication and Self-Presentation in a Digital Age 

         Writers’ Workshop #14    Finding the Help You Need

                  Useful Online Resources         

                 

 

Part IV: PARAGRAPH BASICS, DEVELOPMENT, AND REVISION  

        

Chapter 11.  Planning and Organizing 

         Writing        Choosing a Topic 

                  Keeping Your Reader in Mind 

                  Generating Ideas 

                  Organizing Your Ideas 

A Student Essay  “I Don’t Want a Promotion,” Jessica Nantka 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “Living in the United States of Food Waste”
Ira Sager 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  / Strengthening Your Vocabulary  / Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 12.  Drafting and Revising 

         Writing        Choosing a Manageable Topic 

                  Writing Topic Sentences 

                  Developing the Paragraph               

                  Revising Paragraphs 

                  Revision Checklist 

                  Writing in Progress: Three Versions of “Professional Athletes as Role Models,” Jacob Frey 

Student Essay: First Draft Showing Revisions  / Student Essay: Second Draft Showing Revisions  / Student Essay: Final Draft 

                  Examining Student Writing 

A Student Essay  “Pinterest: Social Media with a Twist,” Jessica Beebe 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “Finding a Mate: Not the Same as It Used to Be,”

                  James M. Henslin 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 13.  Developing, Arranging, and Connecting Details                

         Writing        Developing a Paragraph Using Specific Details      

                  Methods of Arranging Details 

A Student Essay  “Leadership: Moving Others Forward,”
Sarah Frey 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “A Brother’s Murder,” Brent Staples 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 14.  Using Methods of Organization 

         Writing        Methods of Organization 

                  A: Narration   

What Is Narration?  /  How to Develop a Narrative Paragraph /

How to Organize a Narrative Paragraph 

                  B: Description 

What Is Description?   /  How to Develop a Descriptive Paragraph /

How to Organize a Descriptive Paragraph 

                  C: Example 

What Is an Example?   /  How to Develop an Example Paragraph /

How to Organize an Example Paragraph 

                  D: Definition 

What Is Definition?  /  How to Develop a Definition Paragraph /

How to Organize a Definition Paragraph 

                  E: Comparison and Contrast 

What Are Comparison and Contrast?  /  How to Develop a Comparison or Contrast Paragraph  /  How to Organize a Comparison or Contrast Paragraph 

                  F: Classification 

What Is Classification?  /  How to Develop a Classification Paragraph /

How to Organize a Classification Paragraph 

                  G: Process 

What Is Process?  /  How to Develop a Process Paragraph  /  How to Organize a Process Paragraph 

                  H: Cause and Effect 

What Are Cause and Effect?  /  How to Develop a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph  /  How to Organize a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph 

                  I: Argument 

What Is Argument?  /  How to Develop an Argument Paragraph  /  How to Organize an Argument Paragraph 

J: Using Multiple Methods of Organization

How Can a Paragraph Use Multiple Methods of Organization? / How to Develop a Multi-Method Paragraph

A Student Essay  “Employment: Not Just a Post-Graduation Agenda,” Aurora Gilbert 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios 

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “In a Sea of Smartphones, Going Off the Grid,” Aaron Marks                  

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

                  Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary  /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist 

         Self-Test Summary 

        

         Writers’ Workshop #15    A Picture’s Worth a Thousand Words

                  Using Visual Aids to Help Your Readers  

         Writers’ Workshop #16    Thinking Like an Artist 

                  Using Visual Aids to Support Your Ideas: Be Creative  

         Writers’ Workshop #17    So Many Images, So Little Space

                  Finding Visuals to Accompany Your Writing 

         Writers’ Workshop #18    Watch Out for Photoshop…

                  Using Visual Aids Ethically       

         Writers’ Workshop #19    Context + Captions = Good Communication

                  Providing Context for and Writing Captions to Accompany Visual Aids          

                 

Chapter 15.  Revising Paragraphs 

         Writing        Does the Topic Sentence Express a Point of View? 

                  Is the Topic Sentence Too Broad? 

                  Is the Topic Sentence Too Narrow? 

                  Does the Paragraph Stray from the Topic? 

                  Are There Enough Supporting Details? 

                  Does Every Detail Belong? 

                  Are the Details Arranged and Developed Logically? 

                  Is the Paragraph Balanced? 

                  Is the Paragraph Repetitious? 

A Student Essay  “Balancing the Extremes: Finding an Adult Diet Through Trial and Error,” Chase Beauclair 

                  Examining Student Writing               

                  Paragraph Writing Scenarios            

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “You Can’t Be Thin Enough: Body Images and the Mass Media,” James M. Henslin 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map  / Strengthening Your Vocabulary  / Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

 

Part V: ESSAY BASICS, DEVELOPMENT, AND COMMON PROBLEMS 

 

Chapter 16.  Essay Basics and Development 

         Writing        An Overview of the Essay 

                  The Structure of an Essay 

                  Planning Your Essay 

                  Writing Strong Thesis Statements 

                  Supporting Your Thesis with Substantial Evidence 

A Student Essay  “A Lifestyle of Commitment,” Catherine Lee 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Making Connections Among Your Ideas Clear 

                  Writing the Introduction, Conclusion, and Title     

                  Writing Essay-Exam Answers 

                  Essay Writing Scenarios          

                  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

         Writing About a Reading  Reading “Is Lying Bad for Us?” Richard Gunderman 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map   /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary   /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist 

         Self-Test Summary 

                 

Chapter 17.  Avoiding Common Problems in Essays 

         Writing        Problem #1: The Topic Is Too Broad 

                  Problem #2: The Topic Is Too Narrow 

                  Problem #3: The Thesis Statement Needs Revision 

                  Problem #4: The Essay Is Underdeveloped 

                  Problem #5: The Essay Is Disorganized 

                  Using Maps to Guide Your Revision 

                  Seeking Further Help 

A Student Essay  “Breaking Down Barriers with Stories,” Amanda Keithley 

                  Examining Student Writing 

                  Essay Writing Scenarios          

         Writing About a Reading  Interactive Reading: Thinking Before and Responding During Reading  

                  Reading “Irreconcilable Dissonance: The Threat of

                           Divorce as the Glue of Marriage,” Brian Doyle 

                  Writing in Response to Reading  

Examining the Reading Using an Idea Map   /  Strengthening Your Vocabulary   /  Reacting to Ideas: Discussion and Journal Writing 

                  Writing About the Reading 

                  Revision Checklist        

         self-test summary  Self-Test Summary 

         and Practice Editing Practice 

 

 

Part VI: A THEMATIC READER

            Theme 1        Dating and Relationships

                  Reading: “Love is a Four-Number Word,” Rebecca Eckler 

                  Reading: “Making Connections in Our Connected World,” Brian Westover 

 

            Theme 2        Surveillance Monitoring

                  Reading: “A Surveillance Society,” William E. Thompson and Joseph V. Hickey 

                  Reading: “Smile, the Government Is Watching: Next Generation Identification,” The Huffington Post 

 

            Theme 3        Bullying

                  Reading: “Emotional Troubles for ‘Cyberbullies’ and Victims,” Denise Mann 

                  Reading: “The Silent Epidemic: Workplace Bullying,” Ray Williams 

 

 

Part VII: REVIEWING THE BASICS 

 

                  Guide to Reviewing the Basics  

                  Overview  

        

A.        Understanding the Parts of Speech  

                  A.1     Nouns 

                  A.2     Pronouns 

                  A.3     Verbs 

                  A.4     Adjectives 

                  A.5     Adverbs 

                  A.6     Conjunctions 

                  A.7     Prepositions 

                  A.8     Interjections 

        

B.        Understanding the Parts of Sentences         

                  B.1     Subjects 

                  B.2     Predicates 

                  B.3     Complements 

                  B.4     Basic Sentence Patterns 

                  B.5     Expanding the Sentence with Adjectives and Adverbs 

                  B.6     Expanding the Sentence with Phrases 

                  B.7     Expanding the Sentence with Clauses 

                  B.8     Basic Sentence Classifications 

        

C.        Using Punctuation Correctly  

                  C.1    End Punctuation 

                  C.2    Commas 

                  C.3    Unnecessary Commas 

                  C.4    Colons and Semicolons 

                  C.5    Dashes, Parentheses, Hyphens, Apostrophes, Quotation Marks 

        

D.        Managing Mechanics and Spelling  

                  D.1    Capitalization 

                 D.2    Abbreviations 

                  D.3    Hyphenation and Word Division 

                  D.4    Numbers 

                  D.5    Suggestions for Improving Spelling 

                  D.6    Six Useful Spelling Rules        

        

E.        Commonly Misused Words and Phrases

 

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