9780521783132

The Peasant Cotton Revolution in West Africa: Côte d'Ivoire, 1880–1995

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780521783132

  • ISBN10:

    0521783135

  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2001-05-28
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
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Summary

The literature of Africa is dominated by accounts of crisis and gloom. But Thomas Bassett, a distinguished American geographer well known in the field of development, tells an unusual story of the growth of the cotton economy of West Africa. One of the few long-running success stories in African development, change was brought about by tens of thousands of small-scale peasant farmers. While the introduction of new strains of cotton in French West Africa was in part a result of agronomic research by French scientists, supported by an unusually efficient marketing structure, this is not a case of triumphant top-down 'planification'. Employing the case of Cte d'Ivoire, Professor Bassett shows agricultural intensification to result from the cumulative effect of decades of incremental changes in farming techniques and social organization. A significant contribution to the literature, the book demonstrates the need to consider the local and temporal dimensions of agricultural innovations. It brings into question many key assumptions that have influenced development policies during the twentieth century.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
ix
List of tables
xii
Preface xiii
Glossary xviii
Introduction
1(26)
Cotton and the discourse of development
4(4)
Defining and explaining agricultural revolutions
8(3)
The interplay of induced and directed innovations
11(2)
Agricultural development and agrarian politics
13(3)
Research site
16(5)
Research methods
21(2)
The general argument and organization of the book
23(4)
The collision of empires, 1880--1911
27(24)
European accounts of pre-colonial northern Cote d'Ivoire
27(4)
African cotton
31(3)
The Korhogo region on the eve of colonization
34(10)
Redrawing the map
44(7)
The uncaptured corvee, 1912--1946
51(35)
The ``disguised corvee''
56(7)
The parallel cotton market
63(3)
The push for cotton exports
66(14)
The decline of cotton
80(6)
Repackaging cotton, 1947--1963
86(21)
The discipline of the market
87(3)
Institutional and organizational reforms
90(4)
Migrant labor and the ``climate of freedom''
94(9)
The CFDT system
103(4)
Making cotton work, 1964--1984
107(39)
The data behind the cotton revolution
114(4)
Labor bottlenecks and agricultural change
118(3)
Population and labor constraints
121(3)
Labor bottleneck periods
124(2)
Farmer adjustments to labor bottlenecks
126(20)
``To sow or not to sow'': the extensification of cotton, gender politics, and rural mobilization, 1985--1995
146(28)
The erosion of farmer incomes
147(4)
The extensification of cotton
151(3)
Contested cropping
154(3)
Managing debt
157(3)
The cooperative movement
160(2)
Striking cotton markets
162(3)
The end of modernization
165(1)
Crop diversification
166(2)
Cooperative turns
168(6)
Conclusion
174(11)
Closing the price gap: parallel markets and the origins of the CFDT system
175(2)
Making cotton work: locally induced innovations
177(1)
The landscape of change
178(4)
Made of peasant cotton
182(3)
Appendix 1: Cote d'Ivoire seed cotton production, 1912--1998 185(3)
Notes 188(31)
Bibliography 219

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