9780155055995

Philosophers at Work Issues and Practice of Philosophy

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780155055995

  • ISBN10:

    0155055992

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1999-10-22
  • Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing

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Summary

Now more than ever before institutions of higher education are being called upon to provide students with information in the classroom that can contribute to the success of students in the workplace. Unlike any other philosophy text, PHILOSOPHERS AT WORK contains "Practice" sections written by philosopher practitioners who demonstrate how their knowledge of the problems, methods, and theories of philosophy provide powerful tools for addressing the dilemmas that arise in diverse work settings. Through the "Issues and Practice" sections, students are able to gain an understanding of the practical value of philosophy.

Table of Contents

Preface vii
The Activity of Philosophy
1(14)
What Philosophy Is
1(8)
Elliot D. Cohen
The Origins of Applied Philosophy
9(6)
Richard T. DeGeorge
I. Ethics and the Professions 15(114)
Health Care Ethics
Issues
17(4)
Ethical Theory and Mental Health Practice
21(14)
Elliot D. Cohen
Utilitarianism
35(8)
John Stuart Mill
The Categorical Imperative
43(6)
Immanuel Kant
Practice
The Philosopher as Ethics Consultant in a Psychiatric Ward
49(9)
Clifton B. Perry
Ethics Consulting in a Multicultural Setting: Quality Care and the Wounds of Diversity
58(6)
Kenneth Kipnis
Prescribing Viagra: Ethical Issues in Urologic Practice
64(10)
Muriel R. Friedman
Discussion Questions
72(2)
Lawyer's Ethics
74(55)
Issues
Virtue Ethics
77(7)
Aristotle
The Lawyer as Friend
84(9)
Charles Fried
Pure Legal Advocates and Moral Agents: Two Concepts of a Lawyer in an Adversary System
93(18)
Elliot D. Cohen
Practice
The Philosopher as Public Defender: In Defense of a Rapist
111(4)
Steven Wasserman
The Philosopher as Prosecutor: An (Unlawful) Prosecution of a Guilty Man
115(14)
William Heffernan
Discussion Questions
127(2)
II. Society and Politics 129(112)
Women's Rights and Social Work
131(39)
Issues
The Natural Inferiority of Women
135(2)
Aristotle
Women in Love
137(5)
Simone de Beauvior
The Subjection of Women
142(13)
John Stuart Mill
Practice
The Philosopher as Social Worker
155(10)
Janice K. Wilkerson
Letter from a Battered Philosophy Student
165(5)
Anonymous
Discussion Questions
168(2)
Criminal Justice: Prisons and Corrections
170(32)
Issues
The Deterrence Theory of Punishment
173(2)
Martin P. Goulding
The Retributive Theory of Punishment
175(8)
Robert Nozick
Punishment versus Therapy
183(4)
Herbert Morris
Practice
The Philosopher as Corrections Officer: Doing Time in a Participatory Democracy
187(15)
Bill Puka
Discussion Questions
201(1)
Political Theory and Practice
202(39)
Issues
Dictatorship
205(6)
Thomas Hobbes
Rule by the Majority
211(5)
John Locke
Communism
216(8)
Karl Marx
Friedrich Engles
Practice
The Philosopher in Representative Government: Applying Classical Theories
224(17)
Stanilaus J. Dundon
Discussion Questions
240(1)
III. Logic and Science 241(76)
Logic and Computer Programming
243(48)
Issues
The Scope of Logic
248(6)
Wesley C. Salmon
Aristotelian Logic
254(6)
Howard Kahane
The Logic of Truth Functions
260(5)
Stephen Barker
Practice
The Philosopher as Software Developer
265(26)
Gregory Tropea
Discussion Questions
288(3)
Scientific Method: Medical Research
291(26)
Issues
Science and Hypothesis
292(14)
Irving M. Copi
Practice
The Philosopher as Physician: Testing Clinical Hypotheses
306(11)
Reidar K. Lie
Discussion Questions
315(2)
IV. Truth and Knowledge 317(114)
Perspectives on Truth: Art, Humanities, and Social Science
319(70)
Issues
Truth as Extra-Sensible Reality
327(6)
Plato
Sense-Experience as the Standard of Truth
333(5)
Alfred Jules Ayer
The Pragmatist's Approach to Truth
338(6)
William James
Practice
The Philosopher as Dancer: In Consideration of Plato's Theory of Truth
344(13)
Maxine Morphis
The Philosopher as Historian: The Correspondence Approach to Truth
357(9)
Alfred L. Castle
The Philosopher as Journalist: A Pragmatic Approach to Truth
366(7)
Deni Elliot
The Philosopher as Psychologist: Truth and the Schizophrenic Patient
373(16)
Victor Guarino
Discussion Questions
386(3)
Theories of Knowledge and Elementary School Education
389(42)
Issues
Rationalism
394(6)
Rene Descartes
Empiricism
400(6)
John Locke
Epistemological Idealism
406(5)
George Berkeley
The Empirical Grounds of Causal Reasoning
411(3)
David Hume
Practice
The Philosopher as Elementary School Teacher: Epistemology Applied to Fourth-Grade Education
414(17)
Matthew Lipman
Discussion Questions
430(1)
V. Minds and Matter 431(88)
Free Will, Determinism, and Philosophical Counseling
433(35)
Issues
Behaviorism
440(4)
B. F. Skinner
Existentialism
444(5)
Jean-Paul Sartre
Theories of Counseling and the Free Will-Determinism Issue
449(8)
Gale S. Cohen
Practice
The Philosopher as Counselor
457(11)
Elliot D. Cohen
Discussion Questions
467(1)
Minds, Bodies, and Artificial Intelligence
468(51)
Issues
Mind-Body Dualism: The Interactionist Theory
472(7)
Baruch A. Brody
Materialism: The Identity Theory
479(7)
Jerome A. Shaffer
Minds, Bodies, and Computers
486(8)
John Searle
Practice
Simulating Human Thinking: An Empirical Approach to the Mind-Body Problem
494(25)
Herbert A. Simon
Discussion Questions
518(1)
VI. Religion and Mysticism 519(82)
Theism, Atheism, and the Clergy
521(57)
Issues
The Ontological Proof of God's Existence: The A Priori Approach
526(2)
St. Anselm
Five Ways of Proving God's Existence: The A Posteriori Approach
528(2)
St. Thomas Aquinas
Why God's Existence Cannot Be Proven
530(3)
Søren Kierkegaard
I and Thou
533(5)
Martin Buber
Human Existence Without God
538(2)
Friedrich Nietzche
The Problem of Evil: The Free Will and Soul-Building Arguments
540(6)
John H. Hick
Evil and the Limits of God: Jewish Perspectives
546(9)
Neil Gillman
Practice
The Philosopher as Priest: Applying Proofs of God's Existence to the Case of a Dying Cancer Patient
555(8)
Fr. Robert R. Gerl
The Philosopher as Rabbi: Confronting Evil in the Face of the HIV/AIDS Pandemic
563(15)
Rabbi Allen I. Freehling
Discussion Questions
575(3)
Mysticism and Cosmic Consciousness
578(23)
Issues
The Authority of Mystical Experience
581(7)
William James
Mysticism as Metaphysically Mistaken
588(5)
Bertrand Russell
Practice
The Philosopher as Mystic: Experiencing and Interpreting Cosmic Consciousness
593(8)
Alan W. Watts
Discussion Questions
599(2)
Glossary 601

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