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Philosophies of Social Science : The Classic and Contemporary Readings,9780335208845

Philosophies of Social Science : The Classic and Contemporary Readings

by ;
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780335208845

ISBN10:
0335208843
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
4/1/2003
Publisher(s):
Open University
List Price: $63.00

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What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 4/1/2003.
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  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Summary

"This book will certainly prove to be a useful resource and reference point ... a good addition to anyone's bookshelf." Network "This is a superb collection, expertly presented. The overall conception seems splendid, giving an excellent sense of the issues... The selection and length of the readings is admirably judged, with both the classic texts and the few unpublished pieces making just the right points." William Outhwaite, Professor of Sociology, University of Sussex "... an indispensable book for all of us in philosophy and the social sciences who teach and care about the shape of social knowledge in the future." Steven Seidman, Professor of Sociology, State University of New York Albany "For a comprehensive account of the ways in which world transformations affect claims to social scientific knowledge, one need look no further than Gerard Delanty and Piet Strydom's Philosophies of Social Science. ...this collection captures nicely the increasingly engaged political nature of the philosophy of social science. Debates about pragmatism, feminism and postmodernism are particularly well represented" The Australian What is social science? How does it differ from the other sciences? What is the meaning of method in social science? What is the nature and limits of scientific knowledge? This collection of over sixty extracts from classic works on the philosophy of social science provides an essential textbook and a landmark reference in the field. It highlights the work of some of the most influential authors who have shaped social science. The texts explore the question of truth, the meaning of scientific knowledge, the nature of methodology and the relation of science to society, including edited extracts from both classic and contemporary works by authors such as Emile Durkheim, Georg Simmel, Max Weber, Alfred Schutz, Max Horkheimer, Jurgen Habermas, Alvin Gouldner, Karl-Otto Apel, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthony Giddens, Dorothy Smith, Donna Haraway, Sigmund Freud, Jacques Derrida and Claude Levi-Strauss. The readings are representative of the major schools of thought, including European and American trends in particular as well as approaches that are often excluded from mainstream traditions. From a teaching and learning perspective the volume is strengthened by extensive introductions to each of the six sections, as well as a general introduction to the reader as a whole. These introductions contextualise the readings and offer succinct summaries of them. This volume is the definitive companion to the study of the philosophy of social science, taught within undergraduate or postgraduate courses in sociology and the social sciences.

Author Biography

Gerard Delanty is Professor of Sociology in the University of Liverpool, UK. He was Visiting Professor at York University, Toronto in 1998, at Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan in 2000, and he has taught at universities in Ireland, Germany and Italy. His books include Social Science: Beyond Constructivism and Realism (1997), Social Theory in a Changing World (1999), Modernity and Postmodernity: Knowledge, Power, the Self (2000), Challenging Knowledge: The University in the Knowledge Society (2002).

Piet Strydom is Statutory Lecturer in Sociology at the National University of Ireland, Cork. He is a former founder-director of the Centre for European Social Research, Cork. Besides many articles on social theory and the philosophy of social science in anthologies and in such journals as Telos, Political Studies, Theory, Culture & Society, Philosophy and Social Criticism, European Journal of Social Theory, Current Sociology and Sociological Theory, books he has published include Discourse and Knowledge (2000), and Risk, Environment and Society (2002). He is currently writing a book on the new cognitive sociology.

Table of Contents

Preface and acknowledgements xi
Introduction What is the philosophy of social science? 1(12)
PART 1 Positivism, its dissolution and the emergence of post-empiricism
13(72)
Introduction: a general outline
13(5)
The selected texts
18(8)
Emile Durkheim
26(5)
What is a social fact? (1895)
Otto Neurath
31(4)
The scientific world conception (1929)
Carl G. Hempel
35(4)
Concept and theory in social science (1952)
Ernst Nagel
39(3)
Methodological problems of the social sciences (1961)
Karl Popper
42(5)
The problem of induction (1934)
Rudolf Carnap
47(4)
Confirmation, testing and meaning (1936)
Talcott Parsons
51(4)
Theory and empirical fact (1937)
A.J. Ayer
55(2)
The characterization of sense-data (1940)
W.V.O. Quine
57(5)
Two dogmas of empiricism (1951)
Ludwig Wittgenstein
62(8)
Language games and meaning (1953)
Stephen Toulmin
70(2)
The evolution of scientific ideas (1961)
Thomas Kuhn
72(6)
A role for history (1962)
Imre Lakatos
78(3)
Falsification and the methodology of scientific research programmes (1970)
Paul Feyerabend
81(4)
Against method (1975)
PART 2 The interpretative tradition
85(122)
Introduction: a general outline
85(3)
The selected texts
88(11)
Wilhelm Dilthey
99(3)
The development of hermeneutics (1900)
Georg Simmel
102(5)
On the nature of historical understanding (1918)
How is society possible? (1908)
Max Weber
107(14)
`Objectivity' in social science (1904)
Sigmund Freud
121(4)
The dream-work (1900) A philosophy of life (1932)
Ernst Cassirer
125(3)
From a critique of abstraction to relationalism (1910)
Karl Mannheim
128(6)
Competition as a cultural phenomenon (1929)
Alfred Schutz
134(8)
Concept and theory formation in the social sciences (1954)
Maurice Merleau-Ponty
142(5)
The philosopher and sociology (1960)
Martin Heidegger
147(5)
The age of the world picture (1938)
Peter Winch
152(6)
Philosophy and science (1958)
Hans-Georg Gadamer
158(6)
Hermeneutical understanding (1960)
Jurgen Habermas
164(8)
The hermeneutic claim to universality (1973)
Paul Ricoeur
172(10)
Towards a critical hermeneutic: hermeneutics and the critique of ideology (1973)
Charles Taylor
182(5)
Interpretation and the sciences of man (1971)
Clifford Geertz
187(4)
The thick description of culture (1973)
Aaron Cicourel
191(3)
Method and measurement (1964)
Harold Garfinkel
194(8)
Rational properties of scientific and common-sense activities (1960)
Erving Goffman
202(5)
Primary frameworks (1974)
PART 3 The critical tradition
207(70)
Introduction: a general outline
207(3)
The selected texts
210(8)
Max Horkheimer
218(6)
Traditional and critical theory (1937)
Herbert Marcuse
224(4)
Philosophy and critical theory (1937)
Theodor W. Adorno
228(6)
Sociology and empirical research (1969)
Jurgen Habermas
234(12)
Knowledge and human interests (1965)
The tasks of a critical theory (1981)
Karl-Otto Apel
246(13)
Types of social science in light of human cognitive interests (1977)
Albrecht Wellmer
259(5)
Critical theory of society (1969)
Roberto Mangabeira Unger
264(3)
The critical argument (1975)
Alvin Gouldner
267(10)
Towards a reflexive sociology (1970)
PART 4 Pragmatism, semiotics and transcendental pragmatics
277(44)
Introduction: a general outline
277(3)
The selected texts
280(6)
Charles S. Peirce
286(4)
A definition of pragmatic and pragmatism (1902)
John Dewey
290(8)
Social inquiry (1938)
Charles Morris
298(11)
Foundations of the theory of signs (1938)
Pragmatics and semantics (1946)
C. Wright Mills
309(7)
Situated actions and vocabularies of motive (1940)
Karl-Otto Apel
316(5)
Transcendental pragmatics (1979)
PART 5 The structuralist controversy: language, discouse and practice
321(44)
Introduction: a general outline
321(4)
The selected texts
325(5)
Claude Levi-Strauss
330(10)
Structural analysis in linguistics and in anthropology (1958)
Language and the analysis of social laws (1951)
Lucien Goldmann
340(2)
The human sciences and philosophy (1966)
Michel Foucault
342(12)
The order of things (1966)
Power/knowledge (1976)
Jacques Derrida
354(5)
Structure, sign and play in the discourses of the human sciences (1966)
Pierre Bourdieu
359(6)
The logic of practice (1980)
PART 6 New directions and challenges
365(103)
Introduction: a general outline
365(12)
The selected texts
377(7)
Richard J. Bernstein
384(4)
`Anti-foundationalism' (1991)
Pierre Bourdieu
388(12)
Radical doubt (1992)
On science and politics (1999)
Anthony Giddens
400(5)
Social science as a double hermeneutic (1984)
Dorothy Smith
405(5)
The standpoint of women in the everyday world (1987)
Donna Haraway
410(6)
Situated knowledges: the science question in feminism and the privilege of partial perspective (1988)
Patricia Hill Collins
416(3)
The sociological significance of black feminist thought (1986)
Karin Knorr-Cetina
419(2)
Strong constructivism (1993)
Ian Hacking
421(7)
What is social construction? The teenage pregnancy example (2002)
Steve Fuller
428(8)
The project of social epistemology and the elusive problem of knowledge in contemporary society (2002)
Niklas Luhmann
436(6)
The cognitive program of constructivism and a reality that remains unknown (1990)
Roy Bhaskar
442(6)
Transcendental realism and the problem of naturalism (1979)
Jon Elster
448(8)
Rational choice and the explanation of social action (2001)
Randall Collins
456(4)
Sociological realism (1998)
Jurgen Habermas
460(8)
Realism after the linguistic-pragmatic turn (1999)
Further reading 468(7)
Index 475


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