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What is meaning? How is linguistic communication possible? What is the nature of language? What is the relationship between language and the world? How do metaphors work?The Philosophy of Language,Sixth Edition, is an excellent introduction to such fundamental questions. Incorporating insights from new coeditor David Sosa, the sixth edition collects forty-eight of the most important articles in the field, making it the most up-to-date and comprehensive volume on the subject. Revised to address changing trends and contemporary developments, the sixth edition features eighteen new articles, including influential work by Kent Bach, Paul Boghossian, M. A. E. Dummett, Delia Graff Fara, Hartry Field, H. P. Grice and P.F. Strawson, Carl G. Hempel, Saul Kripke, Benson Mates, Hilary Putnam, Diana Raffman, Nathan Salmon, Stephen Schiffer, John R. Searle, Roy Sorenson, David Sosa, Dennis Stampe, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. A general introduction and introductions to each section give students background to the issues and explain the connections between them. A bibliography of suggested further reading follows each section.
A. P. Martinich is Roy Allison Vaughn Centennial Professor in Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin.
David Sosa is Louann and Larry Temple Centennial Professor in the Humanities and Chair of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Texas at Austin.
Professors Martinich and Sosa are the coeditors of Analytic Philosophy: An Anthology, Second Edition (2011).
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition Each section ends with Suggested Further Reading. Note on the Sixth Edition Introduction I. NAMES 1. Of Names (1881), John Stuart Mill 2. On Sense and Reference (1892), Gottlob Frege * 3. Proper Names (1958), John R. Searle 4. From Naming and Necessity (1972), Saul Kripke 5. Meaning and Reference (1973), Hilary Putnam 6. The Causal Theory of Names (1973), Gareth Evans * 7. From Frege's Puzzle (1986), Nathan Salmon II. DESCRIPTIONS 8. On Denoting (1905), Bertrand Russell 9. Descriptions (1919), Bertrand Russell 10. On Referring (1950), P. F. Strawson 11. Mr. Strawson on Referring (1957), Bertrand Russell 12. Reference and Definite Descriptions (1966), Keith Donnellan * 13. Speaker's Reference and Semantic Reference (1977), Saul Kripke III. ASCRIPTIONS 14. Quantifiers and Propositional Attitudes (1956), W. V. Quine 15. Quantifying In (1968), David Kaplan 16. On Saying That (1968), Donald Davidson * 17. Synonymity (1952), Benson Mates 18. A Puzzle about Belief (1979), Saul Kripke * 19. The Import of the Puzzle about Belief (1996), David Sosa * 20. Belief Ascription (1992), Stephen Schiffer IV. COMMUNICATION 21. Meaning (1957), H. P. Grice 22. Performative Utterances (1961), J. L. Austin 23. The Structure of Illocutionary Acts (1969), John R. Searle 24. Logic and Conversation (1975), H. P. Grice * 25. Conversational Impliciture (1994), Kent Bach 26. A Nice Derangment of Epitaphs (1985), Donald Davidson V. TRUTH 27. The Thought: A Logical Inquiry (1918), Gottlob Frege 28. The Semantic Conception of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics (1944), Alfred Tarski * 29. Tarski's Theory of Truth (1972), Hartry Field 30. Truth and Meaning (1967), Donald Davidson * 31. What Is a Theory of Meaning? (1975), M. A. E. Dummett VI. ANALYTICITY 32. Two Dogmas of Empiricism (1951), W. V. Quine * 33. In Defense of a Dogma (1956), H.P. Grice and P.F. Strawson * 34. "Two Dogmas" Revisited (1976), Hilary Putnam VII. INDETERMINANCIES Context 35. Assertion (1978), Robert Stalnaker 36. Demonstratives: An Essay on the Semantics, Logic, Metaphysics, and Epistemology of Demonstratives and Other Indexicals (1977), David Kaplan 37. The Problem of the Essential Indexical (1979), John Perry Rule-Following 38. From On Rules and Private Language (1982), Saul Kripke * 39. The Rule-Following Considerations (1989), Paul A. Boghossian Vagueness * 40. From Blindspots (1988), Roy Sorenson * 41. Vagueness without Paradox (1994), Diana Raffman * 42. Shifting Sands: An Interest-Relative Theory of Vagueness (2000), Delia Graff Fara VIII. LANGUAGE 43. Of Words (1699), John Locke * 44. From Philosophical Investigations (1953), Ludwig Wittgenstein * 45. Empiricist Criteria of Cognitive Significance: Problems and Changes (1950), Carl G. Hempel 46. Languages and Language (1975), David Lewis * 47. Toward a Causal Theory of Linguistic Representation (1977), Dennis W. Stampe 48. Language and Problems of Knowledge (1988), Noam Chomsky