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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Volume I,9780130215185
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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: Volume I

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780130215185

ISBN10:
013021518X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2000
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

Physics for Scientists and Engineers combines outstanding pedagogy with a clear and direct narrative and applications that draw the reader into the physics. The new edition features an unrivaled suite of media and on-line resources that enhance the understanding of physics. Many new topics have been incorporated such as: the Otto cycle, lens combinations, three-phase alternating current, and many more. New developments and discoveries in physics have been added including the Hubble space telescope, age and inflation of the universe, and distant planets. Modern physics topics are often discussed within the framework of classical physics where appropriate. For scientists and engineers who are interested in learning physics.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Supplements xxviii
Notes to Students and Instructors on the Format. xxx
Use of Color xxxi
Introduction, Measurement, Estimating
1(15)
The Nature of Science
2(1)
Models, Theories, and Laws
3(1)
Measurement and Uncertainty; Significant Figures
4(2)
Units, Standards, and the SI System
6(2)
Converting Units
8(1)
Order of Magnitude: Rapid Estimating
9(3)
Dimensions and Dimensional Analysis
12(4)
Summary
13(1)
Questions
13(1)
Problems
14(1)
General Problems
15(1)
Describing Motion: Kinematics in One Dimension
16(29)
Reference Frames and Displacement
17(1)
Average Velocity
18(2)
Instantaneous Velocity
20(3)
Acceleration
23(3)
Motion at Constant Acceleration
26(2)
Solving Problems
28(3)
Falling Objects
31(5)
Use of Calculus; Variable Acceleration
36(9)
Summary
38(1)
Questions
38(1)
Problems
39(3)
General Problems
42(3)
Kinematics in Two Dimensions; Vectors
45(32)
Vectors and Scalars
45(1)
Addition of Vectors---Graphical Methods
46(2)
Subtraction of Vectors, and Multiplication of a Vector by a Scalar
48(1)
Adding Vectors by Components
48(4)
Unit Vectors
52(1)
Vector Kinematics
53(2)
Projectile Motion
55(3)
Solving Problems in Projectile Motion
58(5)
Uniform Circular Motion
63(3)
Relative Velocity
66(11)
Summary
68(1)
Questions
69(1)
Problems
70(4)
General Problems
74(3)
Dynamics: Newton's Laws of Motion
77(29)
Force
77(1)
Newton's First Law of Motion
78(1)
Mass
79(1)
Newton's Second Law of Motion
80(2)
Newton's Third Law of Motion
82(3)
Weight---the Force of Gravity; and the Normal Force
85(3)
Solving Problems with Newton's Laws: Free-Body Diagrams
88(8)
Problem Solving---A General Approach
96(10)
Summary
97(1)
Questions
97(1)
Problems
98(5)
General Problems
103(3)
Further Applications of Newton's Laws
106(27)
Applications of Newton's Laws Involving Friction
106(8)
Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion
114(4)
Highway Curves, Banked and Unbanked
118(3)
Nonuniform Circular Motion
121(1)
Velocity-Dependent Forces; Terminal Velocity
122(11)
Summary
124(1)
Questions
124(1)
Problems
125(4)
General Problems
129(4)
Gravitation and Newton's Synthesis
133(22)
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
133(3)
Vector Form of Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation
136(1)
Gravity Near the Earth's Surface; Geophysical Applications
137(2)
Satellites and ``Weightlessness''
139(4)
Kepler's Laws and Newton's Synthesis
143(3)
Gravitational Field
146(1)
Types of Forces in Nature
147(1)
Gravitational Versus Inertial Mass; the Principle of Equivalence
148(1)
Gravitation as Curvature of Space; Black Holes
149(6)
Summary
150(1)
Questions
150(1)
Problems
151(2)
General Problems
153(2)
Work And Energy
155(21)
Work Done by a Constant Force
156(3)
Scalar Product of Two Vectors
159(2)
Work Done by a Varying Force
161(3)
Kinetic Energy and the Work-Energy Principle
164(5)
Kinetic Energy at Very High Speed
169(7)
Summary
170(1)
Questions
170(1)
Problems
171(3)
General Problems
174(2)
Conservation of Energy
176(30)
Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
177(1)
Potential Energy
178(4)
Mechanical Energy and Its Conservation
182(2)
Problem Solving Using Conservation of Mechanical Energy
184(5)
The Law of Conservation of Energy
189(1)
Energy Conservation with Dissipative Forces: Solving Problems
190(2)
Gravitational Potential Energy and Escape Velocity
192(3)
Power
195(2)
Potential Energy Diagrams; Stable and Unstable Equilibrium
197(9)
Summary
198(1)
Questions
199(1)
Problems
200(4)
General Problems
204(2)
Linear Momentum and Collisions
206(33)
Momentum and Its Relation to Force
206(2)
Conservation of Momentum
208(3)
Collisions and Impulse
211(3)
Conservation of Energy and Momentum in Collisions
214(1)
Elastic Collisions in One Dimension
214(3)
Inelastic Collisions
217(2)
Collisions in Two or Three Dimensions
219(2)
Center of Mass (CM)
221(4)
Center of Mass and Translational Motion
225(2)
Systems of Variable Mass; Rocket Propulsion
227(12)
Summary
230(1)
Questions
230(1)
Problems
231(5)
General Problems
236(3)
Rotational Motion about a Fixed Axis
239(40)
Angular Quantities
240(3)
Kinematic Equations for Uniformly Accelerated Rotational Motion
243(1)
Rolling Motion (without Slipping)
244(2)
Vector Nature of Angular Quantities
246(1)
Torque
247(2)
Rotational Dynamics; Torque and Rotational Inertia
249(1)
Solving Problems in Rotational Dynamics
250(4)
Determining Moments of Inertia
254(2)
Angular Momentum and Its Conservation
256(4)
Rotational Kinetic Energy
260(2)
Rotational Plus Translational Motion; Rolling
262(6)
Why Does a Rolling Sphere Slow Down?
268(11)
Summary
268(1)
Questions
269(1)
Problems
270(6)
General Problems
276(3)
General Rotation
279(21)
Vector Cross Product
279(1)
The Torque Vector
280(1)
Angular Momentum of a Praticle
281(2)
Angular Momentum and Torque for a System of Particles; General Motion
283(2)
Angular Momentum and Torque for A Rigid Body
285(2)
Rotational Imbalance
287(1)
Conservation of Angular Momentum
288(2)
The Spinning Top
290(1)
Rotating Frames of Reference; Inertial Forces
291(1)
The Coriolis Effect
292(8)
Summary
294(1)
Questions
294(1)
Problems
295(3)
General Problems
298(2)
Static Equilibrium; Elasticity and Fracture
300(32)
Statics---The Study of Forces in Equilibrium
300(1)
The Conditions for Equilibrium
301(2)
Solving Statics Problems
303(5)
Stability and Balance
308(1)
Elasticity; Stress and Strain
309(3)
Fracture
312(3)
Trusses and Bridges
315(4)
Arches and Domes
319(13)
Summary
321(1)
Questions
321(1)
Problems
322(6)
General Problems
328(4)
Fluids
332(30)
Density and Specific Gravity
332(1)
Pressure in Fluids
333(4)
Atmospheric Pressure and Gauge Pressure
337(1)
Pascal's Principle
337(1)
Measurement of Pressure; Gauges and the Barometer
338(2)
Buoyancy and Archimedes's Principle
340(3)
Fluids in Motion; Flow Rate and the Equation of Continuity
343(2)
Bernoulli's Equation
345(2)
Applications of Bernoulli's Principle: From Torricelli to Sailboats Airfoils and TIA
347(3)
Viscosity
350(1)
Flow in Tubes: Poiseuille's Equation
351(1)
Surface Tension and Capillarity
351(2)
Pumps
353(9)
Summary
354(1)
Questions
354(2)
Problems
356(4)
General Problems
360(2)
Oscillations
362(26)
Oscillations of a Spring
363(1)
Simple Harmonic Motion
364(5)
Energy in the Simple Harmonic Oscillator
369(2)
Simple Harmonic Motion Related to Uniform Circular Motion
371(1)
The Simple Pendulum
371(2)
Physical Pendulum and Torsion Pendulum
373(1)
Damped Harmonic Motion
374(4)
Forced Vibrations; Resonance
378(10)
Summary
380(1)
Questions
381(1)
Problems
381(5)
General Problems
386(2)
Wave Motion
388(29)
Characteristics of Wave Motion
389(2)
Wave Types
391(4)
Energy Transported by Waves
395(1)
Mathematical Representation of a Traveling Wave
396(3)
The Wave Equation
399(2)
The Principle of Superposition
401(1)
Reflection and Transmission
402(2)
Interference
404(1)
Standing Waves; Resonance
405(3)
Refraction
408(2)
Diffraction
410(7)
Summary
410(1)
Questions
411(1)
Problems
412(3)
General Problems
415(2)
Sound
417(28)
Characteristics of Sound
417(2)
Mathematical Representation of Longitudinal Waves
419(1)
Intensity of Sound; Decibels
420(4)
Sources of Sound: Vibrating Strings and Air Columns
424(5)
Quality of Sound and Noise
429(1)
Interference of Sound Waves; Beats
429(3)
Doppler Effect
432(3)
Shock Waves and the Sonic Boom
435(2)
Applications; Ultrasound and Ultrasound Imaging
437(8)
Summary
438(1)
Questions
438(1)
Problems
439(4)
General Problems
443(2)
Temperature Thermal Expansion and the Ideal Gas Law
445(21)
Atomic Theory of Matter
446(1)
Temperature and Thermometers
447(2)
Thermal Equilibrium and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
449(1)
Thermal Expansion
450(4)
Thermal Stresses
454(1)
The Gas Laws and Absolute Temperature
454(2)
The Ideal Gas Law
456(1)
Problem Solving with the Ideal Gas Law
457(2)
Ideal Gas Law in Terms of Molecules: Avogadro's Number
459(1)
Ideal Gas Temperature Scale---A Standard
460(6)
Summary
461(1)
Questions
461(1)
Problems
462(2)
General Problems
464(2)
Kinetic Theory of Gases
466(19)
The Ideal Gas Law and the Molecular Interpretation of Temperature
466(4)
Distribution of Molecular Speeds
470(3)
Real Gases and Changes of Phase
473(1)
Vapor Pressure and Humidity
474(3)
Van der Waals Equation of State
477(1)
Mean Free Path
478(1)
Diffusion
479(6)
Summary
481(1)
Questions
481(1)
Problems
482(2)
General Problems
484(1)
Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics
485(31)
Heat as Energy Transfer
485(2)
Internal Energy
487(1)
Specific Heat
488(1)
Calorimetry---Solving Problems
489(1)
Latent Heat
490(3)
The First Law of Thermodynamics
493(2)
Applying the First Law of Thermodynamics; Calculating the Work
495(3)
Molar Specific Heats for Gases and the Equipartition of Energy
498(4)
Adiabatic Expansion of a Gas
502(1)
Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, Radiation
503(13)
Summary
508(1)
Questions
509(1)
Problems
510(4)
General Problems
514(2)
Second Law of Thermodynamics; Heat Engines
516
The Second Law of Thermodynamics---Introduction
516(1)
Heat Engines
517(3)
Reversible and Irreversible Processes; The Carnot Engine
520(5)
Refrigerators, Air Conditioners, and Heat Pumps
525(3)
Entropy
528(1)
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
529(4)
Order to Disorder
533(1)
Energy Availability; Heat Death
534(1)
Statistical Interpretation of Entropy and the Second Law
535(2)
Thermodynamic Temperature Scale; Absolute Zero and the Third Law of Thermodynamics
537
Summary
539(1)
Questions
539(1)
Problems
540(3)
General Problems
543
Appendices
A. Mathematical Formulas
A-1(1)
B. Derivatives and Integrals
A-4(1)
C. Gravitational Force Due to a Spherical Mass Distribution
A-6(1)
D. Selected Isotopes
A-9(1)
Answers to odd-numbered problems A-14(1)
Index A-24(1)
Photo Credits A-32


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