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The Politics of Congressional Elections (Longman Classics in Political Science),9780205577026

The Politics of Congressional Elections (Longman Classics in Political Science)

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Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780205577026

ISBN10:
0205577024
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/29/2008
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $74.20

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Summary

Brought completely up-to-date with the latest data from the National Election Study and the Federal Election Commission, and including coverage and analysis of the dramatic 2006 midterm elections, this seminal work continues to offer a systematic account of what goes on in congressional elections and demonstrates how electoral politics reflect and shape other components of the political system, with profound consequences for representative government. The Seventh Edition of this work one of the Longman Classics in Political Science provides completely up-to-date coverage of congressional election politics, broadly understood. Jacobson analyzes how congressional campaigns and elections reflect deeper structural patterns and currents in American political life and help determine how and how well we are governed. The book traces the connections between electoral politics in Congress and other important political phenomena and makes questions of representation and responsibility its chief normative concern.

Author Biography

Gary Jacobson is a Professor of Political Science at the University of California at San Diego. His 1980 book, Money in Congressional Elections, won multiple awards. Since its publication, Jacobson has published numerous books and papers about American politics, Congress, campaign financing, and partisan polarization, including the recent A Divider Not a Uniter: George W. Bush and the American People.  He has served on many advisory boards, including the NSF Political Science Advisory Panel, and he holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University.

Table of Contents

List of Figuresp. vii
List of Tablesp. ix
Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Introductionp. 1
The Contextp. 5
The Constitutional Frameworkp. 5
Congressional Districtsp. 7
Partisan Gerrymanderingp. 8
Redistricting Between Censusesp. 12
Racial Gerrymanderingp. 13
The Republican Advantage in House Districtsp. 14
States as Electoral Unitsp. 15
Election Lawsp. 17
Political Partiesp. 18
Social and Political Contextsp. 21
Conclusionp. 22
Notesp. 22
Congressional Candidatesp. 27
The Incumbency Factorp. 27
Measuring the Value of Incumbencyp. 30
The Vanishing Marginalsp. 32
Sources of the Incumbency Advantagep. 35
The Institutional Characteristics of Congressp. 35
Changes in Voting Behaviorp. 38
Constituency Servicep. 39
The Variability of the Incumbency Advantagep. 41
Discouraging the Oppositionp. 41
Money in Congressional Electionsp. 45
The Connection between Money and Successp. 46
Why Campaign Money Is More Important to Challengers than to Incumbentsp. 49
The Career in the Districtp. 51
Motivating Challengersp. 53
Notesp. 55
Congressional Campaignsp. 63
Campaign Moneyp. 65
Contributions to Candidatesp. 65
PACsp. 67
Party Moneyp. 74
Contributions from Other Members of Congressp. 80
Self-Financing by Candidatesp. 82
Fundraising Tacticsp. 83
Independent, "Voter Education," and "Issue Advocacy" Campaignsp. 84
Campaign Organizationsp. 87
Campaign Strategiesp. 88
Campaign Mediap. 90
Personal Campaigningp. 92
Campaign Messagesp. 93
Challengers' Campaignsp. 94
Going Negativep. 95
Incumbents' Campaignsp. 97
Candidates for Open Seatsp. 101
Senate Campaignsp. 101
Manipulating Turnoutp. 103
Concluding Observationsp. 104
Notesp. 105
Congressional Votersp. 113
Turnout in Congressional Electionsp. 113
Who Votes?p. 114
Partisanship in Congressional Electionsp. 116
Alternative Interpretations of Party Identificationp. 117
Partisanship and Votingp. 119
Information and Votingp. 121
Recall and Recognition of Candidatesp. 123
Contacting Votersp. 128
The Effects of Campaign Spendingp. 132
Models of Voting Behaviorp. 135
Evaluating Incumbentsp. 137
Winning Challengersp. 145
Issues in Congressional Electionsp. 148
Notesp. 150
National Politics and Congressional Electionsp. 155
Political Interpretations of Congressional Electionsp. 157
Models of Aggregate Congressional Election Resultsp. 159
Presidential Coattailsp. 161
National Conditions and Strategic Politicsp. 168
Campaign Themesp. 174
House Elections, 1992-2006p. 175
1992p. 175
1994p. 181
The Clinton Problemp. 183
Nationalizing the Votep. 185
1996p. 189
The Campaignsp. 190
1998p. 192
The Scandal and the Campaignsp. 193
2000p. 197
2002p. 199
The Economyp. 201
Exposure and Redistrictingp. 202
2004p. 202
2006p. 204
Strategic Politicians in 2006p. 207
Conclusion: House Election Patterns, 1980-2006p. 209
Senate Elections, 1980-2006p. 211
2002-2006p. 217
Maintaining the Balancep. 220
Notesp. 220
Elections, Representation, and the Politics of Congressp. 231
Representationp. 231
Policy Congruencep. 232
Interests and Causesp. 233
Representation by Referendump. 234
Descriptive Representationp. 235
Policy Consequencesp. 235
Particularismp. 235
Serving the Organizedp. 237
Responsiveness without Responsibilityp. 239
The Congressional Parties: Decline and Revivalp. 240
The Revival of Party Cohesion, 1980-2006p. 242
Ideological Polarization in Congress and the Electoratep. 245
Polarization in Presidential Supportp. 247
Party Polarization: The Electoral Connectionp. 249
Diverging Electoral Constituenciesp. 251
Chicken or Egg?p. 253
Party Polarization and the Politics of Impeachmentp. 255
Representing Polarized Opinions on the Iraq War after 2006p. 257
Reforming Congressp. 258
Term Limitsp. 259
The Public's Evaluations of Congressp. 261
2008 and Beyond: A Matter of Geographyp. 262
Notesp. 266
Bibliographyp. 271
Indexp. 284
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.


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