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Politics and Culture in the Developing World : The Impact of Globalization,9780321209504
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Politics and Culture in the Developing World : The Impact of Globalization

by ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780321209504

ISBN10:
0321209508
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2006
Publisher(s):
Longman
List Price: $71.60
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Summary

This comprehensive introduction focuses on the effects of globalization to tie concepts together for students and show them how the fates of developing nations and developed nations are intertwined. This new edition features an expanded focus on globalization, a student-friendly design, and all material has been updated to reflect the most recent world events.

Table of Contents

List of Boxes
vii
List of Tables
ix
Preface xi
PART 1 Living in a Global Community
Government, Politics, and Cultures in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America
1(26)
Introduction
1(1)
What Is Globalization?
2(1)
What Is Politics?
2(2)
What Is Government?
4(1)
Forms of Government
5(2)
What Is Culture?
7(1)
What Is a State?
8(1)
What Is a Nation?
9(1)
Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East
10(17)
Africa
11(3)
Asia
14(2)
Latin America
16(3)
The Middle East
19(8)
Religion and Politics
27(27)
Introduction
28(1)
Islam
28(10)
The Teachings of Islam
30(1)
Islam and Politics
31(3)
Iran
34(4)
Hinduism
38(4)
Hinduism and Indian Politics
41(1)
Buddhism
42(4)
Buddhism and Politics
44(1)
Sri Lanka
44(2)
Christianity in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
46(8)
Haiti
48(6)
Nationalism, Colonialism, and Independence
54(20)
Introduction
54(1)
What Is Nationalism?
55(4)
Consequences of Nationalism
57(2)
Colonialism
59(2)
The Struggle for National Liberation
61(13)
India
61(4)
Algeria
65(1)
Ghana
66(3)
Brazil
69(5)
Global and Domestic Inequalities
74(25)
Introduction
74(1)
Growing Inequality Between North and South
75(24)
Enduring Poverty in the South
78(5)
Economic Inequalities Within Rich Countries
83(2)
Regional Inequalities
85(1)
The Gulf Between Rich and Poor in the South
86(3)
The Causes of Inequality Between North and South
89(3)
Narrowing the Gaps
92(7)
Global Interdependence
99(18)
Introduction
99(1)
The Global Reality
100(3)
Global Interdependence and Your Life
103(1)
Economic Interdependence
104(2)
Environmental Interdependence
106(1)
Cultural Interdependence
107(3)
Globalization
110(2)
Terrorism and Globalization
112(5)
PART 2 Challenges of Development in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America
Challenges of Development
117(31)
Introduction
117(1)
What Is Development?
118(3)
The Role of Government in Development
121(2)
The Classical Economic Model and Free-Market Capitalism
121(1)
State Capitalism
122(1)
Theories of Development
123(6)
Modernization Theory or Developmentalism
124(1)
Marxist Theory
125(1)
Dependency Theory
126(1)
Third World and African Socialism
127(1)
Community and Grassroots Development
128(1)
Feminist Theory
128(1)
Sustainable Development
128(1)
Factors Facilitating and Impeding Development
129(19)
Values of the Leaders and Citizens
129(1)
Natural Resources and Natural Disasters
130(1)
The International and Regional Economic Environment
131(1)
Population
132(4)
Education and Healthcare
136(2)
Political Instability
138(1)
Corruption and Economic Development
139(2)
Debt, Foreign Aid, and Development
141(7)
The Costs of Development
148(29)
Introduction
148(1)
Social and Cultural Costs of Development
149(9)
Child Labor
153(3)
Sweatshops
156(2)
Economic and Political Costs of Development
158(19)
Consumerism and Development
160(2)
Urbanization and Development
162(3)
The Decline of Agriculture and Economic Development
165(1)
Environmental Costs of Development
166(3)
Deforestation
169(2)
Dam Construction
171(6)
Women in the Developing World
177(27)
Introduction
177(1)
The Roles of Women
178(2)
The Status of Women
180(5)
Women and Education
185(2)
Women in Development
187(2)
Women in Agriculture
189(2)
Women's Political Participation
191(5)
Women in Turkey: A Case Study
195(1)
Women Leaders in the Developing World
196(2)
Empowering Women
198(6)
Transitions to Democracy and Human Rights
204(32)
Introduction
204(1)
Democracy
205(31)
Political Participation and Democratic Freedoms
210(4)
Factors Conducive to Democracy
214(2)
Transitions to Democracy
216(3)
Democratic Transitions in Latin America
219(2)
Democratic Transitions in Africa
221(2)
Democratic Transitions in Asia
223(3)
What Happens to Ex-Dictators?
226(1)
Human Rights in the Developing World
227(9)
PART 3 Leadership and Public Policy
Political Leadership
236(20)
Introduction
236(1)
Patriarchal Leadership
237(1)
Military Leadership
237(8)
Revolutionary Military Leaders: Nasser of Egypt
238(3)
Transitional Military Leaders: The Case of Nigeria
241(1)
Conservative Military Leaders: The Case of Chile
242(3)
Nonmilitary Leadership
245(11)
The Monarch as Leader: Saudi Arabia
245(2)
Communist Leaders: The Case of Cuba's Castro
247(3)
Leaders in Democracies: The Case of India
250(6)
Bureaucracy
256(15)
Introduction
256(1)
Implementation
257(1)
Regulation
258(1)
The Bureaucracy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
258(13)
Structural Uniformity
259(1)
Cultural Variations
259(1)
Shortage of Skilled Staff
260(1)
Corruption
260(2)
Formalism
262(1)
Operational Autonomy
262(1)
Bureaucracy in the People's Republic of China
263(1)
Bureaucracy in Mexico
264(1)
Bureaucracy in South Africa
265(1)
Bureaucracy in Egypt
266(5)
PART 4 Ethnic Conflicts, Migration, and International Relations
Ethnicity, Ethnic Conflict, and Conflict Resolution
271(36)
Introduction
272(1)
Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity
272(3)
The Causes of Ethnic Conflict
275(3)
The Costs of Ethnic Conflict
278(3)
Ethnic Conflicts in Africa
281(7)
Nigeria
282(1)
Liberia
283(2)
The Sudan
285(1)
Rwanda
286(2)
Ethnic Conflicts in Asia
288(10)
India
289(1)
China
290(1)
Sri Lanka
291(3)
Indonesia and East Timor
294(1)
East Timor
295(1)
The Kurds
296(2)
Ethnic Conflicts in Latin America
298(2)
Resolving Ethnic Conflicts
300(7)
Migration
307(28)
Introduction
308(1)
What Is Migration?
308(2)
Causes of Migration
310(1)
Push Factors
311(6)
Palestinian Refugees
315(2)
Pull Factors
317(6)
Case Studies
319(4)
The Impact of Migration on Poor Countries
323(5)
The Impact of Migration on Rich Countries
328(7)
Foreign Relations of the Developing Countries
335(34)
Introduction
336(1)
Making Foreign Policy in Developing Countries
337(4)
The Developing World and the United States
341(3)
Afghanistan: A Case Study
342(2)
Economic Globalization and Foreign Policies
344(1)
Conflict and Cooperation Among Developing Countries
345(2)
Regional Economic and Political Integration
347(4)
Foreign Relations of Developing Countries
351(18)
China
351(3)
India
354(3)
Egypt
357(2)
Mexico
359(3)
Cuba
362(7)
Glossary 369(16)
Bibliography 385(4)
Index 389


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