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Population and Society : Essential Readings

by
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780195439786

ISBN10:
0195439783
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/2/2012
Publisher(s):
Oxford University Press
List Price: $73.54

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Summary

Population and Societybrings together twenty-six classic and contemporary published works that are considered to be foundational reading for the study of human population and society. The book is divided into ten sections with concise introductory overviews by the editor, Frank Trovato. Section one examines the foundational principles of demography and its nature as a multidisciplinary field. Section two addresses the relationship between individual action and demographic phenomena. Sections three and four cover the history of the human population and principles of age composition. Section five focuses on nuptiality and family processes. Sections six, seven, and eight cover the three central variables of demography: fertility, mortality, and migration. Issues pertaining to population and its relationship to environment and resources are presented in Section nine, while the final section is devoted to population policy concerns. Offering an international perspective, this collection ideal for use in a variety of related studies: socioeconomic development and change; methods and models; social structure and change; aging and gerontology; human diversity; globalization; regionalism; human ecology; and geography.

Author Biography


Frank Trovato has taught demography and population studies at the University of Alberta since his appointment in 1983. He is the editor of Canadian Studies in Population, the official journal of the Canadian Population Society (he is also a past president) and a past director of the Population Research Laboratory (PRL) at the University of Alberta.

Table of Contents


Preface and Acknowledgements
Section One: The Study of Population

1. The Space and Strategy of Demographic Growth, Massimo Livi-Bacci
2. How Do We Know the Facts of Demography?, Nathan Keyfitz

Section Two: Demographic Processes and Individual Action

3. The Structure of Demographic Action, Thomas K. Burch
4. Illustrating Behavioral Principles with Examples from Demography: The Causal Analysis of Differences in Fertility, Lincoln Day

Section Three: World Population: Past, Present, Future

5. The Rising Numbers of Humankind, Joel Biraben
6. The Demographic Transition: Three Centuries of Fundamental Change, Ronald Lee

Section Four: Age Composition

7. How a Population Ages or Grows Younger, Ansley J. Coale
8. The Coming Acceleration of Global Population Aging, Wolfgang Lutz, Warren Sanderson, and Sergei Scherbov

Section Five: Nuptiality and Family Patterns

9. Changes in Conjugal Life in Canada: Is Cohabitation Progressively Replacing Marriage?, Celine Le Bourdais and Evelyne Lapierre-Adamcyk
10. The Role of Cohabitation in Family Formation: The United States in Comparative Perspective, Patrick Heuveline and Jeffrey M. Timberlake

Section Six: Fertility

11. Fertility, Biology, and Behaviour: An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants, John Bongaarts and Robert G. Potter
12. Low Fertility in Evolutionary Perspective, Kingsley Davis
13. Explanations of the Fertility Crisis in Modern Societies: A Search for Commonalities, John C. Caldwell and Thomas Schindlmayr
14. Fertility Transitions in Developing Countries: Progress or Stagnation?, John Bongaarts

Section Seven: Mortality and Health

15. Human Mortality throughout History and Prehistory, Samuel H. Preston
16. Aging Populations: The Challenges Ahead, Kaare Christensen, Gabriele Doblhammer, Roland Rau, and James W. Vaupel
17. Social Determinants of Health Inequalities, Michael Marmot
18. Narrowing Sex Differentials in Life Expectancy in the Industrialized World: Early 1970s to Early 1990s, Frank Trovato and N.M. Lalu

Section Eight: Migration and Urbanization

19. The Hypothesis of the Mobility Transition, Wilbur Zelinsky
20. Population Distribution and Redistribution of the Baby-Boom Cohort in the United States: Recent Trends and Implications, Peter A. Rogerson and Daejong Kim
21. The Age of Migration, Stephen Castles and Mark A. Miller

Section Nine: Population, Environment, and Resources

22. The Debate over the Effects of Population Growth on Economic Growth, David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Jaypee Sevilla
23. Revisiting the Limits to Growth after Peak Oil, Charles A.S. Hall and John W. Day, Jr.
24. The Geography of Poverty and Wealth, Geoffrey D. Sachs, Andrew D. Mellinger, and John L. Gallup

Section Ten: Population Policy Concerns

25. The Impact of Family Policies on Fertility in Industrialized Countries: A Review of the Literature, Anne Gauthier
26. Making Family Planning Accessible in Resource-Poor Settings, Ndola Prata

Credits
Full Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements
Section One The Study of Population
1. The Space and Strategy of Demographic Growth
Massimo Livi-Bacci
2. How Do We Know the Facts of Demography?
Nathan Keyfitz
Section Two Demographic Processes and Individual Action
3. The Structure of Demographic Action
Thomas K. Burch
4. Illustrating Behavioural Principles with Examples from Demography: The Causal Analysis of Differences in Fertility
Lincoln Day
Section Three World Population: Past, Present, Future
5. The Rising Numbers of Humankind
Joel Biraben
6. The Demographic Transition: Three Centuries of Fundamental Change
Ronald Lee
Section Four Age Composition
7. How a Population Ages or Grows Younger
Ansley J. Coale
8. The Coming Acceleration of Global Population Aging
Wolfgang Lutz, Warren Sanderson, and Sergei Scherbov
Section Five Nuptiality and Family Patterns
9. Changes in Conjugal Life in Canada: Is Cohabitation Progressively Replacing Marriage?
Celine Le Bourdais and Evelyne Lapierre-Adamcyk
10. The Role of Cohabitation in Family Formation: The United States in Comparative Perspective
Patrick Heuveline and Jeffrey M. Timberlake
Section Six Fertility
11. Fertility, Biology, and Behaviour: An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants
John Bongaarts and Robert G. Potter
12. Low Fertility in Evolutionary Perspective
Kingsley Davis
13. Explanations of the Fertility Crisis in Modern Societies: A Search for Commonalities
John C. Caldwell and Thomas Schindlmayr
14. Fertility Transitions in Developing Countries: Progress or Stagnation?
John Bongaarts
Section Seven Mortality and Health
15. Human Mortality throughout History and Prehistory
Samuel H. Preston
16. Aging Populations: The Challenges Ahead
Kaare Christensen, Gabriele Doblhammer, Roland Rau, and James W. Vaupel
17. Social Determinants of Health Inequalities
Michael Marmot
18. Narrowing Sex Differentials in Life Expectancy in the Industrialized World: Early 1970s to Early 1990s
Frank Trovato and N.M. Lalu
Section Eight Migration and Urbanization
19. The Hypothesis of the Mobility Transition
Wilbur Zelinsky
20. Population Distribution and Redistribution of the Baby-Boom Cohort in the United States: Recent Trends and Implications
Peter A. Rogerson and Daejong Kim
21. The Age of Migration
Stephen Castles and Mark A. Miller
Section Nine Population, Environment, and Resources
22. The Debate over the Effects of Population Growth on Economic Growth
David E. Bloom, David Canning, and Jaypee Sevilla
23. Revisiting the Limits to Growth after Peak Oil
Charles A.S. Hall and John W. Day Jr
24. The Geography of Poverty and Wealth
Geoffrey D. Sachs, Andrew D. Mellinger, and John L. Gallup
Section Ten Population Policy Concerns
25. The Impact of Family Policies on Fertility in Industrialized Countries: A Review of the Literature
Anne Gauthier
26. Making Family Planning Accessible in Resource-Poor Settings
Ndola Prata
Credits


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