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Power and Choice : An Introduction to Political Science,9780072322521

Power and Choice : An Introduction to Political Science

by
Edition:
7th
ISBN13:

9780072322521

ISBN10:
0072322527
Media:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/1/2000
Publisher(s):
MCG
List Price: $47.33

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Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 7th edition with a publication date of 8/1/2000.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
Acknowledgments x
PART I INTRODUCTION
Politics: Setting the Stage
2(16)
Politics
3(1)
Politics As The Making Of Common Decisions
4(1)
Politics As The Exercise Of Power
5(1)
Implicit And Manifest Power
6(3)
Politics And Power
9(1)
Power And Choice
9(3)
Politics Of The State
12(1)
Political Science
13(2)
The Pleasures Of Politics
15(3)
Modern Ideologies and Political Philosophy
18(20)
American Ideologies
19(2)
Liberalism
21(2)
The Conservative Reaction
23(3)
The Socialist Alternative
26(4)
Communism and Socialism
30(1)
Fascism
31(1)
The Great Ideologies In The Late Twentieth Century
32(1)
Political Philosophy In Other Historical Eras
33(5)
PART II THE STATE AND PUBLIC POLICY
The Modern State
38(28)
The Development of The Modern State
40(2)
The Origin Of States
42(2)
``State,'' ``Nation,'' And The ``Nation-State''
44(5)
Government And The State
49(2)
Challenges To The State
51(2)
Are States Losing Their Ability To Make Economic Policy?
53(2)
Some Possible Alternatives
55(1)
The West, The East, And The South
56(10)
Example: State Building in Nigeria
58(3)
Example: State Building in the European Union
61(5)
Policies of the State
66(23)
What Do Governments Do?
70(3)
Defense Policy
73(2)
Education
75(1)
Research And Development
76(2)
Health And Social Welfare
78(2)
Democracy And Public Policy
80(1)
The Place Of Power In Policy Analysis
81(8)
Example: Norway's Program to Encourage Norwegian-Language Publications
81(1)
Example: Economic Development Compared with ``Human Development''
82(2)
Example: Effectiveness of Educational Policies
84(5)
Political Economy of the State
89(29)
Political Economy
90(1)
Economic Policy I: Economic Growth
91(6)
Economic Policy II: Controlling Inflation And Unemployment
97(4)
Economic Policy III: Managing Distribution To Address Inequality
101(2)
Independent Central Banks
103(2)
Corruption
105(4)
Conclusion
109(9)
Example: Political Economy of Germany
110(3)
Example: Political Economy of Indonesia
113(5)
Political Choices: The Problems of Fairness and Efficiency
118(20)
Fairness And The Problem Of Justice
119(2)
Other Aspects Of Fairness
121(3)
Efficiency
124(2)
Modes Of Decision: Incremental Versus Radical
126(1)
Modes Of Decision: Authority Versus The Market
127(6)
Conclusion
133(5)
Example: Political Choice
133(5)
PART III THE CITIZEN AND THE REGIME
Authority and Legitimacy: The State and the Citizen
138(22)
Legitimacy and Authority
140(1)
Sources Of Legitimacy
140(3)
The ``Democratic Citizen''
143(1)
How Well Are These Requirements Met?
144(5)
Social Capital
149(1)
Political Culture
150(1)
Political Socialization
151(9)
Example: Building Authority and Legitimacy in West Germany After World War II
153(3)
Example: Declining Democratic Legitimacy in the United States
156(4)
Democracy and Its Recent Surge in the World
160(16)
The Wave Of Democratization In The 1980s And 1990s
161(1)
Possible Explanations
162(2)
The End Of History?
164(1)
What Have We Learned?
165(11)
Example: Democratization in Spain
170(1)
Example: Fragile Democratization in Peru
171(5)
Autocratic Government
176(18)
Military Government
178(3)
Why Aren't There More Military Governments?
181(1)
One-Party States
182(1)
``Court'' Politics
183(1)
``Power and Choice'' Again
184(1)
Conclusion
185(9)
Example: Civilian Participation in Nigeria's First Military Regime
185(2)
Example: ``Court'' Politics in Nazi Germany
187(7)
PART IV THE APPARATUS OF GOVERNANCE
Constitutions and the Design of Government
194(19)
Variations in Formality
195(1)
The Virtue Of Vagueness
195(1)
Other Principles Of Constitutional Design
196(4)
The Geographic Concentration of Power
200(1)
``Federal'' And ``Unitary'' States
201(2)
The Distinction Between ``Unitary'' And ``Centralized'' States
203(1)
How Much Centralization Is Good?
204(1)
``Constitutionalism''
205(8)
Example: Constitutional Government in Great Britain
207(3)
Example: Constitutional Government in Russia
210(3)
Elections
213(21)
Elections As A Means Of Building Support
214(3)
Elections As A Means Of Selecting Leaders And Policies
217(1)
Electoral Systems
217(5)
Referendums
222(1)
Electoral Participation
222(2)
The Paradox Of Participation
224(2)
The Bases Of Individuals' Electoral Choices
226(8)
Example: Proportional Representation Elections in Israel
229(1)
Example: Elections in Nigeria
230(4)
Parties: A Linking and Leading Mechanism in Politics
234(24)
The Political Party
234(1)
Origins Of The Modern Party
235(2)
Political Parties And The Mobilization Of The Masses
237(1)
Political Parties And The Recruitment And Socialization Of Leaders
237(2)
Political Parties As A Source Of Political Identity
239(2)
Political Parties As A Channel Of Control
241(2)
Party Organization
243(2)
Party Finance
245(2)
Political Party Systems
247(4)
Conclusion
251(7)
Example: The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1917-1991)
251(3)
Example: Mexico's Dominant Party System
254(4)
Structured Conflict: Interest Groups and Politics
258(27)
Interest Groups And Representation
260(6)
Types Of Interest Groups
266(2)
Tactics Of Interest Groups
268(4)
Social Movements
272(2)
Patterns Of Organized Interest-Group Activity
274(1)
Pluralism
275(1)
Neocorporatism
275(2)
Power And Choice
277(8)
Example: Interest Groups in France
278(2)
Example: Interest Groups in Japan: Attenuated Neocorporatism
280(5)
National Decision-Making Institutions: Parliamentary Government
285(19)
Cabinet Control
287(1)
What Does A Parliament Do?
288(3)
The Life Of A Member Of Parliament
291(1)
Parliamentary Committees
292(1)
Exceptions To Parliamentary Supremacy
293(1)
Parliaments In Autocratic Systems
294(1)
Conclusion
295(9)
Example: Parliamentary Government in India
296(3)
Example: Parliamentary Government in Germany
299(5)
National Decision-Making Institutions: Presidential Government
304(21)
Presidential And Parliamentary Systems Compared
306(1)
Governmental Responsibility
307(1)
Presidential Systems And Comprehensive Policy
308(1)
Recruitment Of Executive Leaders
308(2)
Review And Control Of The Executive
310(1)
The Split Executive Of Parliamentary Systems
311(2)
Why Aren't All Democracies Parliamentary Systems?
313(1)
Constitutional Review And The Fragmentation Of Power
314(2)
A Note On Constitutions And Power
316(9)
Example: Presidential Government in France
319(2)
Example: Presidential Government in Mexico
321(4)
Bureaucracy and the Public Sector
325(17)
Public Administration As A Political Problem
326(2)
Characteristics Of Good Public Administration
328(1)
``Bureaucracy'': A Reform Of The Last Century
329(1)
Bureaucracy Versus Flexibility
330(1)
The Problem Of Protected Incompetence
331(1)
Adjustments To Bureaucracy
332(2)
Social Representativeness Of Public Administration
334(1)
Conclusion
335(7)
Example: The French Bureaucracy
335(2)
Example: The Saudi Arabian Bureaucracy
337(2)
Example: Battling the Bureaucracy in Brazil
339(3)
Law and the Courts
342(16)
Anglo-Saxon Case Law
343(1)
Continental European Code Law
344(1)
Religious Law: The Sharia
345(2)
The Blending Of Case Law And Code Law
347(1)
Courts
348(10)
Example: The Law in China
351(2)
Example: The European Court of Justice
353(5)
PART V INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
Global Politics: Politics Among States (and Others)
358(29)
The Evolution Of The International System Since World War II
358(2)
The New World Order
360(6)
International Politics
366(1)
The Absence Of Central Authority
366(2)
Fiduciary Political Roles And International Morality
368(2)
Impediments To International Communication
370(1)
Power And International Politics
370(3)
The Process Of International Politics
373(4)
Power And Choice in International Politics
377(1)
Conclusion
378(6)
Example: A Failure of the New World Order: Ethnic Conflict in Rwanda
379(3)
Example: The United Nations
382(2)
A Personal Note
384(3)
Appendix: Principles of Political Analysis 387(7)
Falsifiability
387(1)
What Makes A Statement Interesting?
388(1)
Causation And Explanation
389(2)
Historical Explanation
391(1)
A Few Common Pitfalls In Analysis
392(2)
Glossary 394(8)
Bibliography 402(16)
Index 418


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