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Practicing Texas Politics,9780618642922
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Practicing Texas Politics

by
Edition:
13th
ISBN13:

9780618642922

ISBN10:
0618642927
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
12/22/2006
Publisher(s):
Wadsworth Publishing

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 13th edition with a publication date of 12/22/2006.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Comprehensive and current, this market-leading text combines a survey of Texas government with coverage of public policy and relevant readings in each chapter. Fully updated coverage in the Thirteenth Edition includes the regular session of the 79th legislature, a discussion of the special sessions on school finance called by the governor, results of the fall 2006 mid-term elections, and the impact of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the state of Texas.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xix
The Environment of Texas Politicsp. 1
Political Behavior Patternsp. 3
Government, Politics, and Public Policyp. 3
Points to Ponderp. 4
Political Culturep. 4
Texas Political Culturep. 6
How Do We Compare...in Area?p. 9
Learning Check 1.1p. 9
The Landp. 9
The Politics of Geographyp. 9
Points to Ponderp. 9
Economic Geographyp. 12
Points to Ponderp. 13
Learning Check 1.2p. 15
The Peoplep. 15
How Do We Compare...in Population?p. 16
Demographic featuresp. 16
Racial/Ethnic Groupsp. 19
Learning Check 1.3p. 24
Searching for New Economic Directionsp. 24
Energyp. 25
High Technologyp. 26
Biotechnologyp. 27
Servicesp. 27
Agriculturep. 28
Tradep. 29
Learning Check 1.4p. 30
Meeting New Challenges: Social and Economic Policy Issuesp. 30
Immigration: Federal and State Problemsp. 30
Waterp. 33
Point/Counterpoint: Recognition of the Matricula Consular by the State of Texasp. 34
Environmental Protectionp. 34
Points to Ponderp. 35
Education and Economic Developmentp. 35
Poverty and Social Problemsp. 36
Learning Check 1.5p. 37
Looking Aheadp. 37
Chapter Summaryp. 37
Key Termsp. 38
Learning Check Answersp. 39
Discussion Questionsp. 39
Internet Resourcesp. 40
Notesp. 40
Selected Readings
The Role of States in Immigration Enforcementp. 44
Federalism and the Texas Constitutionp. 55
The American Federal Structurep. 57
Distribution of Powersp. 57
Points to Ponderp. 59
Interstate Relations and State Immunityp. 59
State Powersp. 61
Federal-State Relations: An Evolving Processp. 62
Learning Check 2.1p. 64
The Texas Constitution: Politics of Policymakingp. 64
Historical Developmentsp. 64
How Do We Compare...in State Constitutions?p. 65
Today: After More Than a Century of Usagep. 69
How Do We Compare...in State Constitutional Amendments?p. 71
Points to Ponderp. 71
Learning Check 2.2p. 72
Constitutional Amendments and Revisionp. 72
Points to Ponderp. 74
Constitutional Revisionp. 74
The Revision Efforts of the 1970sp. 74
Recent Revision Attemptsp. 76
Point/Counterpoint: Should the Texas Constitution Be Rewritten?p. 77
Piecemeal Revision and Turnout for Ming on Amendmentsp. 77
Learning Check 2.3p. 78
The Texas Constitution: A Summaryp. 78
The Bill of Rightsp. 79
The Powers of Governmentp. 81
Suffragep. 82
Local Governmentsp. 82
Other Articlesp. 82
Learning Check 2.4p. 83
Looking Aheadp. 83
Chapter Summaryp. 83
Key Termsp. 84
Learning Check Answersp. 84
Discussion Questionsp. 85
Internet Resourcesp. 85
Notesp. 86
Selected Readings
The American Tradition of Language Rights: The Forgotten Right to Government in a "Known Tongue"p. 88
They Haven't Got a Prayerp. 91
Local Governmentsp. 94
Local Politics in Contextp. 96
Local Governments and Federalismp. 96
Grassroots Challengesp. 96
How Do We Compare...in Employees and Spending at State and Local Levels?p. 97
Municipal Governmentsp. 98
Legal Status of Municipalitiesp. 98
Forms of Municipal Governmentp. 99
Municipal Politicsp. 103
Point/Counterpoint: Should Term Limits Be Instituted for City Council Members and the Mayor?p. 105
Municipal Servicesp. 106
Municipal Government Revenuep. 107
Generating Revenue for Economic Developmentp. 109
How Do We Compare...in Funding of Services?p. 109
Learning Check 3.1p. 110
Countiesp. 110
Structure and Operationp. 110
County Financep. 115
Points to Ponderp. 116
County Government Reformp. 117
Border Countiesp. 117
Learning Check 3.2p. 117
Special Districtsp. 118
Public School Districtsp. 118
Junior or Community College Districtsp. 119
Noneducation Special Districtsp. 119
Points to Ponderp. 120
Learning Check 3.3p. 120
Metropolitan Areasp. 120
Councils of Governmentsp. 121
Municipal Annexationp. 122
Learning Check 3.4p. 123
Looking Aheadp. 123
Chapter Summaryp. 123
Key Termsp. 124
Learning Check Answersp. 125
Discussion Questionsp. 125
Internet Resourcesp. 126
Notesp. 126
Selected Readings
"Extreme"Term Limits-San Antonio Stylep. 128
Bottoms Upp. 131
Political Partiesp. 135
Party Structurep. 136
Temporary Party Organizationp. 137
Selection of National Convention Delegatesp. 140
Permanent Party Organizationp. 141
Learning Check 4.1p. 143
Political Democracyp. 143
Ideologyp. 143
An Overview of Texas Political Historyp. 144
Point/Counterpoint: Positions of the Two Major Parties on Key Issuesp. 145
Points to Ponderp. 148
Electoral Trendsp. 151
Third Partiesp. 152
How Do We Compare...Which Party Controls the Statehouse?p. 153
Independentsp. 153
Points to Ponderp. 154
Learning Check 4.2p. 155
Racial/Ethnic Politicsp. 156
Latinosp. 156
African Americansp. 158
Learning Check 4.3p. 158
Women in Politicsp. 158
Learning Check 4.4p. 159
Political Campaignsp. 160
Conducting Campaigns in the Twenty-first Centuryp. 160
Points to Ponderp. 162
Campaign Reformp. 162
Campaign Financep. 163
Learning Check 4.5p. 165
Looking Aheadp. 165
Chapter Summaryp. 166
Key Termsp. 167
Learning Check Answersp. 167
Discussion Questionsp. 168
Internet Resourcesp. 169
Notesp. 169
Selected Readings
The Elephants in the Roomp. 171
The Politics of Electionsp. 178
Votingp. 179
Obstacles to Votingp. 180
Democratization of the Ballotp. 182
Voter Turnoutp. 183
Administering Electionsp. 185
Points to Ponderp. 187
Point/Counterpoint: Online Voting as a Means to Increase Voter Turnoutp. 188
Learning Check 5.1p. 192
Primary, General, and Special Electionsp. 192
Primariesp. 192
How Do We Compare...in Types of Primaries?p. 194
General and Special Electionsp. 196
Learning Check 5.2p. 197
Looking Aheadp. 197
Chapter Summaryp. 197
Key Termsp. 198
Learning Check Answersp. 198
Discussion Questionsp. 198
Internet Resourcesp. 199
Notesp. 199
Selected Readings
In High-Tech E-Voting Age, Glitches Usually Low-Techp. 200
Small Communities Can't Afford Required Voting Technologyp. 203
The Politics of Interest Groupsp. 205
Interest Groups in the Political Processp. 207
What Is an Interest Group?p. 207
Political Parties and Interest Groupsp. 207
Factors Postering Interest Group Formationp. 208
Learning Check 6.1p. 209
Organization of Interest Groupsp. 209
Organizational Patternsp. 209
Membership and Leadershipp. 210
Learning Check 6.2p. 210
Classification of Interest Groupsp. 210
Economic Groupsp. 211
Professional and Government Employee Groupsp. 213
Social Groupsp. 215
Public Interest Groupsp. 218
Texas Power Groupsp. 218
Learning Check 6.3p. 219
Interest Group Activitiesp. 220
Techniques of Interest Groupsp. 220
Points to Ponderp. 221
Lobbyingp. 221
Points to Ponderp. 223
Electioneeringp. 223
Point/Counterpoint: Should Campaign Contributions Be Limited?p. 224
Points to Ponderp. 225
Campaign financing by Political Action Committeesp. 225
How Do We Compare...in Total PAC Contributions for the 2004 Congressional Election?p. 226
Bribery and Unethical Practicesp. 226
Learning Check 6.4p. 228
Regulation of Interest Group Politicsp. 229
How Do We Compare...in Campaign Finance Laws?p. 231
Learning Check 6.5p. 231
Interest Group Power and Public Policyp. 231
Pinpointing Political Powerp. 232
Looking Aheadp. 233
Chapter Summaryp. 233
Key Termsp. 234
Learning Check Answersp. 234
Discussion Questionsp. 235
Internet Resourcesp. 235
Notesp. 235
Selected Readings
Unsung Hereof Civil Rights: "Father of LULAC" a Fading Memoryp. 238
"Texas Capitol's Lobby Has Revolving Doorp. 240
The Legislaturep. 243
A Preliminary Viewp. 245
Legislative Frameworkp. 245
Compositionp. 245
Points to Ponderp. 246
Election and Terms of Officep. 246
How Do We Compare...in State Legislative Seats?p. 247
Sessionsp. 248
Districtingp. 248
Learning Check 7.1p. 253
Compensationp. 253
Pay and Per Diem Allowancep. 253
Contingency Expense Allowancesp. 253
How Do We Compare...in Salary of Legislators?p. 254
Retirement Pensionp. 254
Learning Check 7.2p. 254
Membershipp. 255
Qualifications of Membersp. 255
Characteristics of Membersp. 255
Learning Check 7.3p. 261
Powers and Immunitiesp. 261
Legislative Powersp. 261
Other Powersp. 262
Immunitiesp. 264
Learning Check 7.4p. 264
Presiding Officersp. 264
President of the Senate: The Lieutenant Governorp. 264
Speaker of the Housep. 265
Points to Ponderp. 267
Learning Check 7.5p. 268
Committee Systemp. 268
House Committeesp. 268
Senate Committeesp. 270
Learning Check 7.6p. 270
Legislative Caucus Systemp. 271
Party Caucusesp. 271
Racial/Ethnic Caucusesp. 271
Ideological Caucusesp. 272
Learning Check 7.7p. 273
Procedurep. 273
Rulesp. 273
A Bill Becomes a Lawp. 273
Point/Counterpoint: Should Record Votes Be Required on Bills and Amendments?p. 279
Learning Check 7.8p. 281
Influences Within the Legislative Environmentp. 281
The Governorp. 282
Judges, the Attorney General, and the Comptroller of Public Accountsp. 282
Lobbyistsp. 282
Research Organizationsp. 283
The Mediap. 285
Learning Check 7.9p. 285
Looking Aheadp. 285
Chapter Summaryp. 286
Key Termsp. 286
Learning Check Answersp. 287
Discussion Questionsp. 288
Internet Resourcesp. 288
Notesp. 288
Selected Readings
Governor's Proclamation Calling a Special Session of the Texas Legislature Commencing April 17, 2006p. 291
Redistricting and Electoral Results in Texas in the Twenty-first Centuryp. 291
The Executivep. 301
Looking Backp. 303
Overview of the Governorshipp. 303
Gubernatorial Politics: Money and Mediap. 303
How Do We Compare...in Qualifications for the Office of Governor?p. 306
Electionp. 306
Points to Ponderp. 307
Compensationp. 307
Successionp. 307
Removal from Officep. 308
How Do We Compare...in Governor's Compensation and Staff Size?p. 308
Staffp. 309
Point/Counterpoint: Should Top Aides Receive Supplemental Pay from Campaign Funds?p. 311
Learning Check 8.1p. 312
Powers of the Governorp. 312
Executive Powersp. 312
Legislative Powersp. 318
Judicial Powersp. 321
Informal Powersp. 323
Learning Check 8.2p. 324
The Plural Executivep. 324
Points to Ponderp. 324
The Lieutenant Governorp. 325
The Attorney Generalp. 326
The Comptroller of Public Accountsp. 328
The Commissioner of the General Land Officep. 329
The Commissioner of Agriculturep. 330
The Secretary of Statep. 330
Learning Check 8.3p. 331
Looking Aheadp. 332
Chapter Summaryp. 332
Key Termsp. 333
Learning Check Answersp. 333
Discussion Questionsp. 334
Internet Resourcesp. 334
Notesp. 334
Selected Readings
At the Governor's Pleasurep. 337
How Texas Plays "Let's Make a Deal" for Jobsp. 338
Public Policy and Administrationp. 342
Role of State Agenciesp. 344
State Employeesp. 346
Bureaucracy and Public Policyp. 346
Numberp. 347
Competence, Pay, and Retentionp. 348
How Do We Compare...in Number of State Employees?p. 348
How Do We Compare...in State Employee Compensation?p. 350
Learning Check 9.1p. 350
Educationp. 350
Public Schoolsp. 351
Points to Ponderp. 352
Colleges and Universitiesp. 355
Learning Check 9.2p. 357
Health and Human Servicesp. 357
Point/Counterpoint: Should Texas Continue to Use the "Top 10 Percent" Rule?p. 358
Human Servicesp. 360
Health and Mental Health Servicesp. 362
Employmentp. 363
Learning Check 9.3p. 363
Economic Policiesp. 363
Business Regulationp. 363
Points to Ponderp. 365
Business Promotionp. 366
Learning Check 9.4p. 368
Environmental Issuesp. 368
Air and Waterp. 369
Hazardous Wastep. 369
Learning Check 9.5p. 370
Homeland Securityp. 370
Looking Aheadp. 371
Chapter Summaryp. 371
Key Termsp. 373
Learning Check Answersp. 373
Discussion Questionsp. 374
Internet Resourcesp. 375
Notesp. 376
Selected Readings
Privatized Services Stumblingp. 378
Dallas Region's Reservoir Plans Irk East Texasp. 379
Laws, Courts, and Justicep. 382
An introduction to Texas's Justice Systemp. 384
State Law in Texasp. 385
Sources of Lawp. 385
Code Revisionp. 385
Points to Ponderp. 386
Courts, Judges, and Lawyersp. 386
Local Trial Courtsp. 386
County Trial Courtsp. 391
State Trial Courtsp. 392
Appellate Courtsp. 393
How Do We Compare...in Salaries of Highest Court Justices and Judges?p. 394
Disciplining and Removing Judges and Justicesp. 395
Lawyersp. 396
Points to Ponderp. 397
Learning Check 10.1p. 398
Juriesp. 399
Grand Juryp. 399
Trial Juryp. 399
Learning Check 10.2p. 402
Judicial Proceduresp. 402
Civil Justice Systemp. 403
Civil Trial Procedurep. 403
Criminal Justice Systemp. 405
Criminal Trial Procedurep. 408
Learning Check 10.3p. 410
Correction and Rehabilitationp. 410
How Do We Compare...in Prison Incarceration Rates?p. 410
The Texas Department of Criminal Justicep. 411
State Correctional Institutions for Adultsp. 411
Local Government Jailsp. 414
Private Prisonsp. 415
Supervision of Released Offendersp. 415
Point/Counterpoint: Should Texas Make Reentry Easier?p. 418
Learning Check 10.4p. 419
Juvenile Justicep. 419
State and Local Agenciesp. 419
Procedures and Institutionsp. 419
Learning Check 10.5p. 422
Problems and Reforms: Implications for Public Policyp. 422
Coping with Crowded Docketsp. 423
Judicial Selectionp. 423
Technologyp. 424
Exoneration Issuesp. 425
Racial and Ethnic Diversityp. 426
Learning Check 10.6p. 426
Looking Aheadp. 426
Chapter Summaryp. 427
Key Termsp. 428
Learning Check Answersp. 428
Discussion Questionsp. 429
Internet Resourcesp. 429
Notesp. 430
Selected Readings
Guidelines for Practicing Gender Neutral Courtroom Proceduresp. 432
Mumphrey Attorney Called Shining Star in Legal Arenap. 433
Finance and Fiscal Policyp. 436
Fiscal Policiesp. 440
Taxing Policyp. 441
How Do We Compare...in Taxes and Spending?p. 442
Budget Policyp. 443
Spending Policyp. 444
Learning Check 11.1p. 444
Revenue Sourcesp. 444
The Politics of Taxationp. 445
Revenue from Gamblingp. 450
Point/Counterpoint: Should Texas Expand Gambling Operations?p. 451
Nontax Revenuesp. 452
Points to Ponderp. 455
The Public Debtp. 455
Learning Check 11.2p. 456
Budgeting and Fiscal Managementp. 456
Budgeting Procedurep. 456
Budget Expendituresp. 460
Budget Executionp. 460
Purchasingp. 461
Accountingp. 461
Auditingp. 462
Learning Check 11.3p. 462
Future Demandsp. 462
Public Educationp. 462
Points to Ponderp. 463
Public Higher Educationp. 467
Points to Ponderp. 468
Public Assistancep. 470
How Do We Compare...in Tuition and Fees?p. 471
Other Needsp. 472
Learning Check 11.4p. 474
Looking Aheadp. 474
Chapter Summaryp. 474
Key Termsp. 475
Learning Check Answersp. 476
Discussion Questionsp. 477
Internet Resourcesp. 477
Notesp. 477
Selected Readings
Put This Effort in Drivep. 479
The Mission and Philosophy of Texas State Governmentp. 480
Glossaryp. 483
Indexp. 495
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