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Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology,9780131507111
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Prehospital Emergency Pharmacology

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131507111

ISBN10:
0131507117
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
9/24/2004
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $92.67

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This is the 6th edition with a publication date of 9/24/2004.
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Summary

This pharmacology book and handy reference is a complete guide to the most common medications used in prehospital care. It reflects current trends in prehospital care and the most recent drug information.This revision will update the book to cover the current AHA guidelines for cardiac care and will be updated to include the most recent drug information available. Chapter topics include pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics; administration of drugs; drug dosage calculations; fluids, electrolytes, and IV therapy; the automatic nervous system; drugs used in the treatment of emergencies: cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic-endocrine, neurological, obstetrical and gynecological, toxicological, behavioral, and gastrointestinal; and drugs used in pain management.For practicing paramedics.

Author Biography

Bryan E. Bledsoe is Clinical Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, University of North Texas Health Sciences Center, Fort Worth, Texas.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xiii
About the Authors xv
Notices xvii
Precautions on Bloodborne Pathogens and Infectious Diseases xix
1 General Information
1(23)
Objectives
1(1)
Introduction
1(4)
Drug Research and Bringing a Drug to Market
5(3)
FDA Classification of Newly Approved Drugs
8(1)
New Drug Development
8(3)
Unlabeled Uses of Drugs
11(1)
Medical Oversight
11(6)
Components of a Drug Profile
17(4)
Important Pharmacological Terminology
21(1)
Summary
22(2)
2 Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
24(21)
Objectives
24(1)
Introduction
24(1)
Pharmacology
25(1)
Pharmacokinetics
25(1)
Review of Physiology of Transport
25(9)
Pharmacodynamics
34(8)
Summary
42(3)
3 Administration of Drugs
45(19)
Objectives
45(1)
Introduction
46(1)
Patient Care Using Medications
46(1)
The Medication Order
46(1)
Six Rights of Medication Administration
47(3)
General Administration Routes
50(2)
Drug Administration and Preparation
52(1)
Medical Direction
53(1)
Medical Asepsis
54(1)
Disposal of Contaminated Equipment and Sharps
55(1)
Medication Routes Used in Emergency Medicine
56(4)
Pediatric Administration Techniques
60(2)
Summary
62(2)
4 Drug Dosage Calculations
64(22)
Objectives
64(1)
Introduction
65(1)
Section 1: The Metric System
65(4)
Section 2: Find the Ordered Dose
69(2)
Section 3: Find the Units per Kilogram
71(2)
Section 4: Concentration Problems
73(3)
Section 5: Calculate an IV Drip
76(3)
Section 6: Calculate an IV Drip Based on Patient Weight
79(1)
Section 7: Milliliters per Hour to Drops per Minute
80(1)
Practice Problems
81(5)
5 Fluids, Electrolytes, and Intravenous Therapy
86(32)
Objectives
86(1)
Introduction
87(1)
Fluids
87(1)
Electrolytes
87(2)
Cell Physiology
89(2)
Blood
91(3)
IV Therapy
94(17)
Insertion of Indwelling IV Catheter
111(4)
Collection of Blood Samples for Laboratory Analysis
115(1)
Blood Transfusions
116(1)
Summary
117(1)
6 The Autonomic Nervous System
118(12)
Objectives
118(1)
Introduction
118(1)
The Autonomic Nervous System
118(10)
Summary
128(2)
7 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Emergencies
130(90)
Objectives
130(1)
Introduction
131(1)
Oxygen
132(3)
Sympathomimetics
135(15)
Sympathetic Blockers
150(7)
Antidysrhythmics
157(21)
Parasympatholytics
178(3)
Cardiac Glycosides
181(2)
Anticoagulants
183(2)
Fibrinolytics
185(9)
Alkalinizing Agents
194(2)
Cardiac Pain Management (Analgesics)
196(5)
Diuretics
201(4)
Natriuretic Peptides
205(1)
Antianginal Agents
206(5)
Antihypertensives
211(5)
Other Cardiovascular Drugs
216(1)
Summary
217(3)
8 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Respiratory Emergencies
220(45)
Objectives
220(1)
Introduction
221(1)
Oxygen
222(3)
Asthma
225(18)
Neuromuscular Blockers
243(9)
Induction Agents
252(6)
Rapid-Sequence Induction
258(1)
Pharmacologically-Assisted Intubation
259(4)
Summary
263(2)
9 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Metabolic-Endocrine Emergencies
265(18)
Objectives
265(1)
Introduction
265(1)
Diabetes Mellitus
266(1)
Types of Diabetes
266(2)
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (Diabetic Coma)
268(1)
Hypoglycemia (Insulin Shock)
269(1)
Insulin
270(4)
Glucagon
274(3)
Thiamine
277(4)
Summary
281(2)
10 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Neurological Emergencies 283(18)
Objectives
283(1)
Introduction
283(1)
Neurological Trauma
283(5)
Nontraumatic Neurological Emergencies
288(10)
Summary
298(3)
11 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Obstetrical and Gynecological Emergencies 301(9)
Objectives
301(1)
Introduction
301(1)
Severe Vaginal Bleeding
302(1)
Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy
303(2)
Preterm Labor
305(3)
Summary
308(2)
12 Toxicological Emergencies in Prehospital Care 310(43)
Objectives
310(1)
Introduction
310(1)
Regional Poison Centers
311(1)
Patient History
311(1)
General Approach to the Poisoned Patient
312(1)
Toxidromes
313(1)
Specific Toxic Agents Encountered in Prehospital Care
314(32)
Summary
346(7)
13 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Behavioral Emergencies 353(15)
Objectives
353(1)
Introduction
353(1)
Understanding Behavioral Emergencies
353(12)
Summary
365(3)
14 Drugs Used in the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Emergencies 368(8)
Objectives
368(1)
Gastrointestinal Medications
368(7)
Summary
375(1)
15 Drugs Used in Pain Management 376(16)
Objectives
376(1)
Introduction
376(2)
Analgesics
378(10)
Summary
388(4)
16 Weapons of Mass Destruction 392(10)
Objectives
392(1)
Introduction
392(1)
Personal Protection
393(1)
NBC Agents Overview
393(9)
Summary 402(1)
Appendix A Glossary of Street Drug Names 403(4)
Appendix B Emergency Intravenous Fluids Quick Reference Guide 407(6)
Appendix C Quick Drug Reference 413(53)
Appendix D Adult Advanced Cardiac Life Support Algorithms 466(11)
Appendix E Common Home Prescription Drug Information 477(21)
Appendix F Pediatric Drug Dosages 498(6)
Appendix G Pediatric Advanced Cardiac Life Support Treatment Algorithm 504(3)
Appendix H Drug Administration Skills 507(23)
Appendix I A Guide to Herbal Supplements 530(9)
Appendix J Practice Problems Answer Key 539(4)
Index 543


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