9780195135459

Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195135459

  • ISBN10:

    0195135458

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2001-07-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

This remarkably successful book is the most comprehensive and accessible examination available of the various methods for the prevention and control of juvenile delinquency. Now in its third edition, this popular work has been thoroughly updated to cover all major recent trends in the field.It includes an analysis of the neighborhood and individual-level origins of juvenile delinquency and contains new chapters on DARE programs for children and adolescents and boot camps for juvenile offenders. Other chapters have been substantially updated, including the chapter on diversion, whichnow covers the serious problem of minority overrepresentation in the juvenile justice system. Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency pays particular attention to the important projects that have fundamentally shaped the thoughts and actions of persons concerned with youth crime. The third edition contains recent extensions and replications of previously examined projects andsensitizes students to the conditions that must be met to determine whether or not a project has accomplished its goal. The author offers a rigorous and logical justification of his recommendations for the future, linking what has been done in the past with what should be done in the future,especially his provocative argument in favor of doing less rather than more to juveniles in trouble with the law. Careful scholarship, exceptional writing, and over 100 illustrations, tables, and boxes make this book essential for a wide range of courses in sociology, criminology, criminal justice, public policy, administration of justice, social work, psychology, and law enforcement. Prevention and Control ofJuvenile Delinquency now offers students an even more detailed understanding of this important topic.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Delinquents
1(36)
Juvenile Delinquency
1(1)
Frequency and Seriousness of Delinquent Behavior
2(1)
Uniform Crime Reports
3(2)
Self-Report Studies
5(3)
Summary of Juvenile Delinquency
8(1)
Juvenile Delinquents
9(1)
Macrolevel Origins
10(2)
Microlevel Origins
12(9)
Summary of Juvenile Delinquents
21(2)
Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency
23(2)
Predelinquent Intervention
25(2)
Preadjudication Intervention
27(1)
Postadjudication Intervention
27(2)
Summary and Structure of the Book
29(1)
Notes
30(7)
PART ONE: PREDELINQUENT INTERVENTION
Individual Treatment
37(30)
Early Identification
39(1)
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
39(4)
The Glueck Social Prediction Table
43(5)
Summary of Early Identification
48(1)
The Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study
48(1)
Description of the Project
49(2)
Type of Treatment
51(3)
Evaluative Design
54(1)
Measures of Results
55(3)
Replication: Youth Consultation Service
58(4)
Summary and Conclusions
62(1)
Notes
62(5)
Dare
67(28)
Overview of Dare
68(1)
Origins
68(2)
The Rapid Growth of Dare
70(1)
Stakeholders
70(1)
Curriculum
70(2)
Summary of Overview of Dare
72(1)
Project Dare Long Beach
72(1)
Description of the Project
72(3)
Type of Treatment
75(1)
Evaluative Design
76(1)
Measures of Results
76(4)
Replication: Project Dare Charleston County
80(3)
Replication: Project Dare Kokomo
83(4)
Summary and Conclusions
87(4)
Notes
91(4)
Area Projects
95(30)
Theoretical Origins
95(1)
The Ecology of Urban Delinquency
96(3)
Life Histories
99(2)
A Clear Theoretical Explanation
101(1)
Summary of Theoretical Origins
102(1)
The Chicago Area Project
102(1)
Description of the Project
103(1)
Type of Treatment
103(5)
Evaluative Design
108(2)
Measures of Results
110(2)
Replication: The Midcity Project
112(4)
Summary and Conclusions
116(1)
Notes
117(8)
PART TWO: PREADJUDICATION INTERVENTION
Diversion
125(26)
Arguments in Support of Diversion
125(1)
Labeling and Stigmatization
126(1)
Minority Overrepresentation
126(4)
Summary of Arguments in Support of Diversion
130(1)
The Sacramento County Diversion Project
130(1)
Description of the Project
130(2)
Type of Treatment
132(3)
Evaluative Design
135(1)
Measures of Results
135(1)
Replication: Evaluation of Juvenile Diversion Projects
136(2)
Replication: National Evaluation of Diversion Projects
138(3)
Replication: YES (Youth Enhancement Services)
141(3)
Summary and Conclusions
144(1)
Notes
145(6)
PART THREE: POSTADJUDICATION INTERVENTION
Probation and Parole
151(36)
Probation and Parole Services for Juvenile Offenders
151(1)
Probation
152(5)
Parole
157(7)
Intensive Supervision Programs
164(2)
Community Treatment Project
166(1)
Description of the Project
167(1)
Type of Treatment
168(3)
Evaluative Design
171(1)
Measures of Results
172(4)
Brief Replication: Viable Options
176(2)
Summary and Conclusions
178(1)
Old Lessons About ``New'' Intensive Supervision Programs
179(1)
Notes
180(7)
Scared Straight
187(18)
Scared Straight and Deterrence
188(1)
The Rahway State Prison Juvenile Awareness Project
188(1)
Description of the Project
188(3)
Type of Treatment
191(1)
Evaluative Design
192(1)
Measures of Results
193(1)
Replication: Michigan Reformary Visitation Program
193(3)
Replication: The Insiders Crime Prevention Program
196(2)
The Current State of Efforts to Scare Juveniles Straight
198(1)
Norway's Ullersmo Prison Project
199(2)
Summary and Conclusions
201(1)
Notes
202(3)
Community Treatment
205(33)
The Provo Experiment
206(1)
Description of the Project
206(5)
Type of Treatment
211(6)
Evaluative Design
217(2)
Measures of Results
219(1)
Replication: The Silverlake Experiment
220(5)
Replication: The Massachusetts ``Experiment,''
225(9)
Summary and Conclusions
234(1)
Notes
234(4)
Boot Camps for Juvenile Offenders
238(21)
Cleveland's Camp Roulston
239(1)
Description of the Project
240(1)
Type of Treatment
240(2)
Evaluative Design
242(1)
Measures of Results
243(1)
Replication: Denver's Camp Foxfire
244(1)
Replication: Mobile's Environmental Youth Corps
244(2)
Replication: California Youth Authority's LEAD Boot Camps
246(3)
Replication: North Carolina's IMPACT Boot Camps
249(5)
Summary and Conclusions
254(2)
Notes
256(3)
Institutionalization
259(38)
Incapacitation
260(1)
Delinquency in a Birth Cohort
261(6)
Replication: Professor Wolfgang's 1958 Birth Cohort
267(3)
Incapacitation Summary and Conclusions
270(3)
Deterrence: Beyond Probation
273(1)
Description of the Project
273(2)
Type of Treatment
275(2)
Evaluative Design
277(3)
Measures of Results
280(3)
Replicative Reexamination: The Provo and Silverlake Experiments
283(2)
Direct Replication: National Evaluation of Juvenile Restitution
285(2)
Deterrence Summary and Conclusions
287(2)
Notes
289(8)
PART FOUR: CONCLUSION
Recommendations for the Future
297(18)
Juvenile Delinquency
297(1)
Juvenile Delinquents
298(1)
Recommendations for the Future
298(1)
Abandonment of Traditional Individual Treatment Delinquency Prevention Efforts
299(1)
Abandonment of DARE
300(1)
Abandonment of Traditional Area Projects
301(1)
Diversion as the Standard Response to Juveniles Accused of Minor Crimes
302(1)
Routine Probation as the First and Most Frequent Sentencing Option
303(1)
Permanent Abandonment of Efforts to Scare Juveniles Straight
304(1)
Permanent Expansion of Community Treatment to Accommodate All Nonviolent Offenders
305(1)
Permanent Abandonment of Boot Camps for Juvenile Offenders
306(2)
Institutionalization Reserved Exclusively for Juveniles Adjudicated Delinquent for Index Crimes Against Persons
308(1)
Summary and Conclusions
309(1)
Notes
309(6)
Index 315

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