9780195134759

Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780195134759

  • ISBN10:

    0195134753

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-01-27
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

This thoroughly revised new edition of a classic book provides a clinically inspired but scientifically guided approach to the biological foundations of human mental function in health and disease. It includes authoritative coverage of all the major areas related to behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry. Each chapter, written by a world-renowned expert in the relevant area, provides an introductory background as well as an up-to-date review of the most recent developments. Clinical relevance is emphasized but is placed in the context of cognitive neuroscience, basic neuroscience, and functional imaging. Major cognitive domains such as frontal lobe function, attention and neglect, memory, language, prosody, complex visual processing, and object identification are reviewed in detail. A comprehensive chapter on behavioral neuroanatomy provides a background for brain-behavior interactions in the cerebral cortex, limbic system, basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebullum. Chapters on temperolimbic epilepsy, major psychiatric syndromes, and dementia provide in-depth analyses of these neurobehavioral entities and their neurobiological coordinates. Changes for this second edition include the reflection throughout the book of the new and flourishing alliance of behavioral neurology, neuropsychology, and neuropsychiatry with cognitive science;major revision of all chapters; new authorship of those on language and memory; and the inclusion of entirely new chapters on psychiatric syndromes and the dementias. Both as a textbook and a reference work, the second edition of Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology represents an invaluable resource for behavioral neurologists, neuropsychologists, neuropsychiatrists, cognitive and basic neuroscientists, geriatricians, physiatrists, and their students and trainees.

Author Biography


M.-Marsel Mesulam, M.D., is Ruth and Evelyn Dumbar Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry and Director of the Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center at Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, IL, USA

Table of Contents

Contributors xvii
Behavioral Neuroanatomy: Large-Scale Networks, Association Cortex, Frontal Syndromes, the Limbic System, and Hemispheric Specializations
1(120)
M.-Marsel Mesulam
Introduction
1(1)
Parts of the Cerebral Cortex
2(10)
Cortical Organization, Connectivity, and Transmodal Areas
12(5)
Functions of Individual Cortical Zones: Primary Sensory and Motor Areas
17(4)
Functions of Modality-Specific (Unimodal) Sensory Association Areas
21(11)
Motor Association Areas (Premotor Cortex, Supplementary Motor Area, Frontal Eye Fields)
32(2)
Temporal Heteromodal Cortex and Agnosias---Transmodal Gateways for the Recognition of Faces, Objects, and Voices
34(3)
Wernicke's Area as a Temporoparietal Transmodal Gateway for Language
37(2)
Functions and Syndromes of Posterior Parietal Heteromodal Cortex
39(2)
Prefrontal Heteromodal Cortex and Frontal Lobe Syndromes: Attention, Executive Functions, and Comportment
41(8)
Paralimbic (Mesocortical) Areas
49(6)
Limbic Structures of the Septal Area, Nucleus Basalis, and Piriform Cortex
55(1)
The Amygdala, Emotion, and Affiliative Behaviors: Gateway into the Neurology of Value
56(3)
The Hippocampus and the Binding of Distributed Information into Explicit Memory: Gateway into the Neurology of Recollection
59(5)
The Limbic System
64(2)
Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum
66(5)
The Thalamus
71(5)
Channel Functions and State Functions
76(4)
Hemispheric Specialization and Asymmetry
80(6)
Distributed Large-Scale Networks and Their Cortical Epicenters
86(5)
Overview and Conclusions
91(30)
Neuropsychological Assessment of Mental State
121(53)
Sandra Weintraub
Introduction: General Principles
121(2)
General Strategy for the Mental-State Examination and Review of Primary Neurocognitive Domains
123(36)
Testing the Elderly and the Diagnosis of Dementia
159(3)
Testing Lobes and Hemispheres
162(2)
Overview and Conclusions
164(10)
Attentional Networks, Confusional States, and Neglect Syndromes
174(83)
M.-Marsel Mesulam
Introduction
174(3)
Confusional States as Disorders of the Attentional Matrix
177(6)
Biology of the Attentional Matrix
183(10)
Neglect Syndromes as Disorders of Spatial Attention
193(20)
Right Hemisphere Dominance for Spatial Attention
213(5)
Functional Anatomy of Unilateral Neglect
218(14)
Dissociations and Subtypes---Is There Parietal Versus Frontal Neglect?
232(1)
A Neural Network for the Distribution of Spatial Attention
233(3)
Overlap with Other Networks: Eye Movements, Working Memory, and Temporal Expectation
236(1)
Causes, Course, and Treatment of Unilateral Neglect and Relationship to Other Components of the Right Hemisphere Syndrome
237(1)
Overview and Conclusions
238(19)
Memory and Amnesia
257(37)
Hans J. Markowitsch
Introduction
257(1)
The Classic Limbic Amnesic Syndrome
257(5)
Memory and Its Disorders
262(4)
The Anatomical Substrates of Memory
266(12)
Amnesia Syndromes
278(4)
Memory Rehabilitation
282(1)
Overview
283(11)
Aphasia and the Neural Basis of Language
294(22)
Antonio R. Damasio
Hanna Damasio
Introduction
294(2)
The Aphasias
296(7)
Language Impairments Following Damage Outside Classical Language Territories
303(2)
Sign Language Aphasia
305(1)
The Role of Nondominant Hemisphere Cortices in Language
305(1)
Aphasia Management
306(1)
Overview
307(9)
Affective Prosody and the Aprosodias
316(16)
Elliot D. Ross
Introduction
316(1)
Neurology of Prosody
317(1)
Neurology of Kinesics
318(1)
The Aprosodias
319(3)
Clinical Examination of Affective Prosody and Gesture
322(1)
Hemispheric Lateralization of Affective Prosody and Callosal Integration of Language Functions
323(2)
Aprosodias in Tone Languages
325(1)
Aprosodias, Display Behaviors, and Emotional Experience
326(6)
Disorders of Complex Visual Processing
332(41)
Antonio R. Damasio
Daniel Tranel
Matthew Rizzo
Disorders of Pattern Recognition
332(7)
Other Disorders of Face Processing
339(7)
Disorders of Color Perception
346(5)
Other Disorders Related to Color Processing
351(2)
Disorders of Spatial Analysis
353(9)
Disturbances of Constructional Ability
362(1)
Disturbance of the Ability to Dress
363(1)
Concluding Remarks
363(10)
Temporolimbic Epilepsy and Behavior
373(33)
Donald L. Schomer
Margaret O'Connor
Paul Spiers
Margitta Seeck
M.-Marsel Mesulam
David Bear
Introduction
373(1)
Classification and Definition
374(1)
Anatomical Pathophysiology
375(2)
Ictal Manifestations of TLE
377(6)
Interictal (Long-Term) Associations of TLE
383(6)
The Diagnostic Evaluation and workup
389(2)
Treatment
391(6)
Overview
397(9)
Neural Substrates of Psychiatric Syndromes
406(33)
Robert M. Post
Introduction
406(4)
Unipolar and Bipolar Affective Disorders
410(7)
Anxiety-Related Disorders
417(6)
Schizophrenia
423(2)
Austism
425(1)
Overview
426(13)
Aging, Alzheimer's Disease, and Dementia: Clinical and Neurobiological Perspectives
439(84)
M.-Marsel Mesulam
Introduction
439(1)
Aging and the Human Brain
440(4)
The Definition and Differential Diagnosis of Dementia
444(8)
Some Clinical Profiles of Behaviorally Focal Primary Dementias
452(9)
Alzheimer's Disease---Genetics, Clinical Picture, and Diagnosis
461(8)
The Neuropathology of AD
469(17)
Plasticity Failure---A Hypothesis for Unifying the Pathogenesis of Plaques and Tangles
486(7)
Some Non-AD Dementias
493(8)
Vascular Dementia [Also Known as Multiinfarct Dementia (MID)]
501(3)
Patient Care and Treatment in AD and Other Dementias
504(2)
Overview and Conclusions
506(17)
Index 523

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