9780195144178

Principles of Community Psychology Perspectives and Applications

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780195144178

  • ISBN10:

    0195144171

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2004-08-12
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press

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Summary

"Updated and expanded in this third edition, Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications presents the most recent literature, empirical work, issues, and events in the field and the relevant policy debates surrounding them." "Principles of Community Psychology: Perspectives and Applications, 3/e, is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in community psychology, social work, and mental health."--BOOK JACKET.

Author Biography

David V. Perkins is Professor of Psychology at Ball State University.

Table of Contents

All chapters end with a summary.
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction: An Overview of Community Psychology
What Is Community Psychology?
What Isn't Community Psychology?
Principles of Community Psychology
Organization of Chapters
Origins Of Community Psychology
Life Is a Soap Opera
The Incidence and Prevalence of Problems in Living
Institutionalized Population
Outpatient Mental Health Care
Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Crime and Victims of Crime
Problems of Children and Adolescents
Medical Problems and Chronic Illnesses
Psychosocial Adaptation to Health Problems: The Case of Genital Herpes
Disasters
Marriage and Parenting
Divorce
Economics and Employment
Leisure-Time and Value Changes
Aloneness in American Society
The Availability of Professional Care
Problems of the Medical Model
The Origins of Community Psychology
Origins of Mental Health Care in the Welfare System
Community Mental Health
Community Psychology Grows from Community Mental Health
The Influence of Applied Social Psychology and the War on Poverty
Current Issues in Community Mental Health
Deinstitutionalization
Homelessness
Community Alternatives to Hospitalization
Assertive Community Supports
Minorities and Other Undeserved Groups
Children and Adolescents
Perspectives In Community Psychology
A Conceptual Road Map of Community Psychology
The Dohrenwend Model
Stressful Life Events
Person and Environment
Outcomes
Poverty, Unemployment, and Social Problems
Opportunities for Intervention Based on Dohrenwend's Model
Crisis Intervention
Intervention to Enhance Psychological Mediators
Intervention to Enhance Situational Mediators
Psychological Characteristics of the Person That Increase the Likelihood of a Stressful Life Event
Situations That Increase the Risk of Stressful Events
Preventing Stressful Life Events
The Ecological Analogy
Ecology as a Paradigm
A Paradigm Shift
Community Research from an Ecological Perspective
Implications for the Research Enterprise
Principles of Ecology
Interdependence
Cycling of Resources
Adaptation
Niche
Behavior-Environment Congruence in Geel, Belgium
Succession
The Boom in Hong Kong's Elderly Home Industry
Mental Health and the Law
Law as a Factor in the Ecological Analogy
Adapting to Legal Change
Unforeseen Consequences of a Changein Child Protection Laws
Ecology and Values
Ecology and Practice
Five Psychological Conceptions of the Environment
Social Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-Being
Perceived Social Climates
Social Roles
Social Capital: Community Cognitions, Behaviors, and Networks
Physical Environmental Influences on Behavior and Well-Being
The Socio-Physical Environment: Behavior Settings
The Fairweather Lodge
Postscript: What Role Remains for Individual Differences?
Labeling Theory: An Alternative to the Illness Model
The Social Context for the Development of Labeling Theory
Principles of Labeling Theory
Primary and Secondary Deviance
Cultural Stereotypes and Labeling
When is Residual Rule-Breaking Labeled?
Diagnosis and Labeling Theory
Behavior is Assimilated to the Label
Stigma
The Use of Law to Reduce Stigma
Some Cautions
Adaptation, Crisis, Coping, and Support
Adaptation
Research on Stressful Life Events
Vulnerability: An Integrative Perspective
Coping
General Characteristics of Coping
Pollyanna and the Glad Game
Stages in Crisis Situations
Individual and Situational Differences in Coping
Social Support
Theory and Research Concerning Social Support
Coping and Support in the Context of Culture
New Directions in Research on Social Support
Support Interventions for People with Disabilities
Applications Of Community Psychology
Prevention
Basic Concepts in Prevention
Indicated (Secondary) Prevention
The Primary Mental Health Project
Preventing Child Maltreatment: The Problem of False Positives
Limitations of Indicated Prevention in Mental Health
Universal and Selective (Primary) Prevention
Competence Building
A Successful School Change Effort
Prevention through Stepwise Risk Reduction
Head Start and Early Head Start: An Experiment in Selective Prevention
Prevention of HIV/AIDS
Schools as a Locus of Prevention
Community-Based Health Promotion
Self-Help Groups
Growth of Self-Help Groups
Contemporary Reasons for Growth
Types of Self-Help Groups
The Nature of Self-Help Groups
Dynamics of Self-Help Groups
Self-Help and the Model of a Family
How Self-Help Groups Work
Self-Help and Ecological Concepts
Are Self-Help Groups Effective?
AA and Recovery from Alcoholism
A Controlled Experiment
Starting Self-Help Groups
Advocacy Groups
The Problem of Change
The Creation of New Settings
The Residential Youth Center (RYC)
Change in Existing Settings
Systems Theory
First- and Second-Order Change
Organizational Change, Development, and Learning
Production and Satisfaction Goals
The Social Context of Change
Case Studies of Change in Existing Settings
Changing a State Mental Hospital
Court-Ordered Change in Caring for Persons with Mental Retardation
Planned Change on a Statewide Level: The Texas Educational Miracle
School Desegregation: A Societal-Level Intervention
Slavery, Segregation, and the Constitution
The NAACP and Its Litigation Strategy
Social Science Theory and Integration
Successful Desegregation of the Schools--A Case Study
After Desegregation
Future Problems
Community Development and Social Action in Community Psychology
The Politics of Problem Definition
Blaming the Victim
Paradox and Empowerment
Competent Communities
Community Development
Social Action
An Example of Social Action: The Love Canal Homeowners' Association
Center for Health, Environment, and Justice and the Environmental Justice Movement
Science, Ethics, and the Future of Community Psychology
Ecology and Science
The Ethics of Community Intervention
Interdisciplinary Community Psychology
Applying the Ecological-Psychopolitical Model to One Domain: The Physical Environment
Community Psychology Around the Globe
References
Names Index
Subject Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

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