An Invitation to Physics 

1  (3) 


4  (30) 

Standards of Length, Mass, and Time 


5  (3) 


8  (1) 


9  (1) 

OrderofMagnitude Calculations 


10  (1) 


11  (1) 


12  (2) 


14  (1) 

Some Properties of Vectors 


15  (2) 

Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors 


17  (5) 

Modeling, Alternative Representations, and ProblemSolving Strategy 


22  (12) 

CONTEXT 1 AlternativeFuel Vehicles 


34  (189) 


37  (32) 


38  (3) 


41  (4) 

Analysis ModelsThe Particle Under Constant Velocity 


45  (2) 


47  (3) 


50  (1) 

The Particle Under Constant Acceleration 


51  (4) 


55  (4) 

Context ConnectionAcceleration Required by Consumers 


59  (10) 


69  (27) 

The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors 


69  (2) 

TwoDimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration 


71  (2) 


73  (6) 

The Particle in Uniform Circular Motion 


79  (3) 

Tangential and Radial Acceleration 


82  (1) 


83  (3) 

Context ConnectionLateral Acceleration of Automobiles 


86  (10) 


96  (29) 


97  (1) 


98  (2) 


100  (1) 

Newton's Second LawThe Particle Under a Net Force 


101  (2) 

The Gravitational Force and Weight 


103  (1) 


104  (3) 

Applications of Newton's Laws 


107  (7) 

Context ConnectionForces on Automobiles 


114  (11) 

More Applications of Newton's Laws 


125  (31) 


126  (6) 

Newton's Second Law Applied to a Particle in Uniform Circular Motion 


132  (6) 

Nonuniform Circular Motion 


138  (2) 

Motion in the Presence of VelocityDependent Resistive Forces 


140  (3) 

The Fundamental Forces of Nature 


143  (2) 

Context ConnectionDrag Coefficients of Automobiles 


145  (11) 

Energy and Energy Transfer 


156  (32) 


157  (1) 

Work Done by a Constant Force 


157  (3) 

The Scalar Product of Two Vectors 


160  (2) 

Work Done by a Varying Force 


162  (4) 

Kinetic Energy and the WorkKinetic Energy Theorem 


166  (3) 


169  (4) 

Situations Involving Kinetic Friction 


173  (4) 


177  (2) 

Context ConnectionHorsepower Ratings of Automobiles 


179  (9) 


188  (35) 

Potential Energy of a System 


188  (2) 


190  (5) 

Conservative and Nonconservative Forces 


195  (5) 

Conservative Forces and Potential Energy 


200  (2) 

The Nonisolated System in Steady State 


202  (1) 

Potential Energy for Gravitational and Electric Forces 


203  (3) 

Energy Diagrams and Stability of Equilibrium 


206  (1) 

Context ConnectionPotential Energy in Fuels 


207  (13) 



Present and Future Possibilities 


220  (3) 

Context 2 Mission to Mars 


223  (148) 


226  (33) 

Linear Momentum and Its Conservation 


227  (4) 


231  (2) 


233  (6) 

TwoDimensional Collisions 


239  (3) 


242  (3) 

Motion of a System of Particles 


245  (3) 

Context ConnectionRocket Propulsion 


248  (11) 


259  (32) 

The Principle of Newtonian Relativity 


260  (2) 

The MichelsonMorley Experiment 


262  (1) 

Einstein's Principle of Relativity 


263  (1) 

Consequences of Special Relativity 


264  (8) 

The Lorentz Transformation Equations 


272  (3) 

Relativistic Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton's Laws 


275  (1) 


276  (3) 


279  (1) 


280  (3) 

Context ConnectionFrom Mars to the Stars 


283  (8) 


291  (46) 

Angular Position, Speed, and Acceleration 


292  (3) 

Rotational Kinematics: The Rigid Object Under Constant Angular Acceleration 


295  (1) 

Relations Between Rotational and Translational Quantities 


296  (2) 

Rotational Kinetic Energy 


298  (5) 

Torque and the Vector Product 


303  (3) 

The Rigid Object in Equilibrium 


306  (3) 

The Rigid Object Under a Net Torque 


309  (4) 


313  (3) 

Conservation of Angular Momentum 


316  (3) 

Precessional Motion of Gyroscopes 


319  (1) 

Rolling Motion of Rigid Objects 


320  (3) 

Context ConnectionTurning the Spacecraft 


323  (14) 

Gravity, Planetary Orbits, and the Hydrogen Atom 


337  (34) 

Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Revisited 


338  (3) 


341  (1) 


342  (3) 

Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motion 


345  (6) 

Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Theory of Hydrogen 


351  (6) 

Context ConnectionChanging from a Circular to an Elliptical Orbit 


357  (10) 



A Successful Mission Plan 


367  (4) 


371  (91) 


373  (27) 

Motion of a Particle Attached to a Spring 


374  (1) 

Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motion 


375  (6) 

Energy Considerations in Simple Harmonic Motion 


381  (3) 


384  (2) 


386  (1) 


387  (2) 


389  (1) 

Context ConnectionResonance in Structures 


390  (10) 


400  (32) 

Propagation of a Disturbance 


401  (2) 


403  (2) 


405  (3) 

The Speed of Transverse Waves of Strings 


408  (3) 

Reflection and Transmission of Waves 


411  (2) 

Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings 


413  (2) 


415  (2) 


417  (4) 

Context ConnectionSeismic Waves 


421  (11) 

Superposition and Standing Waves 


432  (30) 

The Principle of Superposition 


433  (1) 


434  (3) 


437  (3) 

Standing Waves in Strings 


440  (3) 

Standing Waves in Air Columns 


443  (3) 

Beats: Interference in Time 


446  (2) 

Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns 


448  (2) 

Context ConnectionBuilding on Antinodes 


450  (9) 




459  (3) 

CONTEXT 4 Search for the Titanic 


462  


464  


465  (1) 

Variation of Pressure with Depth 


466  (4) 


470  (1) 

Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle 


470  (5) 


475  (1) 

Streamlines and the Continuity Equation for Fluids 


476  (2) 


478  (2) 

Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics 


480  (1) 

Context ConnectionA Near Miss Even Before Leaving Southampton 


481  (12) 



Finding and Visiting the Titanic 


493  


1  (12) 


1  (1) 

Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantities 


2  (2) 


4  (9) 

Appendix B Mathematics Review 


13  (17) 


13  (1) 


14  (5) 


19  (1) 


20  (2) 


22  (1) 


22  (2) 


24  (3) 

Propagation of Uncertainty 


27  (3) 

Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements 


30  (2) 


32  (1) 


32  (1) 


32  (1) 


33  (5) 
Answers to OddNumbered Problems 

38  
Index 

1  