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Priniciples Of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text, Vol. I,9780534491444
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Priniciples Of Physics: A Calculus-Based Text, Vol. I

by ;
Edition:
4th
ISBN13:

9780534491444

ISBN10:
0534491448
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/3/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

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Summary

VOLUME I. An Invitation to Physics. 1. Introduction and Vectors. Context 1: Alternative-Fuel Vehicles. 2. Motion in One Dimension. 3. Motion in Two Dimensions. 4. The Laws of Motion. 5. More Applications of Newton's Laws. 6. Energy and Energy Transfer. 7. Potential Energy. Context 1: Conclusion: Present and Future Possibilities. Context 2: Mission to Mars. 8. Momentum and Collisions. 9. Relativity. 10. Rotational Motion. 11. Gravity, Planetary Orbits, and the Hydrogen Atom. Context 2: Conclusion: A Successful Mission Plan. Context 3: Earthquakes. 12. Oscillatory Motion. 13. Mechanical Waves. 14. Superposition and Standing Waves. Context 3: Conclusion: Minimizing the Risk. Context 4: Search for the Titanic. 15. Fluid Mechanics. Context 4: Conclusion: Finding and Visiting the Titanic.

Table of Contents

An Invitation to Physics 1(3)
Introduction and Vectors
4(30)
Standards of Length, Mass, and Time
5(3)
Dimensional Analysis
8(1)
Conversion of Units
9(1)
Order-of-Magnitude Calculations
10(1)
Significant Figures
11(1)
Coordinate Systems
12(2)
Vectors and Scalars
14(1)
Some Properties of Vectors
15(2)
Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors
17(5)
Modeling, Alternative Representations, and Problem-Solving Strategy
22(12)
CONTEXT 1 Alternative-Fuel Vehicles
34(189)
Motion in One Dimension
37(32)
Average Velocity
38(3)
Instantaneous Velocity
41(4)
Analysis Models---The Particle Under Constant Velocity
45(2)
Acceleration
47(3)
Motion Diagrams
50(1)
The Particle Under Constant Acceleration
51(4)
Freely Falling Objects
55(4)
Context Connection---Acceleration Required by Consumers
59(10)
Motion in Two Dimensions
69(27)
The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors
69(2)
Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration
71(2)
Projectile Motion
73(6)
The Particle in Uniform Circular Motion
79(3)
Tangential and Radial Acceleration
82(1)
Relative Velocity
83(3)
Context Connection---Lateral Acceleration of Automobiles
86(10)
The Laws of Motion
96(29)
The Concept of Force
97(1)
Newton's First Law
98(2)
Mass
100(1)
Newton's Second Law---The Particle Under a Net Force
101(2)
The Gravitational Force and Weight
103(1)
Newton's Third Law
104(3)
Applications of Newton's Laws
107(7)
Context Connection---Forces on Automobiles
114(11)
More Applications of Newton's Laws
125(31)
Forces of Friction
126(6)
Newton's Second Law Applied to a Particle in Uniform Circular Motion
132(6)
Nonuniform Circular Motion
138(2)
Motion in the Presence of Velocity-Dependent Resistive Forces
140(3)
The Fundamental Forces of Nature
143(2)
Context Connection---Drag Coefficients of Automobiles
145(11)
Energy and Energy Transfer
156(32)
Systems and Environments
157(1)
Work Done by a Constant Force
157(3)
The Scalar Product of Two Vectors
160(2)
Work Done by a Varying Force
162(4)
Kinetic Energy and the Work--Kinetic Energy Theorem
166(3)
The Nonisolated System
169(4)
Situations Involving Kinetic Friction
173(4)
Power
177(2)
Context Connection---Horsepower Ratings of Automobiles
179(9)
Potential Energy
188(35)
Potential Energy of a System
188(2)
The Isolated System
190(5)
Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
195(5)
Conservative Forces and Potential Energy
200(2)
The Nonisolated System in Steady State
202(1)
Potential Energy for Gravitational and Electric Forces
203(3)
Energy Diagrams and Stability of Equilibrium
206(1)
Context Connection---Potential Energy in Fuels
207(13)
Conclusion
Present and Future Possibilities
220(3)
Context 2 Mission to Mars
223(148)
Momentum and Collisions
226(33)
Linear Momentum and Its Conservation
227(4)
Impulse and Momentum
231(2)
Collisions
233(6)
Two-Dimensional Collisions
239(3)
The Center of Mass
242(3)
Motion of a System of Particles
245(3)
Context Connection---Rocket Propulsion
248(11)
Relativity
259(32)
The Principle of Newtonian Relativity
260(2)
The Michelson-Morley Experiment
262(1)
Einstein's Principle of Relativity
263(1)
Consequences of Special Relativity
264(8)
The Lorentz Transformation Equations
272(3)
Relativistic Momentum and the Relativistic Form of Newton's Laws
275(1)
Relativistic Energy
276(3)
Mass and Energy
279(1)
General Relativity
280(3)
Context Connection---From Mars to the Stars
283(8)
Rotational Motion
291(46)
Angular Position, Speed, and Acceleration
292(3)
Rotational Kinematics: The Rigid Object Under Constant Angular Acceleration
295(1)
Relations Between Rotational and Translational Quantities
296(2)
Rotational Kinetic Energy
298(5)
Torque and the Vector Product
303(3)
The Rigid Object in Equilibrium
306(3)
The Rigid Object Under a Net Torque
309(4)
Angular Momentum
313(3)
Conservation of Angular Momentum
316(3)
Precessional Motion of Gyroscopes
319(1)
Rolling Motion of Rigid Objects
320(3)
Context Connection---Turning the Spacecraft
323(14)
Gravity, Planetary Orbits, and the Hydrogen Atom
337(34)
Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Revisited
338(3)
Structural Models
341(1)
Kepler's Laws
342(3)
Energy Considerations in Planetary and Satellite Motion
345(6)
Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Theory of Hydrogen
351(6)
Context Connection---Changing from a Circular to an Elliptical Orbit
357(10)
Conclusion
A Successful Mission Plan
367(4)
CONTEXT 3 Earthquakes
371(91)
Oscillatory Motion
373(27)
Motion of a Particle Attached to a Spring
374(1)
Mathematical Representation of Simple Harmonic Motion
375(6)
Energy Considerations in Simple Harmonic Motion
381(3)
The Simple Pendulum
384(2)
The Physical Pendulum
386(1)
Damped Oscillations
387(2)
Forced Oscillations
389(1)
Context Connection---Resonance in Structures
390(10)
Mechanical Waves
400(32)
Propagation of a Disturbance
401(2)
The Wave Model
403(2)
The Traveling Wave
405(3)
The Speed of Transverse Waves of Strings
408(3)
Reflection and Transmission of Waves
411(2)
Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings
413(2)
Sound Waves
415(2)
The Doppler Effect
417(4)
Context Connection---Seismic Waves
421(11)
Superposition and Standing Waves
432(30)
The Principle of Superposition
433(1)
Interference of Waves
434(3)
Standing Waves
437(3)
Standing Waves in Strings
440(3)
Standing Waves in Air Columns
443(3)
Beats: Interference in Time
446(2)
Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns
448(2)
Context Connection---Building on Antinodes
450(9)
Conclusion
Minimizing the Risk
459(3)
CONTEXT 4 Search for the Titanic
462
Fluid Mechanics
464
Pressure
465(1)
Variation of Pressure with Depth
466(4)
Pressure Measurements
470(1)
Buoyant Forces and Archimedes's Principle
470(5)
Fluid Dynamics
475(1)
Streamlines and the Continuity Equation for Fluids
476(2)
Bernoulli's Equation
478(2)
Other Applications of Fluid Dynamics
480(1)
Context Connection---A Near Miss Even Before Leaving Southampton
481(12)
Conclusion
Finding and Visiting the Titanic
493
Appendix A Tables
1(12)
Conversion Factors
1(1)
Symbols, Dimensions, and Units of Physical Quantities
2(2)
Table of Atomic Masses
4(9)
Appendix B Mathematics Review
13(17)
Scientific Notation
13(1)
Algebra
14(5)
Geometry
19(1)
Trigonometry
20(2)
Series Expansions
22(1)
Differential Calculus
22(2)
Integral Calculus
24(3)
Propagation of Uncertainty
27(3)
Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements
30(2)
Appendix D SI Units
32(1)
SI Base Units
32(1)
Some Derived SI Units
32(1)
Appendix E Nobel Prizes
33(5)
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems 38
Index 1


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