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Problem Solving and Programming Concepts,9780131194595
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Problem Solving and Programming Concepts

by ;
Edition:
8th
ISBN13:

9780131194595

ISBN10:
0131194593
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall
List Price: $113.00
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Summary

Revised to reflect changes in the programming industry as well as user feedback this successful book emphasizes that problem solving is the same inallcomputer languages, regardless of syntax. Uses a generic, non-language-specific approach to present the tools and concepts required when using any programming language to develop computer applications. Is designed for readers with little or no computer experience, but is also useful to programmers at any level. Provides step-by-step progression and consistent in-depth coverage of topics, with detailed explanations and many illustrations. Covers topics ranging from the basics of mathematical functions and operators to the design and use of such techniques as code, arrays, pointers, other data structures, database concepts, and object- oriented programming concepts. A useful reference for programmers.

Table of Contents

UNIT ONE INTRODUCTION TO PROBLEM SOLVING AND PROGRAMMING
1(58)
General Problem-Solving Concepts
3(6)
Problem Solving in Everyday Life
3(2)
Types of Problems
5(1)
Problem Solving with Computers
5(1)
Difficulties with Problem Solving
6(1)
Summary
6(1)
New Terms
7(1)
Questions
7(1)
Problems
7(2)
Beginning Problem-Solving Concepts for the Computer
9(30)
Constants and Variables
11(3)
Data Types
14(4)
Functions
18(2)
Operators
20(5)
Expressions and Equations
25(7)
Summary
32(1)
New Terms
33(1)
Questions
33(2)
Problems
35(4)
Programming Concepts
39(20)
How the Computer Stores Data
40(1)
Communicating with the Computer
41(1)
Organizing the Problem
41(12)
Using the Tools
53(1)
Testing the Solution
54(1)
Coding the Program
54(1)
Summary
54(1)
New Terms
55(1)
Questions
55(1)
Problems
55(1)
Unit One Supplementary Exercises
56(3)
UNIT TWO LOGIC STRUCTURES
59(104)
An Introduction to Programming Structure
61(16)
Pointers for Structuring a Program
62(2)
The Modules and Their Functions
64(2)
Cohesion and Coupling
66(1)
Local and Global Variables
67(2)
Parameters
69(4)
Return Values
73(1)
Variable Names and the Data Dictionary
74(1)
The Four Logic Structures
74(1)
Summary
75(1)
New Terms
76(1)
Questions
76(1)
Problems
76(1)
Problem Solving with the Sequential Logic Structure
77(16)
Algorithm Instructions and Flowchart Symbols
77(3)
The Sequential Logic Structure
80(2)
Solution Development
82(8)
Summary
90(1)
Questions
90(1)
Problems
90(3)
Problem Solving with Decisions
93(34)
The Decision Logic Structure
94(2)
Multiple If/Then/Else Instructions
96(2)
Using Straight-Through Logic
98(1)
Using Positive Logic
99(4)
Using Negative Logic
103(2)
Logic Conversion
105(3)
Which Decision Logic?
108(1)
Decision Tables
108(11)
Putting It All Together
119(4)
Summary
123(1)
New Terms
124(1)
Questions
124(1)
Problems
124(3)
Problem Solving with Loops
127(26)
The Loop Logic Structure
128(1)
Incrementing
128(1)
Accumulating
129(1)
While/While End
129(3)
Putting It All Together
132(1)
Repeat/Until
132(2)
Putting It All Together
134(2)
Automatic-Counter Loop
136(5)
Putting It All Together
141(1)
Nested Loops
141(1)
Indicators
142(3)
Algorithm Instructions and Flowchart Symbols
145(2)
Recursion
147(1)
Summary
147(1)
New Terms
147(1)
Questions
147(3)
Problems
150(3)
Problem Solving with the Case Logic Structure
153(10)
The Case Logic Structure
153(2)
Codes
155(2)
Putting It All Together
157(1)
Another Putting It All Together
158(1)
Summary
158(1)
New Terms
159(1)
Questions
159(1)
Problems
159(3)
Unit Two Supplementary Exercises
162(1)
UNIT THREE DATA STRUCTURES
163(122)
Processing Arrays
165(58)
Arrays
165(2)
One-Dimensional Arrays
167(7)
Putting It All Together
174(1)
Two-Dimensional Arrays
175(9)
Putting It All Together
184(7)
Multidimensional Arrays
191(1)
Table Look-Up Technique
192(4)
The Pointer Technique
196(13)
Putting It All Together
209(9)
Summary
218(1)
New Terms
218(1)
Questions
218(1)
Problems
219(4)
Sorting, Stacks, and Queues
223(16)
Sorting Techniques
224(7)
Stacks
231(1)
Queues
232(4)
Summary
236(1)
New Terms
236(1)
Questions
237(1)
Problems
237(2)
File Concepts
239(10)
Beginning File Concepts
240(1)
Records as a Data Structure
240(1)
Primary and Secondary Keys
240(1)
Algorithm Instructions and Flowchart Symbols
240(3)
Systems Flowcharts
243(1)
Designing Records
243(4)
Summary
247(1)
New Terms
247(1)
Questions
247(1)
Problems
247(2)
Linked Lists
249(22)
Creating Linked Lists
249(1)
Examples of Adding Data to/Deleting Data from Linked Lists
250(5)
Algorithms and Flowcharts to Add, Delete and Access Data in a Linked List
255(13)
Summary
268(1)
New Terms
268(1)
Questions
268(1)
Problems
269(2)
Binary Trees
271(14)
Creation of Binary Trees
271(4)
Accessing Data in a Binary Tree
275(3)
Traversal of Binary Trees
278(2)
Summary
280(1)
New Terms
280(1)
Questions
281(1)
Problems
281(1)
Unit Three Supplementary Exercises
282(3)
UNIT FOUR DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
285(32)
Database Management Systems
287(6)
Why a DBMS?
288(1)
DBMS Components
288(1)
DBMS Models
289(1)
DBMS Tasks
290(1)
Summary
291(1)
New Terms
291(1)
Questions
291(2)
Relational Database Management Systems
293(24)
Tables, Records, and Fields
294(1)
Normalizing Tables
295(5)
Schema
300(1)
Creating Tables
301(2)
Queries
303(2)
Interface Design
305(1)
Reports
305(1)
Planning a Solution Using an RDBMS
306(8)
Summary
314(1)
New Terms
314(1)
Questions
314(1)
Problems
315(2)
UNIT FIVE OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
317(28)
Concepts of Object-Oriented Programming
319(8)
Object-Oriented Programming
320(3)
GUI (Graphical User Interface)
323(1)
Event-Driven Object-Oriented Programming
323(2)
Summary
325(1)
New Terms
325(1)
Questions
325(1)
Problems
326(1)
Object-Oriented Program Design
327(18)
Designing an Object-Oriented Application
328(6)
Interface Design
334(2)
Designing an Event-Driven Object-Oriented Application
336(4)
Summary
340(1)
New Terms
341(1)
Questions
341(1)
Problems
341(2)
Unit Five Supplementary Exercises
343(2)
UNIT SIX FILE PROCESSING
345(64)
Sequential-Access File Applications
347(34)
Processing Sequential-Access Files
349(1)
The Primer Read
349(2)
Designing Output Reports
351(1)
Headings and Line Counters
351(6)
Control-Breaks
357(4)
Multiple Control-Breaks
361(2)
Using Indicators for Program Control
363(5)
Error Handling
368(2)
Null Files
370(8)
Summary
378(1)
New Terms
379(1)
Questions
379(1)
Problems
379(2)
Sequential-Access File Updating
381(28)
Creating Files
382(1)
The Master File
383(1)
Transaction Files
383(1)
Activity Files
383(1)
Backup Files
383(1)
Updating the Master File Using a Transaction File
384(6)
Putting It All Together
390(11)
A Useful Alternative Method
401(1)
Summary
401(5)
New Terms
406(1)
Questions
406(1)
Problems
406(1)
Unit Six Supplementary Exercises
407(2)
UNIT SEVEN APPLICATION SOFTWARE
409(42)
Word Processing and Spreadsheets
411(30)
File Management
412(1)
Word Processing
413(3)
Some Design Concepts
416(4)
Planning a Word-Processed Document
420(2)
Types of Documents
422(1)
Spreadsheets
423(1)
Spreadsheet Basics
423(4)
Design of a Spreadsheet
427(3)
Putting It All Together
430(1)
Graphs
431(4)
Putting It All Together
435(1)
Summary
436(1)
New Terms
437(1)
Questions
437(1)
Problems
438(3)
Other Application Software
441(10)
Graphics Software
442(1)
Desktop-Publishing Software
442(1)
Presentation Graphics Software
443(1)
Flowchart Software
443(1)
Project Management Software
443(1)
Information Processing
443(1)
Suites
444(1)
Sharing Data
445(1)
OLE
446(2)
Summary
448(1)
New Terms
449(1)
Questions
449(1)
Problems
449(1)
Unit Seven Supplementary Exercises
450(1)
Appendix A Otto the Robot 451(8)
Appendix B Overview of UML (Unified Modeling Language) 459(6)
Appendix C ASCII and EBCDIC Codes for Data Representation 465(4)
Appendix D Forms to Use in Problem Solving 469(20)
Appendix E Other Problem-Solving Tools 489(4)
Glossary 493(8)
Index 501


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