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Readings in American Government, 5th,9780534631710

Readings in American Government, 5th

by ; ;
Edition:
5th
ISBN13:

9780534631710

ISBN10:
0534631711
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
8/8/2005
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $90.33

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Summary

Written by Mack C. Shelley, Jamie Swift, and Steffen W. Schmidt, this reader is updated to include the latest issues in American political debate. You will find numerous readings that deal with controversial issues, legal conflicts, and ethical judgment calls directly related to academia and students. Some topics include diversity on trial, politicians on the web, campaign reform, and war in cyberspace. These topics will generate an exciting and productive debate on important issues facing Americans which will ultimately enhance students?' critical thinking skills, the ability to engage in group or teamwork projects, active learning motivation, and communication skills, as well as foster a liberal education and stimulate positive, informed citizenship. Two to four articles per chapter.

Table of Contents

Part One The American System
The Democratic Republic
1(28)
What If ... National Laws Were Put to a Popular Vote?
2(1)
Politics and Government
3(1)
Why Is Government Necessary?
3(2)
The Need for Security
3(1)
Limiting Government Power
4(1)
Authority and Legitimacy
5(1)
Democracy and Other Forms of Government
5(4)
Types of Government
5(1)
Direct Democracy as a Model
6(1)
The Dangers of Direct Democracy
7(1)
A Democratic Republic
7(2)
What Kind of Democracy Do We Have?
9(1)
Democracy for Everyone
9(1)
Democracy for the Few
9(1)
Democracy for Groups
10(1)
Fundamental Values
10(5)
Political Socialization
10(1)
Liberty versus Order
11(2)
Equality versus Liberty
13(2)
Political Ideologies
15(5)
Liberalism versus Conservatism
15(1)
The Traditional Political Spectrum
16(1)
``Classical'' Liberalism
17(1)
Problems with the Traditional Political Spectrum
17(1)
A Four-Cornered Ideological Grid
18(1)
Totalitarian Ideologies
19(1)
Totalitarianism in the Islamic World
19(1)
The Changing Face of America
20(5)
The Aging of America
20(1)
Our Growing Population
21(1)
Ethnic Change
22(1)
Who Are the Hispanics?
23(1)
Other Trends
24(1)
American Politics: Why Is It Important Today?
25(1)
Making a Difference Seeing Democracy in Action
26(1)
Key Terms
26(1)
Chapter Summary
27(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
27(1)
E-Mocracy Connecting to American Government and Politics
28(1)
The Constitution
29(50)
What If ... An Immigrant Could Become President?
30(1)
The Colonial Background
31(2)
Separatists, the Mayflower, and the Compact
31(1)
More Colonies, More Government
32(1)
British Restrictions and Colonial Grievances
33(1)
The Colonial Response: The Continental Congresses
33(1)
The First Continental Congress
33(1)
The Second Continental Congress
33(1)
Declaring Independence
34(2)
The Resolution of Independence
34(1)
July 4, 1776---The Declaration of Independence
34(2)
The Rise of Republicanism
36(1)
The Articles of Confederation: Our First Form of Government
36(3)
Accomplishments under the Articles
37(1)
Weaknesses of the Articles
38(1)
Shays' Rebellion and the Need for Revision of the Articles
38(1)
Drafting the Constitution
39(7)
Who Were the Delegates?
39(1)
The Working Environment
39(1)
Factions among the Delegates
40(1)
Politicking and Compromises
40(4)
Working toward Final Agreement
44(2)
The Final Document
46(1)
The Difficult Road to Ratification
46(4)
The Federalists Push for Ratification
47(1)
The March to the Finish
48(1)
Did the Majority of Americans Support the Constitution?
49(1)
The Bill of Rights
50(1)
A ``Bill of Limits''
50(1)
No Explicit Limits on State Government Powers
50(1)
Altering the Constitution: The Formal Amendment Process
51(3)
Many Amendments Proposed, Few Accepted
52(1)
Limits on Ratification
53(1)
The National Convention Provision
54(1)
Informal Methods of Constitutional Change
54(3)
Congressional Legislation
55(1)
Presidential Actions
55(1)
Judicial Review
55(2)
Interpretation, Custom, and Usage
57(1)
The Constitution: Why Is It Important Today?
57(1)
Making a Difference How Can You Affect the Constitution?
58(1)
Key Terms
58(1)
Chapter Summary
59(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
59(1)
E-Mocracy The Internet and Our Constitution
60(1)
Appendix to Chapter 2
61(18)
Federalism
79(32)
What If ... Education Were a National Responsibility?
80(1)
Three Systems of Government
81(1)
A Unitary System
82(1)
A Confederal System
82(1)
A Federal System
82(1)
Why Federalism?
82(3)
A Practical Solution
83(1)
Other Arguments for Federalism
83(1)
Arguments against Federalism
84(1)
The Constitutional Basis for American Federalism
85(3)
Powers of the National Government
85(1)
Powers of the State Governments
86(1)
Concurrent Powers
86(1)
Prohibited Powers
86(1)
The Supremacy Clause
87(1)
Vertical Checks and Balances
87(1)
Interstate Relations
88(1)
Defining Constitutional Powers---The Early Years
88(3)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
90(1)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
91(1)
States' Rights and the Resort to Civil War
91(2)
The Shift Back to States' Rights
91(1)
War and the Growth of the National Government
92(1)
The Continuing Dispute over the Division of Power
93(7)
Dual Federalism and the Retreat of National Authority
93(3)
The New Deal and Cooperative Federalism
96(1)
Methods of Implementing Cooperative Federalism
97(3)
The Politics of Federalism
100(3)
What Has National Authority Accomplished?
100(2)
Federalism Becomes a Republican Issue
102(1)
Federalism and the Supreme Court Today
103(2)
Reining in the Commerce Power
103(1)
State Sovereignty and the Eleventh Amendment
104(1)
Tenth Amendment Issues
104(1)
Federalism: Why Is It Important Today?
105(1)
Making a Difference Writing Letters to the Editor
106(1)
Key Terms
106(1)
Chapter Summary
107(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
108(1)
E-Mocracy Your Federal, State, and Local Governments Are Available at a Click of Your Mouse
109(2)
Part Two Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Liberties
111(38)
What If ... You Had to Carry a National Identification Card?
112(1)
The Bill of Rights
113(1)
Extending the Bill of Rights to State Governments
113(1)
Incorporation of the Fourteenth Amendment
114(1)
Freedom of Religion
114(8)
The Separation of Church and State---The Establishment Clause
115(6)
The Free Exercise Clause
121(1)
Freedom of Expression
122(8)
No Prior Restraint
122(2)
The Protection of Symbolic Speech
124(1)
The Protection of Commercial Speech
124(1)
Permitted Restrictions on Expression
125(1)
Unprotected Speech: Obscenity
126(2)
Unprotected Speech: Slander
128(1)
Campus Speech
128(1)
Hate Speech on the Internet
129(1)
Freedom of the Press
130(2)
Defamation in Writing
130(1)
A Free Press versus a Fair Trial: Gag Orders
130(1)
Films, Radio, and TV
131(1)
The Right to Assemble and to Petition the Government
132(1)
Street Gangs
132(1)
Online Assembly
132(1)
More Liberties under Scrutiny: Matters of Privacy
132(5)
Privacy Rights in an Information Age
133(1)
Privacy Rights and Abortion
133(2)
Privacy Rights and the ``Right to Die''
135(1)
Privacy Rights versus Security Issues
136(1)
The Great Balancing Act: The Rights of the Accused versus the Rights of Society
137(4)
Rights of the Accused
137(1)
Extending the Rights of the Accused
138(2)
The Exclusionary Rule
140(1)
The Death Penalty
141(2)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment?
141(1)
The Death Penalty Today
142(1)
Time Limits for Death Row Appeals
143(1)
Civil Liberties: Why Are They Important Today?
143(1)
Making a Difference Your Civil Liberties: Searches and Seizures
144(1)
Key Terms
145(1)
Chapter Summary
145(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
146(1)
E-Mocracy Understanding Your Civil Liberties
146(3)
Civil Rights
149(40)
What If ... One State's Same-Sex Marriages Had to Be Recognized Nationwide?
150(1)
African Americans and the Consequences of Slavery in the United States
151(6)
Ending Servitude
152(1)
The Civil Rights Acts of 1865 to 1875
152(1)
The Ineffectiveness of the Civil Rights Laws
153(2)
The End of the Separate-but-Equal Doctrine
155(1)
Reactions to School Integration
155(1)
An Integrationist Attempt at a Cure: Busing
156(1)
The Civil Rights Movement
157(2)
King's Philosophy of Nonviolence
158(1)
Another Approach---Black Power
159(1)
The Climax of the Civil Rights Movement
159(4)
Civil Rights Legislation
159(2)
Consequences of Civil Rights Legislation
161(2)
Women's Struggle for Equal Rights
163(5)
Early Women's Political Movements
163(1)
Women's Suffrage Associations
164(1)
The Modern Women's Movement
164(3)
Women in Politics Today
167(1)
Gender-Based Discrimination in the Workplace
168(2)
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
169(1)
Sexual Harassment
169(1)
Wage Discrimination
169(1)
Civil Rights: Extending Equal Protection
170(1)
Affirmative Action
171(1)
The Bakke Case
171(1)
Further Limits on Affirmative Action
171(1)
State Ballot Initiatives
172(1)
Special Protection for Older Americans
172(1)
Age Discrimination in Employment
173(1)
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
173(1)
Securing Rights for Persons with Disabilities
173(2)
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
174(1)
Limiting the Scope and Applicability of the ADA
174(1)
The Rights and Status of Gay Males and Lesbians
175(3)
Growth in the Gay Male and Lesbian Rights Movement
175(1)
State and Local Laws Targeting Gay Men and Lesbians
175(1)
The Gay Community and Politics
176(1)
Gay Men and Lesbians in the Military
176(1)
Same-Sex Marriages
177(1)
Child Custody and Adoption
178(1)
The Rights and Status of Juveniles
178(5)
Voting Rights and the Young
179(1)
The Rights of Children in Civil and Criminal Proceedings
179(4)
Civil Rights: Why Are They Important Today?
183(1)
Making a Difference Dealing with Discrimination
184(1)
Key Terms
184(1)
Chapter Summary
185(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
186(1)
E-Mocracy Civil Rights Information Online
187(2)
Part Three People and Politics
Public Opinion and Political Socialization
189(30)
What If ... Exit Polls Were Regulated?
190(2)
Defining Public Opinion
192(1)
How Public Opinion Is Formed: Political Socialization
193(3)
Models of Political Socialization
193(1)
The Family and the Social Environment
193(2)
The Impact of the Media
195(1)
The Influence of Political Events
196(1)
Political Preferences and Voting Behavior
196(6)
Demographic Influences
196(5)
Election-Specific Factors
201(1)
Measuring Public Opinion
202(5)
The History of Opinion Polls
202(1)
Sampling Techniques
203(1)
Problems with Polls
204(3)
Technology and Opinion Polls
207(2)
The Advent of Telephone Polling
207(1)
Enter Internet Polling
208(1)
Public Opinion and the Political Process
209(4)
Political Culture and Public Opinion
209(1)
Public Opinion about Government
210(2)
Public Opinion and Policymaking
212(1)
Public Opinion: Why Is It Important Today?
213(2)
Making a Difference Be a Critical Consumer of Opinion Polls
215(1)
Key Terms
215(1)
Chapter Summary
216(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
216(1)
E-Mocracy Online Polling and Poll Data
217(2)
Interest Groups
219(30)
What If ... Retired Government Employees Could Not Work for Interest Groups?
220(1)
Interest Groups: A Natural Phenomenon
221(3)
Interest Groups and Social Movements
223(1)
Why So Many?
223(1)
Why Do Americans Join Interest Groups?
224(3)
Solidary Incentives
225(1)
Material Incentives
225(1)
Purposive Incentives
226(1)
Types of Interest Groups
227(8)
Economic Interest Groups
227(5)
Environmental Groups
232(1)
Public-Interest Groups
233(1)
Other Interest Groups
234(1)
Foreign Governments
235(1)
What Makes an Interest Group Powerful?
235(2)
Size and Resources
235(1)
Leadership
236(1)
Cohesiveness
237(1)
Interest Group Strategies
237(5)
Direct Techniques
238(2)
Indirect Techniques
240(2)
Regulating Lobbyists
242(1)
The Results of the 1946 Act
242(1)
The Reforms of 1995
242(1)
Interest Groups and Representative Democracy
243(1)
Interest Groups: Elitist or Pluralist?
243(1)
Interest Group Influence
243(1)
Interest Groups: Why Are They Important Today?
244(1)
Making a Difference The Gun Control Issue
245(1)
Key Terms
245(1)
Chapter Summary
246(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
246(1)
E-Mocracy Interest Groups and the Internet
247(2)
Political Parties
249(38)
What If ... We Had a Multiparty Political System?
250(1)
What Is a Political Party?
251(1)
A History of Political Parties in the United States
252(7)
The Formative Years: Federalists and Anti-Federalists
253(1)
The Era of Good Feelings
253(1)
National Two-Party Rule: Democrats and Whigs
254(1)
The Civil War Crisis
254(1)
The Post-Civil War Period
254(2)
The Progressive Interlude
256(1)
The New Deal Era
256(1)
An Era of Divided Government
257(2)
The Two Major U.S. Parties Today
259(3)
The Parties' Core Constituents
259(1)
Economic Beliefs
259(2)
Cultural Politics
261(1)
The 2004 Election: Economics and National Security
262(1)
The Three Faces of a Party
262(8)
Party Organization
264(1)
The National Party Organization
264(3)
The State Party Organization
267(1)
Local Party Machinery: The Grassroots
268(1)
The Party-in-Government
269(1)
Why Has the Two-Party System Endured?
270(2)
The Historical Foundations of the Two-Party System
270(1)
Political Socialization and Practical Considerations
271(1)
The Winner-Take-All Electoral System
271(1)
State and Federal Laws Favoring the Two Parties
272(1)
The Role of Minor Parties in U.S. Politics
272(6)
Ideological Third Parties
273(2)
Splinter Parties
275(1)
The Impact of Minor Parties
275(3)
Mechanisms of Political Change
278(3)
Realignment
278(1)
Dealignment
279(1)
Tipping
280(1)
On to the Future
281(1)
Political Parties: Why Are They Important Today?
281(1)
Making a Difference Electing Convention Delegates
282(1)
Key Terms
283(1)
Chapter Summary
283(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
284(1)
E-Mocracy Political Parties and the Internet
285(2)
Campaigns, Nominations, and Elections
287(38)
What If ... We Had Public Financing for All Political Campaigns?
288(1)
Who Wants to Be a Candidate?
289(4)
Why They Run
289(2)
The Nomination Process
291(1)
Who Is Eligible?
291(1)
Who Runs?
292(1)
The Twenty-First-Century Campaign
293(1)
The Changing Campaign
293(1)
The Professional Campaign
294(1)
The Strategy of Winning
294(2)
Candidate Visibility and Appeal
295(1)
The Use of Opinion Polls
295(1)
Focus Groups
295(1)
Financing the Campaign
296(2)
Regulating Campaign Financing
296(1)
The Federal Election Campaign Act
297(1)
Interest Groups and Campaign Money
298(6)
PACs and Political Campaigns
298(2)
Campaign Financing beyond the Limits
300(2)
The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002
302(2)
Running for President: The Longest Campaign
304(4)
Reforming the Primaries
304(1)
Types of Primaries
305(1)
Front-Loading the Primaries
306(1)
On to the National Convention
307(1)
The Electoral College
308(2)
The Choice of Electors
308(1)
The Electors' Commitment
308(1)
Criticisms of the Electoral College
309(1)
How Are Elections Conducted?
310(3)
Office-Block and Party-Column Ballots
310(1)
Voting by Mail
310(2)
Vote Fraud
312(1)
Turning Out to Vote
313(5)
The Effect of Low Voter Turnout
314(1)
Is Voter Turnout Declining?
315(1)
Factors Influencing Who Votes
316(1)
Why People Do Not Vote
317(1)
Legal Restrictions on Voting
318(2)
Historical Restrictions
318(2)
Current Eligibility and Registration Requirements
320(1)
Campaigns, Nominations, and Elections: Why Are They Important Today?
320(1)
Making a Difference Registering and Voting
321(1)
Key Terms
322(1)
Chapter Summary
322(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
323(1)
E-Mocracy Elections and the Web
324(1)
The Media and Cyberpolitics
325(28)
What If ... The Media Were Truly Independent?
326(1)
The Media's Functions
327(2)
Entertainment
327(1)
Reporting the News
327(1)
Identifying Public Problems
328(1)
Socializing New Generations
328(1)
Providing a Political Forum
328(1)
Making Profits
329(1)
A History of the Media in the United States
329(5)
The Rise of the Political Press
330(1)
The Development of Mass-Readership Newspapers
330(1)
The Popular Press and Yellow Journalism
330(1)
The Age of the Electromagnetic Signal
331(1)
The Revolution in the Electronic Media
332(1)
Talk-Show Politics and Internet Broadcasting
333(1)
The Primacy of Television
334(1)
The Increase in News-Type Programming
334(1)
Television's Influence on the Political Process
334(1)
The Media and Political Campaigns
335(6)
Advertising
336(1)
Management of News Coverage
337(1)
Going for the Knockout Punch---Presidential Debates
338(1)
Political Campaigns and the Internet
339(1)
The Media's Impact on the Voters
340(1)
The Media and the Government
341(3)
The Media and the Presidency
342(1)
Setting the Public Agenda
343(1)
Government Regulation of the Media
344(3)
Controlling Ownership of the Media
344(1)
Government Control of Content
345(1)
The Public's Right to Media Access
346(1)
Bias in the Media
347(1)
Do the Media Have a Partisan Bias?
347(1)
A Commercial Bias?
348(1)
Other Theories of Media Bias
348(1)
The Media: Why Are They Important Today?
348(2)
Making a Difference Being a Critical Consumer of the News
350(1)
Key Terms
350(1)
Chapter Summary
351(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
351(1)
E-Mocracy The Media and the Internet
352(1)
Part Four Political Institutions
The Congress
353(36)
What If ... Members of Congress Were Required to Report Annually to Their Constituents?
354(1)
Why Was Congress Created?
355(1)
The Functions of Congress
356(3)
The Lawmaking Function
356(1)
The Representation Function
356(1)
Service to Constituents
357(1)
The Oversight Function
358(1)
The Public-Education Function
358(1)
The Conflict-Resolution Function
358(1)
The Powers of Congress
359(1)
Enumerated Powers
359(1)
The Necessary and Proper Clause
360(1)
House-Senate Differences
360(2)
Size and Rules
361(1)
Debate and Filibustering
361(1)
Prestige
362(1)
Congresspersons and the Citizenry: A Comparison
362(1)
Congressional Elections
363(3)
Candidates for Congressional Elections
364(1)
The Power of Incumbency
365(1)
Congressional Apportionment
366(4)
Gerrymandering
367(1)
Redistricting after the 2000 Census
367(1)
``Minority-Majority'' Districts
368(1)
Constitutional Challenges
368(2)
Changing Directions
370(1)
Perks and Privileges
370(2)
Permanent Professional Staffs
370(1)
Privileges and Immunities under the Law
371(1)
Congressional Caucuses: Another Source of Support
371(1)
The Committee Structure
372(3)
The Power of Committees
372(1)
Types of Congressional Committees
373(1)
The Selection of Committee Members
374(1)
The Formal Leadership
375(3)
Leadership in the House
375(2)
Leadership in the Senate
377(1)
How Members of Congress Decide
378(1)
The Conservative Coalition
379(1)
``Crossing Over''
379(1)
How a Bill Becomes Law
379(2)
How Much Will the Government Spend?
381(3)
Preparing the Budget
382(1)
Congress Faces the Budget
382(2)
Budget Resolutions
384(1)
The Congress: Why Is It Important Today?
384(1)
Making a Difference Learning about Your Representatives
385(1)
Key Terms
386(1)
Chapter Summary
386(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
387(1)
E-Mocracy Elections and the Web
388(1)
The President
389(34)
What If ... There Were No Executive Privilege?
390(1)
Who Can Become President?
391(1)
The Process of Becoming President
392(2)
The Many Roles of the President
394(11)
Head of State
394(1)
Chief Executive
395(2)
Commander in Chief
397(2)
Chief Diplomat
399(2)
Chief Legislator
401(3)
Other Presidential Powers
404(1)
The President as Party Chief and Superpolitician
405(2)
The President as Chief of Party
405(1)
Constituencies and Public Approval
405(2)
Special Uses of Presidential Power
407(3)
Emergency Powers
409(1)
Executive Orders
409(1)
Executive Privilege
409(1)
Abuses of Executive Power and Impeachment
410(2)
The Executive Organization
412(3)
The Cabinet
412(1)
The Executive Office of the President
413(2)
The Vice Presidency
415(3)
The Vice President's Job
415(1)
Presidential Succession
416(1)
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment
417(1)
When the Vice Presidency Becomes Vacant
418(1)
The Presidency: Why Is It Important Today?
418(1)
Making a Difference Communicating with the White House
419(1)
Key Terms
420(1)
Chapter Summary
420(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
421(1)
E-Mocracy The Presidency and the Internet
422(1)
The Bureaucracy
423(30)
What If ... The Public Graded Federal Bureaucracies?
424(1)
The Nature of Bureaucracy
425(2)
Public and Private Bureaucracies
425(1)
Models of Bureaucracy
426(1)
Bureaucracies Compared
426(1)
The Size of the Bureaucracy
427(2)
The Organization of the Federal Bureaucracy
429(8)
Cabinet Departments
431(3)
Independent Executive Agencies
434(1)
Independent Regulatory Agencies
434(2)
Government Corporations
436(1)
Staffing the Bureaucracy
437(3)
Political Appointees
437(1)
History of the Federal Civil Service
438(2)
Modern Attempts at Bureaucratic Reform
440(4)
Sunshine Laws before and after 9/11
440(1)
Sunset Laws
441(1)
Privatization
442(1)
Incentives for Efficiency and Productivity
442(1)
Helping Out the Whistleblowers
443(1)
Bureaucrats as Politicians and Policymakers
444(3)
The Rulemaking Environment
444(1)
Negotiated Rulemaking
445(1)
Bureaucrats Are Policymakers
445(2)
Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy
447(1)
The Bureaucracy: Why Is It Important Today?
448(1)
Making a Difference What the Government Knows about You
449(1)
Key Terms
449(1)
Chapter Summary
450(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
450(1)
E-Mocracy E-Government
451(2)
The Courts
453(30)
What If ... Supreme Court Justices Had to Campaign?
454(1)
The Common Law Tradition
455(1)
Sources of American Law
456(1)
Constitutions
456(1)
Statutes and Administrative Regulations
456(1)
Case Law
457(1)
The Federal Court System
457(6)
Basic Judicial Requirements
457(1)
Types of Federal Courts
458(2)
Specialized Federal Courts and the War on Terrorism
460(1)
Parties to Lawsuits
461(2)
Procedural Rules
463(1)
The Supreme Court at Work
463(3)
Which Cases Reach the Supreme Court?
464(1)
Deciding Cases
465(1)
Decisions and Opinions
465(1)
The Selection of Federal Judges
466(4)
Judicial Appointments
466(3)
Partisanship and Judicial Appointments
469(1)
The Senate's Role
469(1)
Policymaking and the Courts
470(5)
Judicial Review
471(1)
Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint
471(1)
Strict versus Broad Construction
472(1)
Ideology and the Rehnquist Court
472(3)
What Checks Our Courts?
475(3)
Executive Checks
475(1)
Legislative Checks
476(1)
Public Opinion
476(1)
Judicial Traditions and Doctrines
477(1)
The Judiciary: Why Is It Important Today?
478(1)
Making a Difference Changing the Legal System
479(1)
Key Terms
479(1)
Chapter Summary
480(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
480(2)
E-Mocracy Courts on the Web
482(1)
Part Five Public Policy
Domestic Policy
483(38)
What If ... The National Parks Were Privatized?
484(1)
The Policymaking Process
485(3)
Agenda Building
485(1)
Policy Formulation
486(1)
Policy Adoption
486(1)
Policy Implementation
486(2)
Policy Evaluation
488(1)
Health Care
488(6)
The Rising Cost of Health Care
488(2)
Medicare
490(1)
The Uninsured
491(1)
One Alternative: National Health Insurance
492(2)
Another Alternative: A Health Savings Account
494(1)
Poverty and Welfare
494(5)
The Low-Income Population
494(1)
The Antipoverty Budget
495(1)
Basic Welfare
496(1)
Welfare Controversies
496(1)
Other Forms of Government Assistance
496(2)
Homelessness---Still a Problem
498(1)
Immigration
499(2)
The Continued Influx of Immigrants
500(1)
Immigration and America's Security
500(1)
Crime in the Twenty-First Century
501(7)
Crime in American History
501(1)
Crimes Committed by Juveniles
502(1)
The Cost of Crime to American Society
503(1)
The Prison Population Bomb
504(2)
Federal Drug Policy
506(1)
Confronting Terrorism
507(1)
Environmental Policy
508(7)
Environmentalism
509(1)
Cleaning Up the Air and Water
510(1)
Cost-Effective Solutions
511(1)
Regulating Hazardous Waste: Superfund
512(1)
The Endangered Species Act
513(1)
Global Warming
514(1)
Domestic Policy: Why Is It Important Today?
515(1)
Making a Difference Environmental Trade-Offs
516(1)
Key Terms
516(1)
Chapter Summary
517(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
518(1)
E-Mocracy The Internet and Domestic Policy
519(2)
Economic Policy
521(26)
What If ... Every Adult Were Guaranteed a Job?
522(1)
Good Times, Bad Times
523(3)
Unemployment
523(1)
Inflation
524(1)
The Business Cycle
525(1)
Fiscal Policy
526(4)
Keynesian Economics
526(2)
The Thorny Problem of Timing
528(1)
Automatic Stabilizers
528(1)
Deficit Spending and the Public Debt
528(2)
Monetary Policy
530(3)
Organization of the Federal Reserve System
530(1)
Loose and Tight Monetary Policies
530(1)
Time Lags for Monetary Policy
531(1)
The Way Federal Reserve Policy Is Announced
531(1)
The Fed Tackles Inflation
531(2)
Monetary Policy versus Fiscal Policy
533(1)
World Trade
533(6)
Imports and Exports
533(1)
The Impact of Import Restrictions on Exports
534(2)
The World Trade Organization
536(1)
The Balance of Trade and the Current Account Balance
537(2)
The Politics of Taxes
539(2)
Federal Income Tax Rates
539(1)
Loopholes and Lowered Taxes
540(1)
The Social Security Problem
541(1)
Social Security Is Not a Pension Fund
541(1)
Workers per Retiree
541(1)
What Will It Take to Salvage Social Security?
542(1)
Economic Policy: Why Is It Important Today?
542(2)
Making a Difference Learning about Social Security
544(1)
Key Terms
545(1)
Chapter Summary
545(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
546(1)
E-Mocracy E-Commerce and Economic Policy
546(1)
Foreign Policy
547(32)
What If ... North Korea Exploded a Nuclear Bomb?
548(1)
Facing the World: Foreign and Defense Policy
549(1)
National Security Policy
549(1)
Diplomacy
550(1)
Morality versus Reality in Foreign Policy
550(1)
Moral Idealism
550(1)
Political Realism
551(1)
American Foreign Policy---A Mixture of Both
551(1)
Challenges in World Politics
551(11)
The Emergence of Terrorism
551(2)
The War on Terrorism
553(1)
Wars in Iraq
554(3)
Nuclear Weapons
557(1)
The New Power: China
558(2)
Regional Conflicts
560(2)
Who Makes Foreign Policy?
562(4)
Constitutional Powers of the President
563(1)
Informal Techniques of Presidential Leadership
563(1)
Other Sources of Foreign Policymaking
564(2)
Congress Balances the Presidency
566(1)
Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy
567(1)
Elite and Mass Opinion
567(1)
The Military-Industrial Complex
567(1)
The Major Foreign Policy Themes
568(6)
The Formative Years: Avoiding Entanglements
568(1)
The Era of Internationalism
569(1)
Superpower Relations
570(4)
Foreign Policy: Why Is It Important Today?
574(1)
Making a Difference Working for Human Rights
575(1)
Key Terms
575(1)
Chapter Summary
576(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
577(1)
E-Mocracy Attacking Government Computer Systems
578(1)
Part Six State and Local Politics
State and Local Government
579
What If ... All States Offered School Vouchers?
580(1)
The U.S. Constitution and the State Governments
581(1)
State Constitutions
581(1)
Why Are State Constitutions So Long?
582(1)
The Constitutional Convention and the Constitutional Initiative
582(1)
The State Executive Branch
582(3)
A Weak Executive
582(1)
Reforming the System
583(1)
The Governor's Veto Power
584(1)
The State Legislature
585(3)
Legislative Apportionment
587(1)
Term Limits for State Legislators
587(1)
Direct Democracy: The Initiative, Referendum, and Recall
587(1)
The State Judiciary
588(3)
Trial Courts
588(1)
Appellate Courts
589(1)
Judicial Elections and Appointments
590(1)
How Local Government Operates
591(6)
The Legal Existence of Local Government
591(1)
Local Governmental Units
591(2)
Consolidation of Governments
593(1)
How Municipalities Are Governed
594(1)
Machine versus Reform in City Politics
595(1)
Governing Metropolitan Areas
596(1)
Paying for State and Local Government
597(3)
State and Local Government Expenditures
597(1)
State and Local Government Revenues
597(1)
Fiscal Policy Lessons
598(2)
State and Local Government: Why Is It Important Today?
600(1)
Making a Difference Learning about Local Politics and Government in Your Community
601(1)
Key Terms
602(1)
Chapter Summary
602(1)
Selected Print and Media Resources
602(2)
E-Mocracy Public Access to Information on the Internet Is Growing
604
Appendix A The Declaration of Independence 1(2)
Appendix B How to Read Case Citations and Find Court Decisions 3(1)
Appendix C Federalist Papers Nos. 10, 51, and 78 4(8)
Appendix D Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court since 1900 12(3)
Appendix E Party Control of Congress since 1900 15(1)
Appendix F Spanish Equivalents for Important Terms in American Government 16
Glossary 1(1)
Index 1


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