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Reality Through the Arts

by
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131958586

ISBN10:
0131958585
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/21/2006
Publisher(s):
Pearson
List Price: $156.80

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Summary

This introductory exploration of basic artistic concepts and terms applies them to a skeletal multi-disciplinary and multi-cultural history of artistic styles. It treats all the artspainting, printmaking, photography, sculpture, music, theatre, dance, film, architecture, literatureuniformly, and uses a common outline to reinforce the relationship of terms and concepts to the perceptual process. The book also ties both artistic media and history to the theme of art as a reflection of human realityThis examination focuses on the media of the arts, pictures, sculpture, music, theatre, cinema, dance, architecture, literature, the styles of the arts, ancient approaches, artistic reflections in the pre-modern world, as well as artistic styles in the emerging modern world and, the beginnings of modernism, pluralism in a post-modern age.For art enthusiasts and others interested exploring how artists express themselves.

Table of Contents

Map
10(3)
Preface 13(1)
Faculty and Student Resources 14(1)
Introduction 15(1)
Using This Book
15(2)
Organization
15(1)
Pronouncing Names and Terms
16(1)
The Companion Website and Accompanying Music CD
17(1)
Putting This Study in Context
17(8)
The Arts and Ways of Knowing
17(2)
What Are Art's Main Concerns?
19(1)
Creativity
19(1)
Aesthetic Communication
19(1)
Symbols
20(1)
Fine and Applied Art
21(1)
What Are Art's Purposes and Functions?
21(1)
Purposes
21(1)
Functions
21(2)
How Should We Perceive and Respond?
23(1)
How Do We Live with Art?
23(2)
Applying Critical Skills
25(5)
Types of Criticism
27(1)
Formal Criticism
27(1)
Contextual Criticism
28(1)
Structuralism
28(1)
Deconstruction
29(1)
Making Judgments
29(1)
Artisanship
29(1)
Communication
30(1)
Style
30(6)
How Can We Analyze Style?
30(3)
Style and Culture
33(1)
How Does a Style Get its Name?
33(3)
Thinking Critically
36(1)
PART I: THE MEDIA OF THE ARTS
What Artists Use to Express ``Reality''
37(1)
Two-Dimensional Art: Drawing, Painting, Printmaking, and Photography
38(34)
Formal and Technical Qualities
39(15)
Media
39(1)
Drawing
39(1)
Dry Media
39(2)
Wet Media
41(1)
Painting
41(3)
Printmaking
44(1)
Relief Printing
44(1)
Intaglio
45(2)
Planographic Processes
47(1)
Photography
48(1)
Photography and Art
48(1)
Documentary Photography
49(1)
Photographic Techniques
49(5)
Profile: Pablo Picasso
54(11)
Composition
54(1)
Elements
54(1)
Line
54(4)
Form
58(1)
Color
58(1)
Mass
59(1)
Texture
59(2)
Principles
61(1)
Repetition
61(1)
Balance
61(1)
Unity
61(1)
Focal Areas
62(1)
Other Factors
62(1)
Perspective
62(1)
Chiaroscuro
63(1)
Content
63(2)
Painting and Human Reality: Gericault, The Raft of the ``Medusa''
65(1)
Sense Stimuli
66(5)
Contrasts
66(1)
Dynamics
67(2)
Trompe l'oeil
69(1)
Juxtaposition
69(1)
Focus
69(2)
Thinking Critically
71(1)
Cyber Study
71(1)
Sculpture
72(16)
Formal and Technical Qualities
73(7)
Dimensionality
73(1)
Full-Round
73(1)
Relief
74(1)
Linear
75(1)
Methods of Execution
75(1)
Subtraction
75(2)
Construction
77(1)
Substitution
77(1)
Manipulation
77(1)
Composition
77(1)
Elements
78(2)
Sculpture and Human Reality: Michelangelo, David
80(2)
Principles
81(1)
Profile: Michelangelo
82(2)
Other Factors
83(1)
Articulation
83(1)
Focal Area (Emphasis)
83(1)
Ephemeral
83(1)
Found
84(1)
Sense Stimuli
84(3)
Touch
84(1)
Temperature and Age
84(1)
Dynamics
85(1)
Size
86(1)
Lighting and Environment
87(1)
Thinking Critically
87(1)
Cyber Study
87(1)
Architecture
88(31)
Formal and Technical Qualities
89(17)
Structure
89(1)
Post-and-Lintel
89(2)
Arch
91(6)
Cantilever
97(1)
Bearing-Wall
97(2)
Skeleton Frame
99(1)
Building Materials
99(1)
Stone
99(1)
Concrete
99(1)
Wood
99(1)
Steel
99(1)
Line, Repetition, and Balance
99(5)
Scale and Proportion
104(1)
Context
105(1)
Profile: Frank Lloyd Wright
106(3)
Space
106(2)
Climate
108(1)
Architecture and Human Reality: Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye
109(1)
Sense Stimuli
110(8)
Controlled Vision and Symbolism
110(2)
Style
112(3)
Apparent Function
115(1)
Dynamics
116(1)
Scale
117(1)
Thinking Critically
118(1)
Cyber Study
118(1)
Music and Opera
119(16)
Formal and Technical Qualities
120(6)
Forms
120(1)
Mass
120(1)
Cantata
120(1)
Oratorio
120(1)
Fugue
121(1)
Symphony
121(1)
Concerto
121(1)
Composition
121(1)
Sound
122(1)
Pitch
122(1)
Dynamics
122(2)
Tone Color
124(1)
Duration
124(1)
Rhythm
124(1)
Beat
124(1)
Meter
124(1)
Tempo
125(1)
Melody
125(1)
Harmony
125(1)
Profile: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
126(1)
Tonality
127(1)
Texture
127(1)
Monophony
127(1)
Polyphony
127(1)
Homophony
127(1)
Sense Stimuli
127(2)
Our Primal Responses
127(1)
The Musical Performance
128(1)
Opera
129(3)
Types of Opera
130(1)
The Opera Production
130(2)
Music and Human Reality: Bizet, Carmen
132(2)
Thinking Critically
134(1)
Cyber Study
134(1)
Theatre
135(19)
Formal and Technical Qualities
136(13)
Genres
136(1)
Tragedy
136(1)
Comedy
137(1)
Tragicomedy
137(1)
Melodrama
137(1)
Performance Art
137(1)
The Production
138(1)
Script
138(1)
Plot
138(1)
Exposition
139(1)
Complication
139(1)
Denouement
139(1)
Foreshadowing
139(1)
Discovery
139(1)
Reversal
139(1)
Character
140(1)
Protagonist
140(1)
Themes
140(1)
Visual Elements
140(1)
Theatre Types
140(1)
Scene Design
141(2)
Lighting Design
143(1)
Costume Design
143(2)
Properties
145(1)
Aural Elements
145(1)
Dynamics
145(1)
Actors
145(1)
Lifelikeness
146(3)
Profile: William Shakespeare
149(1)
Sense Stimuli
150(1)
Theatre and Human Reality: David Rabe, Hurly-Burly
151(2)
Thinking Critically
153(1)
Cyber Study
153(1)
Cinema
154(13)
Formal and Technical Qualities
155(3)
Classifications
155(1)
Narrative
155(1)
Documentary
156(1)
Absolute (Avant-Garde)
156(1)
The Production
156(1)
Mise-en-scene
156(1)
Director
157(1)
Techniques
157(1)
Editing
157(1)
Camera Viewpoint
157(2)
Cutting Within the Frame
159(1)
Dissolves
159(1)
Focus
160(1)
Movement
160(1)
Lighting
160
Cinema and Human Reality: Sergei Eisenstein, Battleship Potemkin
158(3)
Profile: D. W. Griffith
161(1)
Sense Stimuli
162(4)
Crosscutting
162(1)
Tension Build-up and Release
162(1)
Direct Address
162(1)
Magnitude and Convention
163(1)
Structural Rhythm
164(1)
Audio
165(1)
Thinking Critically
166(1)
Cyber Study
166(1)
Dance
167(13)
Formal and Technical Qualities
168(8)
Forms
168(1)
Ballet
168(1)
Modern Dance
168(1)
World Concert/Ritual Dance
168(1)
Folk Dance
169(1)
Jazz Dance
169(1)
Choreography
169(1)
Formalized Movement
169(2)
Line, Form, and Repetition
171(2)
Rhythm
173(1)
Mime and Pantomime
174(1)
Theme, Image, and Story Line
174(1)
Music
174(1)
Mise-en-Scene
174(2)
Profile: Martha Graham
176(1)
Lighting
176(1)
Sense Stimuli
176(1)
Dance and Human Reality: Martha Graham, Appalachian Spring
177(2)
Moving Images
178(1)
Force
178(1)
Sign Language
178(1)
Color
178(1)
Thinking Critically
179(1)
Cyber Study
179(1)
Literature
180(18)
Formal and Technical Qualities
181(2)
Formal Divisions
181(1)
Fiction
181(1)
Novels
181(1)
Short Stories
182(1)
Literature and Human Reality: Alice Walker, ``Roselilly''
183(8)
Poetry
186(1)
Narrative
186(1)
Dramatic
187(1)
Lyric
187(1)
Nonfiction
188(1)
Biography
188(1)
Essay
189(1)
Drama
190(1)
Profile: Toni Morrison
191(4)
Technical Devices
191(1)
Fiction
191(1)
Point of View
191(1)
Appearance and Reality
191(1)
Tone
192(1)
Character
192(1)
Plot
192(1)
Theme
192(1)
Symbols
192(1)
Poetry
193(1)
Language
193(1)
Structure
194(1)
Sound Structures
194(1)
Meter
194(1)
Nonfiction
194(1)
Facts
195(1)
Anecdotes
195(1)
Sense Stimuli
195(1)
Pictures
195(1)
Sounds
195(1)
Emotions
195(1)
Thinking Critically
196(1)
Cyber Study
196(1)
PART II: THE STYLES OF THE ARTS
How Artists Portray ``Reality''
197(1)
Ancient Approaches c. 30,000 to c. 480 B.C.E.
198(26)
The Context
199(1)
The Stone Age
199(1)
The Middle East
199(1)
Asia
199(1)
America
199(1)
Europe
200(1)
The Arts
200(6)
The Stone Age
200(2)
The Middle East
202(1)
Sumerian Art
202(4)
Masterworks: The Tell Asmar Statues
206(7)
Assyrian Art
207(1)
Egyptian Art
207(6)
Profile: Nefertiti
213(10)
Hebrew Art
216(2)
Asia
218(1)
America
218(1)
Europe
219(4)
Thinking Critically
223(1)
Cyber Study
223(1)
Artistic Reflections in the Pre-Modern World c. 480 B.C.E. to c. 1400 C.E.
224(47)
The Context
225(3)
Europe
225(1)
Greece
225(1)
Rome
225(1)
The Middle Ages
225(1)
The Middle East
226(1)
Byzantium
226(1)
Islam
226(1)
Asia
226(1)
China
226(1)
India
227(1)
Japan
227(1)
Africa
227(1)
America
227(1)
The Arts
228(2)
Europe
228(1)
Greek Classicism and Hellenism
228(2)
Masterworks: Myron, Discus Thrower
230(13)
Classicism
228(1)
Sculpture
228(3)
Theatre
231(2)
Architecture
233(1)
Literature
234(1)
Hellenistic Style
235(1)
Imperial Roman Classicism
235(1)
Sculpture
235(1)
Literature
236(4)
Architecture
240(2)
Medieval Music
242(1)
Profile: Hildegard of Bingen
243(27)
Romanesque Style
243(2)
Medieval Literature
245(2)
Gothic Style
247(1)
Two-Dimensional Art
247(1)
Architecture
248(2)
Sculpture
250(2)
Medieval Theatre
252(1)
The Middle East
252(1)
Byzantine Style
252(1)
Architecture
253(3)
Mosaics and Ivories
256(1)
Islamic Art
257(1)
Two-Dimensional Art
257(1)
Literature
257(3)
Islamic Style in Architecture
260(1)
Asia
260(1)
Chinese Art
260(1)
Sculpture
260(1)
Architecture
261(1)
Painting
262(2)
Japanese Art
264(1)
Architecture
264(1)
Painting and Sculpture
264(2)
Theatre and Literature
266(1)
Africa
266(1)
Nok Style
266(1)
Igbo-Ukwu Style
266(1)
Ife Style
267(1)
Djenne Style
267(1)
America
268(2)
Thinking Critically
270(1)
Cyber Study
270(1)
Artistic Styles in the Emerging Modern World c. 1400 to c. 1800
271(50)
The Context
272(3)
Europe
272(1)
The Renaissance
272(1)
The Reformation and Counter-Reformation
273(1)
The Enlightenment
273(1)
Asia
273(1)
Africa
274(1)
America
274(1)
The Arts
275(16)
Europe
275(1)
The Early Renaissance
275(1)
Painting
275(1)
Sculpture
276(2)
Literature
278(2)
Architecture
280(2)
The High Renaissance
282(1)
Leonardo da Vinci
283(1)
Michelangelo
283(1)
Papal Splendor: The Vatican
284(2)
Raphael
286(1)
The High Renaissance in Venice
286(2)
Northern Europe
288(1)
Two-Dimensional Art
288(2)
Theatre
290(2)
Music
292
Masterworks: William Shakespeare, Hamlet
291(8)
Baroque Style
293(1)
Painting
294(3)
Sculpture
297(1)
Architecture
297(1)
Music
298(2)
Literature
300
Profile: Johann Sebastian Bach
299(6)
The Enlightenment
301(1)
Rococo Style
301(1)
The English School
302(2)
Genre
304(1)
Neoclassical Painting
304(2)
Neoclassical Architecture
306(1)
Neoclassical Music
306(2)
Literature
308
Masterworks: Jacques-Louis David, The Oath of the Horatii
305(15)
Asia
312(1)
Chinese Art
312(1)
Ming Sculpture and Ceramics
312(1)
Indian Art
312(1)
Rajput Style
313(1)
Punjab Style
313(1)
Muslim and Hindu Architecture
313(1)
Japanese Art
314(1)
Painting Style
314(1)
Imari Porcelain
315(1)
Kabuki Theatre
316(1)
Africa
316(1)
Benin Style
316(1)
America
317(1)
Aztec Art
317(1)
Incan Art
317(3)
Thinking Critically
320(1)
Cyber Study
320(1)
Artistry in an Age of Industry c. 1800 to c. 1900
321(39)
The Context
322(1)
Europe
322(1)
Asia
322(1)
Africa
323(1)
America
323(1)
The Arts
323(3)
Europe
323(1)
Romanticism
323(3)
Profile: Rosa Bonheur
326(3)
Masterworks: Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice
329(3)
Profile: Johannes Brahms
332(27)
Painting
324(1)
Literature
325(3)
Music
328(7)
Theatre
335(1)
Ballet
336(2)
Architecture
338(1)
Realism
339(1)
Painting
339(2)
Theatre and Literature
341(1)
Impressionism
342(1)
Painting
343(3)
Sculpture
346(1)
Music
346(1)
Literature
346(1)
Post-Impressionism
347(1)
Seurat
347(1)
Cezanne
347(2)
Gauguin
349(1)
Van Gogh
349(1)
Art Nouveau
350(1)
Asia
351(1)
Africa
352(2)
America
354(1)
American Indian Art
354(3)
African American Music
357(2)
Thinking Critically
359(1)
Cyber Study
359(1)
The Arts in a Modern, Postmodern, and Pluralistic World 1900 to the Present
360(44)
The Context
361(2)
Modernism
361(1)
Postmodernism
361(1)
Pluralism
362(1)
History
362(1)
The Arts
363(16)
Modern Directions
363(1)
Expressionism
363(2)
Fauvism
365(1)
Cubism
365(2)
Futurism and Mechanism
367(2)
Dada
369(1)
Abstraction
369(2)
Surrealism
371(1)
Absurdism
371(1)
Realism
372(1)
Abstract Expressionism
373(2)
Pop Art
375(1)
Hard Edge
376(1)
Environmental Art
376(1)
Architectural Modernism
376(3)
Masterworks: Frank Lloyd Wright, Kaufmann House
379(10)
Modernism in Music
381(1)
Hindemith
381(1)
Bartok
382(1)
Stravinsky
382(1)
Schoenberg
382(1)
Ives and Copland
382(1)
Modern Dance
383(1)
Duncan
383(1)
Denishawn
383(1)
Graham
383(1)
Cunningham
383(1)
Later Developments
384(1)
Literary Modernism
384(1)
Postmodern Directions
384(1)
Neoabstraction
384(1)
``New'' Realism
385(1)
Feminist Art
386(1)
Postmodern Architecture
387(1)
Postmodern Music
388(1)
Minimalism
388(1)
Experimentation
388(2)
Improvisation and Musique Actuelle
390(1)
Sound Liberation
390
Profile: Richard Danielpour
389(14)
Postmodern Literature
390(1)
Concrete Poetry
391(1)
Magic Realism
391(1)
Confessionalists
391(1)
Pluralism
392(1)
African American Art
392(1)
Harlem Renaissance
392(2)
Jazz
394(2)
American Indian Art
396(1)
Ceramics and Painting
397(2)
Latino Art
399(4)
Thinking Critically
403(1)
Cyber Study
403(1)
Notes 404(2)
Glossary 406(11)
Bibliography 417(3)
Index 420(10)
Credits 430(2)
Selections from ``Music for the Humanities'' 432


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