9780131884076

Religion in Society: A Sociology of Religion

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780131884076

  • ISBN10:

    0131884077

  • Edition: 8th
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2/15/2006
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

Using an unbiased, balanced approach, the 8th edition of this text puts religion in its social context by discussing the impact of society on religion while helpg readers understand the role and function of religion in society that occurregardlessof anyone's claims about the truth or falsity of religious systems.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
PART INTRODUCTION TO THE SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION
The Sociological Perspective
1(20)
The Task of Sociology
2(1)
Central Sociological Assumptions
3(2)
The Sociology of Religion
5(2)
Defining Religion
7(1)
The Characteristics of Religion
8(6)
A Working Definition of Religion
14(1)
The Definition Applied to ``Magic''
15(2)
Final Reflection on the Definition of Religion
17(1)
A Concluding Historical Note: The Development of the Sociology of Religion
18(2)
Notes
20(1)
The Sources of Religion
21(19)
Revelation as Origin
22(1)
The ``Natural-Knowledge-of-God'' Explanation
23(1)
Anthropological Explanations
24(3)
Psychological Explanations
27(2)
Sociological Views
29(7)
Rational Choice Theory
36(1)
Conclusion
37(1)
Notes
38(2)
PART II THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF RELIGION
Religion as a Group Phenomenon
40(20)
Religion and the Characteristics of a Group
40(3)
Religion and the Five Functional Prerequisites of Group Life
43(6)
The Effects of Increasing Group Size
49(2)
The Bureaucratization of Religion
51(4)
Religious Leadership
55(3)
Notes
58(2)
The Church-Sect Continuum of Religious Organization
60(31)
The Sect
61(1)
The Church
62(2)
The Denomination
64(1)
The Formation of Sects
65(2)
The Impact of Deprivation on Sect Development
67(3)
The Evolution of Sects
70(5)
The Institutionalized Sect
75(3)
The Cult
78(6)
Other Non-American Cults
84(3)
Refinements of the Church-Sect Typology
87(1)
Notes
88(3)
Becoming Religious
91(31)
Elements in Religious Socialization
92(2)
Methods of Religious Socialization
94(2)
Measuring the Impact of Religious Socialization
96(3)
Sociological Definitions of Religiosity: Group Affiliation
99(2)
Sociological Definitions of Religiosity: The Individual Approach
101(3)
Sociological Measures of Religiosity: Multidimensional Measures
104(2)
Internalization of Religion
106(4)
Religious Conversion
110(5)
Decon version
115(2)
Deprogramming
117(1)
Conclusion
118(1)
Notes
118(4)
Religious Conflict
122(23)
Conflict Theory According to Karl Marx
123(3)
Religious Conflict in History
126(1)
Contemporary Examples of Religious Conflict
127(7)
Intrareligious Conflict
134(8)
Challenges to Society from Religious Groups
142(1)
Conclusion
143(1)
Notes
143(2)
PART III RELIGION IN SOCIETY
Religion and Politics
145(34)
The Relationship of Religion and Politics
147(1)
The Influence of Religion on Politics
148(19)
Civil Religion
167(3)
Religion and Politics in the Third World
170(6)
Notes
176(3)
Religious Fundamentalism
179(27)
The Concept of Fundamentalism: Its Origin and Use
180(4)
Protestant Fundamentalism
184(11)
Jewish Fundamentalism
195(4)
Islamic Fundamentalism
199(4)
The Future
203(1)
Notes
204(2)
Religion and the Economy
206(15)
Religion as an Economic Institution
207(1)
Religion as a Shaper of Economic Attitudes and Behavior
208(9)
An Assessment of the Relationship between Religion and Economics
217(2)
Notes
219(2)
Religion and the Class System
221(22)
Differences in Religious Meaning and Expression among Social Classes
222(3)
Differential Denominational Affiliation by Social Class
225(6)
Social Stratification within Religious Groups
231(1)
Stratification, Religion, and Race
232(8)
Notes
240(3)
Women and Religion
243(45)
The Relationship of Women to Religion as Societies Evolved
244(1)
The Historical Patterns
245(6)
Contemporary Responses
251(25)
Female-Dominated Religions
276(3)
Predictions
279(3)
Application of Rational Choice Theory
282(1)
Conclusion
283(1)
Notes
283(5)
PART IV RELIGION IN AMERICA
Major Historical Developments
288(23)
Intolerant Beginnings
288(2)
The Constitutional Compromise
290(5)
The Frontier Challenge
295(4)
The Ordeal of Pluralism
299(4)
Religious Social Concern
303(3)
The Post-World War II Revival
306(3)
Notes
309(2)
Black and Native American Religion in America
311(33)
The Historical Development of the Black Church as a Social Institution
312(7)
Militancy in the Black Church
319(6)
New Themes in Black Religion
325(5)
Other Religious Options for African Americans
330(2)
Native American Religion
332(8)
Notes
340(4)
Denominational Society
344(40)
The Multiplicity of Groups
345(1)
The Diversity of Groups
346(1)
Major Denominational Families
347(18)
Special Interest Religious Groups
365(1)
Ecumenism
366(6)
The Megachurch Phenomenon
372(4)
The Continued Viability of Denominationalism
376(4)
Notes
380(4)
The Future of Religion
384(41)
Level of Religious Activity
385(2)
The Growth and Decline of Membership
387(8)
Impending Protestant Loss of Majority Religious Position
395(2)
The Dilemmas of Roman Catholicism
397(5)
Continuity in the Traditional Social Functions of Religion
402(5)
The Factor of Secularization
407(8)
The Conflict over the Purpose of Religion
415(4)
Conclusion
419(2)
Notes
421(4)
Photo Credits 425(2)
Index 427

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