9780140440485

The Republic

by ; ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780140440485

  • ISBN10:

    0140440488

  • Edition: 2nd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1955-09-01
  • Publisher: Penguin Classics
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Summary

Essestially an inquiry into morality, the Republic is the central work of the Western world's most famous philosopher. Containing crucial arguments and insights into many other areas of philosophy, it is also a literary masterpiece: the philosophy is presented for the most part for ordinaryreaders, who are carried along by the wit and intensity of the dialogue and by Plato's unforgettable images of the human condition. This new, lucid translation is complemented by full explanatory notes and an up-to-date critical introduction.

Table of Contents

PREFACE ix(2)
TRANSLATOR'S INTRODUCTION xi
PART I: INTRODUCTION (327) 3(53)
BK I 1. Prelude
3(5)
2. The Conventional View of Justice Developed
8(8)
3. Thrasymachus and the Rejection of Conventional Morality
16(27)
1. First Statement and Criticisms
16(9)
2. Second Statement and Final Refutation
25(18)
BK II 4. Adeimantus and Glaucon Restate the Case for Injustice
43(13)
1. Glaucon
43(6)
2. Adeimantus
49(7)
PART II: PRELIMINARIES (367) 56(14)
1. First Principles of Social Organization
56(7)
2. Civilized Society
63(3)
3. Qualities Required in the Guardians
66(4)
PART III: EDUCATION: THE FIRST STAGE (376) 70(48)
1. Secondary (Literary) Education. The Need for Suitable Literature Current Literature Unsuitable
70(36)
BK III (a) Theologically
70(10)
(b) Morally
80(10)
Requirements
(c) Formal
90(8)
(d) Musical
98(4)
Summary
102(4)
2. Physical Education
106(12)
PART IV: GUARDIANS AND AUXILIARIES (412) 118(19)
1. The Three Classes and their Mutual Relations
118(5)
BK IV 2. The Rulers' and Auxiliaries' Way of Life
123(5)
3. Final Provisions for Unity
128(9)
PART V: JUSTICE IN STATE AND INDIVIDUAL (427) 137(29)
1. Justice in the State
137(10)
2. The Elements in Mental Conflict
147(11)
3. Justice in the Individual
158(5)
4. Conclusion
163(3)
PART VI: WOMEN AND THE FAMILY (499) 166(34)
BK V 1. The Status of Women
166(11)
2. Marriage and the Family
177(16)
3. The Rules of War
193(7)
PART VII: THE PHILOSOPHER RULER (471) 200(65)
1. The Ideal and the Actual
200(3)
2. Definition of the Philosopher
203(17)
BK VI 1. The Philosopher and the Two Orders of Reality
206(10)
2. The Qualities of Character Required in the Philosopher
216(4)
3. The Prejudice against Philosophy
220(12)
4. The Philosopher Ruler not Impossible
232(7)
5. The Good as Ultimate Object of Knowledge
239(10)
BK VII 6. The Divided Line
249(6)
7. The Simile of the Cave
255(10)
PART VIII: EDUCATION OF THE PHILOSOPHER (521) 265(30)
1. Preliminary
265(5)
2. The Five Mathematical Studies
270(10)
3. Dialectic
280(6)
4. Selection and Curriculum
286(9)
PART IX: IMPERFECT SOCIETIES (543) 295(64)
BK VIII 1. Recapitulation
295(3)
2. Timarchy
298(5)
3. The Timarchic Character
303(2)
4. Oligarchy
305(4)
5. The Oligarchic Character
309(2)
6. Democracy
311(4)
7. The Democratic Character
315(5)
8. Tyranny
320(10)
BK IX 9. The Tyrannical Character
330(6)
10. The Types of Character and their Degrees of Happiness
336(17)
11. Conclusion
353(6)
PART X: THEORY OF ART (595) 359(19)
BK X 1. Art and Illusion
359(11)
2. The Appeal of Art and Poetry
370(4)
3. The Effects of Poetry and Drama
374(4)
PART XI: THE IMMORTALITY OF THE SOUL AND THE REWARDS OF GOODNESS (608) 378(16)
1. The Soul Immortal
378(5)
2. The Rewards of Goodness in this Life
383(2)
3. The Myth of Er
385(9)
APPENDIX I: THE PHILOSOPHICAL PASSAGES IN THE REPUBLIC 394(6)
APPENDIX II: THE SPINDLE OF NECESSITY 400(6)
BIBLIOGRAPHY 406

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