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Research Techniques for the Health Sciences,9780205340965
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Research Techniques for the Health Sciences

by ;
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780205340965

ISBN10:
0205340962
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
1/1/2002
Publisher(s):
Benjamin Cummings
List Price: $118.80
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Summary

(Benjamin Cummings) Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville. Textbook on how to conduct research in the health sciences. Provides greater information in selected areas, such as evidence-based health care. For upper-level undergraduate and graduate students. Focuses on the pragmatic aspects of health science research. Previous edition: c1997.

Author Biography

James J. Neutens: The University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine/Knoxville Laurna Rubinson: The University of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
What Is Research?
1(14)
Health Science Research
1(1)
Using Science in the Quest for Knowledge
2(9)
Summary
11(1)
Suggested Activities
12(3)
Developing the Research Proposal
15(16)
Selection of the Problem
15(1)
Sources of Problems
16(2)
Statement of the Problem and Research Questions
18(1)
Subproblems
19(1)
Components Comprising the Setting of the Problem
20(1)
Formulation of Hypotheses
21(2)
Significance and Justification of the Problem
23(1)
Resume of Related Literature
23(1)
Proposed Research Procedures
24(1)
Budget Considerations
24(1)
Time Schedule
25(1)
Research Proposal Checklist
25(3)
Summary
28(1)
Suggested Activities
28(3)
Critical Review of the Literature and Information Sources
31(22)
Purposes of the Review
31(2)
Steps in the Review Process
33(4)
Conducting a Computer Search: Finding the Evidence
37(3)
Determining the Level of Evidence
40(7)
Finding Short-cuts to Determining the Level of Evidence
47(1)
Writing the Section on Related Literature
47(1)
Summary
48(1)
Suggested Activities
49(4)
Considering Ethics in Research
53(24)
Case Study
53(1)
General Ethical Dilemmas in Human Research
54(2)
Justification to Experiment on Humans
56(1)
Vulnerable Target Groups: Children
57(3)
Informed Consent: Truthtelling and Deception
60(4)
Right to Privacy and Confidentiality
64(2)
Responsibility for Harmful Consequences
66(1)
The Duty to Continue a Successful Research Effort
67(1)
Therapeutic and Nontherapeutic Research
68(1)
Sponsored Research
68(1)
Publication of Unethical Research
69(1)
Research or Just a Look-See?
69(1)
Role of the Institutional Review Board
70(3)
Case Discussion
73(1)
Summary
74(1)
Suggested Activities
75(2)
Conducting Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research
77(24)
Case Study
77(1)
Characteristics of Experimentation
77(1)
Control in Experiments
78(2)
The Hawthorne Effect in Controlling Situations
80(1)
Advantages and Disadvantages of the Experimental Method
80(1)
Internal and External Validity
81(6)
Constructing Experimental Designs to Control Variables
87(9)
Case Discussion
96(1)
Summary
97(1)
Suggested Activities
97(4)
Data Collection Through Surveys and Self-Reports
101(38)
Case Study
101(1)
Characteristics of Survey Research
101(1)
Survey Flow Plan
102(3)
Survey Design
105(1)
Data Collection Methods
106(8)
Survey Sampling
114(1)
Questionnaire Design and Construction
115(5)
Attitude Scale Construction
120(8)
Cover Letter
128(1)
Pretesting and Questionnaire Revision
129(1)
Focus Groups
130(1)
The Delphi Technique
131(1)
Case Discussion
132(1)
Summary
133(1)
Suggested Activities
134(5)
Sampling Designs and Techniques
139(24)
Case Study A
139(1)
Case Study B
139(1)
The Purpose of Sampling
140(1)
The Sampling Frame
140(1)
Sampling Techniques
141(6)
Sample Size
147(11)
Case Discussion
158(1)
Summary
159(1)
Suggested Activities
160(3)
Qualitative Research
163(32)
Case Study
139(24)
Characteristics of Qualitative Research
163(4)
Theoretical Foundations
167(1)
Methods of Qualitative Research
168(13)
Techniques of Collecting Qualitative Data
181(6)
Analyzing Qualitative Data
187(3)
Using Computers in Data Analysis
190(1)
Case Discussion
191(1)
Summary
191(1)
Suggested Activities
192(3)
Evaluation Research
195(34)
Case Study
195(1)
Introduction
195(1)
Purposes of Evaluation Research
196(1)
What Can Be Evaluated?
197(1)
Steps in Conducting Evaluation
197(4)
Evaluation Models
201(9)
Types of Evaluation Research
210(8)
Methodological Approaches in Evaluation Research
218(7)
Case Discussion
225(1)
Summary
225(1)
Suggested Activities
226(3)
Analytical Epidemiologic Studies
229(24)
Case Study A: Cohort Study
229(1)
Case Study B: Case Control
229(1)
The Nature of Epidemiology
230(1)
Analytic Methodologies in Epidemiology
230(2)
Cohort or Prospective Investigations
232(1)
Case-Control or Retrospective Investigations
233(2)
Establishing Causation
235(1)
Problems of Error
235(2)
Control in Epidemiologic Research
237(4)
Analysis of Results in Analytic Epidemiology
241(8)
Case Discussion
249(1)
Summary
250(1)
Suggested Activities
251(2)
Analyzing and Interpreting Data: Descriptive Analysis
253(18)
Case Study
253(1)
The Meaning of Statistics
253(1)
Statistical Analysis and Data
254(2)
Descriptive Data Analysis Techniques
256(11)
Personal Computers and Information Delivery Systems
267(2)
Case Discussion
269(1)
Summary
269(1)
Suggested Activities
270(1)
Analyzing and Interpreting Data: Inferential Analysis
271(18)
Case Study
271(1)
Inferential Analysis
271(1)
Testing Statistical Significance
271(4)
Inferential Data Analysis Techniques
275(5)
Nonparametric Tests of Significance
280(1)
Advanced Data Analysis Techniques
281(4)
The PC for Data Analysis
285(1)
Meta-Analysis
286(1)
Case Discussion
287(1)
Summary
287(1)
Suggested Activities
287(2)
Techniques for Data Presentation
289(22)
Case Study
289(1)
Table Presentations
289(6)
Table Format
295(4)
Figure Presentations
299(7)
Graphics and the Computer
306(2)
Case Discussion
308(1)
Summary
308(1)
Suggested Activities
309(2)
Writing a Research Report
311(16)
The Report as a Communication Document
311(1)
Preliminaries
312(2)
Text or Main Body of the Report
314(9)
References
323(1)
Appendixes
323(1)
Writing Style
324(1)
Summary
325(1)
Suggested Activities
326(1)
Appendix A: Common Statistical Procedures 327(4)
Appendix B: World Wide Web Research 331(6)
Name Index 337(4)
Subject Index 341


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