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Residential Construction Academy : Plumbing,9781401848910
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Residential Construction Academy : Plumbing

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9781401848910

ISBN10:
1401848915
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
11/15/2004
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning

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  • Residential Construction Academy : Plumbing
    Residential Construction Academy : Plumbing





Summary

Create a direct link between your education/training program and the residential construction industry! Training materials are now available for many of the residential crafts based on skill standards developed by the nation's leading builders and educators. The result of a strategic partnership between the National Association of Home Builder's Home Builders Institute and Delmar, the Residential Construction Academy Series is the perfect way to teach essential workplace skills to people new to the building trades. Delmar is a part of Cengage Learning. Written in partnership with the Home Builders Institute, and endorsed by NAHB, Residential Construction Academy Plumbing provides a step-by-step approach to residential plumbing installations. Focusing on the new residential construction industry, the author thoroughly explains the process of installing residential plumbing systems by exploring topics such as tools of the trade and proper safety measures and by offering various tips to increase productivity on-the-job. Logically organized to build a foundation of knowledge, the text progresses from the installation of common fixtures to troubleshooting techniques that will aid apprentice and plumber alike. An emphasis on creative layout and the importance of understanding code variations fosters an understanding of plumbing system installation that is based on typical situations as well as unique jobsite conditions.

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Section 1 Tools and Materials
1(114)
Plumber's Toolbox
3(33)
Glossary of Terms
4(1)
Hand Tools
5(16)
Levels
5(1)
Tape Measures
6(1)
Squares
7(1)
Screwdrivers
7(1)
Pliers
8(1)
Adjustable Wrenches
8(1)
Pipe Wrenches
9(1)
Hammers
10(1)
Plastic Pipe Saw
10(1)
Plastic Pipe Cutter
11(1)
Inside Plastic Pipe Cutter
11(1)
Metal Cutting Saw
12(1)
Wallboard Saws
13(1)
Aviation Snips
13(1)
Nail Pullers
13(1)
Knives
14(1)
Chisels
15(1)
Basin Wrench
15(1)
Basket Strainer Tools
16(1)
Copper Pipe Cutters (Tubing Cutters)
16(1)
Copper Flaring Tool
17(1)
Copper Tubing Bender
18(1)
Torch Regulator Assembly
18(1)
Flexible Pipe Crimping Tool
19(1)
Plumb Bob
20(1)
Chalk Box
20(1)
Torque Wrench
21(1)
Personal Protection Equipment
21(4)
Eye Protection
21(1)
Face Protection
22(1)
Hand Protection
23(1)
Knee Protection
23(1)
Foot Protection
24(1)
Inhalation Protection
24(1)
First Aid Kit
24(1)
Hard Hats
25(1)
Summary
25(1)
Procedures
26(8)
Level Use
26(2)
Ruler Reading
28(1)
Folding Ruler Layout
29(1)
Framing Square Layout
30(1)
Pipe Wrench Use
31(1)
Plastic Pipe Cutting
32(1)
Basin Wrench Use
33(1)
Review Questions
34(2)
Power Tools
36(22)
Glossary of Terms
37(1)
General Safety
38(3)
Electrical Safety
38(1)
Ladder Safety
38(2)
Fall Protection
40(1)
Ear Protection
40(1)
Drills
41(3)
Right Angle Drill
41(1)
Pistol Drill
42(1)
Hole Hawg
42(1)
Hammer Drill
43(1)
Drill Bits
44(4)
Twist Bits
44(1)
Auger Bits
44(1)
Speed Bits
45(1)
Power Bore Bits
45(1)
Hole Saw Bits
46(1)
Masonry Bits
46(1)
Step Bits
47(1)
Saws
48(2)
Reciprocating Saws
48(1)
Circular Saws
48(1)
Saber Saws
49(1)
Portable Band Saws
50(1)
Grinders
50(1)
Powder-Actuated Tool
51(1)
Air Compressors
52(1)
Jackhammers
52(1)
Summary
52(1)
Procedures
53(3)
Hole Saw Finished Surface Drilling
53(1)
Saw Blade Selection
54(1)
Thrust Cut
55(1)
Review Questions
56(2)
Types of Pipe
58(14)
Glossary of Terms
59(1)
Pipe Diameters
60(1)
Plastic Pipe
60(5)
PVC Pipe
61(1)
CPVC Pipe
62(1)
ABS Pipe
63(1)
Polyethylene Pipe
63(1)
PEX Pipe
64(1)
Other Pipe Materials
65(4)
Copper Tube
65(1)
Cast Iron Pipe
66(1)
Steel Pipe
67(1)
Brass Pipe
68(1)
Perforated Pipe
68(1)
Corrugated Stainless Steel Tube
69(1)
Summary
69(1)
Review Questions
70(2)
Fittings
72(24)
Glossary of Terms
73(1)
Degree of Fittings
74(1)
Various Fitting Designs
74(5)
Offsets
75(1)
Tees
75(1)
Coupling
76(1)
Reducers
76(1)
Bushing
77(1)
Male Adapter
78(1)
Female Adapter
78(1)
Unions
79(1)
Water Distribution
79(4)
Water Distribution Fittings
80(1)
PEX
80(1)
CPVC
81(1)
Copper
81(1)
Polyethylene
82(1)
Galvanized and Brass
82(1)
PVC
83(1)
Drainage, Waste, and Vent
83(8)
Wye
84(1)
Combo
85(1)
Sanitary Tee
85(1)
Sanitary Cross
86(1)
Twin Elbow
86(1)
Test Tee
87(1)
Cleanout
87(1)
Closet Bend
87(1)
Heel Inlet 90°
88(1)
Closet Flange
88(1)
P-trap
89(1)
Trap Adapter
89(1)
PVC
90(1)
ABS
90(1)
Cast Iron
90(1)
Summary
91(1)
Procedures
92(2)
Tee Size Identification Procedure
92(1)
Insert Reducing-Tee Creation Procedure
93(1)
Review Questions
94(2)
Valves and Devices
96(19)
Glossary of Terms
97(1)
Isolation Valves
98(5)
Ball Valve
99(1)
Gate Valve
99(1)
Stop
100(2)
Stop and Waste
102(1)
Gas Cock
102(1)
Hose Outlets
103(1)
Boiler Drain
103(1)
Hose Bibb
103(1)
Reactionary Valves and Devices
104(6)
Pressure-Reducing Valve
106(1)
Relief Valves
107(1)
Check Valve
107(1)
Vacuum Breaker
108(1)
Vacuum Relief Valve
109(1)
Reduced-Pressure Zone
109(1)
Summary
110(2)
Review Questions
112(3)
Section 2 Fixtures and Equipment
115(76)
Fixtures
117(18)
Glossary of Terms
118(1)
Fixture Types
119(13)
Toilets
119(3)
Lavatory Sinks
122(1)
Bathtubs
123(1)
Showers
124(3)
Kitchen Sinks
127(1)
Laundry Sinks
128(3)
Bidets
131(1)
Summary
132(1)
Review Questions
133(2)
Faucets and Drain Assemblies
135(27)
Glossary of Terms
136(1)
Faucets
137(13)
Lavatory Faucets
138(1)
Bathtub and Shower Faucets
139(4)
Kitchen Sink Faucets
143(3)
Laundry Sink Faucets
146(3)
Bidet Faucets
149(1)
Drain Assemblies
150(9)
Lavatory Drain Assemblies
150(1)
Bathtub Drain Assemblies
151(3)
Shower Drains
154(1)
Kitchen Sink Basket Strainer
155(1)
Laundry Sink Basket Strainer
156(1)
Bidet Drain Assembly
157(2)
Summary
159(1)
Review Questions
160(2)
Plumbing Equipment and Appliances
162(29)
Glossary of Terms
163(1)
Appliance Connections
164(6)
Garbage Disposers
164(3)
Dishwashers
167(1)
Washing Machine Box
168(1)
Icemaker Box
169(1)
Residential Water Heaters
170(12)
Gas Water Heaters
170(8)
Electric Water Heaters
178(4)
Solar Water Heater
182(1)
System Protection
183(5)
Lined Pipe Nipples
183(3)
Anode Rod
186(1)
Expansion Tanks
187(1)
Summary
188(1)
Review Questions
189(2)
Section 3 Layout and Installation
191(254)
Blueprint Reading and Drafting
193(34)
Glossary of Terms
194(1)
Plumbing Symbols
195(7)
90-Degree Offsets
195(1)
45-Degree Offsets
195(1)
Tees
196(1)
Perpendicular Tee Configuration
197(1)
P-trap
198(1)
Piping
198(1)
Cap, Reducer, and Plugs
198(1)
Valves and Devices
199(1)
Fixtures
200(2)
Equipment and Drains
202(1)
Abbreviations
202(4)
Architectural Blueprints
206(6)
Architectural Symbols
207(5)
Drafting
212(1)
Drafting Tools
213(6)
Scale Ruler
213(2)
Drafting Triangles
215(2)
Symbol Templates
217(1)
Drafting Paper
217(2)
Isometric Drafting
219(5)
Riser Diagrams
220(4)
Summary
224(1)
Review Questions
225(2)
Material Organization and Layout
227(23)
Glossary of Terms
228(1)
Communication
229(1)
Written Communication
229(1)
Oral Communication
229(1)
Material Organization
230(2)
Palletizing
230(1)
Bagging and Tagging
230(2)
Material Handling
232(2)
Vehicle Racks
233(1)
Layout
234(1)
Underground Layout
235(4)
Wall Layout
236(2)
Trench Layout
238(1)
Above-ground Layout
239(6)
Fixture Locations
240(1)
Floor Joist Conflicts
240(1)
Wall Layout
241(2)
Manufacturer Rough-in Sheet
243(2)
Summary
245(1)
Procedures
246(2)
Edge Form Layout Procedure
246(2)
Review Questions
248(2)
Water Service Installation
250(21)
Glossary of Terms
251(1)
Water Source
252(3)
Public Water System
253(1)
Private Water System
254(1)
EPA Standards
255(2)
Water Quality
255(1)
Water Filtration
256(1)
Water Service Installation
257(9)
Trench Safety
258(2)
Burial-Depth Requirements
260(1)
Water Meter Connection
260(1)
Well Connection
261(2)
House Connection
263(1)
Same Trench with Sewer
263(2)
Same Elevation
265(1)
Different Elevation
266(1)
Perpendicular Installation
266(1)
Summary
266(1)
Procedures
267(2)
Installing a Water Service in the Same Trench as a Sewer
267(2)
Review Questions
269(2)
Water Distribution Installation
271(54)
Glossary of Terms
272(1)
Layout and Sizing
273(8)
Pipe Sizing
273(1)
Sizing Theory
274(1)
Job Site Sizing
274(1)
Wall Layout
275(1)
Toilets
276(1)
Lavatory
276(2)
Bathtubs
278(1)
Showers
279(1)
Kitchen Sinks
280(1)
Drilling and Notching
281(6)
Walls
282(2)
Joists
284(3)
Hangers and Supports
287(8)
Types
287(8)
Compounds and Sealants
295(7)
Material Safety Data Sheets
295(1)
Sealants
295(1)
Flux and Solder
296(1)
Soldering
296(1)
Brazing
297(1)
Flaring
298(1)
Working with Flexible Tubing
299(1)
Manifold Systems
299(1)
Connection Types
300(1)
Working with Plastic Pipe
301(1)
Cutting
301(1)
Solvent-Welding
301(1)
Testing
302(2)
Summary
304(1)
Procedures
305(18)
Determining the Volume of Different Pipe Sizes
305(2)
Determining Percentages of a Hole Diameter and Notch
307(2)
Using Teflon Tape
309(1)
Soldering Copper
310(4)
Brazing
314(2)
Flaring Copper Tubing
316(4)
Solvent Welding
320(3)
Review Questions
323(2)
Drainage, Waste, and Vent Segments and Sizing
325(48)
Glossary of Terms
326(2)
Introduction
328(1)
Major Segments of a DWV System
328(2)
Building Sewer
329(1)
Building Drain
329(1)
Waste Stack
329(1)
Stack Vent
330(1)
Vent Stack
330(1)
Cleanout
330(1)
Minor Segments of a DWV System
330(5)
Fixture Drain
330(2)
Fixture Branch
332(1)
Horizontal Branch
332(1)
Individual Vent
332(1)
Branch Vent
332(1)
Circuit Vent
333(1)
Loop Vent
333(1)
Relief Vent
334(1)
Special Venting Arrangements
335(21)
Wet Venting
336(1)
Combination Waste and Vent
336(1)
Island Venting
337(1)
DWV Sizing
337(5)
Fixture Drain Sizing
342(1)
Fixture Branch and Horizontal Branch Sizing
342(2)
Waste Stack Sizing
344(2)
Building Drain and Sewer Sizing
346(1)
Stack Vent and Vent Stack Sizing
346(2)
Individual Vent Sizing
348(2)
Branch Vent Sizing
350(1)
Circuit and Loop-Vent Sizing
350(2)
Wet-Vent Sizing
352(1)
Air Admittance Valve Sizing
352(2)
Island-Vent Sizing
354(2)
Trap Distance
356(1)
Septic Systems
357(3)
Summary
360(1)
Procedures
361(9)
Positioning Cleanouts at Base of Stacks
361(2)
Unlisted Fixture Sizing
363(1)
Continuous Waste
364(1)
Vent Stack and Building Drain Connection
365(1)
Vent-stack and Waste-stack Connection
366(1)
Island Vent
367(2)
Crown Venting
369(1)
Review Questions
370(3)
Drainage, Waste, and Vent Installation
373(36)
Glossary of Terms
374(1)
Layout Considerations
375(18)
Scope of Work
376(1)
Guest Bathroom Layout
376(1)
Kitchen Sink Layout
377(1)
Master Bathroom
378(1)
Hall Bathroom
379(1)
Laundry Room
380(1)
Building Drain
381(1)
Venting System
381(3)
Fixture Rough-In
384(1)
Toilets
385(1)
Lavatory
386(2)
Bathtub
388(2)
Kitchen Sink
390(2)
Washing Machine
392(1)
Shower Pan
393(1)
Hangers and Supports
393(1)
Pipe Protection
394(2)
Connection to Dissimilar Pipe
396(1)
Testing DWV Systems
397(4)
Summary
401(1)
Procedures
402(5)
Vent Through Roof Layout Procedure
402(1)
Shower Pan Liner Installation Procedure
403(3)
Using Wood for Pipe Support
406(1)
Review Questions
407(2)
Fixture and Equipment Installation
409(36)
Glossary of Terms
410(1)
Escutcheons and Stops
411(2)
Toilets
413(3)
Lavatories
416(2)
Kitchen Sinks
418(2)
Dishwashers
420(1)
Laundry Sink
420(1)
Bidet
421(1)
Water Heaters
422(1)
Electric Water Heaters
423(1)
Gas Water Heaters
424(1)
Summary
425(1)
Procedures
426(16)
Escutcheon and Stop Installation onto a Copper Stub-Out Pipe
426(3)
Installing a Two-Piece Toilet
429(3)
Cultured-Marble Lavatory Faucet and Drain Installations
432(6)
Installing a Stainless Steel Kitchen Sink into a Countertop
438(4)
Review Questions
442(3)
Section 4 Troubleshooting
445(84)
Plumbing Repairs and Troubleshooting
447(41)
Glossary of Terms
448(1)
Electric Water Heaters
449(1)
High-Limit Device
449(1)
Upper Thermostat
450(1)
Lower Thermostat
451(1)
Heating Elements
452(1)
Electrical Source
453(1)
Electrical Tests
454(3)
Gas Water Heaters
457(2)
Well Pumps
459(7)
Toilets
466(2)
Summary
468(1)
Procedures
469(17)
Water Heater Draining
469(2)
Screw-In Element Replacement
471(2)
Thermocouple Replacement
473(1)
Gas Regulator Replacement
474(2)
Pressure Switch Replacement
476(3)
Expansion/Storage Tank Replacement
479(2)
Ballcock Replacement
481(2)
Flush Valve Replacement
483(3)
Review Questions
486(2)
Hydronic Heat
488(41)
Glossary of Terms
489(2)
Theory of Hydronic Heating Systems
491(17)
The Heat Source
491(1)
Aquastat
492(1)
Reset
492(1)
Low-Water Cutoff
493(1)
Expansion Tank
493(3)
Centrifugal Pumps
496(2)
Air Vents and Air Separators
498(1)
Pressure-Reducing Valve (Water-Regulating Valve)
498(3)
Pressure Relief Valve
501(1)
Zone Valves
501(1)
Flow-Control Valve
502(1)
Balancing Valves
503(1)
Series Loop System
503(1)
One-Pipe System
503(3)
Two-Pipe Direct Return
506(1)
Two-Pipe Reverse Return
507(1)
Primary-Secondary Pumping
508(3)
Primary-Secondary Common Piping
508(1)
Primary-Secondary Circuit Piping
508(1)
The Circulator Pumps
509(2)
Mixing Valves in Primary-Secondary Pumping
511(1)
Expansion Tanks in Primary-Secondary Systems
511(1)
Radiant Heating Systems
511(7)
The Human Body Is a Radiator
511(1)
Cold 70
512(1)
What Is Ideal Comfort?
512(1)
The Radiant System
513(1)
Radiant Heating Piping
514(2)
Tubing
516(1)
Manifold Station
516(1)
Water Temperature and Direct Piping
517(1)
Installing and Starting the Hydronic System
518(2)
Installing the Boiler
518(1)
Installing the Piping
519(1)
Wiring the System
519(1)
Filling the System
520(1)
Firing the System
520(1)
Summary
520(1)
Procedures
521(4)
Estimating the Volume of Water in the System, Assuming That Type M Copper Piping is Used
521(1)
Sample Calculations for Estimating Volume of Water in the System
522(1)
Calculating the Minimum Volume, Vt, for the Expansion Tank
523(1)
Filling and Purging the System
524(1)
Review Questions
525(4)
Glossary 529(6)
Index 535


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