9780321396075

Reviewing Basic Grammar: A Guide to Writing Sentences and Paragraphs (book alone)

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  • ISBN13:

    9780321396075

  • ISBN10:

    0321396073

  • Edition: 7th
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 1/1/2007
  • Publisher: Longman
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Summary

Perfect for use in developmental writing courses, writing laboratories, and self-tutorial formats, this step-by-step sentence-to-paragraph developmental writing textbook combines an intense grammar review with an introduction toparagraphwriting. The writing process has been broken down into manageable pieces and simple but clear explanations facilitate learning. The tightening of the integration of grammar and sentence writing correlates the acquisition of grammar skills with sentence writing in a series of exercises that conclude each chapter.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. xiii
Getting Started: Computers, Grammar, Sentences, and Paragraphsp. 1
Standard English: Who Needs It?p. 1
Writing with the Computerp. 3
Writing Sentencesp. 4
Editing Exercisep. 4
The Paragraph: An Overviewp. 6
Introductory and Concluding Paragraphsp. 6
Introductionsp. 7
Conclusionsp. 8
Writing Paragraphsp. 10
The Parts of Speech: A Reviewp. 12
The Nounp. 13
The Pronounp. 13
The Verbp. 15
The Adjectivep. 18
The Adverbp. 21
The Prepositionp. 23
The Conjunctionp. 26
The Interjectionp. 28
A Word of Cautionp. 28
Editing Exercisesp. 29
Writing Sentences: The Parts of Speechp. 30
Parts of Speechp. 31
Parts of Speechp. 33
Writing Paragraphs: The Topic Sentence and Unity in the Paragraphp. 35
Finding the Subject and the Verb in the Sentencep. 43
The Subject and the Verbp. 43
Finding the Verbp. 44
Action Verbsp. 45
Linking Verbsp. 45
Words Mistaken for the Verbp. 48
Finding the Subjectp. 51
Subjects and Other Words in the Sentencep. 51
Simple and Complete Subjectsp. 52
Compound Subjectsp. 52
Subjects in Inverted Sentencesp. 53
Subjects with Verbs in Active and Passive Voicep. 54
Subjects and Prepositional Phrasesp. 56
Subjects and Verbs in Compound and Complex Sentencesp. 57
Editing Exercisesp. 61
Writing Sentences: Identifying Subjects and Verbsp. 62
Finding the Subject and the Verb in the Sentencep. 63
Finding the Subject and the Verb in the Sentencep. 65
Writing Paragraphs: Coherence in the Paragraph Through Chronological Orderp. 67
Making the Subject and Verb Agreep. 70
Subject-Verb Agreementp. 70
Editing Exercisesp. 82
Writing Sentences: Subject and Verb Agreementp. 83
Making the Subject and Verb Agreep. 85
Making the Subject and Verb Agreep. 87
Writing Paragraphs: Coherence in the Paragraph Through Spatial Orderp. 89
Common Errors Involving Verbsp. 93
Regular Verbsp. 94
Irregular Verbsp. 95
Suggestions for Using Irregular Verbsp. 95
Using the Correct Tensep. 100
A Few Suggestions for Using the Correct Tensep. 103
Shifts in Tensep. 105
Two Pairs of Irregular Verbs: Lie and Lay and Sit and Setp. 107
Lie and Layp. 107
Sit and Setp. 108
Editing Exercisesp. 111
Writing Sentences: The Correct Form of the Verbp. 113
Common Errors Involving Verbsp. 114
Common Errors Involving Verbsp. 116
Writing Paragraphs: Coherence in the Paragraph Through Order of Importancep. 118
Using the Correct Form of the Pronounp. 121
The Classes of Pronounsp. 122
Personal Pronounsp. 123
Subject Pronounsp. 123
Object Pronounsp. 126
Possessive Pronounsp. 129
Relative Pronounsp. 131
Who, Which, and That: Special Usesp. 131
Intensive and Reflexive Pronouns: Pronouns Ending in -self and -selvesp. 132
Some Problems with Pronouns: Who and Whomp. 133
Editing Exercisesp. 135
Writing Sentences: Using the Correct Form of the Pronounp. 136
Using the Correct Form of the Pronounp. 137
Using the Correct Form of the Pronounp. 139
Writing Paragraphs: Coherence in the Paragraph by Using Transitional Words and Phrasesp. 141
Common Errors in Pronoun Agreement and Referencep. 146
Agreement in Numberp. 147
Agreement in Personp. 152
Pronoun Referencep. 154
Avoiding Sexism in Pronoun Usagep. 156
Editing Exercisesp. 158
Writing Sentences: Avoiding Common Errors in Pronoun Usagep. 159
Common Errors in Pronoun Agreement and Referencep. 160
Common Errors in Pronoun Agreement and Referencep. 162
Writing Paragraphs: Developing a Paragraph by Using Examplesp. 164
Compound and Complex Sentencesp. 168
Compound Sentencesp. 168
Punctuating Compound Sentencesp. 170
Complex Sentencesp. 172
Three Kinds of Dependent Clausesp. 174
Editing Exercisesp. 180
Writing Sentences: Using a Variety of Sentence Typesp. 181
Compound and Complex Sentencesp. 183
Compound and Complex Sentencesp. 185
Writing Paragraphs: Developing a Paragraph by Comparison and Contrastp. 187
Correcting Sentence Fragments, Run-on Sentences, and Comma-Splicesp. 190
Sentence Fragmentsp. 190
Phrases as Fragmentsp. 191
Dependent Clauses as Fragmentsp. 195
Run-on Sentencesp. 196
Comma-Splicesp. 198
Comma-Splices and Conjunctive Adverbsp. 200
Editing Exercisep. 202
Writing Sentences: Avoiding Fragments, Run-on Sentences, and Comma-Splicesp. 203
Correcting Sentence Fragments, Run-on Sentences, and Comma-Splicesp. 204
Correcting Sentence Fragments, Run-on Sentences, and Comma-Splicesp. 206
Writing Paragraphs: Developing a Paragraph by Classificationp. 208
Confused Sentencesp. 211
Misplaced and Dangling Modifiersp. 211
Illogical Comparisonsp. 216
Confusing Adjectives and Adverbsp. 218
Using Adjectives after Linking Verbsp. 218
Using Adverbs to Modify Verbsp. 220
Parallel Structurep. 221
Editing Exercisesp. 224
Writing Sentences: Avoiding Confused Sentencesp. 225
Confused Sentencesp. 227
Confused Sentencesp. 229
Writing Paragraphs: Developing a Paragraph by Process and Analysisp. 231
Punctuation and Capitalizationp. 234
End Marksp. 234
The Periodp. 234
The Question Markp. 235
The Exclamation Pointp. 236
Internal Punctuationp. 237
The Commap. 237
Additional Uses of the Commap. 242
Omitting Commasp. 245
The Semicolonp. 246
The Colonp. 248
Parenthesesp. 249
The Dashp. 250
Quotation Marksp. 251
Italicsp. 252
The Hyphenp. 254
The Apostrophep. 255
Numbersp. 258
Editing Exercisesp. 260
Writing Sentences: Using Correct Punctuationp. 261
Capitalizationp. 261
Editing Exercisesp. 267
Writing Sentences: Using Correct Capitalizationp. 268
Punctuationp. 269
Punctuationp. 272
Writing Paragraphs: Developing a Paragraph by Cause and Effectp. 275
A Checklist for the ESL Writerp. 278
Learning to Use Articles and Quantifiersp. 279
Articles (a/an and the)p. 279
Quantifiersp. 283
Problems with Verbsp. 285
The Twelve Verb Tensesp. 286
Tips for Choosing the Right Tensep. 290
Learning to Use Verb Phrasesp. 294
Learning to Use Adjectives and Adverbsp. 296
Common Expressionsp. 298
Using Used Top. 298
Using When and Ifp. 299
Using Since and Forp. 299
Using -s and -esp. 300
Problems with Word Order and Unnecessary Wordsp. 300
Adjectivesp. 300
Adverbsp. 301
Repetition of the Subjectp. 302
Other Problems with Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuationp. 302
Additional Reference Books for ESL Studentsp. 303
A Brief Guide for Avoiding Errors in Grammar and Usagep. 304
A Glossary of Usagep. 308
A Glossary of Grammatical Termsp. 313
Answers to Selected Exercisesp. 321
Creditsp. 327
Indexp. 328
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