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Rules for Writers succeeds because it has always been grounded in classroom experience. By looking at her own students’ needs, Diana Hacker created an affordable and practical classroom tool that doubles as a quick reference. Developed with the help of instructors from two- and four-year schools, the sixth edition gives students quick access to the information they need to solve writing problems in any college course.
In the Hacker tradition, the new contributing authors — Nancy Sommers, Tom Jehn, Jane Rosenzweig, and Marcy Carbajal Van Horn — have crafted solutions for the writing problems of today’s college students. Together they give us a new edition that provides more help with academic writing and research and one that works better for a wider range of multilingual students. Flexible content options — in print and online — allow students to get more than they pay for.
This book will help you improve your understanding of the details of the English language in terms of punctuation, grammar and sentence structure. This book is even great to have around the house and refer to it whenever you need to for writing important letters to businesses or making sure your resume is free of mistakes.
NANCY SOMMERS, Sosland Director of Expository Writing at Harvard University, has also taught composition at Rutgers University and at Monmouth College and has directed the writing program at the University of Oklahoma. A two-time Braddock Award winner, Sommers is well-known for her research and publications on student writing. Her recent work involves a longitudinal study of undergraduate writing. Nancy Sommers is co-author of Fields of Reading, Eighth Edition (2007) for Bedford/St. Martin’s.
TOM JEHN teaches composition and directs the Writing Across the Disciplines program at Harvard University. A recipient of numerous teaching awards both at Harvard and at the University of Virginia, he also leads professional development seminars on writing instruction for public high school teachers.
JANE ROSENZWEIG teaches composition and directs the writing center at Harvard University. She has also taught writing at Yale University and the University of Iowa.
MARCY CARBAJAL VAN HORN, Assistant Professor of English and ESL at Santa Fe Community College (FL), teaches composition to native and nonnative speakers of English and teaches the Advanced ESL Writing course.
Table of Contents
How to Use This Book
THE WRITING PROCESS
1. Generate ideas and sketch a plan.
2. Rough out an initial draft.
3. Make global revisions; then revise sentences.
4. Build effective paragraphs.
5. Become familiar with the principles of document design.
6. Use standard academic formats.
7. Use standard business formats.
8. Prefer active verbs.
9. Balance parallel ideas.
10. Add needed words.
11. Untangle mixed constructions.
12. Repair misplaced and dangling modifiers.
13. Eliminate distracting shifts.
14. Emphasize key ideas.
15. Provide some variety.
16. Tighten wordy sentences.
17. Choose appropriate language.
18. Find the exact words.
19. Repair sentence fragments.
20. Revise run-on sentences.
21. Make subjects and verbs agree.
22. Make pronouns and antecedents agree.
23. Make pronoun references clear.
24. Distinguish between pronouns such as I and me.
25. Distinguish between who and whom.
26. Choose adjectives and adverbs with care.
27. Choose appropriate verb forms, tenses, and moods in standard English.
29. Articles and types of nouns
30. Sentence structure
31. Prepositions and idiomatic expressions
32. The comma
33. Unnecessary commas
34. The semicolon
35. The colon
36. The apostrophe
37. Quotation marks
38. End punctuation
39. Other punctuation marks: the dash, parentheses, brackets, the ellipsis mark, the slash
42. Italics (underlining)
44. The hyphen
45. Capital letters
46. Writing about texts
47. Constructing reasonable arguments
48. Evaluating arguments
49. Conducting research
50. Evaluating sources
51. Managing information; avoiding plagiarism
WRITING MLA PAPERS
52. Supporting a thesis
53. Avoiding plagiarism
54. Integrating sources
55. Documenting sources
56. Manuscript format; sample paper
WRITING APA PAPERS
57. Supporting a thesis
58. Avoiding plagiarism
59. Integrating sources
60. Documenting sources
61. Manuscript format; sample paper
62. Parts of speech
63. Sentence patterns
64. Subordinate word groups
65. Sentence types
Glossary of Usage
Answers to Tutorials and Lettered Exercises