Science Formative Assessment : 75 Practical Strategies for Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning

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  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 3/20/2008
  • Publisher: Corwin Pr
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These 75 specific techniques help K'12 science teachers determine students' understanding of key concepts.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgmentsp. xii
About the Authorp. xiv
An Introduction to Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)p. 1
What Does a Formative Assessment-Centered Classroom Look Like?p. 1
Why Use FACTs?p. 3
How Does Research Support the Use of FACTs?p. 6
Classroom Environments That Support Formative Assessmentp. 8
Connecting Teaching and Learningp. 10
Making the Shift to a Formative Assessment-Centered Classroomp. 11
Integrating FACTs With Instruction and Learningp. 15
Integrating Assessment and Instructionp. 15
Assessment That Promotes Thinking and Learningp. 16
Linking Assessment, Instruction, and Learning: The Science Assessment, Instruction, and Learning Cycle (SAIL Cycle)p. 18
Stages in the SAIL Cyclep. 20
Engagement and Readinessp. 20
Eliciting Prior Knowledgep. 20
Exploration and Discoveryp. 24
Concept and Skill Developmentp. 25
Concept and Skill Transferp. 25
Self-Assessment and Reflectionp. 25
Selecting and Using FACTs to Strengthen the Link Between Assessment, Instruction, and Learningp. 26
Considerations for Selecting, Implementing, and Using Data From FACTsp. 31
Selecting FACTsp. 31
Selecting FACTs to Match Learning Goalsp. 31
Selecting FACTs to Match Teaching Goalsp. 32
The Critical Importance of Classroom Context in Selecting FACTsp. 34
Planning to Use and Implement FACTsp. 35
Starting Off With Small Stepsp. 37
Maintaining and Extending Implementationp. 38
Using Data From the FACTsp. 40
Get the FACTs! 75 Science Formative Assessment Classroom Techniques (FACTs)p. 45
A&D Statementsp. 48
Agreement Circlesp. 51
Annotated Student Drawingsp. 53
Card Sortsp. 56
CCC-Collaborative Clued Correctionsp. 59
Chain Notesp. 62
Commit and Tossp. 65
Concept Card Mappingp. 68
Concept Cartoonsp. 71
Data Matchp. 75
Directed Paraphrasingp. 77
Explanation Analysisp. 79
Fact First Questioningp. 83
Familiar Phenomenon Probesp. 85
First Word-Last Wordp. 88
Fishbowl Think Aloudp. 91
Fist to Fivep. 93
Focused Listingp. 95
Four Cornersp. 97
Frayer Modelp. 99
Friendly Talk Probesp. 102
Give Me Fivep. 104
Guided Reciprocal Peer Questioningp. 106
Human Scatterplotsp. 109
Informal Student Interviewsp. 111
Interest Scalep. 115
I Think-We Thinkp. 117
I Used to Think ... But Now I Knowp. 119
Juicy Questionsp. 121
Justified Listp. 123
Justified True or False Statementsp. 126
K-W-L Variationsp. 128
Learning Goals Inventory (LGI)p. 131
Look Backp. 133
Missed Conceptionp. 135
Muddiest Pointp. 138
No-Hands Questioningp. 140
Odd One Outp. 142
Paint the Picturep. 145
Partner Speaksp. 147
Pass the Questionp. 149
A Picture Tells a Thousand Wordsp. 151
P-E-O Probes (Predict, Explain, Observe)p. 153
POMS-Point of Most Significancep. 156
Popsicle Stick Questioningp. 158
Prefacing Explanationsp. 159
PVF-Paired Verbal Fluencyp. 161
Question Generatingp. 163
Recognizing Exceptionsp. 165
Refutationsp. 167
Representation Analysisp. 169
RERUNp. 172
Scientists' Ideas Comparisonp. 173
Sequencingp. 176
Sticky Barsp. 178
STIP-Scientific Terminology Inventory Probep. 180
Student Evaluation of Learning Gainsp. 183
Synecticsp. 186
Ten-Twop. 188
Thinking Logp. 189
Think-Pair-Sharep. 192
Thought Experimentsp. 194
Three-Minute Pausep. 195
Three-Two-Onep. 197
Traffic Light Cardsp. 199
Traffic Light Cupsp. 201
Traffic Light Dotsp. 203
Two-Minute Paperp. 204
Two or Three Before Mep. 206
Two Stars and a Wishp. 207
Two-Thirds Testingp. 209
Volleyball-Not Ping-Pong!p. 211
Wait Time Variationsp. 213
What Are You Doing and Why?p. 216
Whiteboardingp. 218
Appendixp. 222
Referencesp. 225
Indexp. 228
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