9780415474726

Selective Security: War and the United Nations Security Council since 1945

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780415474726

  • ISBN10:

    0415474728

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Nonspecific Binding
  • Copyright: 2009-01-02
  • Publisher: Routledge
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Summary

In contrast to the common perception that the United Nations is, or should become, a system of collective security, this paper advances the proposition that the UN Security Council embodies a necessarily selective approach. Analysis of its record since 1945 suggests that the Council cannot address all security threats effectively. The reasons for this include not only the veto power of the five permanent members, but also the selectivity of all UN member states: their unwillingness to provide forces for peacekeeping or other purposes except on a case-by-case basis, and their reluctance to involve the Council in certain conflicts to which they are parties, or which they perceive as distant, complex and resistant to outside involvement. The Council'"s selectivity is generally seen as a problem, even a threat to its legitimacy. Yet selectivity, which is rooted in prudence and in the UN Charter itself, has some virtues. Acknowledging the necessary limitations within which the Security Council operates, this paper evaluates the Council'"s achievements in tackling the problem of war since 1945. In doing so, it sheds light on the division of labour among the Council, regional security bodies and states, and offers a pioneering contribution to public and governmental understanding of the UN'"s past, present and future roles.

Table of Contents

Glossaryp. 5
Introductionp. 7
The Inherent Selectivity of the Council's Rolesp. 11
Selectivity in the Charterp. 12
Not a collective security systemp. 17
Selectivity and impartialityp. 19
The Council as an instrument of powerful statesp. 20
The pursuit of international order outside the UN frameworkp. 23
Selectivity, the Council and nuclear proliferationp. 24
The selectivity of states regarding the Security Councilp. 27
Underlying reasons for the Council's selectivityp. 28
Wars and Crises since 1945: The Overall Recordp. 31
Causes of the decline of international warp. 33
The problem of civil war and other forms of conflictp. 35
The scope of Council action and inactionp. 37
Unintended effects of ceasefire demands, peace agreements and peacekeeping operationsp. 39
Three main categories of Council-mandated and endorsed operationsp. 41
Proposals for UN Standing Forces: A Record of Failurep. 47
The Charter basisp. 47
Proposals from Trygve Lie onwardsp. 49
The art of the possiblep. 50
Innovation and Flexibility since the End of the Cold Warp. 53
Expansion of Peacekeepingp. 54
International administration of post-conflict territoriesp. 55
Expansion of the category of threats to international peace and securityp. 56
Seeking application of the law of armed conflictp. 57
Innovation and selectivity: two sides of a coinp. 58
Accountability and Reformp. 59
Security Council accountabilityp. 59
Formal change: proposals for structural reform of the Security Councilp. 61
Informal change: reforms to working methodsp. 64
Proposals for an international organisation of democraciesp. 65
Conclusion: Problems and Opportunities of Selective Security Todayp. 67
Weaknesses in the Council's recordp. 68
Strengths in the Council's recordp. 72
Selective security: implications for UN member statesp. 74
UN Security Council-Authorised Military Operations, 1950-2007p. 79
Notesp. 85
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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