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Set Lighting Technician's Handbook : Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution,9780240804958

Set Lighting Technician's Handbook : Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution

by
Edition:
3rd
ISBN13:

9780240804958

ISBN10:
0240804953
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
3/17/2003
Publisher(s):
Elsevier Science
List Price: $57.95
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  • Set Lighting Technician's Handbook : Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution
    Set Lighting Technician's Handbook : Film Lighting Equipment, Practice, and Electrical Distribution




Summary

Comprehensive. Detailed. Practical. Set Lighting Technician's Handbook, Third Edition is a friendly, hands-on manual covering the day-to-day practices, equipment, and tricks of the trade essential to anyone doing motion picture lighting. This handbook offers a wealth of practical technical information, useful techniques, as well as aesthetic discussions. The Set Lighting Technician's Handbook focuses on what is important when working on-set: trouble-shooting, teamwork, set protocol, and safety. It describes tricks and techniques for operating a vast array of lighting equipment including xenons, camera synchronous strobes, black lights, underwater units, lighting effects units, and many others. Since its first edition, this handy on-set reference continues to be widely adopted as a training and reference manual by union training programs as well as top university film production programs. New in the third edition is an expanded resource section, new illustrations and tables, and coverage of new lighting products and techniques for how to use them. Expanded resources section: websites, unions, chat groups, bulletin boards, etc, plus new illustrations and tables More advanced, concise, and comprehensive than ever Coverage of new lighting products and techniques to help you use them

Author Biography

Harry C. Box is a Hollywood-based gaffer and director of photography

Table of Contents

List of Tables
xv
List of Appendices
xvii
Preface xxi
Set Basics: Your First Barbecue
1(14)
Job Descriptions of the Lighting Crew
1(6)
Director of Photography
1(1)
Gaffer
2(1)
Best Boy Electric
3(1)
Electricians
4(1)
Rigging Crew
5(1)
The Fixtures Guy
5(1)
Generator Operator
5(1)
Grip Department
6(1)
The Company
7(5)
Production Staff
7(1)
The Director's Team
8(1)
Camera Department
9(1)
Sound Department
9(1)
Locations
10(1)
Transportation
10(1)
Art Department
11(1)
Civilians
11(1)
Block, Light, Rehearse, Tweak, Shoot
12(3)
Preproduction Planning: Lighting Package, Expendables, and Personal Tools
15(24)
Preproduction Planning
15(2)
Scouting Locations
16(1)
Production Meetings
17(1)
Equipment Package
17(5)
Loading the Production Van
21(1)
Expendable Supplies
22(6)
Gels and Diffusion
23(1)
Electrical Expendables
24(4)
Tools and Personal Gear
28(5)
Tool Belt
28(3)
Meters
31(1)
Other Hand Tools
31(1)
Personal Gear
32(1)
Grip Equipment
33(6)
Shiny Boards
33(1)
Overhead Sets
33(1)
Carts
34(2)
Mounting Hardware
36(1)
Dollies
36(1)
Other Grip Equipment
37(1)
Grip Expendables
37(2)
Light Fixtures---The Basic Tungsten Arsenal
39(30)
Tungsten Light
39(1)
Tungsten Color Balance
39(1)
The Tungsten Bulb
40(1)
Fresnels
40(11)
Fresnel Beam
42(4)
Creative Uses of Flood and Spot
46(1)
The Globe and Its Installation
46(1)
Fresnel Accessories
47(4)
Soft Lights
51(2)
Open-Face Lights
53(2)
Prime Fixtures
54(1)
Broads and Nook Lights
54(1)
Light Kits
54(1)
PAR Lights
55(4)
PAR Lamps
55(2)
PAR Fixtures
57(2)
Ellipsoidal Reflector Spotlights (Lekos)
59(4)
Bulb Adjustment and Installations
60(3)
Area Lights and Backing Lights
63(2)
Chicken Coops and Space Lights
63(1)
Scoop Lights and Sky Pans
64(1)
Cyc Strips, Ground Rows, and Borders
64(1)
Small Fixtures
65(4)
Screw-Base Fixtures
65(1)
Stick-up Kits
66(1)
Dedolights
67(2)
Light Fixtures---The Basic HMI Arsenal
69(28)
HMI Fixtures
69(7)
HMI Fresnels
70(1)
HMI PARs
71(1)
HMI ``Open-Face'' Lights
72(1)
HMI Soft Lights
73(1)
Small HMI Fixtures---Sun Guns and Modular Multiuse Fixtures
73(3)
HMI Operation
76(6)
Setting Up
76(1)
Striking
77(1)
Troubleshooting
78(4)
HMI ``Flicker'' and Flicker-Free Ballasts
82(9)
Standard Magnetic Ballasts
82(1)
Square-Wave Electronic Ballasts
82(3)
Power Factor Correction Circuits
85(2)
DMX-Controlled Ballasts
87(1)
Troubleshooting
87(3)
DCI Lamps and Ballasts
90(1)
Three-Head, Three-Phase Solution
90(1)
HMI-Type Lamps
91(6)
Relamping HMI Heads
93(1)
HMI Lamp Characteristics and Hazards
94(3)
Fluorescent Lights
97(14)
History of Fluorescent Lights
97(1)
Kino Flo
97(11)
Kino Flo 120-V Systems
98(5)
12-V DC Kits: 12-V Single, Mini Flo, and Micro Flo
103(2)
Using Kino Flo Fixtures
105(1)
Troubleshooting
106(2)
Building a Film-Friendly Fluorescent System from Commercially Available Parts
108(3)
High-Frequency Ballasts
108(1)
Color-Correct Fluorescent Tubes
108(1)
Some Additional Notes about Fluorescent Lights
108(3)
Stands and Rigging
111(20)
Stands
111(12)
Baby Stands
111(2)
Junior Stands
113(3)
Offsets, Side Arms, Extensions, and Right Angles
116(1)
Using Stands
117(1)
Crank-up and Motorized Stands
117(2)
Grip Stands
119(3)
Booms
122(1)
Stand Maintenance
123(1)
Rigging Hardware
123(8)
Baby and Junior Nail-on Plates
123(1)
Set Wall Mounts
124(1)
Clamps
124(3)
Grids and Green Beds
127(1)
Location Rigging Hardware
128(3)
Lighting Objectives and Methods
131(32)
Lighting Objectives
131(3)
Visibility (or Selective Visibility)
131(1)
Naturalism
132(1)
Composition
132(2)
Time Constraints
134(1)
Light Level, Exposure, Contrast, and Metering
134(11)
Foot-Candles
134(1)
F-Stops
135(2)
Taking Readings with an Incident Light Meter
137(1)
Contrast, Latitude, and the Zone System
138(4)
Spot Meters
142(2)
Light Level
144(1)
The Genesis of Lighting Ideas
145(1)
The Process of Creating Natural Lighting
146(10)
Motivating Light Sources
147(1)
Establishing the Key Light
148(6)
Backlights, Kickers, and Hair Lights
154(1)
Fill
155(1)
Set Light
156(1)
Lighting the Scene
156(7)
Living Room Scene
156(3)
Exterior Night Scene
159(4)
Manipulating Light: Tools, Techniques, and the Behavior of Light
163(36)
Color
163(12)
Color Correction
163(1)
Kelvin Color-Temperature Scale
164(1)
Using MIRED Units to Calculate Color Shifts
165(2)
Color-Temperature Meter
167(2)
Color-Correction Gels
169(4)
Coloring Light
173(2)
Brightness
175(5)
Methods of Control
175(2)
Falloff---Your Friend, the Inverse Square Law
177(1)
Dimmers
178(2)
Shape, Pattern, and Form
180(15)
Making Cuts and Patterns
181(3)
Soft Light
184(2)
Diffusion
186(2)
Other Ways of Making Soft Light
188(7)
Movement
195(4)
Flicker Effects: Television Screen, Flame, and Fire
195(2)
Moving Lights
197(2)
Electrician's Set Protocol and Aerial Lifts
199(48)
Set Protocol
199(12)
Staging Area
199(1)
Lighting the Set
200(7)
Stingers and Cabling
207(4)
Small Bulbs, Practicals, Wiring, and Switches
211(6)
Types of Bulbs
211(2)
Controlling Practicals
213(1)
Light Cues
213(1)
Wiring Small Fixtures
214(3)
Safety
217(3)
Ladders
217(1)
Parallels
218(1)
Working Aloft
218(1)
Protecting Floors
218(1)
Sprinkler Systems
219(1)
Smoke, Fire, and Other Bad Smells
219(1)
Lamp Repair
220(1)
The Wrap
220(1)
Coiling Feeder Cable
221(1)
Inventory
221(1)
Aerial Lifts and High Platforms for Lighting
221(22)
Getting the Right Machine for the Job
223(4)
Straight Mast Boom Lifts (Condors)
227(11)
Rigging Lights and Cable
238(4)
Condor Duty
242(1)
Shooting in the Rain
243(2)
Cabling and Distribution
243(1)
Rain Tents
243(1)
Lighting Rain
243(2)
Shooting on Moving Vehicles
245(2)
Specialty Lighting
247(50)
Big Guns
247(12)
Set Lighting
248(3)
Carbon Arc Lights
251(8)
Moonlight Rigs
259(6)
Lighting Balloons
259(3)
Soft Box
262(1)
Fisher Lights
262(1)
Truck-Mounted Tower Lights (Musco)
262(3)
Effects Lights
265(6)
Xenon Lights
265(2)
Beam Projectors
267(1)
Automated Lights
268(1)
Black Lights
269(1)
Fiber Optics
270(1)
Neon
271(1)
Follow Spots
271(2)
Operating a Follow Spot
272(1)
Lighting Effects
273(4)
Lightning Strikes!
273(2)
Control Units
275(1)
Power Requirements
275(2)
Thundervoltz Battery Packs
277(1)
Generators
277(1)
Lighting Matte Photography
277(4)
Pure Screen Color Density
278(1)
Lighting the Foreground
278(3)
Lighting Automobiles
281(1)
Underwater Lighting
282(9)
Scuba Training and Certification
282(1)
The Old Drop-a-Bulb-in-the-Pool Method
283(1)
Modern Underwater Fixtures
283(4)
Lighting Underwater
287(2)
Electricity and Water
289(2)
High-Speed Photography and Camera-Synchronous Strobe Lighting
291(6)
Unilux H3000 System
291(3)
Sync Delay Box
294(1)
Split Sync
295(1)
Special Effects Generator
295(1)
Notes
296(1)
Electricity
297(56)
The Fundamentals of Electricity and Electrical Equations
297(7)
Amperes (Current)
297(1)
Volts (Electromotive Force)
298(1)
Watts (Power)
298(1)
The Power Equation
299(2)
Resistance and Ohm's Law
301(3)
Parallel and Series Circuits
304(4)
How Not to Use Electrical Equations---Beavis the Electrician
308(2)
Circuits, Circuit Protection, and Cable
310(6)
Short Circuit and Overcurrent Protection
311(1)
The Current-Carrying Capacity of Cable
312(2)
Types of Feeder Cable
314(2)
Types of Distribution Circuits
316(12)
Direct Current and Alternating Current
316(3)
Direct Current: Three-Wire Edison System
319(1)
Alternating Current: Single-Phase Three-Wire System
320(2)
Three-Phase, Four-Wire Systems
322(5)
Electrical Systems in Other Parts of the World
327(1)
Grounding
328(2)
System Grounding
328(1)
Equipment Grounding
328(2)
Line Loss
330(7)
Effects of Line Loss and Low Voltage
331(1)
Other Causes of Line Loss
331(1)
Line Loss Calculations
332(4)
Using U.K. Voltage Drop Tables
336(1)
Power Problems from Electronic Loads
337(4)
Power Factor
338(3)
Excessive Current on the Neutral Wire
341(1)
Meters for Measuring Electricity
341(5)
Circuit Testers
343(1)
Measuring Voltage
343(1)
Measuring Frequency (Hertz Rate)
344(1)
Measuring Amperage
344(1)
Testing Continuity and Testing for Shorts
344(1)
Wattmeter or Power Meter
345(1)
Electrical Shock and Muscle Freeze
346(2)
Electrical, Building, and Fire Codes
348(5)
The National Electrical Code
348(4)
Fire and Building Codes
352(1)
OSHA and the Industry-Wide Labor-Management Safety Committee
352(1)
Distribution Equipment, Rigging, and Dimmers
353(58)
DC Three-Wire System
354(7)
DC Cans
354(1)
Sister Lugs
354(1)
Spider Boxes
355(1)
Remote Switchboards
355(2)
Mole Pin Connectors
357(1)
DC Paddle-and-Stage Box System
358(2)
Plate Dimmers
360(1)
AC Systems
361(23)
Main Feeder Run
361(3)
AC-Power Distribution Boxes
364(1)
Bates Three-Pin Connectors
365(7)
Edison Boxes
372(1)
Socapex Connectors and Cable
373(4)
Adapters
377(2)
Meltric and Abbott System
379(1)
European Distribution Systems
380(4)
Rigging
384(16)
Distribution Strategy
385(1)
Set Power---the ``Ring of Fire''
385(1)
Planning the Rig
386(5)
Rigging the Set
391(9)
Electronic Dimmer Systems
400(11)
How an SCR Dimmer Works
400(2)
Control Signals
402(1)
Control Consoles
402(1)
Definitions
403(1)
Strand CD 80 Pack
404(4)
Troubleshooting
408(3)
Power Sources
411(22)
Generators
411(14)
Putt--Putts (Portable Honda Generators)
411(1)
Full-Size Generators
412(2)
Generator Placement
414(1)
Generator Operation
415(2)
Grounding Generators
417(2)
Selecting a Generator
419(1)
Electrical Configurations
420(1)
Basic Troubleshooting
420(1)
Troubleshooting---Mechanical
421(2)
Troubleshooting---Electrical Problems
423(2)
Wet Cell Battery Packs and Inverters
425(1)
Inverter Systems
425(1)
Battery Packs (120-V DC)
425(1)
Power on Location
426(7)
Line Drops
426(1)
Tie-ins
427(5)
Using Available Power
432(1)
The Work World
433(4)
The Unions
433(4)
Hollywood: Local 728
433(2)
Basic Agreement
435(2)
Appendices 437(88)
Glossary 525(18)
Bibliography 543(2)
Index 545


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