9780124874602

Sex Differences

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780124874602

  • ISBN10:

    0124874606

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2000-04-03
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
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Summary

Sex Differences serves as an advanced text for courses in evolutionary and human biology, psychology, and sexuality and gender studies. It also serves as a reference source for academic professionals in these disciplines. The book covers the evolution of sex and sex differences, and sex differences and sexual strategies in non-human and human animals. The final chapter addresses issues of sex and gender in interpersonal relationships, organizations and politics. Diagrams, graphs, charts, and tables illustrate key concepts; cartoons and photos provide visual breaks and an element of humor. Key Features * Examines sexual differences from a multi-level comparative approach * Contains a thorough coverage of literature through 1998 and into 1999 * Illustrates pages with a generous use of cartoons, photos, figures, and diagrams * Invites bonus learning with special interest boxes interspersed throughout text * Presents a critical analysis * Includes a combination of feminist and evolutionary thinking

Table of Contents

Preface for Student Readers: Why Another Book on Sex Differences? xi
Part I Theory
Introduction
Opening Comments
3(1)
An Explanatory Framework for Studying Sex and Gender Differences
4(2)
A Methodological Framework for Studying Sex and Gender Differences
6(4)
Closing Comments
10(1)
Sexual Differentiation
Opening Comments
11(1)
Sex versus Gender
11(14)
Abnormal Sexual Development
25(13)
Closing Comments
38(2)
Evolution of Sex and Sex Differences
Opening Comments
40(1)
Natural Selection
40(4)
Evolution of Sex
44(9)
Parenting Strategies
53(4)
Evolutionarily Stable Strategies
57(4)
Caveats on Adaptationism
61(7)
Closing Comments
68(1)
Sex as a Life-History Strategy
Opening Comments
69(1)
Fundamental Sex Differences
69(2)
Sexual Selection
71(6)
Sex-Role Reversals
77(1)
Facultative Variation
77(6)
Closing Comments
83(4)
Part II Nonhuman Systems
Male Strategies and Tactics
Opening Comments
87(1)
Finding, Attracting, and Evaluating Potential Mates
88(8)
Manipulating Other Males
96(6)
Alternative Tactics
102(4)
Paternal Investment
106(3)
Manipulating Mates
109(6)
Closing Comments
115(3)
Female Strategies and Tactics
Opening Comments
118(1)
Attracting and Evaluating Potential Mates
118(10)
Manipulating Mates
128(2)
Thwarting Unwanted Mates
130(2)
Manipulating Other Females
132(6)
Maternal Investment
138(4)
Closing Comments
142(2)
Mating Systems
Opening Comments
144(1)
Polygynous Mating Systems
144(12)
Monogamous Mating Systems
156(6)
Polyandrous, Cooperative, and Polygynandrous Mating Systems
162(1)
Facultative Strategies
163(4)
Other Systems
167(5)
Closing Comments
172(4)
Part III Human Systems
The Human Animal
Opening Comments
176(1)
Our Primate Inheritance
176(6)
Genetics
182(7)
Behavior Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology
189(7)
Research Methods
196(7)
Difficulties in Human Research
203(8)
Closing Comments
211(2)
Women's Strategies and Tactics
Opening Comments
213(1)
Our Primate Heritage
214(2)
Attracting and Evaluating Potential Mates
216(20)
Manipulating Mates
236(5)
Thwarting Unwanted Mates
241(4)
Manipulating Other Females
245(5)
Maternal Investment
250(10)
Closing Comments
260(2)
Men's Strategies and Tactics
Opening Comments
262(1)
Our Primate Heritage
262(3)
Attracting and Evaluating Potential Mates
265(13)
Manipulating Other Males
278(5)
Alternative Tactics
283(10)
Paternal Investment
293(3)
Manipulating Mates
296(8)
Closing Comments
304(1)
Courtship, Mating, Marriage, and Parenting
Opening Comments
305(1)
Polygyny
306(11)
Monogamy
317(6)
Polyandry and Polygynandry
323(2)
Facultative Strategies
325(7)
Closing Comments
332(2)
Sexual Politics
Opening Comments
334(1)
Interpersonal Relationships
334(3)
Marriage and Family
337(7)
Workplace Issues
344(12)
Clinical Issues
356(9)
Religion and the State
365(5)
Politics
370(6)
Closing Comments
376(3)
References 379(84)
Glossary 463(12)
Index 475

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