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Sniffy the Virtual Rat Pro, Version 2.0 (with CD-ROM),9780534633608
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Sniffy the Virtual Rat Pro, Version 2.0 (with CD-ROM)

by ; ;
Edition:
2nd
ISBN13:

9780534633608

ISBN10:
0534633609
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
10/5/2004
Publisher(s):
Cengage Learning
List Price: $80.33
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Summary

Preface: Installing and Running Sniffy Pro. Acknowledgments. Quick Guide to Menus and Commands. 1. Introduction to Sniffy. 2. Introduction to Classical Conditioning. 3. Basic Phenomena of Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery and Stimulus-Intensity Effects. 4. Compound Conditioning, Blocking, Overshadowing, and Overexpectation. 5. Inhibitory Conditioning. 6. Associative Structures in Classical Conditioning: Sensory Preconditioning and Higher-Order Conditioning. 7. The Nature of the Association in Classical Conditioning. 8. Habituation, Sensitization, Background Conditioning and the CS and US Pre-Exposure Effects. 9. Introduction to Operant Conditioning. 10. Basic Operant Phenomena: Magazine Training, Shaping, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery and Secondary Reinforcement. 11. The Effects of Punishment on Response Elimination. 12. Schedules of Reinforcement and the Partial-Reinforcement Effect. 13. Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization. 14. Shaping Behaviors Other than Bar Pressing. Appendix: How to Manage Your Sniffy Pro Files. Glossary. References. Index.

Table of Contents

Preface: Installing and Running Sniffy Pro ix
Acknowledgments xv
Quick Guide to Menus and Commands xvii
1 Introduction to Sniffy 1(6)
Why We Created Sniffy
1(1)
How We Created Sniffy, the Animated Creature
2(1)
Sniffy, the Program
2(2)
Sniffy Is a Learning Tool, Not a Research Tool
4(1)
Applying What You Learn From Sniffy
5(2)
2 Introduction to Classical Conditioning 7(26)
A First Look at Sniffy Pro
7(2)
Classical Conditioning Background
9(1)
The Conditioned Emotional Response (CER)
10(4)
The Design Classical Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
14(6)
The Sensitivity & Fear Mind Window
20(1)
The CS Response Strength Mind Window
21(2)
The Movement Ratio Window
23(1)
The Cumulative Record During Classical Conditioning
24(1)
The Suppression Ratio Window
25(1)
Types of Associations
26(1)
How to Get Reliable, Comparable Results
27(2)
Putting Everything Together to Understand Classical Conditioning
29(1)
Exporting Your Results to Other Programs
29(1)
Printing All the Contents of a Data Window
30(1)
Copying and Pasting the Visible Portion of a Window
30(3)
3 Basic Phenomena of Classical Conditioning: Acquisition, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Stimulus Intensity Effects 33(24)
Important Technical Information
33(1)
Accelerating Time
34(1)
Other Time-Saving Hints
35(1)
Noise Control
36(1)
Background to the Exercises in This Chapter
36(1)
Exercise 1: Basic Acquisition of a CR
37(4)
Exercise 2: Extinction
41(3)
Exercise 3: Spontaneous Recovery
44(1)
Exercise 4: Varying the Strength of the CS
45(8)
Exercise 5: Varying the Strength of the US
53(2)
Some Questions
55(1)
Something to Do
56(1)
4 Compound Conditioning, Blocking, Overshadowing, and Overexpectation 57(20)
Exercise 6: Compound Conditioning Compared With Separate CS Pairings
57(7)
The Compound Conditioning Experimental Condition
58(3)
The Compound Conditioning, Separate Pairing Control Condition
61(3)
Exercise 7: Blocking
64(4)
Blocking Stage 1
65(1)
Blocking Stages 2 and 3
66(2)
Exercise 8: Overshadowing
68(3)
Exercise 9: Overexpectation
71(4)
Summary
75(1)
Some Questions
75(1)
Something to Do
76(1)
5 Inhibitory Conditioning 77(10)
Exercise 10: Prior Inhibitory Conditioning Slows Excitatory Conditioning
78(5)
Setting Up the Experimental Condition
79(1)
Setting Up the Control Condition
80(1)
Examining the Results
81(2)
Exercise 11: Inhibitory Conditioning Measured by Response Summation
83(3)
Some Questions
86(1)
Something to Do
86(1)
6 Associative Structures in Classical Conditioning: Sensory Preconditioning and Higher-Order Conditioning 87(12)
Background
87(1)
Exercise 12: Sensory Preconditioning
88(6)
The Experimental Condition
89(2)
The Unpaired Control Condition
91(3)
Exercise 13: Higher-Order Conditioning
94(3)
Stage 1 Higher-Order Conditioning
94(1)
Stages 2 and 3 of Higher-Order Conditioning
95(2)
Some Things to Do
97(2)
7 The Nature of the Association in Classical Conditioning 99(22)
Background
99(3)
Exercise 14: Basic Acquisition Under the Four Models
102(2)
Exercise 15: Effect on First-Order Conditioning of Habituating the UR
104(4)
Exercise 16: Basic Higher-Order Conditioning Under the Four Models
108(3)
Exercise 17: Effect on Higher-Order Conditioning of Extinguishing the First-Order CR
111(3)
Exercise 18: Effect on Higher-Order Conditioning of Habituating the UR
114(6)
Some Questions
120(1)
8 Habituation, Sensitization, Background Conditioning, and the CS and US Pre-exposure Effects 121(14)
Background
121(2)
Exercise 19: Habituation, Sensitization, and Background Conditioning
123(4)
Exercise 20: CS Pre-exposure Effect
127(2)
Exercise 21: US Pre-exposure Effect
129(2)
Comparing CS and US Pre-exposure With the Control
131(1)
A Question
132(1)
Something to Do
133(2)
9 Introduction to Operant Conditioning 135(10)
Edward Thorndike
135(1)
B.F. Skinner
136(3)
The Operant Chamber
139(1)
Reinforcement and Punishment
140(5)
10 Basic Operant Phenomena: Magazine Training, Shaping, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery, and Secondary Reinforcement 145(22)
Operant Conditioning: Technique
145(1)
The Operant Associations Mind Window
146(1)
Exercise 22: Magazine Training
147(1)
Exercise 23: Shaping Sniffy to Press the Bar
148(5)
Exercise 24: Cumulative Records-Visualizing Sniffy's Responding
153(3)
Exercise 25: Extinction
156(5)
Exercise 26: Secondary Reinforcement
161(2)
Exercise 27: Spontaneous Recovery
163(1)
Some Things to Do
164(3)
Behavioral Repertoire
164(1)
Another Effect of Magazine Training
165(2)
11 The Effects of Punishment on Response Elimination 167(6)
Exercise 28: The Effect of a Single Mild Punishment
167(2)
Exercise 29: The Effect of a Single Severe Punishment
169(1)
Exercise 30: The Effect of Repeated Mild Punishment
170(2)
Some Questions
172(1)
12 Schedules of Reinforcement and the Partial-Reinforcement Effect 173(18)
Background and Examples
173(4)
Variable-Ratio (VR) and Variable-Interval (VI) Schedules
177(1)
Fixed-Ratio (FR) Schedules
178(1)
Fixed-Interval (Fl) Schedules
178(1)
Setting Up a Schedule in the Design Operant Conditioning Experiment Dialog Box
179(2)
Exercise 31: Placing Sniffy on a Small VR Schedule
181(2)
Exercise 32: Increasing the Value of Sniffy's VR Schedule
183(1)
Exercise 33: Variable-Interval Schedules
184(1)
Exercise 34: Fixed-Ratio Schedules
185(1)
Exercise 35: Fixed-Interval Schedules
185(1)
How Realistic Are Sniffy's Schedule Performances?
186(1)
Exercise 36: The Effect of Partial Reinforcement on Extinction
187(1)
Some Questions and Things to Do
188(3)
Does Schedule Size Affect Overall Response Rate?
188(1)
Does Schedule Size Affect Resistance to Extinction?
189(2)
13 Stimulus Discrimination and Stimulus Generalization 191(22)
Background and Theory
191(6)
Setting Up Discrimination-Learning Experiments
197(4)
Exporting DS Response Strength Data to a Spreadsheet or Statistical Analysis Program
201(1)
Setting Up Stimulus Generalization Tests
202(1)
Exercise 37: Simple Tone-On S+ Discrimination Learning
203(1)
Exercise 38: Stimulus Generalization After Simple Tone-On S+ Discrimination Learning
204(2)
Exercise 39: Simple Tone-On S- Discrimination Learning
206(1)
Exercise 40: Stimulus Generalization After Simple Tone-On S-Discrimination Learning
207(1)
Exercise 41: S+/S- Discrimination Learning
208(1)
Exercise 42: Stimulus Generalization After S+/S-Discrimination Learning
209(1)
Comparing the Three Generalization Gradients
210(2)
Some Questions
212(1)
Something to Do
212(1)
14 Shaping Behaviors Other Than Bar Pressing 213(14)
Exercise 43: Shaping Sniffy to Beg
215(2)
Exercise 44: Shaping Sniffy to Wipe His Face
217(2)
Exercise 45: Shaping Sniffy to Roll
219(3)
Exercise 46: Shaping Sniffy to Perform Other Behaviors
222(1)
Exercise 47: Shaping a Cat to Beg or Walk on Its Hind Legs
222(3)
Some Questions and Things to Do
225(2)
APPENDIX How to Manage Your Sniffy Pro Files 227(21)
Floppy Disks and Hard Disks
227(2)
Deciding Where to Save Your Files
229(2)
Getting Easy Access to the Sniffy Program and Files From Your Computer Desktop
231(2)
Creating a Windows Shortcut
231(1)
Placing Aliases in the Mac OS X Dock
232(1)
Saving Files
233(4)
Saving Files in Windows XP
233(3)
Saving Files in Mac OS X
236(1)
Opening Files
237(4)
Opening Files in Windows XP
237(2)
Opening Files in Mac OS X
239(2)
Copying Files From a Hard Disk to a Floppy Disk
241(2)
Instructions for Windows XP Users
241(1)
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
242(1)
Copying Files From a Floppy Disk to a Hard Disk
243(1)
Instructions for Windows XP Users
243(1)
Instructions for Mac OS X Users
243(1)
Using Sniffy Pro Macintosh Files on a Windows PC and Vice Versa
244(1)
Storing Files on a CD
245(1)
E-mailing Files
246(2)
Glossary 248(5)
References 253(2)
Index 255


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