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Social Problems,9780136084808
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Social Problems

by ; ;
Edition:
9th
ISBN13:

9780136084808

ISBN10:
013608480X
Format:
Hardcover
Pub. Date:
8/1/1997
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 9th edition with a publication date of 8/1/1997.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

This proactive book probes the nature and causes of major social problems and delves into the social control and social action issues inherent to each particular problem. Offering a theoretically balanced perspective, it covers topics in a micro to macro format, pointing out the interrelationships among today's social problems and the possibility of approaching them from several perspectives. The book describes many of the serious challenges facing our society, demonstrates the human ability to innovate and improve social conditions, and emphasizes social policy and its intended and unintended effects. It supports material with current statistics, cross-cultural examples, and numerous charts and tables. The book incorporates many new and interesting topics, including worldwide efforts to improve health, the impact of the growing elderly population on our social security system, and juggling work and family responsibilities.

Table of Contents

BOX FEATURES xiv(2)
PREFACE xvi
1 SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL PROBLEMS
2(26)
WHAT IS A SOCIAL PROBLEM?
4(2)
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL PROBLEMS
6(8)
The Functionalist Perspective
6(1)
Other Approaches to the Study of Social Problems
7(4)
The Conflict Perspective
11(1)
The Interactionist Perspective
12(2)
ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT SOCIAL PROBLEMS
14(3)
RESEARCH ON SOCIAL PROBLEMS
17(5)
Demographic Studies
17(1)
Survey Research
18(1)
Field Observation
19(1)
Social Experiments
19(3)
SOCIAL PROBLEMS AND SOCIAL POLICY
22(3)
The Natural History of Social Problems
23(2)
The Media and Social Problems
25(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
25(1)
SUMMARY
26(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
26(2)
2 PROBLEMS OF PHYSICAL HEALTH
28(36)
HEALTH CARE AS A GLOBAL SOCIAL PROBLEM
30(4)
THE SCOPE OF HEALTH-CARE PROBLEMS IN AMERICA
34(14)
Unequal Access to Health Care
34(2)
The High Cost of Health Care
36(5)
Inadequate Protection
41(3)
Women and Health Care
44(2)
The Disabled and Handicapped
46(2)
AIDS--A MODERN PLAGUE
48(4)
EXPLANATIONS OF HEALTH-CARE PROBLEMS
52(4)
Class and Class Conflict
52(2)
Institutions and Health Care
54(1)
Health and Social Interaction
55(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
56(5)
Managed Care
57(1)
Insurance Reform
58(1)
The Disabled and Handicapped
58(2)
Social Policy and AIDS
60(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
61(1)
SUMMARY
62(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
62(2)
3 MENTAL ILLNESS
64(28)
MENTAL ILLNESS AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM
66(2)
THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF MENTAL ILLNESS
68(5)
Defining Mental Illness
68(3)
Classification of Mental Disorders
71(1)
Diagnosis or Label?
71(2)
INEQUALITY, CONFLICT, AND MENTAL ILLNESS
73(6)
Social Class and Mental Disorder
74(2)
Mental Disorder and Urban Life
76(2)
Other Factors
78(1)
INSTITUTIONAL PROBLEMS OF TREATMENT AND CARE
79(10)
Methods of Treatment
79(1)
Changes in Mental-health Professions
80(1)
Treatment Institutions
81(5)
Deinstitutionalization and Homelessness
86(3)
SOCIAL POLICY
89(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
90(1)
SUMMARY
90(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
91(1)
4 SEX-RELATED SOCIAL PROBLEMS
92(32)
SEX AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM
95(4)
Tolerated Sex Variance
96(1)
Asocial Sex Variance
97(2)
Structured Sex Variance
99(1)
HOMOSEXUALITY
99(7)
Social-Scientific Perspectives on Homosexuality
99(2)
Who Becomes a Homosexual?
101(2)
Lesbianism
103(1)
The Homosexual Subculture
104(2)
PROSTITUTION
106(7)
Social-Scientific Perspectives on Prostitution
106(1)
Norms of Prostitution
107(2)
Prostitution as Functional Deviance
109(1)
Why Do People Become Prostitutes?
110(1)
The Prostitute Subculture
111(1)
The Impact of AIDS
112(1)
PORNOGRAPHY
113(4)
Social-Scientific Perspectives on Pornography
114(1)
Pornography and Censorship
115(1)
Research on Pornography
116(1)
Pornography and Public Opinion
117(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
117(5)
Homosexuality
117(2)
Prostitution
119(1)
Pornography
120(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
122(1)
SUMMARY
122(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
123(1)
5 ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
124(32)
THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM
126(3)
Drug Abuse
127(1)
Abuse, Addiction, and Dependence
128(1)
ALCOHOL USE AND ABUSE
129(11)
Problem Drinkers and Alcoholics
131(1)
Who Drinks?
131(3)
Drinking among Young People
134(1)
Alcohol-related Social Problems
134(3)
Treatment of Alcoholism
137(3)
ILLEGAL DRUG USE AND ABUSE
140(11)
Commonly Abused Drugs
140(3)
Patterns of Drug Abuse
143(4)
Drug Use and Crime
147(1)
Drug Use and AIDS
148(1)
Treatment of Drug Abuse
149(2)
SOCIAL POLICY
151(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
153(1)
SUMMARY
154(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
155(1)
6 CRIME AND CRIMINALS
156(40)
THE NATURE OF CRIME
161(5)
Police Discretion
163(1)
Problems of Accuracy
164(2)
TYPES OF CRIME AND CRIMINALS
166(7)
Violent Personal Crime
166(1)
Occasional Property Crime
166(1)
Occupational (White-collar) Crime
167(1)
Corporate Crime
168(1)
Public-order Crime
169(1)
Conventional Crime
169(1)
Organized Crime
170(1)
Professional Crime
171(1)
Juvenile Delinquency
172(1)
CONDITIONS AND CAUSES OF CRIME
173(8)
Biological Explanations of Crime
173(1)
Gender and Crime
174(1)
Age and Crime
175(1)
Sociological Explanations of Crime
176(5)
CONTROLLING CRIME
181(7)
Retribution-Deterrence
182(3)
Rehabilitation
185(2)
Prevention
187(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
188(5)
Conventional Crime
190(1)
Occupational and Corporate Crime
191(1)
Organized Crime
192(1)
Public-order and Juvenile-justice Reforms
192(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
193(1)
SUMMARY
194(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
194(2)
7 VIOLENCE
196(30)
THE CONCEPT OF VIOLENCE
199(2)
EXPLANATIONS OF VIOLENCE
201(4)
The Biological Viewpoint
201(1)
Frustration-Aggression and Control Theories
202(1)
Violence as a Subculture
202(1)
Violence as Rational Choice
203(1)
The Influence of the Mass Media
204(1)
CRIMINAL VIOLENCE
205(5)
Criminal Homicide
205(2)
Assault and Robbery
207(1)
Rape
208(2)
FAMILY VIOLENCE
210(3)
Child Abuse
210(2)
Spouse Abuse
212(1)
Elder Abuse
213(1)
GANGS, GUNS, AND VIOLENT DEATH
213(4)
SOCIAL POLICY
217(6)
Gun Control
217(3)
Media Violence
220(1)
Dealing with Family Violence
221(1)
Race, Poverty, and Violence: The Unfinished Agenda
222(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
223(1)
SUMMARY
224(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
225(1)
8 POVERTY AMID AFFLUENCE
226(34)
THE HAVES AND THE HAVE-NOTES
229(6)
The Rich
230(1)
The Poor
231(4)
POVERTY AND SOCIAL CLASS
235(2)
THE NATURE OF POVERTY
237(8)
The Poverty Line
237(2)
Who Are the Poor?
239(6)
CONCOMITANTS OF POVERTY
245(3)
Health Care
245(1)
Education
246(1)
Housing and Homelessness
247(1)
Justice
247(1)
EXPLANATIONS OF PERSISTENT POVERTY
248(4)
Structural Explanations
248(2)
Cultural Explanations
250(2)
SOCIAL POLICY
252(6)
Reform of "Welfare as We Know It,"
252(3)
Dependency, Work, and Responsibility
255(2)
Single Mothers: A Special Case
257(1)
Moving to Opportunity
257(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
258(1)
SUMMARY
258(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
259(1)
9 PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
260(32)
THE MEANING OF MINORITY
264(1)
DEFINING PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
265(1)
ORIGINS OF PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
266(4)
Prejudice and Bigotry in the Individual
267(1)
Prejudice and Bigotry in Social Structures
267(1)
Cultural Factors: Norms and Stereotypes
268(2)
INSTITUTIONAL DISCRIMINATION
270(10)
Education
271(3)
Housing
274(2)
Employment and Income
276(3)
Justice
279(1)
SOME CONSEQUENCES OF PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
280(3)
SOCIAL POLICY
283(7)
Job Training
283(1)
Affirmative Action
284(2)
Education for Equality
286(2)
Some Trends and Prospects
288(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
290(1)
SUMMARY
290(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
291(1)
10 SEX ROLES AND INEQUALITY
292(26)
TRADITIONAL SEX ROLES
295(3)
THE NATURE OF SEXISM
298(6)
Stereotyping
298(1)
Sexism and Employment
299(2)
Sexual Harassment
301(2)
Homemaking
303(1)
The Women's Movement
303(1)
SOURCES OF SEXISM
304(6)
Socialization
305(1)
Education
305(1)
The Family
306(1)
Language and the Media
307(1)
Organized Religion
308(1)
Government
308(1)
The Legal System
309(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
310(5)
Changes in Child-rearing Practices
310(1)
Changes in the Educational System
311(1)
Changes in the Legal System
312(1)
Reproductive Control
313(1)
Social Policy and the Women's Movement
314(1)
Changes in Men's Roles
314(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
315(1)
SUMMARY
316(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
316(2)
11 AN AGING SOCIETY
318(28)
PERSPECTIVES ON AGING
321(1)
THE ELDERLY IN AMERICA TODAY
322(8)
Age Stratification
323(2)
Who Are the Elderly?
325(2)
Ageism
327(3)
DIMENSIONS OF THE AGING PROCESS
330(4)
Physiological Aspects of Aging
330(1)
Psychological Dimensions of Aging
331(1)
Social and Cultural Dimensions of Aging
332(2)
CONCOMITANTS OF AGING
334(4)
Victimization of the Elderly
334(1)
Elder Abuse
334(1)
Health Care and the Aged
334(1)
Economic Discrimination
335(2)
Family Problems
337(1)
RETIREMENT
338(1)
DEATH
338(2)
SOCIAL POLICY
340(4)
Housing
340(1)
Health Care
341(1)
Retirement and Social Security
342(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
344(1)
SUMMARY
344(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
345(1)
12 THE CHANGING FAMILY
346(28)
THE NATURE OF FAMILIES
349(8)
Adequate Family Functioning
350(1)
Effects of Women's Employment
351(4)
The Black Family
355(2)
DIVORCE
357(4)
Stepfamilies
358(1)
Explanations of Trends in Divorce Rates
359(1)
The Impact of Divorce
359(2)
Cohabiting Couples
361(1)
POSTPONEMENT OF MARRIAGE
361(1)
CHANGING NORMS OF PARENTHOOD
362(2)
Births to Unmarried Women (Illegitimacy)
362(1)
Teenage Pregnancy
363(1)
Gay and Lesbian Families
364(1)
HOMELESS FAMILIES
364(2)
REPRODUCTIVE ISSUES
366(2)
Advances in Reproductive Technology
366(1)
Surrogacy
367(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
368(3)
Divorce Law
368(1)
Efforts to Reduce Teenage Pregnancy
369(1)
Child Care and Family Support
369(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
371(1)
SUMMARY
372(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
372(2)
13 PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION
374(30)
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON EDUCATION
378(2)
Functionalist Approaches
378(1)
Conflict Approaches
379(1)
Interactionist Approaches
379(1)
EDUCATION: AN INSTITUTION UNDER FIRE
380(13)
Education and Equality: The Issue of Equal Access
381(4)
The Great Achievement Controversy
385(1)
Problems of Institutional Change
386(7)
SOCIAL POLICY
393(8)
Educational Conservatism and "Back to Basics,"
395(2)
Humanism and "Open Education,"
397(1)
Preschool Programs
398(1)
Access to Higher Education
399(2)
Trends and Prospects
401(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
401(1)
SUMMARY
402(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
402(2)
14 PROBLEMS OF WORK AND THE ECONOMY
404(32)
BIG BUSINESS AND CORPORATE POWER
407(10)
The Shrinking Marketplace
407(2)
Conglomerates
409(1)
Multinational Corporations
410(2)
The Global Factory
412(1)
Effects on American Workers
413(1)
Corporate Power and Wealth
414(3)
WORK IN CORPORATE AMERICA
417(10)
From Manufacturing to Services
417(1)
Problem Aspects of Work
418(9)
CONSUMERS AND CREDIT
427(4)
Problems of Debt Entanglement
429(1)
Possessions and Self-expression
429(2)
SOCIAL POLICY
431(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
433(1)
SUMMARY
433(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
434(2)
15 URBAN PROBLEMS
436(32)
AN URBANIZING WORLD
438(2)
THE AMERICAN CITY
440(3)
Urban Growth and Social Problems
440(1)
Management Problems
441(1)
Antiurban Bias
441(1)
The Composition of Urban Populations
442(1)
THEORIES OF URBANISM
443(3)
Wirth's Theory
443(1)
Compositionalism
444(1)
Subcultural Theory
445(1)
METROPOLITAN GROWTH
446(6)
The Transportation Boom
447(3)
The Impact of Suburban Growth
450(2)
PROBLEMS OF CITIES
452(5)
Deconcentration
453(2)
Relocation of Manufacturing
455(1)
Financial Problems
455(1)
Government
456(1)
SHELTER POVERTY, HOMELESSNESS, AND NEIGHBORHOOD DISTRESS
457(4)
Shelter Poverty
457(2)
Homelessness
459(1)
Distressed Neighborhoods
460(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
461(4)
Housing
463(1)
Homelessness
463(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
465(1)
SUMMARY
465(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
466(2)
16 POPULATION AND IMMIGRATION
468(24)
THE WORLD'S POPULATION
470(6)
Measures of Population Growth
470(2)
The Demographic Transition
472(2)
Rising Expectations
474(2)
THE U.S. POPULATION
476(1)
POPULATION CONTROL
476(4)
Family Planning
477(1)
ZPG
478(1)
Population Control in LDCs
478(2)
IMMIGRATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES
480(7)
Immigration to the United States: A Brief History
481(2)
Recent Trends in Immigration to the United States
483(1)
Urban Concentration of Immigrants
484(2)
Undocumented Immigrants
486(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
487(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
489(1)
SUMMARY
490(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
490(2)
17 TECHNOLOGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
492(30)
DEFINING TECHNOLOGY
494(1)
TECHNOLOGICAL DUALISM
495(1)
CONTROLLING TECHNOLOGY
496(5)
Autonomous Technology
496(2)
Automation
498(1)
Whistle-blowers
499(1)
Bureaucracy and Morality
500(1)
TECHNOLOGY AND INSTITUTIONS
501(3)
TECHNOLOGY AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
504(1)
ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS
505(9)
Origins of the Problem
505(2)
Air Pollution
507(2)
Water Pollution
509(1)
Solid-waste Disposal
510(2)
Other Hazards
512(2)
THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD ENVIRONMENT
514(1)
SOCIAL POLICY
515(5)
Futures Studies
517(1)
Appropriate Technology
517(1)
Technology Assessment
517(1)
Environmental Action
518(2)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
520(1)
SUMMARY
520(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
521(1)
18 WAR AND TERRORISM
522(23)
THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM
524(4)
Direct Effects of War
524(1)
Indirect Effects of War
525(1)
Effects of Nuclear War
526(2)
MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND THE CONDUCT OF WAR
528(1)
Controlling Warfare
529(1)
THEORIES ABOUT WAR AND ITS ORIGINS
529(8)
Ethological and Sociobiological Theories
531(1)
Clausewitz: War as State Policy
532(1)
Marx and Lenin on War
533(1)
Institutional and International Perspectives
533(4)
TERRORISM: UNDECLARED WAR
537(2)
SOCIAL POLICY
539(3)
Arms Control: A Promise Unfulfilled
539(1)
Alternatives to the Arms Race
540(1)
Dealing with Terrorism
541(1)
BEYOND LEFT AND RIGHT
542(1)
SUMMARY
542(1)
SUGGESTED READINGS
543(2)
GLOSSARY 545(4)
REFERENCES 549(18)
PHOTO CREDITS 567(1)
NAME INDEX 568(3)
SUBJECT INDEX 571


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