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Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs : A Values Perspective,9780534644932
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Social Welfare Policy and Social Programs : A Values Perspective

by
Edition:
1st
ISBN13:

9780534644932

ISBN10:
0534644937
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
2/6/2006
Publisher(s):
Brooks Cole

Questions About This Book?

What version or edition is this?
This is the 1st edition with a publication date of 2/6/2006.
What is included with this book?
  • The New copy of this book will include any supplemental materials advertised. Please check the title of the book to determine if it should include any CDs, lab manuals, study guides, etc.

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Summary

Offering a new values perspective, Elizabeth Segal's SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND SOCIAL PROGRAMS takes the student beyond identifying, describing, and analyzing social welfare policies. Segal demonstrates how the myriad values of diverse groups in America have influenced current policies, and helps students recognize that analysis takes place through the lens of these often opposing values. The dual themes of critical thinking and critical evaluation provide the framework of the book, and Segal's unique attention to international perspectives on values around social welfare policies and social programs heightens students' awareness of the global implications of social work around the world.

Table of Contents

Preface xvii
Social Welfare Policy and Underlying Values
1(24)
What Is Social Welfare?
2(1)
Why Study Social Welfare?
3(1)
Premises for Studying Social Welfare
4(6)
Each Person Is a Part of the Social Welfare System
5(1)
Provision of Social Welfare Services
6(1)
Approaches to the Provision of Social Welfare
7(2)
How Are People Involved? Public and Private Efforts
9(1)
Why Do We Have a Social Welfare System?
10(1)
Values and Beliefs as the Cornerstone of Social Welfare in America
11(3)
Religious Values
11(2)
Social Values
13(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs in Social Welfare Policy
14(6)
Undeserving versus Deserving
15(1)
Personal Failure versus System Failure
16(1)
Individual Responsibility versus Social Responsibility
16(2)
Individual Change versus Social Change
18(1)
Self-sufficiency versus Social Support
18(1)
Entitlement versus ``Handout''
18(1)
Aid to Those We Know versus Aid to Strangers
18(1)
Religious and Faith-Based Practice versus Separation of Church and State
19(1)
Crisis Response versus Prevention
19(1)
Sympathy versus Empathy
19(1)
Trust versus Suspicion
19(1)
Rationality versus Emotions
20(1)
Values and Beliefs Guide Policy Making
20(1)
Final Thoughts
20(5)
Key Terms
23(1)
Questions for Discussion
23(1)
Exercises
23(1)
References
24(1)
Historical Foundations of Social Welfare in America
25(28)
Colonial Period (1690-1800)
26(3)
Impact of the Colonial Period
29(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the Colonial Period
29(1)
Pre-Civil War Period (1800-1860)
29(2)
Impact of the Pre-Civil War Period
30(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the Pre-Civil War Period
30(1)
Civil War And Postwar Period (1861-1874)
31(2)
Impact of the Civil War and Postwar Period
32(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the Civil War and Postwar Period
32(1)
Progressive Era (1875-1925)
33(2)
Charity Organization Societies
33(1)
Settlement Movement
34(1)
Impact of the Progressive Era
34(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the Progressive Era
35(1)
The Great Depression and the New Deal (1925-1940)
35(5)
Impact of the Great Depression and New Deal Era
39(1)
Conflicting Beliefs during the Great Depression and New Deal Era
39(1)
World War II and the Postwar Era (1940-1960)
40(2)
Impact of World War II and the the Postwar Era
41(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the World War II Era and the Postwar Era
41(1)
Social Reform (1960-1970)
42(1)
Impact of the Social Reform Period
43(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the Social Reform Period
43(1)
The Shifting Focus of the 1970s and 1980s
43(3)
Impact of the 1970s and 1980s
45(1)
Conflicting Beliefs of the 1970s and 1980s
45(1)
Economic Shifts of the 1990s
46(2)
Implications of the Economic Shifts of the 1990s
47(1)
Conflicting Beliefs Affecting the Economic Shifts of the 1990s
48(1)
The New Century
48(2)
Final Thoughts
50(3)
Key Terms
50(1)
Questions for Discussion
50(1)
Exercises
50(1)
References
51(2)
Conceptual Foundations of Social Welfare Policy
53(20)
Ideologies of the Social Welfare System
54(4)
Cause and Function
54(1)
Blaming the Victim
55(1)
The Culture of Poverty and the Underclass
56(1)
Conservative and Liberal Political Perspectives
57(1)
Biological Determinism
57(1)
Social Welfare Services as a Right
58(1)
Theories of the Evolution of the Social Welfare System
58(7)
Industrialization and the Social Welfare System
59(1)
Cycles of History
59(1)
Social Control
60(1)
Elite Power Theory
61(1)
Economics as a Determinant of Social Welfare Policy
61(2)
Critical Theory
63(1)
Postindustrialization and Globalization
64(1)
Paradigms of the Social Welfare System
65(5)
Social Construction
65(1)
Critical Analysis
66(1)
Distributive Justice
66(1)
Strengths-Based Model
67(1)
Social Empathy
67(1)
Social Work Professional Paradigm
68(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs and the Theoretical Foundation of Social Welfare Policy
69(1)
Final Thoughts on the Conceptual Foundation of Social Welfare Policy
70(3)
Key Terms
70(1)
Questions for Discussion
70(1)
Exercises
70(1)
References
71(2)
The Delivery of Social Welfare Services
73(17)
The Professionalization of Social Welfare Services
74(5)
History of Social Work
74(2)
Professional Contributions of the Charity Organization Societies and Settlement Movement
76(3)
Public and Private Providers of Social Welfare Services
79(5)
Government Roles
79(2)
Should the Federal Government Provide Social Services?
81(2)
Private Agencies
83(1)
Forms of Social Welfare Assistance
84(4)
Public Assistance and Social Insurance
84(2)
Cash Assistance Programs
86(1)
In-Kind Benefit Programs
86(1)
Vouchers
86(1)
Entitlement
87(1)
Social Investment
87(1)
Economic Development
87(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
88(1)
Final Thoughts on the Delivery of Social Welfare Services
88(2)
Key Terms
88(1)
Questions for Discussion
88(1)
Exercises
89(1)
References
89(1)
Social Justice and Civil Rights
90(30)
Barriers to Social Justice and Civil Rights
91(2)
The Constitution: Cornerstone of Civil Rights
93(1)
The History of Voting Rights in the United States
94(4)
Voting Rights for African American Men
94(2)
Women's Suffrage
96(1)
Voting Rights for Indigenous People
97(1)
Mexican Immigration and Latino Voting Rights
98(1)
Protection from Discrimination and Oppression
98(17)
Protection from Racism
99(2)
Hate Crimes Legislation
101(1)
Affirmative Action
102(2)
Women's Rights
104(6)
Rights of People with Disabilities
110(1)
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Rights
111(1)
Native Americans and Civil Rights
112(2)
Attitudes toward Immigration
114(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
115(1)
Final Thoughts on Social Justice and Civil Rights
116(4)
Key Terms
117(1)
Questions for Discussion
117(1)
Exercises
118(1)
References
118(2)
Analyzing Social Welfare Policies
120(19)
What Is Policy Analysis?
121(1)
The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy Development
122(4)
Rationalism in Policy Making
122(1)
Incrementalism in Policy Making
123(1)
Window of Opportunity in Policy Making
123(1)
Magnitude in Policy Making
124(1)
Critical Analysis of Social Welfare Policy
124(1)
Implementation of Policies
125(1)
Street-Level Bureaucrats
125(1)
Models of Social Welfare Policy Analysis
126(5)
Sequential Model of Analysis
126(4)
Critical Theory Model of Analysis
130(1)
The Impact of Values and Beliefs on Social Welfare Policy
130(1)
Social Welfare Policy and the Political Arena
131(1)
The Dynamics of Social Welfare Policy: Application of the Model
131(5)
Social Welfare Policy Research
136(1)
Final Thoughts on Social Welfare Policy Analysis
136(3)
Key Terms
137(1)
Questions for Discussion
137(1)
Exercises
137(1)
References
137(2)
Social Insurance
139(21)
What Is Social Insurance?
140(2)
History of Social Security
140(2)
The Twofold Purpose of the Social Security Act
142(11)
Social Insurance
144(1)
Public Assistance
145(1)
How the OASDI Program Works
146(2)
Public Perceptions of Social Security
148(1)
How Important Is Social Security?
149(1)
Limitations of Social Security
150(2)
Changes in the Social Security Program
152(1)
The Future of Social Security
153(4)
Solvency of the Trust Fund
153(2)
Privatization of Social Security
155(2)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
157(1)
Final Thoughts on Social Insurance
157(3)
Key Terms
158(1)
Questions for Discussion
158(1)
Exercises
158(1)
References
158(2)
Poverty and Economic Inequality
160(23)
Defining Poverty and Economic Need
161(9)
Measures of Poverty
161(3)
How Many People Are Poor?
164(1)
Who Are the Poor?
165(4)
What Causes Poverty?
169(1)
Antipoverty Policies and Programs
170(6)
Programs to Ensure Economic Stability
170(5)
Programs Providing In-kind Support
175(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
176(3)
Undeserving versus Deserving Poor People
177(1)
Personal Failure versus System Failure
177(1)
Self-sufficiency versus Social Support
178(1)
Those We Know versus Those Who Are Strangers
178(1)
Sympathy versus Empathy
179(1)
Final Thoughts on Poverty
179(4)
Key Terms
179(1)
Questions for Discussion
180(1)
Exercises
180(1)
References
180(3)
The Impact of the Economy: Employment, Budgets, and Taxes
183(27)
Ideological Differences Between Social Work and Economics
184(2)
Competitive Marketplace
185(1)
Cost/Benefit Emphasis
185(1)
Mathematical Calculations
186(1)
Key Economic Concepts
186(10)
Role of the Marketplace
187(1)
Employment and Unemployment
188(3)
Impact of Race and Gender on Employment and Economic Well-Being
191(1)
Employment and Job Creation
192(2)
Taxes
194(2)
Major Economic Social Welfare Programs Tied to Economic Conditions
196(3)
Unemployment Insurance
196(1)
Minimum Wage
197(1)
Earned Income Tax Credit
198(1)
Impact of the Federal Budget on Social Welfare Policy
199(4)
What Is the Federal Budget?
200(1)
What Are Federal Budget Surpluses and Deficits?
200(1)
Consequences of the Deficit
201(1)
Budget Priorities
202(1)
Corporate America
203(2)
Changes in the Workforce
205(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
206(1)
Final Thoughts on the Impact of the Economy
206(4)
Key Terms
207(1)
Questions for Discussion
207(1)
Exercises
207(1)
References
207(3)
Children and Families
210(27)
Overview of Current Conditions
211(2)
The Child Welfare System
213(1)
Historical Development of Child and Family Policy
214(18)
The Progressive Era
214(4)
The Great Depression and the New Deal
218(1)
The War on Poverty
218(1)
The 1970s and Child Protection
218(2)
The 1980s and 1990s: Welfare Reform and Preserving Families
220(1)
The New Millennium
221(2)
Income Assistance
223(1)
Health Care
224(2)
Child Protective Services
226(4)
Education
230(2)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
232(1)
Final Thoughts on Children and Families
233(4)
Key Terms
234(1)
Questions for Discussion
234(1)
Exercises
234(1)
References
234(3)
Health Care Policy
237(22)
Overview of Health Care Policy in the United States
238(2)
Overview of Mental Health Care Policy in the United States
240(2)
Major Health Programs
242(6)
Medicare
243(1)
Medicaid
244(1)
SCHIP
245(1)
Immunization
245(1)
Disability Insurance
246(1)
Supplemental Security Income
246(1)
Community Mental Health Centers
247(1)
Current Needs and Policy Issues
248(3)
Lack of Health Insurance Coverage
248(1)
High Cost of Medical Care
248(2)
Managed Care
250(1)
Emerging Health Concerns
251(4)
HIV Infection and AIDS
251(2)
Alcohol and Illegal Drugs
253(1)
Alzheimer's Disease
254(1)
Diabetes
254(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
255(1)
Final Thoughts on Health Care Policy
255(4)
Key Terms
256(1)
Questions for Discussion
256(1)
Exercises
256(1)
References
257(2)
Aging and Social Welfare Policy
259(19)
History of Social Welfare Policies Related to Aging
260(2)
Services for Promoting and Protecting Elderly People
262(3)
Older Americans Act of 1965
262(1)
Protective Services for Elderly People
263(1)
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)
264(1)
Financial Security
265(4)
Income Assistance: Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
265(1)
Retirement Security
266(2)
Variability in Financial Security by Race and Gender
268(1)
Health Care for an Aging Population
269(4)
Health Expenses
269(1)
Medicare
270(1)
Long-Term Care
270(1)
Medicaid
271(1)
Types of Caregiving and Caregivers
271(1)
Political Power
272(1)
Intergenerational Relations: Conflict or Cooperation
273(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
274(1)
Final Thoughts on Aging and Social Welfare Policy
275(3)
Key Terms
275(1)
Questions for Discussion
275(1)
Exercise
275(1)
References
276(2)
United States Social Welfare Policies and International Comparisons
278(15)
Forced Relocation and Enslavement
279(1)
Immigrants and Refugees
280(2)
Globalization
282(1)
Border Policies Between Mexico and the United States
283(1)
How Does the United States Compare with Other Nations?
284(5)
Social Welfare Policies Supporting Work
284(1)
Social Welfare and Health
285(3)
Social Security Programs
288(1)
Poverty
288(1)
International Relations
289(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs
289(1)
Final Thoughts on International Comparisons
290(3)
Key Terms
291(1)
Questions for Discussion
291(1)
Exercises
292(1)
References
292(1)
The Impact of Social Welfare Policy
293(14)
How Important Is Social Welfare Policy to Social Workers?
294(1)
The Power of Social Welfare Policy
295(3)
Addressing Racial Discrimination
296(1)
Addressing Gender Discrimination
296(1)
Securing Our Lives in Retirement
296(1)
Ensuring Our Safety
297(1)
Providing Public Education
297(1)
How Does Social Welfare Policy Change?
298(1)
Executive Orders
298(1)
The Influence of Advocacy Groups
299(1)
Campaign Finance Reform
299(1)
Limitations of Social Welfare Policy
299(1)
Conflicting Values and Beliefs: Where Do We Go From Here?
300(1)
Developing Social Welfare Policies That Promote Social Justice
301(1)
Policy Practice
302(2)
Final Thoughts on the Impact of Social Welfare Policy
304(3)
Key Terms
304(1)
Questions for Discussion
305(1)
Exercises
305(1)
References
305(2)
Glossary 307(4)
Index 311


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