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Table of Contents
All chapters conclude with “Summary” and “Notes.”
1. Politics, Rationalism, and Social Welfare.
Politics and Social Welfare Policy.
Illustration 1-1: Special Tips for the Legislative Process.
The Policymaking Process.
The American Public and Social Welfare.
Illustration 1-2: We Can Take Care of Our Own—or Can We?
2. Government and Social Welfare.
Historical Perspectives on Social Welfare.
Illustration 2-1: The Revolution No One Noticed.
The Expansion of Social Welfare.
Finances in the Welfare State.
Illustration 2-2: Intelligence Report: Our Low Taxes.
The Legacy of “Reaganomics.”
Helping the “Truly Needy.”
The Presidential Years of Bill Clinton.
3. Defining Poverty: Where to Begin?
What Is Poverty?
Poor and Homeless: Not Invisible Anymore.
Illustration 3-1: Homeless in Paradise.
Illustration 3-2: Pam Jackson's New Apartment.
A Fundamental Shift.
4. Preventing Poverty: The Social Insurance Programs.
Preventing Poverty Through Compulsory Savings.
Illustration 4-1: Social Security—Who Qualifies, and How Much Do Beneficiaries Receive?
Illustration 4-2: Will You Reap What You Sow?
5. Helping the “Deserving Poor:” Aged, Blind, and Disabled.
Public Assistance for the Deserving Poor.
Illustration 5-1: Example of What Happens When You Are Disabled.
Rehabilitative Services for Individuals with Disabilities.
The Era of Civil Rights for People with Disabilities.
Illustration 5-2: What Is Reasonable Accommodation for People with Disabilities?
Disability Policy for Children.
Building a Better Policy on Disability.
Illustration 5-3: Guidance from the EEOC in Implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act in Cases of Psychiatric Impairment.
General Assistance: The State and Community Response to Welfare.
Federalism and Social Welfare.
6. Ending Welfare as We Knew It: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families.
From Mothers' Aid to AFDC.
Trying to Make Parents Pay.
Welfare and Work.
Illustration 6-1: What Mothers and Fathers Think About Child Support Enforcement.
Why the Fuss About AFDC?
Illustration 6-2: Why Mother Slapped Me.
Illustration 6-3: The Unreported Work of Mothers Receiving Public Assistance.
An End to Welfare as We Knew It.
7. Fighting Hunger: Nutrition Policy and Programs in the United States.
Malnutrition Amid Plenty.
Setting Nutritional Policy.
Tightening Food Stamps' Belt: The Welfare Reform of 1996.
Food Stamp Program Operations.
Nutrition Programs for Younger, Older, and Disabled Veterans.
Illustration 7-1: A Client's View of the Food Stamp Program.
Illustration 7-2: The Thrifty Food Plan —How Much Is It Worth?
8. Improving Health Care: Treating the Nation's Ills.
Good Health or Medical Attention?
Health Care Policy Today.
What Ails Medicine?
Illustration 8-1: A Proposed Consumer Bill of Rights and Responsibilities.
The Politics of Health Care for All.
Health Care—Some Ethical Dilemmas
9. Changing Paradigms in the Poverty Wars: Victories, Defeats, and Stalemates.
The Curative Strategy in the 1960s War on Poverty.
Illustration 9-1: Community Development: A Foundation Perspective.
LBJ and the Economic Opportunity Act.
Politics Overtake the War on Poverty.
Why Hasn't Head Start “Cured” Poverty?
Fueling Employment: Make-Work versus the Real Thing.
Illustration 9-2: Report Card on Empowerment Zones.
Building Communities Through Service.
10. Providing Social Services: Help for Children, the Elderly, and People with Mental Illness.
Social Services in the United States.
Social Services for People with ADM Problems.
The Rights of Mental Health Service Consumers.
Illustration 10-1: Needle-Exchange Programs in the U.S.A.: Time to Act Now.
Child Welfare Policy.
Illustration 10-2: What to Do About Helping People with Severe Mental Illness.
Illustration 10-3: Little Mary Ellen.
Social Services for Older Americans.
11. Challenging Social Welfare: Racism and Sexism.
Illustration 11-1: Women in Federal and State Offices.
Illustration 11-2: A Call for Lustiness: Just Say No to the Sex Police.
Blacks, Hispanics, and Social Welfare.
Illustration 11-3: A Dialogue on Race.
Native Americans and Social Welfare.
Immigration and Social Welfare.
12. Implementing and Evaluating Social Welfare Policy: What Happens After a Law Is Passed.
The Politics of Implementation.
Evaluating Social Policy.
Illustration 12-1: Rational Evaluation: What Questions to Ask.
Illustration 12-2: Is Theory-Based Evaluation Better?
Illustration 12-3: What to Do if Your Agency's Program Receives a Negative Evaluation.