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Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness,  The,9780131928404
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Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness, The

by ;
Edition:
6th
ISBN13:

9780131928404

ISBN10:
0131928406
Format:
Paperback
Pub. Date:
1/1/2009
Publisher(s):
Prentice Hall

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Summary

This reader-friendly book reflects important changes in health care and significant advancements in medical sociology - providing an in-depth overview of the field. It offers solid coverage of traditional topics with a keen focus on the current issues and public policy debates affecting this dynamic area of study.Analysis of a wide range of current issues includes the SARS epidemic, the sociology of mental health, the multidimensional consideration of stressors, the increasing problem of obesity, and contributions of animals to human health.For individuals interested in an overview of the health care system in the United States.

Table of Contents

Preface viii
PART I Perspectives on the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
A Brief Introduction to the Sociology of Health, Healing, and Illness
1(11)
Definition of Medical Sociology
1(1)
Historical Development of Medical Sociology
2(4)
Sociology's Contribution to Understanding Health, Healing, and Illness
6(3)
The Role of the Medical Sociologist in the Twenty-First Century
9(1)
Summary
10(1)
Health on the Internet
10(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
10(1)
Discussion Question
10(1)
References
11(1)
The Development of Scientific Medicine
12(22)
A Brief History of Medicine
13(1)
Early Humans
13(1)
The Egyptian Civilization
14(1)
Greek and Roman Societies
14(4)
The Medieval Era
18(1)
Medicine in the Renaissance
19(1)
Medicine from 1600 to 1900
20(3)
The Ascendancy of Medical Authority in America
23(6)
Perspectives on the Ascendancy of Medical Authority
29(2)
Summary
31(1)
Health on the Internet
31(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
31(1)
Discussion Question
32(1)
References
32(2)
PART II The Influence of the Social Environment on Health and Illness
Social Epidemiology
34(25)
The Work of the Epidemiologist
34(2)
The Epidemiological Transition
36(4)
Life Expectancy and Mortality
40(4)
Infant Mortality
44(4)
Maternal Mortality
48(1)
Morbidity
48(6)
Disability
54(1)
Summary
55(1)
Health on the Internet
56(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
56(1)
Discussion Case
56(1)
References
57(2)
Society, Disease, and Illness
59(28)
Etiology of Disease
59(2)
The Interrelationship of Fundamental Causes and Proximate Risk Factors: The Case of Developing Countries
61(1)
The Influence of Genetic Transmission on Disease and Illness
62(1)
Cardiovascular Diseases
63(4)
Cancer
67(7)
HIV/AIDS
74(4)
Alzheimer's Disease
78(1)
Mental Illness
79(4)
Summary
83(1)
Health on the Internet
83(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
83(1)
Discussion Case
84(1)
References
85(2)
Social Stress
87(22)
Definition of Stress
87(1)
Historical Development of the Stress Concept
87(1)
A Model of Social Stress
88(1)
Stressors
89(6)
Appraisal of Stressors
95(1)
Mediators of Stress: Coping and Social Support
95(4)
Stress Outcomes
99(1)
The Role of Social Class, Race, and Gender in Social Stress
99(6)
Summary
105(1)
Health on the Internet
105(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
105(1)
Discussion Case
106(1)
References
106(3)
PART III Health and Illness Behavior
Health Behavior
109(20)
The Concept of Health
109(2)
Health Behavior
111(1)
Describing Individual Health Behaviors
111(7)
Explaining Health Behavior
118(7)
Summary
125(1)
Health on the Internet
125(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
126(1)
Discussion Cases
126(1)
References
127(2)
Experiencing Illness and Disability
129(24)
Stages of Illness Experience
129(1)
Stage 1: Symptom Experience
129(3)
Stage 2: Assumption of the Sick Role: Illness as Deviance
132(5)
Stage 3: Medical Care Contact/Self-Care
137(7)
Stage 4: Dependent-Patient Role
144(1)
Stage 5: Recovery and Rehabilitation
145(1)
Experiencing Chronic Illness, Impairment, and Disability
145(4)
Summary
149(1)
Health on the Internet
150(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
150(1)
Discussion Question
150(1)
References
151(2)
PART IV Health Care Practitioners and Their Relationship with Patients
Physicians and the Profession of Medicine
153(24)
The Profession of Medicine
153(5)
The Social Control of Medicine
158(7)
The Number, Composition, and Distribution of Physicians in the United States
165(2)
Female Physicians
167(3)
Physician Satisfaction and Dissatisfaction
170(1)
Physician Impairment: Stresses and Strains of the Physician Role
171(1)
Summary
172(1)
Health on the Internet
173(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
173(1)
Discussion Case
173(1)
References
174(3)
Medical Education and the Socialization of Physicians
177(20)
The History of Medical Education
177(2)
Modern Medical Education
179(7)
The Medical School Experience: Attitude and Value Acquisition
186(3)
The Medical School Experience: Stress
189(2)
The Medical School Experience: Career Choices
191(1)
Future Directions in U.S. Medical Education
192(1)
Summary
193(1)
Health on the Internet
194(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
194(1)
Discussion Case
194(1)
References
195(2)
Nurses, Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners, and Allied Health Workers
197(22)
Evolution of Nonphysician Health Care Practitioners
197(3)
Nurses and the Field of Nursing
200(7)
Mid-Level Health Care Practitioners
207(3)
Allied Health Workers
210(2)
The Health Care Team
212(1)
Relationships Among Health Care Workers
213(3)
The Changing Environment Among Health Care Workers
216(1)
Summary
216(1)
Health on the Internet
216(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
217(1)
Discussion Question
217(1)
References
217(2)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
219(25)
The Meaning of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
219(1)
Scientific Medicine and Alternative Healing
220(1)
Complementary and Alternative Healers
221(2)
Chiropractic
223(5)
Acupuncture
228(3)
Spiritual Healing and Christian Science
231(5)
Ethnic Folk Healing
236(4)
Summary
240(1)
Health on the Internet
240(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
240(1)
Discussion Case
241(1)
References
241(3)
The Physician-Patient Relationship: Background and Models
244(24)
Models of the Physician: Patient Relationship
244(2)
Key Dimensions of the Physician-Patient Relationship
246(9)
The Influence of Social Class, Race, and Symptomology on the Physician-Patient Relationship
255(1)
The Influence of Gender on the Physician-Patient Relationship
256(3)
Patient Satisfaction with Physicians
259(2)
Patient Compliance with Medical Regimens
261(2)
Summary
263(1)
Health on the Internet
264(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
264(1)
Discussion Case
264(1)
References
265(3)
Professional and Ethical Obligations of Physicians in the Physician-Patient Relationship
268(18)
Truth-telling as an Issue
268(4)
Confidentiality as an Issue
272(5)
Obligation to Treat AIDS Patients
277(5)
Summary
282(1)
Health on the Internet
282(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
283(1)
Discussion Cases
283(1)
References
284(2)
PART V The Health Care System
The Health Care System of the United States
286(25)
Health Care Expenditures
286(3)
Financing Health Care
289(3)
America's Uninsured Population
292(3)
Explaining the High Cost of Health Care
295(4)
Cost Containment: DRGs, Rationing, and Managed Care
299(6)
The Politics of Health Care Reform
305(3)
Summary
308(1)
Health on the Internet
308(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
308(1)
Discussion Cases
309(1)
References
309(2)
Health Care Delivery
311(21)
The Emergence of Freestanding Ambulatory Care Sites
311(4)
The Flourishing of Managed Care Organizations: HMOs and PPOs
315(4)
Emergence of the Modern Hospital
319(9)
Home Health Care
328(1)
Summary
329(1)
Health on the Internet
329(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
330(1)
Discussion Case
330(1)
References
330(2)
The Social Implications of Advanced Health Care Technology
332(26)
Health Care and Technological Innovation
332(1)
Health Care Technology
333(5)
The Right to Refuse or Demand Advanced Health Care Technology
338(8)
Organ Donation and Transplantation
346(4)
New Reproductive Technologies
350(4)
Summary
354(1)
Health on the Internet
355(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
355(1)
Discussion Case
356(1)
References
356(2)
Comparative Health Care Systems
358(21)
Major Influences on Health Care Systems
358(2)
Health Care Services in Developing and Industrialized Countries
360(1)
Types of Health Care Systems
361(1)
China
362(4)
Russia
366(3)
Canada
369(4)
Great Britain
373(2)
Common Challenges to Health Care Systems Around the World
375(1)
Summary
376(1)
Health on the Internet
376(1)
Key Concepts and Terms
377(1)
Discussion Questions
377(1)
References
377(2)
Photo Credits 379(1)
Name Index 380(6)
Subject Index 386


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