9780415378567

Speaking for Yourself: A Guide for Students

by ;
  • ISBN13:

    9780415378567

  • ISBN10:

    0415378567

  • Edition: 1st
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Copyright: 2006-05-25
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis

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Summary

As a student, and in any profession based on your studies, good oral communication skills are essential. It is therefore extremely important to develop your ability to converse, to discuss, to argue persuasively, and to speak in public. This is one reason why, whatever subject you study, you will be encouraged to discuss your work in seminars and you will have opportunities to give short talks or presentations. Most people probably take for granted their ability to speak; not thinking much about it until the have to address an audience, or attend an important interview. However, just as your first impressions of other people are based on how they look and how they speak - so are their impressions of you. In every conversation, as well as when you give a talk or presentation, or are interviewed, you are not only conveying information about the subject being discussed but also presenting yourself. "Speaking for Yourself" provides clear, straightforward advice that will help you: Be a good listener Express yourself clearly and persuasively Contribute effectively to discussions Prepare talks or presentations Prepare effective visual aids Deliver effective presentations Perform well in interviews In short, it will help you to express your thoughts clearly and persuasively - and so to achieve your short and medium-term goals as a student, and your career goals.

Table of Contents

List of figures and tables
xi
Preface xiii
Acknowledgements xv
Speaking for yourself
1(15)
How you speak
3(5)
Be brief
4(1)
Be clear
4(2)
Be sincere
6(1)
Be polite
7(1)
What you say
8(3)
Be accurate
8(2)
Be appropriate
10(1)
What you do
11(1)
Improve your performance
11(5)
Use standard English: a world language
11(3)
Reflect on the importance of good oral communication skills
14(2)
Conversing
16(10)
Active listening
17(2)
Be attentive
18(1)
Speaking
19(2)
Be responsive
19(2)
Improve your performance
21(2)
Take opportunities to converse
21(1)
Know what you are trying to achieve
21(1)
Organise your thoughts
22(1)
Distinguish between facts and speculation
23(1)
Keep good records
24(2)
Discussing your work
26(22)
Asking questions
26(2)
Asking questions in lectures and seminars
27(1)
Getting the most out of group work
28(10)
Tutorials
29(1)
Seminars
29(6)
Self-help groups
35(2)
Teamwork
37(1)
Arguing a case
38(3)
Be forceful
39(1)
Be persuasive
40(1)
Be precise
41(1)
Disagreeing without causing offence
41(2)
Improve your performance
43(5)
Assessing your performance
43(1)
Serving on a committee
44(1)
Recording lines of communication
45(1)
Video conferencing
45(2)
Preparing a poster presentation
47(1)
Choosing the right word
48(24)
Use the right word
48(5)
Some words that many people confuse
48(2)
Other words that many people misuse
50(3)
Keep it simple
53(1)
Avoid grandiloquence
53(1)
Improve your performance
54(3)
Use a dictionary
54(1)
Choose words with care
55(1)
Avoid specialist terms
55(1)
Avoid abbreviations, contractions and acronyms
56(1)
Using words effectively
57(1)
Say what you mean
57(3)
The position of a word
57(2)
Repeat a word if it is the right word
59(1)
Emphasise important points
60(1)
Express your own thoughts
61(1)
Use only necessary words
62(8)
Reasons for verbosity
66(4)
Use comment words and connecting words
70(1)
Improve your performance
70(2)
Editing the work of others
70(1)
Writing precis and summaries
71(1)
Listening to yourself
71(1)
Preparing a talk or presentation
72(19)
Think
73(1)
Decide what your audience needs to know
73(1)
Plan
74(8)
Design your message to suit your purpose
74(1)
Consider the differences between speaking and writing
74(2)
Communicate your purpose
76(1)
Do you need any audio-visual aids?
77(2)
Do you need any handouts?
79(1)
Interest your audience
80(2)
Any questions?
82(1)
Write
82(2)
Write all you plan to say in full
83(1)
Prepare to speak from notes
83(1)
Check
84(1)
Rehearse your talk
84(1)
Revise your notes for your talk
85(1)
Improve your performance
85(6)
Using a computer when preparing a talk or presentation
85(2)
Practising speaking in a group
87(1)
Learning from experts
88(1)
Avoiding stress
89(2)
Preparing visual aids
91(9)
Some basic advice
91(4)
Preparing to use a chalkboard, a marker-board or a flip chart
95(2)
Preparing to use an overhead projector
97(1)
Preparing to use a slide projector or a liquid crystal display projector
98(2)
Speaking to an audience
100(14)
Delivering a talk or presentation
100(6)
Before you begin
100(1)
Start your stop watch
101(1)
Make sure everyone knows your name
101(1)
Speak so that everyone hears every word
101(1)
Say what you are going to talk about
102(1)
Maintain the momentum
102(1)
Use your notes as reminders
102(1)
Keep everyone interested
102(1)
Provide handouts only when you need them: not before
103(1)
Allow people time to study each visual aid
104(1)
Do not display one visual aid when talking about another
104(1)
Speak only when facing your audience
104(1)
End effectively
105(1)
Ask questions
105(1)
Answer questions
105(1)
Finish on time
106(1)
Leading a discussion
106(3)
Be prepared
106(2)
Question
108(1)
Summarise
109(1)
Improve your performance
109(5)
Prepare a set of instructions
109(1)
Assess your own performance
110(1)
Feedback forms
111(3)
Finding information
114(11)
Sources of information
114(7)
Dictionaries
114(1)
Encyclopaedias
115(1)
Handbooks
115(1)
Standards
115(1)
Directories
116(1)
Books
116(1)
Reviews
117(1)
Specialist journals
117(1)
The Internet
118(2)
Other sources of information available in libraries
120(1)
Improve your performance
121(4)
Read to some purpose
121(1)
Make notes as you read
121(2)
Cite sources of information
123(2)
Speaking in an interview
125(8)
Selection interviews
125(6)
Choosing a college or university course
125(1)
Applying for vacation employment or for a permanent post
126(1)
Being interviewed
127(4)
Taking an oral examination
131(1)
Counselling
132(1)
Bibliography 133(3)
Index 136

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