Preface to the Instructor 

xi  
Student Resources 

xxi  


xxiii  
Photo Credits 

xxix  

Part I: Getting the Information You Need 


1  (58) 


2  (57) 

Introduction to the Practice of Statistics 


3  (10) 

Observational Studies, Experiments, and Simple Random Sampling 


13  (10) 

Other Effective Sampling Methods 


23  (10) 

Sources of Error in Sampling 


33  (7) 

The Design of Experiments 


40  (19) 


52  (4) 

Case Study: Chrysalises for Cash 


56  (3) 

Part II: Descriptive Statistics 


59  (190) 

Organizing and Summarizing Data 


60  (60) 

Organizing Qualitative Data 


61  (16) 

Organizing Quantitative Data: The Popular Displays 


77  (20) 

Additional Displays of Quantitative Data 


97  (7) 

Graphical Misrepresentations of Data 


104  (16) 


110  (8) 

Case Study: The Day the Sky Roared 


118  (2) 

Numerically Summarizing Data 


120  (74) 

Measures of Central Tendency 


121  (16) 


137  (20) 

Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion from Grouped Data 


157  (8) 


165  (10) 

The FiveNumber Summary and Boxplots 


175  (19) 


184  (7) 

Case Study: Who Was `A Mourner'? 


191  (3) 

Describing the Relation between Two Variables 


194  (55) 

Scatter Diagrams and Correlation 


195  (17) 


212  (14) 

Diagnostics on the LeastSquares Regression Line 


226  

Nonlinear Regression: Transformations (On CD) 


1  (248) 


241  (6) 

Case Study: Thomas Malthus, Population, and Subsistence 


247  (2) 

Part III: Probability and Probability Distributions 


249  (166) 


250  (64) 


251  (15) 

The Addition Rule and Complements 


266  (11) 

Independence and the Multiplication Rule 


277  (6) 

Conditional Probability and the General Multiplication Rule 


283  (10) 


293  


1  (313) 


307  (5) 

Case Study: The Case of the Body in the Bag 


312  (2) 

Discrete Probability Distributions 


314  (44) 

Discrete Random Variables 


315  (13) 

The Binomial Probability Distribution 


328  (17) 

The Poisson Probability Distribution 


345  

The Hypergeometric Probability Distribution (ON CD) 


1  (357) 


352  (4) 

Case Study: The Voyage of the St. Andrew 


356  (2) 

The Normal Probability Distribution 


358  (57) 

Properties of the Normal Distribution 


359  (12) 

The Standard Normal Distribution 


371  (14) 

Applications of the Normal Distribution 


385  (9) 


394  (8) 

The Normal Approximation to the Binomial Probability Distribution 


402  (13) 


407  (5) 

Case Study: A Tale of Blood, Chemistry, and Health 


412  (3) 

Part IV: Inference: From Samples to Population 


415  


416  (30) 

Distribution of the Sample Mean 


417  (17) 

Distribution of the Sample Proportion 


434  (12) 


442  (2) 

Case Study: Sampling Distribution of the Median 


444  (2) 

Estimating the Value of a Parameter Using Confidence Intervals 


446  (58) 

The Logic in Constructing Confidence Intervals about a Population Mean Where the Population Standard Deviation is Known 


447  (19) 

Confidence Intervals about a Population Mean in Practice Where the Population Standard Deviation is Unknown 


466  (12) 

Confidence Intervals about a Population Proportion 


478  (8) 

Confidence Intervals about a Population Standard Deviation 


486  (7) 

Putting It All Together: Which Method Do I Use? 


493  (11) 


497  (5) 

Case Study: The Search for a FireSafe Cigarette 


502  (2) 

Testing Claims Regarding a Parameter 


504  (70) 

The Language of Hypothesis Testing 


505  (8) 

Testing Claims about a Population Mean Assuming the Population Standard Deviation Is Known 


513  (18) 

Testing Claims about a Population Mean in Practice 


531  (13) 

Testing Claims about a Population Proportion 


544  (9) 

Testing Claims about a Population Standard Deviation 


553  (5) 

Putting It All Together: Which Method Do I Use? 


558  (3) 

The Probability of a Type II Error and the Power of the Test 


561  (13) 


567  (4) 

Case Study: How Old Is Stonehenge? 


571  (3) 


574  (56) 

Inference about Two Means: Dependent Samples 


575  (13) 

Inference about Two Means: Independent Samples 


588  (13) 

Inference about Two Population Proportions 


601  (11) 

Inference about Two Population Standard Deviations 


612  (18) 


623  (5) 

Case Study: Control in the Design of an Experiment 


628  (2) 

Inference on Categorical Data 


630  (46) 


631  (10) 

Contingency Tables and Association 


641  (10) 

Tests for Independence and the Homogeneity of Proportions 


651  (25) 


668  (6) 

Case Study: Feeling Lucky? Well, Are You? 


674  (2) 

Comparing Three or More Means 


676  (60) 

Comparing Three or More Means (OneWay Analysis of Variance) 


677  (14) 

PostHoc Tests on OneWay Analysis of Variance 


691  (10) 

The Randomized Complete Block Design 


701  (10) 

TwoWay Analysis of Variance 


711  (25) 


728  (6) 

Case Study: Hat Size and Intelligence 


734  (2) 

Inference on the LeastSquares Regression Model and Multiple Regression 


736  

Testing the Significance of the LeastSquares Regression Model 


737  (16) 

Confidence and Prediction Intervals 


753  (5) 


758  


783  (5) 


788  



An Overview of Nonparametric Statistics 





Inferences about Measures of Central Tendency 



Inferences about the Difference between Two Medians: Dependent Samples 



Inferences about the Difference between Two Medians: Independent Samples 



Spearman's RankCorrelation Test 







Case Study: Evaluating Alabama's 1891 House Bill 504 


Appendix A Tables 

1  (1) 
Appendix B Lines (On CD) 

1  (1) 
Answers 

1  (1) 
Index 

1  