9780691154008

Structural Biomaterials

by
  • ISBN13:

    9780691154008

  • ISBN10:

    0691154007

  • Edition: 3rd
  • Format: Paperback
  • Copyright: 2012-07-09
  • Publisher: Princeton Univ Pr

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Summary

This is a thoroughly revised, updated, and expanded edition of a classic illustrated introduction to the structural materials in natural organisms and what we can learn from them to improve man-made technolog---from nanotechnology to textiles to architecture. Julian Vincent's book has long been recognized as a standard work on the engineering design of biomaterials and is used by undergraduates, graduates, researchers, and professionals studying biology, zoology, engineering, and biologically inspired design. This third edition incorporates new developments in the field, the most important of which have been at the molecular level. All of the illustrations have been redrawn, the references have been updated, and a new chapter on biomimetic design has been added. Vincent emphasizes the mechanical properties of structural biomaterials, their contribution to the lives of organisms, and how these materials differ from man-made ones. He shows how the properties of biomaterials are derived from their chemistry and interactions, and how to measure them. Starting with proteins and polysaccharides, he shows how skin and hair function, how materials self-assemble, and how ceramics such as bone and mother-of-pearl can be so stiff and tough, despite being made in water in benign ambient conditions. Finally, he combines these topics with an analysis of how the design of biomaterials can be adapted in technology, and presents a series of guidelines for designers. An accessible illustrated introduction with minimal technical jargon Suitable for undergraduates and more advanced readers Integrates chemistry, mechanics, and biology Includes descriptions of all biological materials Presents simple exposition of mechanical analysis of materials

Author Biography

Julian Vincent, a biologist with standing interest in engineering, is Honorary Professor of Biomimetics in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Bath University and Special Professor in the Faculty of the Built Environment at Nottingham University.

Table of Contents

Prefacep. vii
Basic Elasticity and Viscoelasticityp. 1
Hookean Materials and Short-Range Forcesp. 1
Non-Hookean Materials and High Strainsp. 4
The Energy Approachp. 6
Yield and Fracturep. 21
Adhesionp. 28
Proteinsp. 29
Amino Acids and Their Polymerization-Primary Structurep. 29
Conformation-Secondary Structurep. 33
Structural Proteinsp. 35
Coping with Strain Energyp. 57
Sugars and Fillersp. 61
Fibersp. 65
Structural Polysaccharides in Plantsp. 68
Water, the Invisible Supportp. 72
Mucusp. 82
Soggy Skeletons and Shock Absorbersp. 84
Composite Materialsp. 84
Stress-Strain Behaviorp. 88
Poisson's Ratio and Auxeticismp. 89
The Skeleton of the Sea Anemonep. 95
Stretching the Pregnant Locustp. 99
Fracture-Chance and Choicep. 101
Stiffness-A Biological Variablep. 108
Stiff Materials from Polymersp. 116
Crystals and Orderp. 116
Composite Materialsp. 118
To Stiffen the Matrixp. 129
Hardness and Indentationp. 133
Cellular Materialsp. 135
Biological Ceramicsp. 143
Calcium Salts or Silica?p. 144
Problems with Mechanical Testsp. 147
Mollusc Shellsp. 151
The Functional Design of Bonep. 159
Teethp. 169
Eggshellp. 171
Echinodermsp. 175
Implementing Ideas Gleaned from Biologyp. 178
Biomimetic Productsp. 179
Quasi-Biomimetic Productsp. 185
Techniques for Biomimeticsp. 187
Instead of Energy…p. 193
…Use Space…p. 195
…or Use Information…p. 197
…and Structure…p. 199
Well, That's Itp. 204
Referencesp. 205
Indexp. 223
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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